The Ukrainische Hilfspolizei or the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police (Ukrainian: Українська поліція допоміжна, Ukrains’ka politsiia dopomizhna) was the official title of the local police formation set up by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
during World War II in Reichskommissariat Ukraine; shortly after the German conquest of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
in Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
against the Soviet Union, Germany's former ally in the invasion of Poland.[1] The Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
was created by Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
in mid-August 1941 and put under the control of German Ordnungspolizei
in General Government
General Government
territory.[1] The actual Reichskommissariat Ukraine was formed officially on 20 August 1941.[2] The uniformed force was composed in large part of the former members of the Ukrainian People's Militia created by OUN
in June.[3] There were two categories of German-controlled Ukrainian armed organisations. The first comprised mobile police units most often called Schutzmannschaft,[1] or Schuma, organized on the battalion level and which engaged in anti-Jewish and anti-partisan operations in most areas of Ukraine. It was subordinated directly to the German Commander of the Order Police for the area.[4] The second category was the local police force (approximately, a constabulary), called simply the Ukrainian Police (UP) by the German administration, which the SS raised most successfully in the District of Galicia (formed 1 August 1941) extending south-east from the General Government. Notably, the District of Galicia
District of Galicia
was a separate administrative unit from the actual Reichskommissariat Ukraine. They were not connected with each other politically.[4] The UP formations appeared as well further east in German occupied Soviet Ukraine
in significant towns and cities such as Kyiv. The urban based forces were subordinated to the city's German Commander of State protection police (Schutzpolizei or Schupo); the rural police posts were subordinated to the area German Commander of Gendarmerie. The Schupo and Gendarmerie structures were themselves subordinated to the area Commander of Order Police.[5]


1 History 2 Participation in the Holocaust 3 Persecution of Poles 4 Role in the Ukrainian Insurgent Army
Ukrainian Insurgent Army
formation 5 Battalions 6 See also 7 References


Map of the German Distrikt Galizien
Distrikt Galizien
as of 1 September 1941

The local municipal police force (UP) in the occupied Ukrainian SSR came into existence right after the commencement of Operation Barbarossa. It was the result of an order issued on 27 July 1941 by the German commander in chief of the Order Police in occupied Kraków. The Ukrainian auxiliary police in the new District of Galicia
District of Galicia
fell under the command of the German office for the General Government.[6] An actual ethnic Ukrainian command centre did not exist. The top Ukrainian police officer, Vladimir Pitulay, rose to the rank of major and became the district commandant (Major der Ukrainische Polizei und Kommandeur) in Lemberg
(now Lviv). A police school was established in Lviv
by the district SS-and-Police Leader in order to meet plans for growth. The school director was Ivan Kozak.[7] The total number of enlisted men in the new politically independent Distrikt Galizien amounted 5,000 people (out of the planned 6000 as the police was preceeved negatively in Galicia due to German actions in Ukraine) including 120 low-level officers who served there.[7] The units were used primarily to keep order and carry out constabulary duties.[8] Their actions were restricted by other police groups such as the Sonderdienst, made up of Volksdeutsche; the Kripo
(Criminal police); Bahnschutz (railroad and transport police); and the Werkschutz, who kept order and guarded industrial plants. They were supported by the Ukrainian Protection Police and the Ukrainian Order Police.[8]

Map of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
superimposed with outline of modern-day Ukraine

In the newly formed Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
the auxiliary police forces were named Schutzmannschaft,[9][10] and amounted to more than 35,000 men throughout all of the occupied territories, with 5000 in Galicia.[11] The names of battalions reflected their geographic jurisdiction.[6] The make-up of the officer corps was representative of Germany's foreign policy. Professor Wendy Lower from Towson University wrote that although Ukrainians greatly outnumbered other non-Germans in the auxiliary police, only the ethnically German Volksdeutsche
from Ukraine
were given the leadership roles.[12] Many of those who joined the ranks of the police had served as militiamen under Soviet rule since the invasion of Poland in 1939.[13] Professor Tadeusz Piotrowski wrote that the majority of Ukrainische Hilfspolizei in Galicia came from OUN-B,[14] which was confirmed by Professor John-Paul Himka as an important transitional stage of OUN
involvement in the Holocaust.[15] According to Andrew Gregorovich, the ethnic composition of Auxiliary Police reflected the demographics of the land and included not only Ukrainians but also Russians from among the Soviet POWs, Poles drafted from the local population, and German Volksdeutsche
of all nationalities.[16] However, Browning (Ordinary Men) and Lower both insist that, for the German administration, nobody but the "Ukrainians and local ethnic Germans could be relied upon to assist with the killing".[17][18] Also, according to Aleksandr Prusin most members were ethnically Ukrainian, hence the name or the force.[19] The auxiliary police were directly under the command of the Germanic-SS, the Einsatzgruppen, and military administration.[20] Participation in the Holocaust[edit] Professor Alexander Statiev of the Canadian University of Waterloo writes that Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
were the major perpetrator of the Holocaust
on Soviet territories based on native origins, and those police units participated in the extermination of 150,000 Jews in the area of Volhynia
alone.[21] German historian Dieter Pohl in The Shoah in Ukraine
writes that the auxiliary police was active during killing operations by the Germans already in the first phases of the German occupation.[22] The auxiliary police registered the Jews, conducted raids and guarded ghettos, loaded convoys to execution sites and cordoned them off. There is a possibility that some 300 auxiliary policemen from Kiev helped organize the massacre in Babi Yar.[22] They also took part in the massacre in Dnipropetrovsk, where the field command noted that the cooperation ran "smoothly in every way". Cases where local commandants ordered murder of Jews using police force are known.[22] In killings of Jews in Kryvy Rih
Kryvy Rih
the "entire Ukrainian auxiliary police" was put to use.[22] Persecution of Poles[edit] Defining nationality of Ukrainian policemen using present-day classifications is problematic[citation needed], because in German occupied eastern Poland (see: District of Galicia) there was no perception of de jure Ukrainian independent statehood. Some Ukrainian Hilfspolizei who harbored a pathological hatred for Poles and Jews – resulting in acts of mass murder – remained formally and legally Polish from the time before the invasion until much later. Thirty years after the war ended, one former Ukrainian policeman, Jan Masłowski (a.k.a. Ivan Maslij), was recognized in Rakłowice near Wrocław
by Polish survivors of massacres committed by Ukrainische Hilfspolizei in the towns of Szczepiatyn, Dyniska, Tarnoszyn, Niemstów, and Korczów. He was sentenced to death in Poland in 1978.[23] On 13 November 1942, members of the Ukrainische Hilfspolizei robbed and executed 32 Poles and 1 Jew in the village of Obórki (pl), located in prewar Wołyń Voivodeship. After the crime the village was burned down.[24] On 16 December 1942, the Ukrainian policemen, led by Germans, killed 360 Poles in Jezierce (former powiat Rivne).[24][25] In Lviv, in late February and March 1944, the Ukrainische Hilfspolizei arrested a number of young men of Polish nationality. Many of them were later found dead and their Identity documents stolen. The Government Delegation for Poland
Government Delegation for Poland
started negotiations with the OUN-B. When they failed, Kedyw
began an action called "Nieszpory" (Vespers) where 11 policemen were shot in retaliation and the murders of young Poles in Lviv
stopped.[26] Role in the Ukrainian Insurgent Army
Ukrainian Insurgent Army
formation[edit] For many who joined the police force, enlistment served as an opportunity to receive military training and direct access to weapons. Bandera's OUN
leadership on 20 March 1943 issued secret instructions ordering their members who had joined the German auxiliary police to desert with their weapons and join with the military detachment of OUN (SD) units in Volyn. The number of trained and armed policemen who in spring 1943 joined the ranks of the future Ukrainian Insurgent Army were estimated to be 10,000. This process in some places involved engaging in armed conflict with German forces as they tried to prevent desertion.[27] Battalions[edit] By 1942, after the military administration was replaced with the regular Gendarmerie in occupied East, the strength of the Schutzmannschaft
had increased tenfold. However, the new recruits were mostly not in the battalions. Instead, they took up the individual post duty as militias in place of former local Ordnungsdienst. The actual Security Battalions (or Schumas, German: Schutzmannschaft Bataillone) comprised only one-third of the overall strength of the formation.[28] As a matter of course, the static police wore black uniforms from the pre-war German stock which was no longer used and kept in storage. The black uniforms of the former Allgemeine-SS including their characteristic field caps were simply stripped of German insignia and given to Schutzmannschaft
to use with the new patches. Gradually, the mobile units were issued field-grey uniforms (pictured).[29] The desired size of each battalion was about 500 soldiers divided into three companies of 140-150 men each, with 50 staff members.[30][31] The logistical problems with securing enough uniforms for all of them continued until late 1942. For the weapons, the most widely used were captured Russian military rifles and pistols. Machine guns remained scarce until the latter stages of the war.[32]

Ukrainian Schutzmannschaft
battalion photographed in 1942

Most battalions were assigned block numbers based on ethnic and national makeup for ease of recognition. Those in Russia South and the heart of Ukraine
were numbered from 101 to 200. The ones operating in Russia Center and in Byelorussia were numbered from 51 to 100.[31] An exception was Battalion 201, which was formed not in Galicia but in Frankfurt an der Oder
Frankfurt an der Oder
in October 1941, from members of the disbanded Nachtigall Battalion, formed originally by OUN-B.[33]

Russia Center and Byelorussia

Bataillon 51 (ukrainische), disbanded in May 1943 Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 53 (ukrainische), formed in August 1942 Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 54 (ukrainische), formed in September 1942 Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 55 (ukrainische), formed in August 1942 Schutzmannschaft
Wacht Bataillon 57, 61, 62, 63 (ukrainische), since July 1944 as Schutzmannschaft-Brigade Siegling; in August, as 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS.[30][34]

Russia South and Ukraine

Bataillons 101, 102, 103, 104 (ukrainische) formed in July 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 105, 106 (ukrainische) formed in November 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 108, 109, 110, 111, 113, 114 (ukrainische) formed in July 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 115 (ukrainische) formed in July 1942 and transferred to Belarus right away.[35] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 116, 117 (ukrainische) formed in July 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 118, formed in July 1942 with former Soviet officers at the helm who were soon dispatched in Kiev to form other battalions. In December 1942, transferred to Minsk.[35] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 119, 120, 121 (ukrainische), formed in November 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Battalions 122, 123, 124 (ukrainische), formed in July 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillon 125 (ukrainische), formed in November 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 129, 130, 131 (ukrainische), formed in July 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 134, 136 (ukrainische), formed in November 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 137, 138, 139, 140 (ukrainische), formed in October 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 143, 144, 145, 146 (ukrainische), formed in August 1942.[30] Schutzmannschaft
Bataillons 155, 156, 157, 158 (ukrainische), formed in November 1942.[30]

See also[edit]

Battalion 118 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Galicia (1st Ukrainian) Collaboration with the Axis Powers during World War II Foreign relations of the Axis of World War II#Ukraine Holocaust
in Poland Holocaust
in Ukraine Responsibility for the Holocaust Ukrainian-German collaboration during World War II Bohdan Koziy Estonian Auxiliary Police Latvian Auxiliary Police Lithuanian Auxiliary Police


^ a b c Symposium Presentations (September 2005). "The Holocaust
and [German] Colonialism in Ukraine: A Case Study" (PDF). The Holocaust
in the Soviet Union. The Center for Advanced Holocaust
Studies of the United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum. pp. 15, 18–19, 20 in current document of 1/154. Archived from the original (PDF file, direct download 1.63 MB) on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-15.  ^ Jürgen Matthäus, Jewish Responses to Persecution: 1941–1942. AltaMira Press, p. 524. ^ Dr. Frank Grelka (2005). Ukrainischen Miliz. Die ukrainische Nationalbewegung unter deutscher Besatzungsherrschaft 1918 und 1941/42. Viadrina European University: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 283–284. ISBN 3447052597. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ a b Arne Bewersdorf. "Hans-Adolf Asbach. Eine Nachkriegskarriere" (PDF). Band 19 Essay 5 (in German). Demokratische Geschichte. pp. 1–42. Retrieved 26 June 2013.  ^ See the treatment in Dieter Pohl, Nationalsocialistische Judenverfolgung in Ostgalizien 1941-1944: Organisation und Durchführung eines staatlichen Massenverbrechens (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1997), Section II.2: "Der Besatzungsapparat im Distrikt Galizien" ^ a b Magocsi, Paul Robert (1996). A History of Ukraine. University of Toronto Press. pp. 631, 633.  ^ a b Василь Офіцинський, Дистрикт Галичина (1941—1944). Історико-політичний нарис. — Ужгород, 2001 (Vasil Oficinskiy, "District Galicia 1941–1944." The historical and political essay. Uzhgorod, 2001.) Citation: Комендантом Львівської поліції був Володимир Пітулай (Vladimir Pitulay), його заступником Лев Огоновський (Leo Ohonovskyi). Особовий склад Української допоміжної поліції формувався з молодих людей, які закінчили курси Поліційної школи у Львові. У кінці січня такі курси закінчили 186 українських поліцаїв. А 15 травня 1942 р. закінчився другий вишкільний курс, який підготував 192 поліцаїв... Українську міліцію 15 серпня 1941 р. було переорганізовано в Українську допоміжну поліцію, яка на осінь 1941 р. нараховувала 6000 чол. ^ a b Abbott, Peter (2004). Ukrainian Armies 1914-55. Osprey Publishing. pp. 38–. ISBN 1-84176-668-2.  ^ Czesław Madajczyk, Faszyzm i okupacje 1938-1945, Poznań
1983, ISBN 83-210-0335-4, Vol.2, p. 359. ^ Schutzmannschaft
battalions were formed by orders of Reichsführer-SS
between 25 July and 31 August 1941. ^ В. Дзьобак, Порівняльна характеристика колаборації населення Росії й України в роки радянсько-німецької війни (PDF file, direct download 242 KB) Сторінки воєнної історії України Випуск 11. - Київ: Інститут історії України НАН України, 2009; №11. (V. Dzobak Comparison of collaboration population of Russia and Ukraine during the Soviet-German War in Military History of Ukraine
Vol 11. Kyiv: Institute of History of Ukraine, 2009. № 11, page 267 (252–276).) ^ Prof. Wendy Lower, Towson University. Local Participation in the Crimes of the Holocaust
in Ukraine: Forms and Consequences LMU Muenchen / Towson Univ MD. ^ Timothy Snyder, The Reconstruction of Nations, pg. 159. ^ Tadeusz Piotrowski, Poland's Holocaust: Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, 1918-1947, 1997, page 221. ^ John‐Paul Himka (20 October 2011), The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the Ukrainian Police, and the Holocaust. Danyliw Research Seminar on Contemporary Ukraine. ^ Andrew Gregorovich (Spring 1995). "World War II in Ukraine". FORUM Ukrainian Review (reprint) (92). p. 25. Retrieved 28 June 2016.  Chapter: Jewish Holocaust
in Ukraine. ^ Wendy Morgan Lower, Towson University. "From Berlin to Babi Yar" (PDF). Volume 9 (2007). Journal of Society, The Kripke Center. p. 6 / 9(2007). ISSN 1522-5658. Archived from the original (PDF file, direct download 3.4 MB complete) on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2014.  ^ Browning, Christopher R. (1992–1998). "Arrival in Poland" (PDF file, direct download 7.91 MB complete). Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. Penguin Books. pp. 135–142. Retrieved 24 April 2014. Also: PDF cache archived by WebCite.  ^ Александр Прусин (Aleksandr Prusin), Украинская полиция и Холокост в генеральном округе Киев, 1941–1943: действия и мотивации. at the Wayback Machine (archived 13 January 2012) ГОЛОКОСТ І СУЧАСНІСТЬ *№ 1, 2007. Національна бібліотека України. Retrieved from the Internet Archive
Internet Archive
on 11 June 2013. (in Russian) ^ Spector, Robert Melvin (2005). World without civilization: mass murder and the Holocaust. University Press of America. pp. 678–.  ^ The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands Statiev Alexander Cambridge University Press 2010 page 69 ^ a b c d Ray Brandon, Wendy Lower (28 May 2008). "Ukrainian Society, Soviet Officialdom, and the West". The Shoah in Ukraine: History, Testimony, Memorialization. Indiana University Press. p. 55. ISBN 0253001595. Retrieved 2013-06-22.  ^ Robert Horbaczewski (2005-02-16). "Ostatnia kara śmierci (The last case of capital punishment)". Region - Gospodarka i polityka. Kronika Tygodnia (reprint: Retrieved 2013-06-22.  ^ a b Grzegorz Motyka, Ukraińska partyzantka 1942-1960[page needed] ^ Czesław Partacz, Krzysztof Łada, Polska wobec ukraińskich dążeń niepodległościowych w czasie II wojny światowej, (Toruń: Centrum Edukacji Europejskiej, 2003) ^ Grzegorz Motyka, Rafał Wnuk, Pany i rezuny, 1997, p. 63 ^ (in Ukrainian) Організація українських націоналістів і Українська повстанська армія. "Двофронтова" боротьба УПА, p.165. at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived 28 September 2011) ^ Martin Dean (2003). Collaboration in the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941-44. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 60. ISBN 1403963711.  ^ Gordon Williamson (2012). German Security and Police Soldier 1939-45. Osprey Publishing. p. 44. ISBN 1782000070.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Marcus Wendel (19 January 2014). " Schutzmannschaft
Bataillone" ( Internet Archive
Internet Archive
6 January 1914 capture). Axis History. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ a b Christoph Schiessl (2009). The Search for Nazi Collaborators in the United States (Google Books). Wayne State University. ProQuest. p. 40. ISBN 1109090072. Retrieved 23 February 2015.  ^ Martin C. Dean (2003). Collaboration in the Holocaust. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 68. ISBN 1403963711.  ^ Per Anders Rudling (2015). " Schutzmannschaft
Battalion 201 and Hauptmann Roman Shukhevych in Belarus 1942" (Available in RTF). Schooling in Murder.; Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Greifswald. Retrieved 23 February 2015.  ^ GFN (1992). "Organizational History of the German SS Formations 1939-1945" (PDF file, direct download). Command and General Staff College (CGSC), US Army Combined Arms Center. p. 24. Retrieved 23 February 2015.  ^ a b Natalia Petrouchkevitch (2015). Wartime experiences of the Schutzmannschaft
Battalion 118. Victims and criminals. Wilfrid Laurier University. pp. 71–78. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 

v t e

and Einsatzkommandos



Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

Humbert Achamer-Pifrader Walther Bierkamp Horst Böhme Erich Ehrlinger Wilhelm Fuchs Heinz Jost Erich Naumann Arthur Nebe Otto Ohlendorf Friedrich Panzinger Otto Rasch Heinrich Seetzen Franz Walter Stahlecker Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Rudolf Batz Ernst Biberstein Wolfgang Birkner Helmut Bischoff Paul Blobel Walter Blume Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock Otto Bradfisch Werner Braune Friedrich Buchardt Fritz Dietrich Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Waldemar Klingelhöfer Wolfgang Kügler Walter Kutschmann Rudolf Lange Gustav Adolf Nosske Hans-Adolf Prützmann Walter Rauff Martin Sandberger Hermann Schaper Karl Eberhard Schöngarth Erwin Schulz Franz Six Eugen Steimle Eduard Strauch Martin Weiss Udo von Woyrsch

Other members

August Becker Lothar Fendler Joachim Hamann Emil Haussmann Felix Landau Albert Widmann


Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Antanas Impulevičius Konrāds Kalējs Algirdas Klimaitis



SS RSHA SD Orpo 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Sonderdienst


(Belarusian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian) Arajs Kommando Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys



Łachwa Ghetto Minsk Ghetto Slutsk Affair




Burning of the Riga synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)


Ninth Fort Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary


Operation Tannenberg Intelligenzaktion AB-Aktion Operation Reinhard


Gully of Petrushino Zmievskaya Balka Lokot Autonomy


Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobycz Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv
pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa


The Black Book Commissar Order Einsatzgruppen
trial Generalplan Ost Jäger Report Korherr Report Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) Einsatzgruppen

v t e

The Holocaust
in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia


Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobych Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv
pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa Pripyat Swamps

Major perpetrators

Paul Blobel Werner Braune Lothar Fendler Hans Frank Günther Herrmann Friedrich Jeckeln Ernst Kaltenbrunner Fritz Katzmann Erich Koch Felix Landau Gustav Adolf Nosske Otto Ohlendorf Paul Otto Radomski Otto Rasch Walter Schimana Erwin Schulz Heinrich Seetzen Otto Wächter Dieter Wisliceny

Nazi occupation and organizations

Einsatzgruppen Police Regiment South Reichskommissariat Ukraine


Individuals Hryhoriy Vasiura Vladimir Katriuk Petro Voinovsky Petro Zakhvalynsky

Organizations Schutzmannschaft Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Nachtigall Battalion

Ghettos, camps and prisons

Bogdanovka Drohobych Ghetto Syrets concentration camp Vapniarka concentration camp

Resistance and survivors

Priest's Grotto Syrets inmate revolt

Planning, methods, documents and evidence

Planning Generalplan Ost Volksliste

Evidence Graebe affidavit

Concealment and denial

Sonderaktion 1005

Investigations and trials

trial Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

Righteous Among the Nations

Klymentiy Sheptytsky Omelyan Kovch Hermann Friedrich Graebe


Babi Yar
Babi Yar
memorials List of Babi Yar
Babi Yar

See also History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia Transnistria Governorate

v t e



Allgemeine SS Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV) Waffen-SS


Reichsführer-SS SS and police leader SS personnel SS commands


Julius Schreck Joseph Berchtold Erhard Heiden Heinrich Himmler Karl Hanke

Main departments

Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS SS Main Office Head Operational Office Reich Main Security Office
Reich Main Security Office
(RSHA) Economics and Administration Office Office of Race and Settlement (RuSHA) Main Office for Ethnic Germans (VOMI) Office of the Reich Commissioner for Germanic Resettlement (RKFDV) Courts Office Personnel Office Education Office

Ideological institutions

Ahnenerbe Das Schwarze Korps SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz Lebensborn

Police and security services

Regular uniform police (Orpo) Schutzpolizei (Schupo) Criminal police (Kripo) Secret State police (Gestapo) State Security police (SiPo) SS Security Service (SD)

Führer protection

SS-Begleitkommando des Führers Reichssicherheitsdienst

Paramilitary units

Einsatzgruppen Schutzmannschaft Belarusian Auxiliary Police Latvian Police Battalions Ypatingasis būrys Lithuanian Security Police Lithuanian Auxiliary Police
Lithuanian Auxiliary Police
Battalions Rollkommando Hamann Arajs Kommando Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Trawnikis Estonian Auxiliary Police Police Regiment Centre


Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) Leibstandarte (LSSAH) SS Division Das Reich SS Division Totenkopf SS Polizei Division SS Division Wiking

Foreign SS units

Germanic-SS Germaansche SS in Nederland Germaansche SS in Vlaanderen Germanske SS Norge Schalburg Corps Britisches Freikorps S.S. Sturmbrigade R.O.N.A. Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS

SS-controlled enterprises

Ostindustrie Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke DEST Allach porcelain Apollinaris Mattoni Sudetenquell Anton Loibl

SS awards

SS Sword of Honour SS Honour Ring SS Honor Dagger

Ranks, uniforms and insignia

Uniforms and insignia of the SS Ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS Ranks and insignia of the Orpo Corps
colours of t