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The Committee on Energy and Commerce is one of the oldest standing committees of the United States House of Representatives. Established in 1795, it has operated continuously—with various name changes and jurisdictional changes—for more than 200 years. The two other House standing committees with such continuous operation are the House Ways and Means Committee and the House Rules Committee. The Committee has served as the principal guide for the House in matters relating to the promotion of commerce and to the public’s health and marketplace interests, with the relatively recent addition of energy considerations among them.

Contents

1 Role of the committee 2 Members, 115th Congress 3 Subcommittees 4 History 5 Chairmen

5.1 Committee on Commerce and Manufactures 5.2 Committee on Commerce 5.3 Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce 5.4 Committee on Energy and Commerce

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Role of the committee[edit] The House Committee on Energy and Commerce has developed what is arguably the broadest (non-tax-oriented) jurisdiction of any congressional committee. Today, it maintains principal responsibility for legislative oversight relating to telecommunications, consumer protection, food and drug safety, public health, air quality and environmental health, the supply and delivery of energy, and interstate and foreign commerce in general. This jurisdiction extends over five Cabinet-level departments and seven independent agencies—from the Department of Energy, Health and Human Services, the Transportation Department to the Federal Trade Commission, Food and Drug Administration, and Federal Communications Commission—and sundry quasi-governmental organizations. Members, 115th Congress[edit]

Majority Minority

Greg Walden, Oregon, Chair Joe Barton, Texas, Vice Chair Fred Upton, Michigan John Shimkus, Illinois Tim Murphy, Pennsylvania Michael C. Burgess, Texas Marsha Blackburn, Tennessee Steve Scalise, Louisiana Bob Latta, Ohio Cathy McMorris Rodgers, Washington Gregg Harper, Mississippi Leonard Lance, New Jersey Brett Guthrie, Kentucky Pete Olson, Texas David McKinley, West Virginia Adam Kinzinger, Illinois Morgan Griffith, Virginia Gus Bilirakis, Florida Bill Johnson, Ohio Billy Long, Missouri Larry Bucshon, Indiana Bill Flores, Texas Susan Brooks, Indiana Markwayne Mullin, Oklahoma Richard Hudson, North Carolina Chris Collins, New York Kevin Cramer, North Dakota Tim Walberg, Michigan Mimi Walters, California Ryan Costello, Pennsylvania Buddy Carter, Georgia

Frank Pallone, New Jersey, Ranking Member Bobby Rush, Illinois Anna Eshoo, California Eliot Engel, New York Gene Green, Texas Diana DeGette, Colorado Mike Doyle, Pennsylvania Jan Schakowsky, Illinois G. K. Butterfield, North Carolina Doris Matsui, California Kathy Castor, Florida, Vice Ranking Member John Sarbanes, Maryland Jerry McNerney, California Peter Welch, Vermont Ben Ray Luján, New Mexico Paul Tonko, New York Yvette Clarke, New York Dave Loebsack, Iowa Kurt Schrader, Oregon Joseph P. Kennedy III, Massachusetts Tony Cárdenas, California Raul Ruiz, California Scott Peters, California Debbie Dingell, Michigan

Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chair), H.Res. 7 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 29 (R) and H.Res. 45 (D). Subcommittees[edit] To manage the wide variety of issues it encounters, the Committee relies on the front-line work of six subcommittees, one more than during the 111th Congress. During the 111th Congress, Chairman Henry Waxman combined the traditionally separate energy and environment subcommittees into a single subcommittee.[1] New Chairman Fred Upton restored them as separate subcommittees at the start of the 112th Congress.

Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member

Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection Bob Latta
Bob Latta
(R-OH) Jan Schakowsky
Jan Schakowsky
(D-IL)

Communications and Technology Marsha Blackburn
Marsha Blackburn
(R-TN) Mike Doyle (D-PA)

Energy Fred Upton
Fred Upton
(R-MI) Bobby Rush
Bobby Rush
(D-IL)

Environment John Shimkus
John Shimkus
(R-IL) Paul Tonko
Paul Tonko
(D-NY)

Health Michael Burgess (R-TX) Gene Green
Gene Green
(D-TX)

Oversight and Investigations Gregg Harper
Gregg Harper
(R-MS) Diana DeGette
Diana DeGette
(D-CO)

History[edit] The Committee was originally formed as the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures on December 14, 1795. Prior to this, legislation was drafted in the Committee of the Whole or in special ad hoc committees, appointed for specific limited purposes. However the growing demands of the new nation required that Congress establish a permanent committee to manage its constitutional authority under the Commerce Clause to "regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States." From this time forward, as the nation grew and Congress dealt with new public policy concerns and created new committees, the Energy and Commerce Committee has maintained its central position as Congress's monitor of commercial progress—a focus reflected in its changing jurisdiction, both in name and practice. In 1819, the Committee’s name was changed to the Committee on Commerce, reflecting the creation of a separate Manufacturers Committee and also the increasing scope of and complexity of American commercial activity, which was expanding the Committee’s jurisdiction from navigational aids and the nascent general health service to foreign trade and tariffs. Thomas J. Bliley, who chaired the Committee from 1995 to 2000, chose to use this traditional name, which underscores the Committee's role for Congress on this front. In 1891, in emphasis of the Committee's evolving activities, the name was again changed to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce—a title it maintained until 1981, when, under incoming Chairman John Dingell, the Committee first assumed what is now its present name to emphasize its lead role in guiding the energy policy of the United States. Dingell regained chairmanship of the committee in 2007 after having served as ranking member since 1995. In late 2008, Henry Waxman
Henry Waxman
initiated a successful challenge to unseat Dingell as chairman. His challenge was unusual as the party caucus traditionally elects chairmen based on committee seniority. Waxman formally became chairman at the start of the 111th Congress.[2] Chairmen[edit] Committee on Commerce and Manufactures[edit]

Chairman Party State Years

Benjamin Goodhue Federalist Massachusetts 1795–1796

John Swanwick Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1796–1797

Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican New York 1797–1798

Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican Maryland 1798–1803

Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-Republican New York 1803–1805

Jacob Crowninshield Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 1805–1806

Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican New York 1806–1807

Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican Virginia 1807–1819

Committee on Commerce[edit]

Chairman Party State Years

Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican Virginia 1819–1827

Churchill C. Cambreleng Democratic New York 1827–1833

Joel B. Sutherland Democratic Pennsylvania 1833–1837

Francis O. J. Smith Democratic Maine 1837–1838

Samuel Cushman Democratic New Hampshire 1838–1839

Edward Curtis Whig New York 1839–1841

John P. Kennedy Whig Maryland 1841–1843

Isaac E. Holmes Democratic South Carolina 1843–1845

Robert McClelland Democratic Michigan 1845–1847

Washington Hunt Whig New York 1847–1849

Robert Milligan McLane Democratic Maryland 1849–1851

David L. Seymour Democratic New York 1851–1853

Thomas J. D. Fuller Democratic Maine 1853–1855

Elihu B. Washburne Republican Illinois 1855–1857

John Cochrane Democratic New York 1857–1859

Elihu B. Washburne Republican Illinois 1859–1868

Thomas D. Eliot Republican Massachusetts 1868–1869

Nathan F. Dixon II Republican Rhode Island 1869–1871

Samuel Shellabarger Republican Ohio 1871–1873

William A. Wheeler Republican New York 1873–1875

Frank Hereford Democratic West Virginia 1875–1877

Elijah Ward Democratic New York 1877

John H. Reagan Democratic Texas 1877–1881

Horace F. Page Republican California 1881–1883

John H. Reagan Democratic Texas 1883–1887

Martin L. Clardy Democratic Missouri 1887–1889

Charles S. Baker Republican New York 1889–1891

Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce[edit]

Chairman Party State Years

Roger Q. Mills Democratic Texas 1891–1892

George D. Wise Democratic Virginia 1892–1895

William Peters Hepburn Republican Iowa 1895–1909

James Robert Mann Republican Illinois 1909–1911

William C. Adamson Democratic Georgia 1911–1917

Thetus W. Sims Democratic Tennessee 1917–1919

John J. Esch Republican Wisconsin 1919–1921

Samuel Winslow Republican Massachusetts 1921–1925

James S. Parker Republican New York 1925–1931

Sam Rayburn Democratic Texas 1931–1937

Clarence F. Lea Democratic California 1937–1947

Charles A. Wolverton Republican New Jersey 1947–1949

Robert Crosser Democratic Ohio 1949–1953

Charles A. Wolverton Republican New Jersey 1953–1955

Percy Priest Democratic Tennessee 1955–1956

Oren Harris Democratic Arkansas 1957–1966

Harley Orrin Staggers Democratic West Virginia 1966–1981

Committee on Energy and Commerce[edit]

Chairman Party State Years

John Dingell Democratic Michigan 1981–1995

Thomas Bliley Republican Virginia 1995–2001

Billy Tauzin Republican Louisiana 2001–2004

Joe Barton Republican Texas 2004–2007

John Dingell Democratic Michigan 2007–2009

Henry Waxman Democratic California 2009–2011

Fred Upton Republican Michigan 2011–2017

Greg Walden Republican Oregon 2017–

See also[edit]

List of current United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
committees

References[edit]

^ "House Energy and Commerce Committee announces Subcommittee Chairs and Membership". Energy and Commerce Committee Press Release. January 8, 2009. Retrieved January 8, 2009.  ^ H.Res. 8

External links[edit]

Official website (Archive) House Energy and Commerce Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov. House Energy and Commerce Committee Hearings and Meetings Video. Congress.gov

v t e

Current United States congressional committees

Senate (list)

Aging (Special) Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Ethics (Select) Finance Foreign Relations Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence (Select) Judiciary Narcotics (Caucus) Rules and Administration Small Business and Entrepreneurship Veterans' Affairs

House (list)

Agriculture Appropriations Armed Services Budget Education and the Workforce Energy and Commerce Ethics Financial Services Foreign Affairs Homeland Security House Administration Intelligence (Permanent Select) Judiciary Natural Resources Oversight and Government Reform Rules Science, Space, and Technology Small Business Transportation and Infrastructure Veterans' Affairs Ways and Means (Whole)

Joint (list)

Budget and Appropriations Process Reform (Select) Economic Inaugural Ceremonies (Special) Library Printing Solvency of Multiemployer Pension Plans (Select) Taxation (Conference)

Standing committees, Defunc