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This is a timeline of Armenian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Armenia
Armenia
and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Armenia. See also the list of Armenian kings. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Millennia: 3rd BC · 2nd BC–1st BC · 1st–2nd · 3rd

Centuries: 24th BC · 23rd BC · 22nd BC · 21st BC 24th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

2400 BC

The Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
identifies the land of Ararat as the resting place of Noah's Ark after the "great deluge" described there. The Indo-Europeans were people who presumably spread from the Caucasus, settling on lands along the way. Armenian is one of the Indo-European language branches.

23rd century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

2300 BC

The legendary figure Hayk
Hayk
creates the Armenian nation in the Ararat region. (Akkadians mention Armani in 2300 BC)

22nd century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

21st century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

Centuries: 20th BC · 19th BC · 18th BC · 17th BC · 16th BC · 15th BC · 14th BC · 13th BC · 12th BC · 11th BC · 10th BC · 9th BC · 8th BC · 7th BC · 6th BC · 5th BC · 4th BC · 3rd BC · 2nd BC · 1st BC 20th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

2000 BC

Trialeti culture

19th century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

18th century BC[edit]

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17th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

1700 BC

Aram, Armenian patriarch mentioned in the History of Armenia
Armenia
(Moses of Chorene) (dated 5th century AD) See also: Mitanni

16th century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

15th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

1450 BC

Artatama I ( Thutmose III
Thutmose III
of Egypt, mentions the people of Ermenen in 1446 BC)

14th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

1400

Artashumara

1384

Artatama II

13th century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

12th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

1200 BC

Nairi, a confederation of tribes in the Armenian Highlands, roughly corresponding to the modern Van and Hakkâri provinces of modern Turkey.

11th century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

10th century BC[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

9th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

860 BC

Foundation of the Kingdom of Urartu
Kingdom of Urartu
with Aramé.

834 BC

Reign of Sarduri I who constructs Tushpa (Van). (to 828 BC)

810 BC

Reign of Menuas who conquers the Araratian fields. (to 785 BC)

8th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

785 BC

Reign of Argishtis I.

782 BC

Construction of the fortress of Erebuni (modern Yerevan).

7th century BC[edit]

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6th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

585 BC

Conquest of Urartu by the Medes.

570 BC

Reign of Orontes I
Orontes I
Sakavakyats.

512 BC

Armenia
Armenia
is annexed to Persia
Persia
by Darius I. Urartu is officially called Armenia
Armenia
for the first time in the Behistun inscription.

5th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

401 BC

Orontes I
Orontes I
(Yervand I).

4th century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

331 BC

Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
attacks Persia
Persia
and defeats Darius III, but never conquers Armenia. As a result, Armenia
Armenia
regains its independence from Persia.

3rd century BC[edit]

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2nd century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

190 BC

Artaxias I
Artaxias I
reclaims the sovereignty of Armenia
Armenia
from the Seleucids
Seleucids
by establishing the Artaxiad Dynasty
Artaxiad Dynasty
with Artaxata
Artaxata
as the capital.

1st century BC[edit]

Year Date Event

95 BC

Accession of power by Tigranes the Great.

93 BC

Invasion of Cappadocia

88 BC

Conquest of Atropatene, Gordyene, and Osrhoene

83 BC

Conquest of Syria, Phoenicia, and Cilicia

69 BC

Tigranes' army is defeated at the Battle of Tigranocerta
Battle of Tigranocerta
against Lucullus' Roman army.

68 BC

Lucullus
Lucullus
is beaten off from Artaxata.

67 BC

Lucullus
Lucullus
is recalled to Rome.

66 BC

Pompey
Pompey
invades Armenia, but returns to Roman land after being offered a generous sum of money by Tigranes.

55 BC

Death of Tigranes the Great. Artavasdes II
Artavasdes II
continues to rule Armenia.

Reign of Artavasdes. (to 34 BC)

Centuries: 1st · 2nd · 3rd · 4th · 5th · 6th · 7th · 8th · 9th · 10th · 11th · 12th · 13th · 14th · 15th · 16th · 17th · 18th · 19th · 20th 1st century[edit]

Year Date Event

1

End of the Artaxiad Dynasty
Artaxiad Dynasty
in Armenia. Arsacid dynasty of Parthia (Iran) incorporates Armenia.

53

Tiridates I reaffirms Armenian independence by founding the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia

58

Roman general Corbulo invades Armenia
Armenia
with the assistance of the Iberians and Commagenians.

66

Tiridates is crowned in Rome by Nero, after he and Corbulo came to an agreement.

72

War against the Alans

2nd century[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

3rd century[edit]

Year Date Event

228

Tiridates II repels Sassanid invasion.

287

Beginning of the reign of Tiridates III.

4th century[edit]

Year Date Event

301

Armenia
Armenia
becomes the first official Christian state in the world, King Tiridates III proclaims Christianity as the official state religion of Armenia. Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
starts to decline gradually.

330

End of Tiridates III's reign.

387

Division of Armenia
Armenia
into Western and Eastern parts per the Peace of Acisilene between the Sassanid Persians and Byzantines.

392

Armenia
Armenia
regains its might by the coronation of King Vramshapuh
Vramshapuh
in 392.

5th century[edit]

Year Date Event

406

Mesrop Mashtots
Mesrop Mashtots
invents the Armenian alphabet.

428

End of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia. Marzpanate Armenia
Armenia
era as part of the Sassanid empire
Sassanid empire
begins.

451

The Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secures the Christian religion in Armenia.

6th century[edit]

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7th century[edit]

Year Date Event

639

The first Arab invasion under the leadership of Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rabiah devastates the region of Taron.

642

Arabs storm the city of Dvin killing 12,000 its inhabitants and taking 35,000 into slavery.

645

Theodorus Rshtuni and other Armenian nakharars accepted Muslim rule over Armenia.

650

Armenia
Armenia
becomes the main battleground of the Khazar–Arab Wars
Khazar–Arab Wars
& Byzantine–Arab Wars
Byzantine–Arab Wars
which leaves the lands depopulated. (to 750)

8th century[edit]

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9th century[edit]

Year Date Event

861

Ashot I Bagratuni is recognized as prince of princes by the Baghdad court, followed by a war against local Muslim emirs. (to 862)

885

Ashot wins and is thus recognized King of the Armenians
Armenians
by Baghdad
Baghdad
in 885.

886

Formal recognition of Armenian sovereignty by Constantinople.

891

King Ashot I dies and is succeeded by his son Smbat I, in 892.

10th century[edit]

Year Date Event

961

King Ashot III
Ashot III
(953–977) transfers the capital from Kars
Kars
to Ani, which came to be considered the "City of a 1001 Churches" which rivaled other metropolises like Baghdad
Baghdad
and Constantinople.

11th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1016

Seljuk Turks
Seljuk Turks
first appear in the region.

1045

Armenia
Armenia
falls to Byzantine troops, and an exodus from the Armenian lands begins.

1064

Byzantine Ani, once the capital of Bagratid Armenia, is conquered and destroyed by the Seljuk Turks.

1071

After the Battle of Manzikert, Seljuk dominance is established over Anatolia
Anatolia
and a large number of Turkish tribes migrate to the region.

1072

The Seljuks sell Ani
Ani
to the Shaddadid, a Kurdish tribe ruling a territory coinciding with modern-day Armenia.

1078

Establishment of the Armenian Principality of Cilicia, led by the Rubenid Dynasty.

1095

The First Crusade is launched by Pope Urban I.

12th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1187

Debut of Leon II's reign as prince.

1194

After the decline of the Seljuk dominance in the region, Eastern Anatolia
Anatolia
is ruled by a slew of Turkish emirates and tribes, such as the Ahlatshahs, Mengujekids, Saltukids
Saltukids
and the Artuqids. (to 1241)

1198

Leon II "the Magnificent" managed to secure his crown, becoming the first King of Armenian Cilicia.

13th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1219

Death of Leon II.

1241

Mongol Invasion of Anatolia, much of the sedentary population of Armenia
Armenia
is slaughtered. (to 1244)

1256

Turco-Mongol
Turco-Mongol
rule continues in Eastern Anatolia
Anatolia
under the Ilkhanate rulers and their Turkish and Kurdish vassals. (to 1335)

14th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1335

The decline of Mongol power leads Armenia
Armenia
to be dominated once again by Anatolian Turkoman tribes such as the Chobanids. (to 1400)

1375

Fall of the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia
Cilicia
to the Mameluks
Mameluks
of Egypt
Egypt
and their Ramadanid vassals.

1400

Tamerlane's devastating invasion of Georgia, Armenia
Armenia
and Central Anatolia
Anatolia
leads to the slaughter of large portions of the population of Armenia
Armenia
and the enslavement of over 60,000 people from Anatolia
Anatolia
and the Caucasus.

15th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1405

After Tamerlane's death, Anatolia
Anatolia
becomes a battleground between the rival tribal confederations of the Ak Koyunlu
Ak Koyunlu
and the Kara Koyunlu.

1461

Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople
Constantinople
established by the then Ottoman Emperor, Mehmed II.

1478

Armenian migration to Bruges, Belgium.

16th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1502

The Safavid Dynasty
Safavid Dynasty
is established in Persia, that conquers Armenia.

1512

Printing of first Armenian books.

1514

The Ottoman-Persian Wars wars rage in the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
for the first time, the Ottomans temporarily gain Western Armenia.

1519

Decree of King Sigismund I that Armenians
Armenians
in Poland
Poland
by governed under code of laws by Mkhitar Gosh.

The first Jelali revolts; clashes between Sunnite Turks and Kurds
Kurds
and Shi'ite Qizilbash
Qizilbash
cause friction in Eastern Anatolia. (to 1528)

1520

Large portions of Armenia
Armenia
are conquered by Selim I.

1532

Ottoman-Safavid War (1532-1555)
Ottoman-Safavid War (1532-1555)
commences.

1555

Peace of Amasya
Peace of Amasya
signed between the Ottomans and Safavids. Western Armenia
Armenia
falls in Ottoman hands, Eastern Armenia
Armenia
stays under Persian rule.

1567

Establishment of Armenian printing press in Constantinople.

1598

Continuation of the devastating Jelali revolts
Jelali revolts
in Anatolia. (to 1611)

17th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1603

Shah
Shah
Abbas of Persia
Persia
invades Ottoman Armenia
Armenia
(to 1618) and reestablishes full control over Eastern Armenia
Armenia
and large parts of Western Armenia
Armenia
as part of his empire.

1605

When forced to abandon the siege of Kars, Shah
Shah
Abbas orders the complete destruction of many Armenian towns and villages and deports over 300,000 Armenians
Armenians
to Persia, of which only half survive.

1623

The final Ottoman-Safavid War rages in both parts of historic Armenia.

1639

Treaty of Zuhab signed between the Ottomans and Safavids. Western Armenia
Armenia
falls decisively under Ottoman rule. Safavids remain in possession of Eastern Armenia.

1648

Major earthquake in Van.

18th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1712

Sayat Nova, renowned Armenian poet troubadour.

1722

David Bek
David Bek
leads the national liberation movement in 1722, but passes away in 1728.

1747

The Persians establish the Karabakh
Karabakh
Khanate.

1759

Arrival of Hovsep Emin
Hovsep Emin
in Armenia

1778

Establishment of Nor Nakhichevan

19th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1809

Khachatur Abovian, novelist poet, playwright.

1810

Zeitountsi revolts.

1811

Mkhitarist order of Vienna founded

1813

Treaty of Gulistan. All of Eastern Armenia
Armenia
remains under Persian rule, except for the Armenians
Armenians
in Karabakh, which had already de facto become part of the Russian Empire.

1824

Founding of Nersessian Academy in Tiflis

1826

Nickolas Balian, architect in Constantinople
Constantinople
(to 1858)

1827

Occupation of Yerevan
Yerevan
by Russian forces

1828

Treaty of Turkmanchay. Eastern Armenia
Armenia
is forcefully ceded by Persia to Russia per the Russo-Persian War (1826-1828), strengthening Russian control of Transcaucasus.

1836

The Russian government enacts the Polozhenie, a statute greatly restricting the power of the Armenian Church.[1]

1894–1896

Hamidian Massacres: An estimated 80,000–300,000 are killed.

20th century[edit]

Year Date Event

1909

Adana Massacre: An estimated 15,000–30,000 are killed.

1915

Armenian Genocide: An estimated 1,500,000 are killed. (to 1923)

1918 3 March The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gives Kars, Ardahan and Batum regions to the Ottoman Empire.

22 May Battle of Sardarapat

28 May The Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians
Armenians
declares the Democratic Republic of Armenia

4 June Treaty of Batum

30 October Armistice of Mudros, the Ottoman Empire agreeing to leave the Transcaucasus. The Democratic Republic of Armenia
Armenia
assumes control of Western Armenia, now that the Ottomans are forced to leave.

Soviet rule[edit]

Year Date Event

1965 24 April 1965 Yerevan
Yerevan
demonstrations

1988 20 February Nagorno- Karabakh
Karabakh
War commences.

Independence (1991–)[edit]

Year Date Event

1991 21 September Armenian independence referendum

17 October First-ever Armenian presidential election, Levon Ter-Petrosyan
Levon Ter-Petrosyan
elected President with overwhelming popular support

1992 9 May Capture of Shusha

1994 12 May Nagorno- Karabakh
Karabakh
War formally ends

1995 5 July Armenian constitutional referendum

1999 27 October Armenian parliament shooting

21st century[edit]

Year Date Event

2004 12 April Robert Kocharyan's government dispersed massive, peaceful protest using excessive force.[2]

2008 19 February Armenian presidential election, 2008

2012 6 May Armenian parliamentary election, 2012

2013 18 February Armenian presidential election, 2013

2015 12 January 2015 Gyumri massacre

See also[edit]

Timeline of modern Armenian history Timeline of Yerevan

Armenia
Armenia
portal

References[edit]

^ Suny, Ronald Grigor; "Eastern Armenians
Armenians
under Tsarist Rule" in Armenian People, p. 115 ^ " Armenia
Armenia
Events of 2004". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

William Henry Overall, ed. (1870). "Armenia". Dictionary of Chronology. London: William Tegg.  George Henry Townsend (1877), "Armenia", Manual of Dates (5th ed.), London: Frederick Warne & Co. – via Hathi Trust  Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Armenia", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co. – via Hathi Trust  Rouben Paul Adalian (2010). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Armenia
Armenia
(2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7