Parouse.com
 Parouse.com



Umar
Umar
at Fatimah's house refers to the event where Umar
Umar
and his supporters went to the house of Fatimah, the daughter of the prophet Muhammad, in order to get the allegiance of Ali
Ali
and his followers or burn her house down. This event has been recorded in both Shia
Shia
and Sunni
Sunni
books and is said to be the cause of Fatimah's miscarriage of Muhsin ibn Ali, as well as Fatimah's death shortly after.

Contents

1 Background 2 Event 3 Aftermath

3.1 Fatimah's displeasure 3.2 Fatimah's death

4 See also 5 References

Background[edit] Main articles: Succession to Muhammad
Muhammad
and The event of Ghadir Khumm A few months prior to his death, the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
gathered all the Muslims who were with him and delivered a long sermon. The sermon included the famous statement, "to whomsoever I am Mawla, Ali is also their Mawla." After the end of the sermon, the Muslims were commanded to pledge allegiance to Ali. According to both Shia
Shia
and Sunni
Sunni
sources, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman
Uthman
were all among the many who pledged allegiance to Ali
Ali
at the event of Ghadir Khumm.[1][2][3][4][5] Muhammad
Muhammad
passed away a few months after the event of Ghadir Khumm. As Ali
Ali
buried Muhammad
Muhammad
and led his funeral prayer, a group of Muslims gathered at Saqifa. At Saqifa, Umar
Umar
pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr,[6][7] despite the sermon that the Prophet had delivered at Ghadir Khumm, and despite Umar's pledge of allegiance to Ali. A group of Muslims supported Abu Bakr, and became known as the Sunni; another group of Muslims kept their allegiance to Ali, and became known as the Shia. Event[edit] After the gathering at Saqifa, Umar
Umar
and his supporters went to the house of Fatimah; Ali, his family (including Fatimah), and some of his supporters were in the house. Umar
Umar
went to the door of Fatimah's house and said, "By Allah, I shall burn down (the house) over you unless you come out and give the oath of allegiance (to Abu Bakr)."[8][9][10][11][12] Zubayr ibn al-Awam, who had been in Ali's house, came out of the house with his sword drawn but reportedly tripped on something, after which Umar's supporters attacked him.[13][14] Umar, who was then in front of the door to Fatimah's house, said to Fatimah, "I know that the Prophet of God did not love any one more than you, but this will not stop me to carry out my decision. If these people stay in your house, I will burn the door in front of you."[15] According to another narration, Umar
Umar
asked for wood, and then told those inside the house, "I swear by Allah who has my soul in his hand, that if you do not come out, I will burn the house." Umar
Umar
was then informed that Fatimah
Fatimah
was inside the house, to which he responded, "So what! It doesn’t matter to me who is in the house."[16][17] It is reported that when Fatimah
Fatimah
heard the voices of Umar
Umar
and his supporters threatening to attack the house, she cried out, "O father, O Messenger of Allah, how are Umar
Umar
Ibn al-Khattab and Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr
Ibn Abi Quhafah treating us after you and how do they meet us."[1] The house was then attacked. Umar
Umar
and his supporters burned the door of the house; they crushed Fatimah
Fatimah
between the door and the wall of the house, they killed Moshin, the baby in her stomach, and they forced Ali
Ali
out of the house against his will.[18][19][20] According to some narrations, a rope was tied around Ali's neck.[21][22][23][24][25][26] A Sunni
Sunni
historian, Abul Hasan Ali
Ali
Ibn al-Husayn al-Mas’udi, wrote the following in his book Isbaat al-Wasiyyah:

They surrounded ‘ Ali
Ali
(as) and burned the door of his house and pulled him out against his will and pressed the leader of all women (Hadhrat Fatimah
Fatimah
(sa)) between the door and the wall killing Mohsin (the male-child she was carrying in her womb for six months).

Another Sunni
Sunni
historian, Salahuddin Khalil al-Safadi, wrote in his book Waafi al- Wafiyyaat that " Umar
Umar
hit Fatimah
Fatimah
(sa) on the stomach such that child in her womb died."[27] Umar
Umar
and his companions dragged Ali
Ali
away. Fatimah
Fatimah
urged them to stop, saying, "I will not permit Ali
Ali
(a.s.) to be dragged with such cruelty and injustice. Woe be upon you, O people! How soon did you usurp our rights in relation to Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w.)." Umar
Umar
then ordered Qunfuz to whip Fatimah. According to some narrations, Qunfuz whipped her back and her arms;[28] according to another, he struck her face;[29] according to another, he pushed her so hard that he smashed her ribs.[21] According to another report, Khalid bin Walid struck Fatimah
Fatimah
with his sword; another report states that Moghayrah Ibne’ Sho’bah struck her with his sword.[21] Aftermath[edit] Fatimah's displeasure[edit] Both Shia
Shia
and Sunni
Sunni
sources agree that, on a number of occasions, Muhammad
Muhammad
had said, " Fatimah
Fatimah
is a part of me. Whoever makes her angry, makes me angry." This has been recorded in both Sahih Bukhari (Arabic-English, Volume 5, Traditions 61 and 111) and Sahih Muslim (in the section on the virtues of Fatimah, Volume 4, pages 1904-1905), two of the most important Hadith books to Sunnis. It is also recorded in Sahih Bukhari Chapter of "The battle of Khaibar", Arabic-English, v5, tradition #546, pp 381–383, also v4, Tradition #325) that Fatimah was angry with Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr
and did not speak to him before she died. Fatimah
Fatimah
is also reported to have said, according to Sunni
Sunni
sources, about Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr
and Umar, "I take Allah and the angels to be my witness that you have not pleased me; on the other hand, you have angered me. When I shall meet the Prophet (S) I will complain about you two."[30] Fatimah's death[edit] According to a number of sources, Fatima was killed as a result of injuries sustained when her house was attacked and burned by Umar.[31][32][33][34] She died between 75 and 95 days after the death of Muhammad.[35][36][37][38][39][40] Jafar Shahidi
Jafar Shahidi
confirmed the burning house event. According to many Muslim Historians and scholars, including the likes of Sunni
Sunni
Tabari and the Shia
Shia
Morteza Motahhari, Fatima asked Ali
Ali
to bury her at night to ensure none of her enemies participated in her funeral.[41] Additionally, According to Muhammad al-Bukhari when Fatima died her husband Ali
Ali
ibn Abi talib buried her at night. See also[edit]

Burial place of Fatimah

References[edit]

^ a b "A Shi'ite Encyclopedia". Al-Islam.org. Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project.  ^ Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Volume 4. p. 281.  ^ al-Razi, Fakhr. Tafsir al-Kabir, Volume 12. pp. 49–50.  ^ al-Tabrizi, al-Khatib. Mishkat al-Masabih. p. 557.  ^ Khand, Mir. Habib al-Siyar, Volume 1, Part 3. p. 144.  ^ Al Qazwini, Sayed Hossein. "An Analysis of the event of Saqifa". mohamedridha. Retrieved 25 February 2018.  ^ Ja'fari, Sayyid Husayn Muhammad. The Origins and Early Development of Shia
Shia
Islam. Qum: Ansariyan Publications.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ History of Tabari, Volume 1. pp. 1118–1120.  ^ History of Ibn Athir, Volume 2. p. 325.  ^ Ibn Abd Al-Barr. al-Isti’ab, Volume 3. p. 975.  ^ Ibn Qutaybah. Tarikh al-Kulafa, Volume 1. p. 20.  ^ Ibn Qutaybah. al-Imamah wal-Siyasah, Volume 1. pp. 19–20.  ^ History of Tabari, Volume 9. pp. 186–187.  ^ Madelung, Wilferd. The Succession to Muhammad. pp. 43–44.  ^ Kanz al-Ummal, Volume 3. p. 140.  ^ Ibn Qutaybah. al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah, Volume 1. p. 3.  ^ Ibn Qutaybah. al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah, Volume 1. pp. 19–20.  ^ Buehler, Arthur F. (2014). "Fatima". In Coeli Fitzpatrick; Adam Hani Walker. Muhammad
Muhammad
in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God. 1. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-61069-178-9.  ^ Sulaym bin Qays al-Hilali. "Hadith 4". Kitab Sulaym Ibn Qays al-Hilali. Al-khoei.org. pp. 48–67. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2012.  ^ Al-Shahrastani. Al-Milal wa al-Nihal كتاب: الملل والنحل **نداء الإيمان (in Arabic). Al-eman.com. Retrieved 4 March 2012. That a troublesome theologian called al-Naẓẓām (d. 231 AH) "increased his lying deception" and said: " Umar
Umar
kicked Fatima's stomach on the day of allegiance until she miscarried and he yelled: "Burn her house and whoever is in it" and in it were Ali, Fatima, al-Hasan and al-Husayn."  ^ a b c "The Attack on the house of H. Fatema Zahra (sa) Part 2". Umar. Umar. Retrieved 11 March 2018.  ^ Ibn Qays, Sulaym. p. 74.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Rejaale’ Kashi, Volume 1. p. 37.  ^ Al Ihtejaj. p. 73.  ^ As Seraat Al Mustaqeem, Volume 3. p. 25.  ^ Kaukabe' Durriyah, Volume 1. pp. 194–195.  ^ al-Safadi, Salahuddin Khalil. Waafi al- Wafiyyaat.  ^ Ilmul Yaqeen, Volume 2. p. 677.  ^ Seeratul Aimmah Isna Ashar, Volume 1. p. 145.  ^ Ibn Qutaybah. al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah, Volume 1. p. 14.  ^ Labaf, Ali. The color of blood(revolve in Texts martyrdom of Hazrat Zahra). p. 19,17.  ^ Labaf, Ali. And the fire flared up(Burning bit Fatima (as) Shia sources). p. 16.  ^ Labaf, Ali. Eternal Legacy(Study and analysis about the attack against the house of Fatima). p. 19.  ^ Babawayh, Ibn. Al-Amali ( Shia
Shia
sources).  ^ Vahid Khorasani, Hossein. Connection chain Prophecy and emamate. p. 73,74.  ^ STAFF, WRITER. "hawzah.net". www.hawzah.net.  ^ STAFF, WRITER. "Mohammad Shahroudi". baghi.ir.  ^ STAFF, WRITER. "qurantv". www.qurantv.ir.  ^ STAFF, WRITER. "seyyed hossein borujerdi". broujerdi.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016.  ^ STAFF, WRITER. "wahidkhorasani" (PDF). wahidkhorasani.  ^ Motahhari, Morteza. Seiry dar sirey'e nabavi (A Journey through the Prophetic Conduct). 

Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Rabboh" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Baladhuri" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Qutaybah" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Shayba" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Yaqoubi" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Tabari" is not used in the content (see the