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Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
( Innu
Innu
pronunciation: [ʃehatʃju])[6] is an Innu Federal Reserve in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located approximately 30 kilometres north of Goose Bay. (Some references may spell the community's name as Sheshatshit — the t spelling is more traditional in the Innu-aimun
Innu-aimun
language, but the u is used more commonly in English to avoid inappropriate connotations. The name means "a narrow place in the river".) The community is inhabited by the Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
Innu
Innu
First Nation, whose current chief is Eugene Hart.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Population 4 Notable people 5 References

Geography[edit] Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
is located adjacent to Inuit community of North West River. Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
is connected to Happy Valley-Goose Bay
Happy Valley-Goose Bay
by a 40 km paved road. The roads in Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
and North West River are the most northern paved roads in Atlantic Canada. History[edit]

Woman from Sheshatshiu, 1930s.

In 1836 the Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company
established a trading post at North West River and the traders provided the Innu
Innu
with European tools.[7] During the First World War, some Innu
Innu
from Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
fought overseas in the Royal Newfoundland Regiment.[8] In 1915 the International Grenfell Association established a hospital in North West River
North West River
to serve the European settlers and indigenous people of the region. This hospital was closed in 1983 and residents of Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
and North West River now rely on Happy Valley-Goose Bay
Happy Valley-Goose Bay
for medical services. In 1946 elections were held to send delegates to the Newfoundland National Convention. This was the first time an election was held in Labrador. Lester Burry was elected to the convention and he supported future premier Joey Smallwood
Joey Smallwood
and his proposal of confederation with Canada. In 1949 when Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
joined Canada
Canada
the Indian Act did not include the First Nations of the province. This was done to preserve their right to vote however it also prevented the Innu
Innu
from protecting their land and culture.[9] The Innu
Innu
of Labrador
Labrador
settled into permanent villages in the 1960s and were one of the last Aboriginal groups in Canada
Canada
to do so.[3] Previously, Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
had only been used by the Innu
Innu
as a coastal settlement and for trading with Europeans. In November 2000, the community, along with Davis Inlet, took the unprecedented step of asking the Canadian federal government to step in and assist with a local addiction crisis. Due to a variety of factors, including economic adversity, alcoholism and gas sniffing were both rampant in the community, in some cases affecting children as young as five years old.[10] Labrador's Innu
Innu
became status Indians under the Indian Act in 2002 and " Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
3" became a reserve. Population[edit] Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
has a population of 1,285 and over half of the population is below the age of 25. The median age is 21.7 96% of Sheshatshiu's residents are Innu. The community has notable minorities of Europeans and Inuit. The largest religion in the community is Catholicism. Most of Sheshatshiu's residents speak a dialect of the Cree language. English is commonly spoken in Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
as well. Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
is the fifth-largest community in Labrador
Labrador
after Labrador City, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Wabush
Wabush
and Nain. Notable people[edit]

David Penashue, rock singer. Peter Penashue, former cabinet minister under Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
from 2011-13.

References[edit]

^ http://www.innu-aimun.ca/dictionary/Words ^ https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/aprof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=BAND&Code1=630033&Data=Count&SearchText=Sheshatshiu%20Innu%20First%20Nation&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=630033&TABID=1 ^ a b Adrian Tanner (1999). " Innu
Innu
History". Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015.  ^ Jenny Higgins (2008). " Innu
Innu
Rights & Government". Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador
Heritage. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016.  ^ http://sheshatshiu.ca/THe%20band%20Coucil.htm ^ SOUNDS IN SHESHATSHIU INNU-AIMUN (pdf) ^ http://www.ourlabrador.ca/member.php?id=2 ^ http://theindependent.ca/2015/11/11/lest-we-forget-aboriginal-peoples-sacrifices-for-canada/ ^ http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/aboriginal/mikmaq-land-claims.php ^ "Sheshatshiu: An Innu
Innu
community's battle with addiction". CBC News, December 14, 2004.

v t e

Lake Melville
Lake Melville

Innu
Innu
Nation reserves

Sheshatshiu

Nunatsiavut
Nunatsiavut
communities

Rigolet

NunatuKavut
NunatuKavut
communities (unrecognised)

Happy Valley-Goose Bay Mud Lake North West River

Historical settlements/Geographical features

Churchill River/Hamilton River/Grand River/Mishtashipu Gull Island Hamilton Inlet Mealy Mountains Mulligan Muskrat Falls

Category:Labrador Portal:Newfoundland and Labrador

v t e

Division No. 10, Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
(Labrador)

Towns

Cartwright Charlottetown Forteau Happy Valley–Goose Bay Labrador
Labrador
City L'Anse-au-Clair L'Anse-au-Loup Mary's Harbour North West River Pinware Port Hope Simpson Red Bay St. Lewis Wabush West St. Modeste

First Nations

Mushuau Innu Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
Innu

Indian reserves

Natuashish
Natuashish
2 Sheshatshiu
Sheshatshiu
3

Unorganized subdivisions

Subdivision A Subdivision B Subdivision C Subdivision D Subdivision E

See also: Census divisions of Newfoundland and Labrador

v t e

Innu
Innu
and Naskapi
Naskapi
people

Innu
Innu
language Naskapi
Naskapi
language Nitassinan Innu
Innu
music Northeastern Quebec Agreement (1978) Côte-Nord
Côte-Nord
Eastern Labrador

First Nations (Indian bands)

Mushuau Innu
Innu
First Nation Mushuau Innu
Innu
First Nation Innu
Innu
Takuaikan Uashat
Uashat
makMani-Utenam

Communities

Davis Inlet
Davis Inlet
(abandoned) Essipit Kawawachikamach (Naskapi)

community associated land

Lac-John La Romaine (Unamenshipit) Maliotenam Mashteuiatsh Matimekosh Mingan (Ekuantshit) Natuashish
Natuashish
(Naskapi) Natashquan (Nutashkuan) Schefferville Sheshatshiu Pakuashipi Pessamit Uashat

See also: Category: Innu
Innu
Cate