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 Parouse.com



Stonehouse is a town in the Stroud District
Stroud District
of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
in southwestern England. It is home to a number of business and industrial parks which are home to the Severnside Dairy[2] operated by Medina Dairy[3] for Müller and other large companies including Schlumberger, Renishaw, Delphi Automotive, Lister Shearing and Dairy Partners. The town centre is 2.5 miles east of the M5 motorway, junction 13. Stonehouse railway station has a regular train service to London. The town is situated approximately 9 miles south of Gloucester
Gloucester
city centre and 3.5 miles west of central Stroud, though following recent development it is partially contiguous with the Ebley
Ebley
district of Stroud. It includes the sub-villages of Bridgend (to the south) and Ryeford (to the east). Stonehouse's population in 2016 was estimated at over 8,000 residents.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Stonehouse Manor 1.2 Features

2 Amenities

2.1 Education

2.1.1 Primary schools 2.1.2 Secondary schools 2.1.3 Independent schools

2.2 Religious Centres 2.3 Governance 2.4 Police station 2.5 Sport 2.6 Pubs 2.7 Cotswold Way 2.8 Transport

3 Growth

3.1 World War 2 3.2 Post War 3.3 21st century

4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Stonehouse Manor[edit] Stonehouse was mentioned in Willam the Conqueror's Domesday Book written in 1086. There was a manor house built in stone – quite different from the many wattle and daub buildings that were normally found. And so the area was named Stanhus in the book. The name evoluted from Stanhus to Stonehouse : stān > stone + hūs > house, as an effect of the great vowel shift at the end of the Middle Ages.

Stonehouse town sign

William De Ow, a cousin of William the Conqueror, owned the manor, whose grounds included two mills and a vineyard. In 1327, one of the manor's masters, John Maltravers, was found guilty of involvement in the murder of Edward II in Berkeley Castle, and fled abroad. Henry Solers, former summoner of Stonehouse, was pardoned for the death of Roger Turbervile in 1388. [4] The manor house burned down in 1908. Today, on the same site stands Stonehouse Court Hotel, a Grade II listed
Grade II listed
manor house, which is now a hotel. It is located next to St Cyr's Church and the Stroudwater Canal. One of the original mills remains in operation. Features[edit] Doverow Hill is a former quarry and there are many surrounding hills and a small cliff that looks out onto the whole of Stonehouse. The stone which gave the town its name was replaced by red brick as the builder's material of choice[citation needed] . Due to the availability of raw materials in Stonehouse, brickmaking began there in 1856 with evidence of possible prior brickmaking as early as 1839 or 1840 and of as many as thirteen brickmaking sites altogether. The largest and last to close of the brickmakers, Stonehouse Brick and Tile Company Ltd., was located where the Rosedale housing estate[5] now stands. It was founded in 1891, and by 1895 employed a large number of people in making pottery, terra-cotta, and bricks. The company closed in 1968 and the 202-foot high chimney was demolished. Bricks and other materials made by the company were not only used locally (notably in the Stonehouse police station[6] and post office) and in other areas of Britain, but were also used as far away as Cape Town, Gibraltar, and Buenos Aires, with those used in Gibraltar transported there on the RMS Lusitania
RMS Lusitania
during her sea trials.[7][8] Amenities[edit]

Town Hall and ex-Post Office

A community centre is located near the Town's High Street, together with a festival of good shops, Post Office (in the supermarket), Town hall, butchers, banks, several food places and a building society. The town is well served by doctors and dentists. Education[edit] Primary schools[edit] In the town there are two primary schools. Park Infant hosts pupils from reception through to year 2 (Age 5 to 7) and has approximately 160 pupils. Park Junior school for pupils between years 3 and 6 (Ages 7 to 10) and has approximately 200 pupils. Each school has two classes per year. Secondary schools[edit] Maidenhill School
Maidenhill School
is the town's comprehensive, 11–16 mixed secondary school.[9] Independent schools[edit] One of the most well known establishments in the area is Wycliffe College. The school was founded in 1882 by G. W. Sibly and is for girls and boys aged 3–18 years old however it is now co-educational. One of the school's houses, Haywardsend, is one of the town's oldest buildings, an old Tudor farmhouse. Religious Centres[edit] The Parish church is St Cyr's Church, after St Cyriac or St Cyril. George Whitefield, the Gloucester-born evangelist, preached here[10] Other churches include Stonehouse Methodist. St Joseph's Catholic, a Baptist[11], Stonehouse Community Church (@ Maidenhill School) and the Bethel Church. Stonehouse Live is a network of Christians bringing all the Churches together in Stonehouse.[12] Governance[edit] An electoral ward with the same name exists. The area and population are identical to that of the parish. Police station[edit] The nearest Police Station is in Stroud, after the Stonehouse police station was closed in late 2011.[13] Sport[edit] The football club, Stonehouse Town F.C., has four teams, with the top one currently playing in the Northern Senior League. Pubs[edit]

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In the nineteenth century, Stonehouse had a multitude of public and beer houses, culminating in 1838 with thirty three. One of the oldest buildings in Stonehouse, The Woolpack Inn (17th century) on the High Street, is one of the oldest pubs in the town. It was a coaching hostelry, with the coach from Bath stopping there. It is still open. Stonehouse now only has one other public house, further along the High Street called The Globe. All the other public houses have been closed, with one now housing a pharmacy and doctors surgery. Previously the 18th century Spa Inn on Oldends lane was considered to be one of Stonehouse’s public houses, but was closed early in 2013 after a succession of landlords and then sold by the brewery Wadworths
Wadworths
in 2014. The Spa Inn had started selling natural spring waters before becoming a public house, though these were covered over later. Cotswold Way[edit] The national trail, Cotswold Way, passes close to Stonehouse. Transport[edit] Bus services to Gloucester
Gloucester
and Stroud
Stroud
are provided by Stagecoach, with other services to Cam, Dursley
Dursley
and the Stanleys. Good road communication is provided, with the M5 situated with 2 miles of Stonehouse town centre, with the major industrial area located to the west of the town off the A419. The town is served by Stonehouse railway station
Stonehouse railway station
on the "Golden Valley Line", with a good and frequent service to London. Growth[edit] Stonehouse development was partly due to good communications for transport, In 1779, the Stroudwater Navigation, (now part of the Thames and Severn Canal) was cut and relics of the canal can still be seen. Ocean Bridge was an iron swing bridge where canal boats would turn. Once there was a repair yard here. Canal restoration is actively underway. Business increased further when the land was prepared for the opening of the Midland Railway Station in 1844, and the Great Western Railway Station a year later. The Stonehouse and Nailsworth Railway
Stonehouse and Nailsworth Railway
opened a branch to Nailsworth
Nailsworth
in 1867 and Stroud
Stroud
in 1885. World War 2[edit] When the threat of world war two became clear in the late 1930s, the Cotswolds were seen as a suitable location for the dispersement of aerospace shadow factories, being a safe place away from German bombers range. Smiths were co-located to Bishops Cleeve and Stonehouse was chosen as a good place to build factories for the manufacturers Sperry's Gyroscope Company, who moved to Bond's Mill and Hoffmann's Bearings located to Oldends Lane. These two factories employed many people during the war and for a long time afterwards ensuring employment in the town for many years. The Gatehouse at Bonds Mill
The Gatehouse at Bonds Mill
was originally constructed during World War II as a defensive pillbox. It is a rare example of a two-storey pillbox with a rooftop gun emplacement and is a Grade II listed
Grade II listed
building.[14] It is now used a visitor center run by the Cotswold Canals Trust.[15] On 12 September 1940, a lone Dornier flew along the Stroud
Stroud
Valley and photographed the area. Detailed mapping of the Sperry factory was noted by German Intelligence, in preparation for a raid in February 1943, although this never occurred.[16] Post War[edit] Rationalisation of the railways happened quickly after the Second World War, with passenger services being suspended on the Stroud
Stroud
and Nailsworth
Nailsworth
branch in 1947, and to freight in the 1966. Though special excursion trains for mill workers were provided for day outings (up to 1965). The Midland Railway Station was closed in 1965. Burdett Road Station, the last of two stations that Stonehouse possessed, was threatened with closure in 1972, but remains open to this day. (The Mildland line had a separate platform from the Bristol main line that users referred to as a third station) Stonehouse was connected to the national motorway network in 1971, when the M5 opened. In the late 20th century, Stonehouse saw substantial growth within industry; large multinationals such as ABB, International Intelligence Limited
International Intelligence Limited
and Intelligent Armour Limited moving into the area. Housing development in Stonehouse continued during the post war period, with the Park Estate being built in the 1950s, Little Australia, Boakes Drive and continuing into the 21st century, with the small developments at Arrowsmith Drive and Court View. A small development adjacent to Arrowsmith Drive is being constructed in 2017, technically this is in the parish of Standish. 21st century[edit] Stonehouse is very well situated for business and business growth due to its central UK location and close proximity to the motorway networks of the M5 & M4. Today Stonehouse has a large number of residential housing estates, including council housing and a small high street. In 2011, Stonehouse High Street was made into a Community Shared Space, reopening in September 2011.[17] In 2016 a new eco-business park and wood-based football stadium for Forest Green Rovers
Forest Green Rovers
was mooted by local businessman Dale Vince, CEO of Ecotricity, to be constructed west of the town, close to the M5 junction. References[edit]

^ "Stonehouse (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 March 2015.  ^ "Dairy Crest sells milk business to Muller in £80m deal". Stroud News & Journal. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2017.  ^ Template:Http://www.medinadairy.co.uk/medina-dairy-secures-severnside-milk-processing-capacity/ ^ Calendar of Patent Rolls 1385 -1389 p.457 ^ 51°44′44″N 2°16′39″W / 51.745486°N 2.277582°W / 51.745486; -2.277582 ^ 51°44′49″N 2°16′58″W / 51.746891°N 2.282898°W / 51.746891; -2.282898 ^ Kathleen Morgan; Brian S Smith (1972). C R Elrington; N M Herbert; R B Pugh, eds. A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 10: Westbury and Whitstone Hundreds. Victoria County History. pp. 276–284. ISBN 978-0-19-722725-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.  ^ Wilson, Ray (1997). "Stonehouse Brick and Tile Company" (PDF). Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Society for Industrial Archaeology Journal: 14–26. Retrieved 4 October 2010.  ^ http://www.maidenhill.gloucs.sch.uk/ ^ http://www.stcyrschurch.com/History.htm ^ http://www.wix.com/stonehousebaptist/sbc2 ^ http://www.stonehouselive.org.uk/?page_id=2 ^ http://www.stroudnewsandjournal.co.uk/news/4229118.Stonehouse_and_Nailsworth_police_station_reception_areas_to_close/ ^ "The Gatehouse at Bonds Mill, Stonehouse". Historic England. Retrieved 30 December 2017.  ^ Wiseman, Jamie. "Historic Gatehouse on Stroudwater canal to get new lease of life as mini heritage centre". Stroud
Stroud
News and Journal. Retrieved 30 December 2017.  ^ http://stonehousehistorygroup.org.uk/page47.html ^ "Stonehouse traders fear impact of roadworks". BBC News. 5 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stonehouse, Gloucestershire.

Stonehouse Town Council Stonehouse, Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Stonehouse History Group See Stonehouse Brick and Tile workers at work 1945 Stroud
Stroud
Voices (Stonehouse filter) - oral history site A collection of images of shop and business signs in Stonehouse (2017) A collection of images of residential house names in Stonehouse (2017) A collection of images of the minutia of Stonehouse eg various signs, street furniture, boot scrapers etc (2017)

v t e

Ceremonial county of Gloucestershire

Unitary authorities

South Gloucestershire

Boroughs or districts

Cheltenham Cotswold Forest of Dean Gloucester Stroud Tewkesbury

Major settlements

Berkeley Bradley Stoke Cheltenham Chipping Campden Chipping Sodbury Cinderford Cirencester Coleford Dursley Fairford Filton Gloucester Kingswood Lechlade Lydney Minchinhampton Mitcheldean Moreton-in-Marsh Nailsworth Newent Northleach Painswick Patchway Quedgeley Stonehouse Stow-on-the-Wold Stroud Tetbury Tewkesbury Thornbury Winchcombe Wotton-under-Edge Yate See also: List of civil parishes in Gloucestershire

Rivers

Bristol Avon Warwickshire Avon Bybrook Boyd Cam Chelt Churn Coln Evenlode Eye Bristol Frome Stroud
Stroud
Frome Hazel Brook Leach Little Avon Lyd Severn Swilgate Thames Trym Windrush Wye

Topics

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