Parouse.com
 Parouse.com



The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.

Contents

1 Usage

1.1 Australia 1.2 Italy 1.3 Canada 1.4 Singapore 1.5 United Kingdom 1.6 United States

1.6.1 Federal 1.6.2 States

2 Similar posts 3 List of current speakers 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

Usage[edit]

Parliament of Albania

The speaker's official role is to moderate debate, make rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, and the like. The speaker decides who may speak and has the powers to discipline members who break the procedures of the chamber or house.[1] The speaker often also represents the body in person, as the voice of the body in ceremonial and some other situations. The title was first recorded in 1377 to describe the role of Thomas de Hungerford
Thomas de Hungerford
in the Parliament of England.[2][3] By convention, speakers are normally addressed in Parliament as 'Mister Speaker', if a man, or 'Madam Speaker', if a woman. In other cultures other styles are used, mainly being equivalents of English "chairman" or "president". Many bodies also have a speaker pro tempore (or deputy speaker), designated to fill in when the speaker is not available.

The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the English-speaking world
English-speaking world
and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Australia[edit] The Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the Australian House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia. The President
President
of the Australian Senate
Australian Senate
is the presiding officer of the Australian Senate, the upper house of the Parliament of Australia. Italy[edit] Italian parliamentarism is centered on the Presidents of the two Houses, vested in defense of the members and of the assembly as a whole;[4] so "the Speaker invites the representative of the Government not to deviate from the rules of parliamentary behavior".[5] Now constitutional community highlights changes also in this role.[6] Canada[edit] In Canada, the Speaker of the House of Commons
House of Commons
is the individual elected to preside over the House of Commons, the elected lower house. The speaker is a Member of Parliament (MP) and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow MPs. The Speaker's role in presiding over Canada's House of Commons
House of Commons
is similar to that of speakers elsewhere in other countries that use the Westminster system. The Speaker does not vote except in the case of a tie. By convention, if required to vote, the Speaker will vote in favour of continuing debate on a matter, but will not ultimately vote for a measure to be approved. The Speaker of the Senate
Senate
of Canada
Canada
is the presiding officer of the Senate
Senate
of Canada, the appointed upper house. The Speaker represents the Senate
Senate
at official functions, rules on questions of parliamentary procedure and parliamentary privilege, and presides over debates and voting in the "Red Chamber". The Speaker of the Senate
Senate
is appointed by the Governor General of Canada
Canada
from amongst sitting senators upon the advice of the Prime Minister. The Speaker has a vote on all matters. In the event of a tie, the matter fails. At the provincial level, the presiding officer of the provincial legidslatures is called the "Speaker" in all provinces except Quebec, where the term "President" is used. The presiding officer fulfills the same role as the Speaker of the House of Commons. Singapore[edit] In Singapore, the Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore
Singapore
is the head officer of the country's legislature. By recent tradition, the Prime Minister nominates a person, who may or may not be an elected Member of Parliament (MP), for the role. The person's name is then proposed and seconded by the MPs, before being elected as Speaker.[7] The Constitution states that Parliament has the freedom to decide how to elect its Speaker.[8] While the Speaker does not have to be an elected MP, they must possess the qualifications to stand for election as an MP as provided for in the Constitution.[9] The Speaker also cannot be a Cabinet Minister or Parliamentary Secretary[10], and must resign from those positions prior to being elected as Speaker. The Speaker is one of the few public sector roles which allow its office-holder to automatically qualify as a candidate in the Singapore presidential elections.[11] United Kingdom[edit] The Speaker is the individual elected to preside over the elected House of Commons. The speaker is a Member of Parliament (MP) and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow MPs. The Lord Speaker
Lord Speaker
is the presiding officer of the House of Lords. The commonly used "Speaker of the House of Lords" is not correct. The presiding officer of the House of Lords
House of Lords
was until recently the Lord Chancellor, who was also a member of the government (a cabinet member) and the head of the judicial branch. The Lord Chancellor
Lord Chancellor
did not have the same authority to discipline members of the Lords that the speaker of the Commons has in that house. The Lord Speaker
Lord Speaker
is elected by the members of the House of Lords
House of Lords
and is expected to be politically impartial. United States[edit] Federal[edit] The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
presides over the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives. This post is second in line to the presidency—after the vice president—and is therefore the third highest-ranking national office overall. In practice, this post is the highest-ranking in Congress, because the president of the US Senate
US Senate
is the vice president, who has his/her office, and predominant responsibilities, at the White House, and therefore does not have a day-to-day presence at the Congress. States[edit] In the forty-nine states that have a bicameral legislature, the highest position in the lower house is usually called the "speaker". In Nebraska—the only state with a unicameral legislature—the senators elect one senator to serve as "Speaker of the Nebraska Legislature". In Tennessee, the senators elect a "Speaker of the Senate" who presides over the Tennessee Senate
Senate
and serves as lieutenant governor. Similar posts[edit]

Palace of the Croatian parliament

The presiding officer for an upper house of a bicameral legislature usually has a different title, although substantially the same duties. When the upper house is called a senate, the equivalent title is often President
President
of the Senate. Australia, Chile, the United States
United States
and many other countries have upper houses with presiding officers titled "president". In several American republics, the vice president of the country serves as the president of the upper house. This pattern is not universal, however. Some upper houses, including those of Canada, have a speaker. The Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales, Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament, and Presiding Officer of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly fulfill the same role as the speaker. List of current speakers[edit]

Country Legislature
Legislature
(or legislative chamber) Title Incumbent

Albania Parliament of Albania Speaker Ilir Meta

Armenia National Assembly of Armenia Speaker Hovik Abrahamyan

Australia Australian House of Representatives Speaker Tony Smith

Austria National Council President
President
of the National Council Doris Bures

Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad Speaker Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury[12]

Belgium

 »Parliament of Belgium Chamber of Representatives of Belgium President
President
(Voorzitter/Président/Präsident) Siegfried Bracke
Siegfried Bracke
(N-VA)

 »Parliament of Belgium Senate
Senate
of Belgium President
President
(Voorzitter/Président/Präsident) Christine Defraigne
Christine Defraigne
(MR)

 »Brussels-Capital Region Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region President
President
(Président/Voorzitter) Charles Piqué
Charles Piqué
(PS)

 » Flanders
Flanders
(Community and Region) Flemish Parliament President
President
(Voorzitter) Jan Peumans
Jan Peumans
(N-VA)

 »French Community Parliament of the French Community President
President
(Président) Philippe Courard (PS)

 »German-speaking Community Parliament of the German-speaking Community President
President
(Präsident) Karl-Heinz Lambertz
Karl-Heinz Lambertz
(SP)

 »Wallonia Parliament of Wallonia President
President
(Président/Präsident) André Antoine (politician)
André Antoine (politician)
(cdH)

Botswana National Assembly of Botswana Speaker Gladys Kokorwe

Bulgaria National Assembly of Bulgaria Chairperson Tsetska Tsacheva

Cambodia National Assembly of Cambodia President Heng Samrin

Canada

 »Parliament of Canada Senate
Senate
of Canada Speaker (Président) George Furey

 »Parliament of Canada House of Commons
House of Commons
of Canada Speaker (Président) Geoff Regan

China

 »National People's Congress Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman Zhang Dejiang

 »Hong Kong Legislative Council of Hong Kong President Andrew Leung

 »Macau Legislative Assembly of Macau President
President
(presidente) Ho Iat Seng

Croatia Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
(Sabor) President Željko Reiner

Czech Republic

 » Parliament of the Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Radek Vondráček

 » Parliament of the Czech Republic Senate
Senate
of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Speaker of the Senate
Senate
of the Czech Republic Milan Štěch

Denmark Parliament of Denmark
Denmark
(Folketinget) Speaker Pia Kjærsgaard

 » Faroe Islands Parliament of the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(Løgtingið) Speaker Páll á Reynatúgvu

 » Greenland Parliament of Greenland
Greenland
(Inatsisartut) Speaker Lars Emil Johansen

Egypt House of Representatives (Egypt) Speaker Ali Abdel Aal

Estonia Riigikogu Speaker Eiki Nestor

Finland Parliament of Finland
Finland
(eduskunta/riksdagen) Speaker Maria Lohela

France National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) President Claude Bartolone

Ghana Parliament of Ghana Speaker Mrs. Justice Joyce Adeline Bamford-Addo

Germany Bundestag President
President
of the Bundestag
Bundestag
(Bundestagspräsident) Wolfgang Schäuble

Greece Vouli President Nikos Voutsis

Hungary National Assembly of Hungary
Hungary
(Magyar Köztársaság Országgyűlése) President
President
(elnöke) László Kövér

Iceland Parliament of Iceland Speaker Steingrímur J. Sigfússon

India Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan

Indonesia People's Representative Council
People's Representative Council
(Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) Chairman Fadli Zon

Ireland Dáil Éireann Head of the Council (Ceann Comhairle) Seán Ó Fearghaíl

Iran Majlis of Iran Speaker/ Chairman
Chairman
[رئیس] Ali Larijani

Israel Knesset Speaker/ Chairman
Chairman
[יושב-ראש] Yuli-Yoel Edelstein

Italy Italian Chamber of Deputies President Laura Boldrini

Japan

 »National Diet House of Representatives Speaker Tadamori Oshima

 »National Diet House of Councillors Speaker Chuichi Date

Kenya

 »Parliament of Kenya Senate
Senate
of Kenya Speaker Kenneth Lusaka

 »Parliament of Kenya National Assembly of Kenya Speaker Justin Muturi

Kosovo Assembly of Kosovo Chairman Jakup Krasniqi

Latvia Saeima Speaker Ināra Mūrniece

Lebanon Parliament of Lebanon Speaker Nabih Berri

Liechtenstein Landtag of Liechtenstein President Albert Frick

Lithuania Seimas Speaker Loreta Graužinienė

Libya Council of Deputies President Aguila Saleh Issa

Macedonia Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia Speaker Talat Xhaferi

Malaysia House of Representatives of Malaysia
Malaysia
(Dewan Rakyat) Speaker Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Mulia

Malta House of Representatives of Malta Speaker Angelo Farrugia

Mexico Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) President Ruth Zavaleta Salgado

Moldova Parliament President Marian Lupu

Montenegro Assembly of Montenegro President Ranko Krivokapić

Nepal Parliament of Nepal Speaker Onsari Gharti Magar

Netherlands House of Representatives of the Netherlands Speaker Khadija Arib

New Zealand House of Representatives Speaker Trevor Mallard

Nigeria National Assembly of Nigeria Speaker Yakubu Dogara

Norway Stortinget President
President
of the Storting (Stortingspresident) Olemic Thommessen

North Korea Supreme People's Assembly Chairman
Chairman
of the Presidium Kim Yong-nam

Pakistan National Assembly of Pakistan Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq

Paraguay Chamber of Senators of Paraguay President Mario Abdo Benítez

Philippines House of Representatives of the Philippines Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez

Poland Sejm of the Republic of Poland Marshal Marek Kuchciński

Portugal Assembly of the Republic President Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues

Romania Chamber of Deputies of Romania President Liviu Dragnea

Russia State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin

Serbia National Assembly of Serbia President Maja Gojković

Singapore Parliament of Singapore Speaker Tan Chuan-Jin

Slovakia National Council of the Slovak Republic Speaker Andrej Danko

Solomon Islands National Parliament of Solomon Islands Speaker Sir Peter Kenilorea

South Africa National Assembly of South Africa Speaker Baleka Mbete

South Korea National Assembly of South Korea Speaker Chung Sye-kyun

South Sudan National Legislative Assembly of South Sudan Speaker James Wani Igga

Spain

 »Cortes Generales (Spanish parliament) Congress of the Deputies President Ana Pastor

 »Cortes Generales (Spanish parliament) Spanish Senate President Pío García-Escudero

Sri Lanka Parliament of Sri Lanka Speaker Karu Jayasuriya

Suriname National Assembly of Suriname
Suriname
(De Nationale Assemblee) Chairman Jennifer Simons

Sweden Riksdag Speaker Urban Ahlin

Switzerland National Council President Jürg Stahl

Taiwan Legislative Yuan President Su Jia-chyuan

Thailand House of Representatives of Thailand President Somsak Kiatsuranont

Tonga Legislative Assembly of Tonga Speaker Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō

Ukraine Verkhovna Rada Chairman Andriy Parubiy

United Kingdom

 »Parliament of the United Kingdom House of Lords
House of Lords
of the United Kingdom Lord Speaker Norman Fowler

 »Parliament of the United Kingdom House of Commons
House of Commons
of the United Kingdom Speaker John Bercow

 » Isle of Man House of Keys Speaker Steve Rodan

 » Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly Speaker Robin Newton

 » Scotland Scottish Parliament Presiding Officer Ken Macintosh

 » Wales National Assembly for Wales Presiding Officer (Llywydd) Elin Jones

United States United States
United States
House of Representatives Speaker Paul Ryan

Uruguay Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay President Ivonne Passada

Vanuatu Parliament of Vanuatu Speaker George Andre Wells[13]

Venezuela National Assembly President Henry Ramos Allup

Vietnam National Assembly of Vietnam Chairman Nguyễn Sinh Hùng

Zimbabwe House of Assembly of Zimbabwe Speaker Jacob Mudenda

See also[edit]

Generic

Speaker of the senate (other) Speaker of the House of Assembly (other) Speaker of the House of Commons
House of Commons
(other) Speaker of the House of Representatives (other) Speaker of the Legislative Assembly Speaker of the National Assembly (other)

Specific

Speaker of the Canadian Senate List of Speakers of the House of Commons
House of Commons
of England Cathaoirleach
Cathaoirleach
(Speaker of the Irish Senate) Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council Marshal of the Senate
Senate
of the Republic of Poland Lawspeaker Lord Speaker
Lord Speaker
(Speaker of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
House of Lords) Speaker of the United States
United States
House of Representatives

References[edit]

^ As in case of disorders in the floor: Italian traditions knew cases of extreme contestation, not much different from tumults stigmatized in Ukrainian parliaments, Taiwanese and South Korean: Buonomo, Giampiero (2014). "I tre giorni della supercazzola". L’Ago e il filo edizione online.   – via  Questia (subscription required) ^ Journal of the House of Commons: January 1559; 1559; accessed August 2015 ^ Lee Vol 28, pp. 257,258. ^ Mancini and Galeotti believed that "in the enclosure of the House the exercise of presidential power should not be limits or obstacles whatsoever" (Mancini-Galeotti, Norme ed usi del Parlamento italiano, Roma, 1887, pag. 97). ^ (in Spanish) Sanciones disciplinarias y policía interna en el ordenamiento parlamentario italiano ‘’AA.VV., Derecho parlamentario sancionador’’, Eusko Legebiltazarra, Parlamento Vasco ed., 2005p. 236-271 ^ F. Bilancia, L’imparzialità perduta (a proposito dei Presidenti di Assemblea parlamentare), in Aa.Vv., Studi in onore di Gianni Ferrara, vol. I, Giappichelli, Torino 2005, pp. 311 ss.. ^ Lee, Min Kok (8 January 2016). "Halimah Yacob to be renominated as Speaker of Parliament: 7 things you may not know about the post". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017.  ^ Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, Art. 40(2). ^ "Speaker of Parliament". Parliament of Singapore. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017.  ^ Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, Art. 40(2). ^ Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, Art. 19(3)(a). ^ "Shirin to become first woman Speaker". bdnews24.com. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.  ^ "01 September confirmed as date for Vanuatu
Vanuatu
Presidential Election". Islands Business. 2009-09-02. Archived from the original on 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 

Further reading[edit]

Bergougnous, Georges. Presiding Officers of National Parliamentary Assemblies: A World Comparative Study. Trans. Jennifer Lorenzi. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 1997. ISBN 92-9142-028-X. Green, Matthew N. The Speaker of the House: A Study of Leadership (Yale University Press; 2010) 292 pag