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Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
(/ˌʃuːbəriˈnɛs/; also called Shoebury) is a town in southeast Essex, England, at the mouth of the Thames Estuary. It is within the borough of Southend-on-Sea, situated at its far east, around 3 miles (5 km) east of Southend town centre. It was an urban district of Essex
Essex
from 1894 to 1933, when it became part of the county borough of Southend-on-Sea.[2] It was once a garrison town and still acts as host to MoD Shoeburyness.

Contents

1 Description 2 In popular culture 3 Climate 4 Notable people 5 References 6 External links

Description[edit]

Auxiliary Territorial Service
Auxiliary Territorial Service
(ATS) girls at the Royal Artillery Experimental Unit, at Shoeburyness, using the Window Position Finder to sight shell bursts in the air or water, 1943.

The eastern terminus of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway
London, Tilbury and Southend Railway
(c2c line) is at Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
railway station, services run to London Fenchurch Street in the city of London. The eastern end of the A13 is at Shoeburyness. The MoD Shoeburyness
MoD Shoeburyness
site at Pig's Bay
Pig's Bay
is situated nearby and the facility is run by the company QinetiQ.[3] Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
has two beaches: East Beach and Shoebury Common Beach (also known as West Beach), both Blue Flag beaches.[4] East Beach is a sandy/pebbly beach around a quarter of a mile long and is sandwiched between the Pig's Bay
Pig's Bay
MoD site and the former Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Artillery barracks. Access to the large gravel/grass pay-and-display car park is via Rampart Terrace. East Beach is the site of a defence boom, built in 1944, to prevent enemy shipping and submarines from accessing the River Thames.[5] This replaced an earlier, similar boom built 100 yards (91 m) east. The majority of the boom was dismantled after the war, but around one mile still remains, stretching out into the Thames Estuary. East Beach benefits from a large grassy area immediately adjacent to the sands, which is suitable for informal sports and family fun.[citation needed] Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
is where, during the Second World War, a magnetic ground mine, which was deposited in the mud at the mouth of the Thames by the Luftwaffe, was discovered by the MoD. Up until that time, various sinkings of ships around the English coast were thought to be due to U-boat
U-boat
torpedoes. The discovery of the ground mine allowed countermeasures to be introduced to neutralise the weapon's effect; one of these was the degaussing cables installed in merchant ships in Allied and British fleets, and of course the wooden minesweepers.[6] Shoebury Common Beach is bounded to the east by the land formerly occupied by the Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Artillery barracks and continues into Jubilee Beach. Shoebury Common Beach is the site of many beach huts located on both the promenade and the beach. A Coast Guard
Coast Guard
watch tower at the eastern end of the beach keeps watch over the sands and mudflats while listening out for distress calls over the radio. A cycle path skirts around the sea-front linking the East Beach to Shoebury Common Beach, and thence into Southend and a number of other towns, including Leigh-on-Sea.[citation needed] In popular culture[edit]

Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Fisherman Hailing a Whitstable Hoy by J. M. W. Turner, 1809

The English painter J. M. W. Turner
J. M. W. Turner
depicted the fishermen of Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
in his oil painting Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Fishermen Hailing a Whitstable Hoy. The painting was exhibited in 1809, and was part of a series Turner made of the Thames estuary between 1808 and 1810. The painting has been in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada since 1939.[7][8] In the fifth Temeraire novel Victory of Eagles, Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
is the setting of a fictitious climactic battle in which Wellesley and Nelson drive Napoleon out of England
England
in early 1808.[9] Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
is home to "the commuter", protagonist in the eponymous song and music video by Ceephax Acid Crew.[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shoeburyness, Essex
Essex
1981–2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.5 (45.5) 7.6 (45.7) 10.3 (50.5) 12.8 (55) 16.0 (60.8) 19.3 (66.7) 22.0 (71.6) 22.0 (71.6) 19.1 (66.4) 15.1 (59.2) 10.7 (51.3) 7.9 (46.2) 14.19 (57.54)

Average low °C (°F) 2.4 (36.3) 1.9 (35.4) 3.5 (38.3) 5.1 (41.2) 8.0 (46.4) 10.9 (51.6) 13.3 (55.9) 13.4 (56.1) 11.4 (52.5) 8.7 (47.7) 5.2 (41.4) 2.9 (37.2) 7.23 (45)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.3 (1.665) 32.1 (1.264) 34.4 (1.354) 38.0 (1.496) 42.8 (1.685) 41.0 (1.614) 39.1 (1.539) 44.5 (1.752) 42.8 (1.685) 59.9 (2.358) 52.3 (2.059) 45.8 (1.803) 515 (20.274)

Average rainy days 9.5 8.0 8.6 8.4 8.0 8.0 6.9 6.9 7.6 10.0 10.0 9.4 101.3

Source: Met Office[11]

Notable people[edit]

Tony Holland
Tony Holland
(18 January 1940 – 28 November 2007), BBC screenwriter

References[edit]

^ "Southend Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 September 2015.  ^ Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
UD Essex
Essex
through time: Administrative history of Local Government District Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine., visionofbritain.org.uk; accessed 18 November 2017. ^ "MOD Shoeburyness". Qinetiq. Retrieved 12 March 2016.  ^ "Blue flags awarded to a dozen sunny Anglia beaches". ITV News. Retrieved 2017-05-31.  ^ Gordon, Dee (2014-02-03). The Secret History of Southend-on-Sea. History Press. p. 84. ISBN 9780750955454.  ^ Simpson, James (23 November 2014). "How Britain Beat Germany's Magnetic Sea Mines". War Is Boring. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Fishermen Hailing a Whitstable Hoy, before 1809, National Gallery of Canada
National Gallery of Canada
website; retrieved 18 June 2013. ^ Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Fisherman Hailing a Whitstable Hoy, tate.org.uk; retrieved 18 June 2013. ^ "The Temeraire Reread: Victory of Eagles". Tor.com. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "The Commuter" by Ceephax Acid Crew
Ceephax Acid Crew
(2010) on YouTube; accessed November 18, 2017. ^ " Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
Climatic Averages 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shoeburyness.

 "Shoeburyness". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Ceremonial county
Ceremonial county
of Essex

Unitary authorities

Southend-on-Sea Thurrock

Boroughs or districts

Basildon Braintree Brentwood Castle Point Chelmsford Colchester Epping Forest Harlow Maldon Rochford Tendring Uttlesford

Major settlements

Aveley Basildon Billericay Braintree Brentwood Brightlingsea Buckhurst Hill Burnham-on-Crouch Canvey Island Chelmsford Chigwell Chipping Ongar Clacton-on-Sea Coggeshall Colchester Corringham Dovercourt Eastwood Epping Frinton-on-Sea Grays Great Dunmow Hadleigh Halstead Harlow Harwich Holland-on-Sea Leigh-on-Sea Loughton Maldon Manningtree Pitsea Purfleet Rayleigh Rochford Saffron Walden Shoeburyness South Benfleet Southend-on-Sea South Woodham Ferrers Southminster Stanford-le-Hope Thaxted Tilbury Waltham Abbey Walton-on-the-Naze West Mersea West Thurrock Wickford Witham Wivenhoe

Rivers

Blackwater Brain Cam Can Chelmer Ching Cobbins Brook Colne Crouch River Lea River Lee Flood Relief Channel Mardyke Pincey Brook Prittle Brook Roach Roding Roman Stort Stour Stour Brook Ter Thames

Topics

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