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Siirt
Siirt
(Arabic: سِعِرْد‎ Siʿird, Armenian: Սղերդ Sġerd, Syriac: ܣܥܪܬ‎ siʿreth, Kurdish: Sêrt‎, Ottoman Turkish: سعرد‎) is a city in southeastern Turkey
Turkey
and the seat of Siirt Province, Σύρτη in Greek). The population of the city according to the 2009 census was 129,188.[3] The majority of the city's population is Arabic
Arabic
and Kurdish.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Landmarks 3 Trivia 4 Climate 5 Gallery 6 External links 7 References

History[edit] Previously known as Saird, in pre-Islamic times Siirt
Siirt
was an episcopacy of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
(Sirte, Σίρτη in Byzantine Greek). An illuminated manuscript known as the Syriac Bible of Paris may have originated from the Bishop of Siirt's library, Siirt's Christians would have worshipped in Syriac, a liturgical language related to Arabic
Arabic
still in use by the Chaldean Rite, other Eastern Christians in India, and the Nestorians along the Silk Road as far as China. The Chronicle of Seert was preserved in the city; it describes the ecclesiastical history of the Persian realm through the middle of the seventh century. From 1858 to 1915 the city was the seat of a bishop of the Chaldean Catholic Church. Most of the city's Assyrians, including their archbishop were killed during the Assyrian Genocide along with the loss of the Syriac manuscript of Theodore of Mopsuestia's De Incarnatione.[5] Landmarks[edit] The city's landmark is the Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) built in 1129 by the Great Seljuk
Great Seljuk
Sultan Mahmut II who belonged to the main branch of the dynasty that ruled from Baghdad
Baghdad
after this Turkish Empire had split into several branches. The mosque was restored in 1965. Trivia[edit] Siirt
Siirt
is famous in Turkey
Turkey
for its hand-made blankets (Siirt battaniyesi). Many visitors find themselves departing with one offered as a present. The traditional kilims produced by the Jirikan clan (aşiret Arabic: عشیرة‎) and revived since 1996 through joint efforts involving official instances and citizens are also much prized. Another product of interest is the Bıttım soaps proper to the region. Siirt
Siirt
also has an extremely rich culinary and spa culture. Depending district centers of Aydınlar
Aydınlar
(former Assyrian-rooted name was Tillo) with its historical medrese is renowned as a religious center and Pervari
Pervari
for its honey based on the particularly rich flora. Siirt
Siirt
was Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's constituency from 2003 to 2007. His wife, Mrs. Emine Erdoğan, is from Siirt
Siirt
and the PM had been elected to the Turkish Grand National Assembly
Turkish Grand National Assembly
in a by-election held in Siirt
Siirt
in 2003. Although Siirt
Siirt
remains one of the poorer cities in Turkey, some neighborhoods have fine and modern housing including new shops, banks and hotels.[6] Climate[edit] Siirt
Siirt
has a borderline continental and Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
with very hot and dry summers and cold and wet winters. During winter months there is frequent frost and occasional snowfall.

Climate data for Siirt

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6.7 (44.1) 8.9 (48) 13.7 (56.7) 19.4 (66.9) 25.3 (77.5) 32.3 (90.1) 37.2 (99) 37.0 (98.6) 32.3 (90.1) 24.4 (75.9) 15.4 (59.7) 8.8 (47.8) 21.78 (71.2)

Average low °C (°F) −0.2 (31.6) 0.8 (33.4) 4.4 (39.9) 9.3 (48.7) 13.8 (56.8) 19.3 (66.7) 23.6 (74.5) 23.3 (73.9) 18.9 (66) 12.9 (55.2) 6.3 (43.3) 1.9 (35.4) 11.19 (52.12)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.2 (3.276) 98.0 (3.858) 104.7 (4.122) 109.4 (4.307) 60.2 (2.37) 8.7 (0.343) 1.9 (0.075) 1.0 (0.039) 4.7 (0.185) 47.7 (1.878) 79.6 (3.134) 92.9 (3.657) 692 (27.244)

Average rainy days 11.5 12.0 13.8 13.5 10.3 3.4 0.8 0.6 1.7 8.1 9.1 11.7 96.5

Average relative humidity (%) 70 70 59 56 52 33 25 23 28 46 61 69 49.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.6 123.2 173.6 201 285.2 354 384.4 359.6 306 226.3 156 108.5 2,789.4

Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [7]

Source #2: Weatherbase [8]

Gallery[edit]

A bridge in Siirt

Ebul Vefa Mosque

Eruh
Eruh
municipality

A residential building in Siirt

Ibrahim hakkı shrine in Siirt
Siirt
Tillo

The city hall

Siirt
Siirt
Tillo

Zorova river

External links[edit]

Siirt[dead link] George_Grigore: Les principales caracteristiques de l'arabe parle a Siirt

References[edit]

^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.  ^ Şehir, belde ve köy nüfusları – 2009 Archived October 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Tuskish Institute of Statistics ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Arabic
Arabic
and Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey
Turkey
(Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.  ^ Gaunt, David; Beṯ-Şawoce, Jan (2006), Massacres, resistance, protectors: Muslim-Christian relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I, Gorgias Press LLC, pp. 251–253, ISBN 978-1593333010  External link in title= (help) ^ Siirt
Siirt
in South East Turkey
Turkey
Photo Gallery by Dick Osseman at. Pbase.com. Retrieved on 2011-04-16. ^ İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü Archived January 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Dmi.gov.tr. Retrieved on 2011-04-16. ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=1271&refer=&units=us&cityname=Siirt-Turkey

v t e

Siirt
Siirt
in Siirt Province
Siirt Province
of Turkey

Districts

Aydınlar Baykan Eruh Kurtalan Pervari Siirt Şirvan

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities