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The Ṭaiyabi Ismailis are the only surviving sect of the Musta’li Ismaili branch of Ismaili Islam. The other Mustaali
Mustaali
branch, Hafizis are extinct. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
have split into three major branches: Dawoodi, Sulaymani, and Alavi Bohras. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
originally split from the Fatimid Caliphate-supporting Hafizi
Hafizi
branch by supporting the right of at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim to the Imamate.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Da'i Zoeb bin Moosa 1.2 Sulaymani-Dawoodi-Alavi split

2 References 3 External links

History[edit] Upon the death of the twentieth Imam, al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah (d. AH 526 (1131/1132)), his two-year old child at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim (b. AH 524 (1129/1130)) was appointed twenty-first Imam. As he was not in position to run the dawah, Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi, the Da'i al-Mutlaq, acted as his regent. The Da'i had now been given absolute authority and made independent from political activity. Da'i Zoeb bin Moosa[edit] Da'i Zoeb bin Moosa
Zoeb bin Moosa
used to live in and died in Haus, Yemen. His ma'zoon ("associate") was Khattab bin Hasan. After death of Abdullah, Zoeb bin Moosa
Zoeb bin Moosa
appointed Yaqub as the wali ("representative" or "caretaker") of the Taiyabi
Taiyabi
organization ("dawah") in India. Yaqub was the first person of Indian origin to receive this honor. He was son of Bharmal, minister of the Chaulukya
Chaulukya
king Jayasimha Siddharaja. Fakhruddin, son of Tarmal, was sent to western Rajasthan. One Da'i after another were continued until the twenty-fourth Da'i, Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman, in Yemen. Due to prosecution by a local ruler, the dawah then shifted to India under the twenty-fifth Da'i, Jalal bin Hasan. Sulaymani-Dawoodi-Alavi split[edit] In 1592, the Taiyabi
Taiyabi
broke into two factions in a dispute over who should become the twenty-seventh Da'i: Dawood Bin Qutubshah
Dawood Bin Qutubshah
or Sulayman bin Hassan. The followers of the former, primarily in India, became the Dawoodi Bohra, the latter the Sulaymani
Sulaymani
of Yemen. In 1637, the Alavi Bohra
Alavi Bohra
split from the Dawoodi bohra community. There is also a community of Sunni Bohra
Sunni Bohra
in India. In the fifteenth century, there was schism in the Bohra community of Patan in Gujarat as a large number converted from Mustaali
Mustaali
Ismaili Shia Islam
Shia Islam
to mainstream Hanafi Sunni Islam. The leader of this conversion movement to Sunni was Syed Jafar Ahmad Shirazi who also had the support of Mughal governor of Gujarat. Thus this new group is known as Jafari Bohras, Patani Bohras or Sunni Bohra. In 1538, Syed Jafar Ahmad Shirazi convinced the Patani Bohras to cease social relations with Ismaili Bohras. The cumulative results of these pressures resulted in large number of Bohras converting from Ismaili Shia fiqh to Sunni Hanafi fiqh. The Hebtiah Bohra are a branch of Mustaali
Mustaali
Ismaili Shi'a Islam
Islam
that broke off from the mainstream Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
after the death of the 39th Da'i al-Mutlaq
Da'i al-Mutlaq
in 1754. The Atba-i-Malak
Atba-i-Malak
community are a branch of Mustaali
Mustaali
Ismaili Shi'a Islam
Islam
that broke off from the mainstream Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
after the death of the 46th Da'i al-Mutlaq, under the leadership of Abdul Hussain Jivaji in 1840. They have further split into two more branches, the Atba-e-Malak Badar
Atba-e-Malak Badar
and Atba-i-Malak
Atba-i-Malak
Vakil. The Progressive Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
is a reformist sect within Mustaali Ismai'li Shi'a Islam
Islam
that broke off circa 1977. They disagree with mainstream Dawoodi Bohra, as led by the Da'i al-Mutlaq, on doctrinal, economic and social issues. At present, the largest Taiyabi
Taiyabi
faction/sub-sect is the Dawoodi Bohra, whose current leader is Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin. Taher Fakhruddin
Taher Fakhruddin
is also claimant to the title of Dai al Mutlaq since 2016.

Note: Kaysani's Imam Hanafiyyah is descendant of Ali
Ali
from Ali's wife Khawlah

References[edit]

The Ismaili, their history and doctrine by Farhad Daftary Religion,learning and science by Young Lathan Medieval Islamic civilisation by Joseph w. Meri, Bacharach Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemenby Dr Farhad Daftary The Uyun al-akhbar is the most complete text written by an Ismaili/Tayyibi/Dawoodi 19th Dai Sayyedna Idris bin Hasan on the history of the Ismaili community from its origins up to the 12th century CE. period of the Fatimid caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487 AH / 1094 AD), the time of Musta‘lian rulers including al-Musta‘li (d. 495 AH / 1102 AD) and al-Amir (d. 526 AH / 1132 AD), and then the Tayyibi Ismaili community in Yemen.

External links[edit]

The Hafizids and Tayyibids Abul Qaasim Maulaana Imaam Taiyeb (as) - The noor and rehmat of Haqq

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Ali Hasan ibn Ali Husayn Ibn Ali Ali
Ali
ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Baqir Ja'far al-Sadiq Musa al-Kadhim Ali
Ali
al-Ridha Muhammad
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al-Jawad Ali
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al-Hadi Hasan al-Askari Muhammad
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Tayyibi

Ali
Ali
("Asās" or "Wāsih" of Nabi Muhammad)

Hasan Husayn al-Sajjad al-Baqir Jafar al-Sādiq Ismā'il Muhammad Abadullāh (Wāfi Ahmad) Ahmad (Tāqi Muhammad) Husayn (Rādhi Abdullāh) Abdullah al-Mahdi Muhammad
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al-Qā'im Ismāʿīl al-Mansur Ma'ādd al-Mu'izz Nizār al-Aziz Mansur al-Hākim Ali
Ali
az-Zāhir Ma'ādd al-Mustansir Ahmad al-Mustāʿli Mansur al-Amir Abu'l-Qāsim at-Tāyyib

Nizari

Ali Husayn ibn Ali Ali
Ali
ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Baqir Ja'far al-Sadiq Isma'il ibn Jafar Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Isma'il Ahmad al-Wafi Muhammad
Muhammad
at-Taqi Abdullah ar-Radi Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah al-Mansur Billah Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah Al-Aziz Billah Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Ali
Ali
az-Zahir al-Mustansir Billah Nizar al-Hādī al-Mutadī al-Qāhir Hassan II Nur al-Din Muhammad
Muhammad
II Jalaluddin Hasan ‘Alā’ ad-Dīn Muḥammad III Rukn al-Din Khurshah Shamsu-d-Dīn Muḥammad Qāsim Shāh Islām Shāh Muḥammad ibn Islām Shāh al-Mustanṣir billāh II ʿAbdu s-Salām Shāh Gharīb Mīrzā Abū Dharr ʻAlī Murād Mīrzā Dhū-l-Fiqār ʻAlī Nūru d-Dīn ʻAlī Khalīlullāh II ʻAlī Nizār II as-Sayyid ʻAlī Ḥasan ʻAlī Qāsim ʻAlī Abū-l-Hasan ʻAlī Shāh Khalīlullāh III Aga Khan
Aga Khan
I Aga Khan
Aga Khan
II Aga Khan
Aga Khan
III