In the entertainment industry, a sleeper hit is a title (such as a film, song or game) that becomes successful gradually, often with little promotion.[1]


1 In film 2 In music 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External links

In film[edit] Some sleeper hits in the film industry are strategically marketed for audiences subtly, such as with sneak previews a couple of weeks prior to release, without making them feel obliged to see a heavily promoted film. This alternative form of marketing strategy has been used in successful films such as Sleepless in Seattle (1993), Forrest Gump (1994), My Best Friend's Wedding (1997), There's Something About Mary (1998), The Sixth Sense (1999), and War Room (2015). Screenings for these films are held in an area conducive to the film's demographic. In the case of Sleepless in Seattle, a romantic comedy, screenings were held at suburban shopping malls where romantic couples in their mid 20s to early 30s spent Saturday afternoons before seeing a new film. In theory, a successful screening leads to word-of-mouth marketing, as it compels viewers to discuss an interesting, low-key film with co-workers when they return to work after their weekend.[1] Easy Rider
Easy Rider
(1969), which was created on a budget of less than $400,000, became a sleeper hit by earning $50 million and garnering attention from younger audiences with its combination of drugs, violence, motorcycles, counter-culture stance, and rock music.[2] The Rocky Horror Picture Show
The Rocky Horror Picture Show
was considered a flop for the first 6 months of its release until it found popularity in midnight screenings. The 1979 Australian film Mad Max, which sprung from the Ozploitation movement and helped to popularise the post-apocalyptic dystopia genre, held the record for the biggest profit-to-cost ratio for several years until it was broken by The Blair Witch Project
The Blair Witch Project
in 1999.[3] The independent film Halloween, which played over the course of fall 1978 through fall 1979 and relied almost completely on word-of-mouth as marketing, was also a sleeper hit, having a box-office take of $70 million on a budget of only $325,000. Its success caused other slasher films to try the same approach, although few fared as well since horror films heavily rely on opening weekend box-office and quickly fall from theaters. Other notable examples of horror sleeper-hits to follow in Halloween's wake include A Nightmare on Elm Street
A Nightmare on Elm Street
in 1984, Scream in 1996, The Blair Witch Project
The Blair Witch Project
in 1999, Saw in 2004, and Paranormal Activity
Paranormal Activity
in 2007.[4] In music[edit] Don Howard's 1952 recording of "Oh Happy Day" was one of the earliest sleeper hits. Featuring only Howard's baritone vocals and his acoustic guitar played at an amateur level, it was initially released regionally and was never expected to become a hit. A massive groundswell of support from teenagers in Howard's home base of Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
led to the song rapidly rising in popularity,[5] despite music industry scorn;[6] cover versions (including one by Larry Hooper and the Lawrence Welk
Lawrence Welk
orchestra) were quickly rushed into production, and by 1953, there were no fewer than four hit recordings of the same song circulating, including Howard's original. The Romantics' 1980 single "What I Like About You" was a sleeper hit. It was a minor hit upon its release and charted at number 49 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in the United States, while not charting at all in the United Kingdom. It eventually became one of the most popular songs of the 1980s.[7] The R&B singer Raphael Saadiq's classic soul-inspired album The Way I See It was a sleeper hit.[8] Overlooked upon its release in 2008,[9] it ended up charting for 41 weeks on the US Billboard 200.[10] "Poker Face" and "Just Dance" by the pop singer Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
were both released in 2008 but did not become popular hits until the following year.[11] The R&B singer Miguel's 2010 debut album All I Want Is You performed poorly at first, debuting at number 109 on the Billboard 200 with sales of 11,000 copies,[12] while underpromoted by his record label.[13] With its singles achieving radio airplay and Miguel touring in the record's promotion,[12] All I Want Is You became a sleeper hit[14] and reached 404,000 copies sold by 2012.[12] The rapper, XXXTentacion's song, "Look At Me!" was released in 2015, however, it didn't start getting popular until he was in jail in 2017. "Gone", a song by Kanye West
Kanye West
featuring Cam'ron
and Consequence from West's 2005 album Late Registration, did not chart for eight years until 2013 when the song was featured in a viral video about a woman quitting her job, when it charted on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
at number 18. References[edit]

^ a b Berra 2008, p. 68. ^ Ganeri & Bergan 2006, p. 458. ^ Lanford Beard (2014-07-22). "Summer Sleepers: 14 Unexpected Movie Hits". Entertainment Weekly.  ^ Kerswell, J.A. (2012). The slasher movie book. Chicago, Ill.: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556520107.  ^ "Mystery Hit -". TIME. February 9, 1953. Retrieved 2008-10-09.  ^ Richard N. Smith (February 19, 1953). "No One Likes 'Happy Day' Except Public". Galveston Daily News.  ^ Gimarc 2005, p. 287. ^ Sless-Kitain, Areif (August 6, 2010). " Raphael Saadiq
Raphael Saadiq
+ Balkan Beat Box + Javelin at Lollapalooza 2010: Live review". Time Out. Chicago. Retrieved September 18, 2012.  ^ Watson, Margeaux (December 24, 2008). "Raphael Saadiq's 'The Way I See It': Most overlooked CD of the year". Entertainment Weekly. New York. Retrieved April 7, 2012.  ^ " Raphael Saadiq
Raphael Saadiq
Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 16, 2012.  ^ Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
Superstar - Page 7 ^ a b c Lipshutz, Jason (September 21, 2012). "Miguel's 'Kaleidoscope Dream': Inside The R&B Dynamo's Fresh Start". Billboard. Retrieved October 20, 2012.  ^ Rytlewski, Evan (October 9, 2012). "Miguel: Kaleidoscope Dream". The A.V. Club. Chicago. Retrieved October 19, 2012.  ^ Graham, Nadine (March 24, 2011). "Q&A: Miguel". Soul Train. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 


Berra, John (2008). Declarations of Independence: American Cinema and the Partiality of Independent Production. Intellect Books. ISBN 1841501859.  Ganeri, Anita; Bergan, Ronald (2006). Eyewitness Companions: Film. Penguin. ISBN 0756643465.  Gimarc, George (2005). Punk Diary: The Ultimate Trainspotter's Guide To Underground Rock, 1970-1982. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0879308486. 

External links[edit]

"Movies Taking the Longest to Hit #1 at the Box Office" by Box Office Mojo "The Science of the Sleeper" by Th