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Spyromilios
Spyromilios
(Greek: Σπυρομήλιος; 1800–1880) or Spyros Milios (Σπύρος Μήλιος), was a Greek revolutionary, general and politician.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Greek War of Independence 3 After Independence 4 References 5 Sources

Early life[edit] He was born in Himara,[1] in modern southern Albania, then part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1810 he went to Naples
Naples
in Italy, where he remained until 1819, studying military theory and learning Latin
Latin
and French. In 1819, he returned to his homeland to prepare a geographic survey for his school, but was arrested by Ali Pasha of Ioannina, who employed him at his court as a military adviser. Greek War of Independence[edit] Further information: Greek War of Independence In August 1824, after Ali’s death, together with his brothers Nikolaos and Zachos Milios, Spyromilios, he travelled south and joined the ongoing Greek War of Independence. In August 1825 he was fighting in the Third Siege of Missolonghi, at the head of a group of 250 armed Himariotes. Named General in September, he was sent as a member of a commission to Nafplion
Nafplion
in January 1826, to ask the government for more effective aid to the besieged city. Little was achieved, and although Spyromilios
Spyromilios
tried to arrange for a British ship to evacuate the garrison, it was too late. Spyromilios
Spyromilios
was thus forced to remain a spectator of the garrison's disastrous attempt to sally and break through the Ottoman lines, during which his brother Nikolaos was killed. Afterwards, together with his brother Zachos, he took part in military operations in Central Greece
Greece
under Georgios Karaiskakis. Under Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias
Ioannis Kapodistrias
(1828–1829), Spyromilios
Spyromilios
was placed captain of the personal guard of Dimitrios Ypsilantis. After Independence[edit] After the end of the War of Independence, Spyromilios
Spyromilios
settled in Thebes, but as a known supporter of Kapodistrias, he was imprisoned for 9 months in the Palamidi
Palamidi
fortress (September 1833-June 1834). Released and reinstated to the army, he became director of the Evelpidon Military Academy
Evelpidon Military Academy
in 1840-1844. The first Greek to hold that post, he also wrote the Academy's first book of regulations. From this position he participated in the 3 September 1843 Revolution
3 September 1843 Revolution
that led to the granting of the first Constitution of Greece. This led him to be considered as an enemy of King Otto, but he soon regained the King's trust. He was appointed General Secretary of the Ministry of Military Affairs in 1848 and adjutant to the King, and in 1850 he was appointed Minister of Military Affairs, a post he kept until 1853. Following the outbreak of the Crimean War, he supported Greek revolts in the Ottoman Empire, despite the neutrality forced upon Greece
Greece
by Britain and France. His involvement in a revolt in Epirus (1854) led to his dismissal from his offices and his suspension from the Army. Retired from the Army, he returned to politics from 1859, and served as Minister of Military Affairs in the several cabinets:

1859 under Athanasios Miaoulis 1862 under Gennaios Kolokotronis 1867 under Aristidis Moraitinis 1869 under Dimitrios Voulgaris

In 1864-1865, he was a member of the short-lived Council of State, while in 1872, he was elected speaker of the Greek Parliament. In his memoirs (published in 1926), he gives detailed account of his life. They are an important contemporary document, especially regarding the Siege of Missolonghi. References[edit]

^ Ivo Banac; John G. Ackerman; Roman Szporluk; Wayne S. Vucinich (1981). Nation and ideology: essays in honor of Wayne S. Vucinich. East European Monographs. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-914710-89-9. Cheimarriote veterans played a significant role in the Greek War of Independence, 1821-1830. Among those who became officers in the Greek insurrectionary forces were: ... The most notable of these officers was General Spyromelios." 

Sources[edit]

Encyclopedia of Modern Greek Literature. Bruce Merry. Greenwood Press, 2004. ISBN 0-313-30813-6. Land and Revolution in Modern Greece, 1800-1881: The Transition in the Tenure and Exploitation of Land from Ottoman Rule to Independence. William W. McGrew. Kent State University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-87338-316-8. The Military in Greek Politics: From Independence to Democracy. Thanos Veremis. Black Rose Books, 1997. ISBN 1-55164-104-6.

v t e

Northern Epirus
Northern Epirus
and Greeks
Greeks
in Albania

History

Ancient Epirus

Chaonians Dassaretae

Despotate of Epirus Revolt of 1854 Revolt of 1878 Himara
Himara
revolt of 1912 Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus Protocol of Corfu Battle of Morava–Ivan Northern Epirus
Northern Epirus
Liberation Front

Society and culture

Greeks
Greeks
in Albania Himariote dialect Laiko Vima Polyphonic song of Epirus Postage stamps and postal history of Northern Epirus Lasso fund

Education: New Academy (Moscopole) Zographeion College
Zographeion College
(Qestorat) Acroceraunian School (Himara) Dhuvjan Monastery
Dhuvjan Monastery
(Dropull) Bangas Gymnasium
Bangas Gymnasium
(Korçë)

Settlements

Ancient: Phoenice Vouthroton Apollonia Thronion Amantia Antigonia Antipatreia Dimale Oricum

Modern: Gjirokastër Korçë Himara Delvinë Sarandë Dropull Pogon Tepelenë Përmet Leskovik Ersekë Moscopole Bilisht

Other1: Nartë Vlorë Berat Tirana Elbasan Durrës Fier Shkodër

Organizations

Omonoia Panepirotic Federation of America Panepirotic Federation of Australia Unity for Human Rights Party

Individuals

Benefactors: Alexandros Vasileiou Apostolos Arsakis Evangelos and Konstantinos Zappas Ioannis Pangas Georgios and Simon Sinas Alexandros and Michael Vasileiou Christakis Zografos Literature: Theodore Kavalliotis Katina Papa Konstantinos Skenderis Takis Tsiakos Tasos Vidouris Stavrianos Vistiaris Andreas Zarbalas Politics: Vasil Bollano Georgios Christakis-Zografos Vangjel Dule Spiro Ksera Military/Resistance: Kyriakoulis Argyrokastritis Panos Bitsilis Dimitrios Doulis Konstantinos Lagoumitzis Zachos Milios Athanasios Pipis Ioannis Poutetsis Vasileios Sachinis Spyromilios Spyros Spyromilios Sports: Pyrros Dimas Sotiris Ninis Panajot Pano Leonidas Sabanis Andreas Tatos Clergy: Photios Kalpidis Vasileios of Dryinoupolis Panteleimon Kotokos Eulogios Kourilas Lauriotis

1 Cities and towns in Albania
Albania
with Greek-speaking communities, outside the political definition of 'Northern Epirus'.

v t e

Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
(1821–29)

Background

Ottoman Greece

People

Ali Pasha Armatoloi Proestoi Klephts Daskalogiannis Cosmas of Aetolia Dionysius the Philosopher Lambros Katsonis Maniots Phanariotes Souliotes

Events

Orlov Revolt Souliote War (1803)

Greek Enlightenment

People

Athanasios Christopoulos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Theophilos Kairis Adamantios Korais Eugenios Voulgaris

Organizations

Ellinoglosso Xenodocheio Filiki Eteria Filomousos Eteria Society of the Phoenix Serene Grand Orient of Greece

Publications

Adelphiki Didaskalia Asma Polemistirion Hellenic Nomarchy Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Salpisma Polemistirion Thourios or Patriotic hymn

European intervention

Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Greek Plan
Greek Plan
of Catherine the Great Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) French Revolution Fall of the Republic of Venice Napoleonic Wars

Septinsular Republic Adriatic campaign of 1807–14 Albanian Regiment 1st Regiment Greek Light Infantry

United States of the Ionian Islands

Ideas

Nationalism Eastern Orthodox Christianity Liberalism Constitutionalism

Events

Battles

Kalamata Patras Wallachian uprising Alamana 1st Acropolis Gravia Valtetsi Doliana Dragashani Sculeni Vasilika Trench Tripolitsa Peta Dervenakia 1st Messolonghi Karpenisi 2nd Messolonghi Greek civil wars Sphacteria Neokastro Maniaki Lerna Mills 3rd Messolonghi Mani 2nd Acropolis Arachova Kamatero Phaleron Chios expedition Petra

Massacres

Constantinople Thessaloniki Navarino Tripolitsa Naousa Samothrace Chios Psara Kasos

Naval conflicts

Nauplia Psara Samos Andros Sphacteria Gerontas Souda Alexandria Itea Navarino

Ships

Greek sloop Karteria Greek brig Aris

Greek regional councils and statutes

Messenian Senate Directorate of Achaea Peloponnesian Senate Senate of Western Continental Greece Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece Provisional Regime of Crete Military-Political System of Samos

Greek national assemblies

First (Epidaurus) Second (Astros) Third (Troezen) Fourth (Argos) Fifth (Nafplion)

International Conferences, Treaties and Protocols

Congress of Laibach Congress of Verona Protocol of St. Petersburg Treaty of London Conference of Poros London Protocol of 1828 London Protocol of 1829 Treaty of Adrianople London Protocol of 1830 London Conference Treaty of Constantinople

Personalities

Greece

Chian Committee Odysseas Androutsos Anagnostaras Markos Botsaris Laskarina Bouboulina Constantin Denis Bourbaki Hatzimichalis Dalianis Athanasios Diakos Germanos III of Old Patras Dimitrios Kallergis Athanasios Kanakaris Constantine Kanaris Ioannis Kapodistrias Stamatios Kapsas Georgios Karaiskakis Nikolaos Kasomoulis Ioannis Kolettis Theodoros Kolokotronis Georgios Kountouriotis Antonios Kriezis Nikolaos Kriezotis Kyprianos of Cyprus Georgios Lassanis Lykourgos Logothetis Andreas Londos Yannis Makriyannis Manto Mavrogenous Alexandros Mavrokordatos Petrobey Mavromichalis Andreas Metaxas Andreas Miaoulis Theodoros Negris Nikitaras Antonis Oikonomou Ioannis Orlandos Papaflessas Dimitrios Papanikolis Emmanouel Pappas Ioannis Papafis Christoforos Perraivos Nikolaos Petimezas Georgios Sachtouris Iakovos Tombazis Anastasios Tsamados Ioannis Varvakis Demetrios Ypsilantis

Philhellenes

London Philhellenic Committee Lord Byron François-René de Chateaubriand Richard Church Lord Cochrane Jean-Gabriel Eynard Vincenzo Gallina Charles Fabvier Thomas Gordon Frank Abney Hastings Carl von Heideck Johann Jakob Meyer Karl Normann Maxime Raybaud Giuseppe Rosaroll Santorre di Santa Rosa Friedrich Thiersch Ludwig I of Bavaria German Legion (el) Serbs

Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia (Danubian Principalities)

Alexander Ypsilantis Sacred Band Alexandros Kantakouzinos Georgios Kantakouzinos Giorgakis Olympios Yiannis Pharmakis Dimitrie Macedonski Tudor Vladimirescu

Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and Egypt

Sultan Mahmud II Hurshid Pasha Nasuhzade Ali Pasha (tr) Omer Vrioni Kara Mehmet Mahmud Dramali Pasha Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha Reşid Mehmed Pasha Yussuf Pasha Ibrahim Pasha Soliman Pasha al-Faransawi

Britain, France and Russia

Stratford Canning Edward Codrington Henri de Rigny Nicholas I of Russia Login Geiden

Morea expedition

Military

Nicolas Joseph Maison Louis-Eugène Cavaignac Antoine Virgile Schneider Amédée Despans-Cubières Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély Camille Alphonse Trézel

Scientific

Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent Gabriel Bibron Gaspard Auguste Brullé Gérard Paul Deshayes Eugène Emmanuel Amaury Duval Pierre-Narcisse Guérin Edgar Quinet

Impact

Art

Eugène Delacroix Louis Dupré Peter von Hess Victor Hugo François Pouqueville Alexander Pushkin Karl Krazeisen Andreas Kalvos Dionysios Solomos Theodoros Vryzakis Hellas The Reception of Lord Byron
Lord Byron
at Missolonghi Greece
Greece
on the Ruins of Missolonghi The Massacre at Chios The Free Besieged Hymn to Liberty The Archipelago on Fire The Apotheosis of Athanasios Diakos

Remembrance

25 March (Independence Day) Hymn to Liberty Eleftheria i thanatos Pedion tou Areos Propylaea (Munich) Garden of Heroes (Missolonghi) Royal Phalanx Evzones
Evzones
(Presidential Guard)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33905433 LCCN: n2007026457 ISNI: 0000 0000 7694 3946 GND: 14055649