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Sharif (also transliterated Sharīf or Sherif) / Shareef Alsharif or Alshareef (Arabic: شريف‎ šarīf) or Chérif (Darija: Chorfa) is a traditional Arab
Arab
title. The origin of the word is an adjective meaning "noble", "highborn". The feminine singular is sharifa(h) or shareefa(h) (Arabic: شريفة‎ šarīfah). The masculine plural is Ashraf
Ashraf
(Arabic: اشراف‎ ʾašrāf). Sunnis in the Arab
Arab
world reserve the term sharif or shareef for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali, Hasan's younger brother.[citation needed] Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali
Ali
and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began in 1925 after the fall of the Sharif/Shareef of Mecca, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf. Sayyids having ancestry from both Imams Hasan and Husayn use the terms Shareefayn, Sayyidayn, Sayyid
Sayyid
AlShareef, or Sheikh
Sheikh
Assayyid before their names and call themselves Najeeb AlTarfayn. From 1201 until 1925, when the Hejaz
Hejaz
was conquered by Ibn Saud, this family (the descendants of Hasan ibn Ali) held the office of the Sharīf of Mecca, often also carrying the title and office of King of Hejaz. Descendants now rule the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the name is taken from the Banu Hashim, the sub-tribe of Banu Quraish, to which Muhammad
Muhammad
belonged. In Morocco, several of the regal dynasties have been qualified as "Sharifian", being descendants of Muhammad. Today's Alaouite
Alaouite
dynasty has made claims to be Sharifian. The Royal Family of Brunei, The Bolkiah
Bolkiah
Dynasty
Dynasty
of Sultans, are also Sharifs through their ancestor Sharif Ali
Ali
bin Ajlaan bin Rumayytha bin Muhammad
Muhammad
AbuNumayy I who was the son of the Emir
Emir
of Makkah Sharif Ajlaan and had migrated and settled in Borneo. The word has no etymological connection with the English term sheriff, which comes from the Old English word scīrgerefa, meaning "shire-reeve", the local reeve (enforcement agent) of the king in the shire (county).[1]

Contents

1 The Maghreb

1.1 Morocco 1.2 Algeria 1.3 Libya

2 Yemen 3 Somalia 4 Far East 5 See also 6 Notes

The Maghreb[edit] Morocco[edit] Chorfa is the Darija
Darija
term for the Arabic "Sharif". In Morocco, the royal houses of Idrisid, Saadi and Alaouite
Alaouite
are called Sharifian or Cherifian. The first known Chorfa, Idris I, was the great-grandson of Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib and Fatima Zahra, the daughter of Muhammad
Muhammad
and his first wife Khadijah. Idris I
Idris I
and his people fled from Syria to Morocco
Morocco
in 786 from the Abbasids after losing to them in the Battle of Fakh near Mecca
Mecca
in which his family was massacred. In 788, he was greeted by the Amazigh people of Volubilis, a Roman city near Meknes. He got to found the Imperial City of Fes. It is believed that Idris I
Idris I
was poisoned in 791 by a servant sent by Caliph Harun al-Rashid, leaving his wife Kenza pregnant. His servant Rached, a freed slave, helped Kenza raise Idris II who was born 2 months later. Idris II came to the throne at the age of eleven. His tomb is located in Moulay Idriss, a village up on a mountainside near Volubilis. Idriss II's descendants ruled the country until the second half of the 10th century, when they lost their authority to the invasions of the Zenata, an Amazigh tribe under the orders of the Fatimid Caliphate, later the Caliph of Cordoba. Algeria[edit] According to French historians, Abdelkader El Djezairi
Abdelkader El Djezairi
was a descendant of Muhammad
Muhammad
.[2] The full name of El Amir Abdelkader is Abd el-Kader ibn Muhyidin, ibn Mostafa (qui s’est installé définitivement dans la plaine d’Ighriss), ibn Muhammad, ibn Ahmed, ibn Muhammad, ibn Abdel-Kaoui, ibn Ali, ibn Ahmed, ibn Khaled, ibn Yussef, ibn Ahmed, ibn Bachar, ibn Muhammed, ibn Massoud, ibn Taous, ibn Yacoub, ibn Abdelkaoui, ibn Ahmed, ibn Muhammad, ibn Idriss II, ibn Idriss I, ibn Abdallah El Kamel, ibn Hassan El Muthana, ibn Hassan Essabt, ibn Ali. However other historians disputes, arguing that El Amir Abdelkader was descended from the Amazigh tribe of Banu Ifran.[3][4] Libya[edit] The Senussi, a political-religious brotherhood, founded in Mecca
Mecca
by Sayyid
Sayyid
Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Ali
Ali
as-Senussi in 1837, came to become the Emirs of Cyrenaica
Cyrenaica
in 1917 and then in 1922, the Emirs of Tripoli. The dynasty is of the Chofra descent through their sixth Senussi sultan, Ali
Ali
ibn Omar. They came to be the kings of Libya. The last king of Libya, Idris, was overthrown by a military coup in 1969. The current claimant for the Libyan throne is Sayyid
Sayyid
Mohammed El Senussi. It is also claimed by Sayyid
Sayyid
Idris bin Abdullah al-Senussi. Yemen[edit] The Asharaf are from the descendants of Muhammed
Muhammed
. Sharif (the word of which Asharaf is the superlative). It is an Arabic word meaning 'noble' or 'respected'. It can be attached to one of a person's names or to more than one, and an individual may use it at one time but not at another. It can be used by all Ashraf, but is not necessarily and many nowadays prefer to omit it. It is not generally a personal name, and hence will not necessarily appear on documents such as identity card or passport. (It is sometimes used as a personal name, not only among the Asharaf. The most popular person with Sharif title in hadhramout, Yemen is Alsharif Mudhir bin Abdulrahman Ba Alawi who lived in Tarim and passed away in 2010 Somalia[edit] The Asharaaf elders sub-divided the Asharaaf in the following way: ■ Asharaaf Hussein: ● Reer sharif Magbuul ● Sharif Ahmed ● Sharif Ba Alawi ■ Asharaaf Hassan: ● Mohammed Sharif Sharif Ali
Ali
Sharif Ahmed ● Ashraf
Ashraf
Sarman Asharaaf in Somalia
Somalia
are either related to Muhammad
Muhammad
through his grandsons Hassan ibn Ali
Ali
or Husayn Ibn Ali. The Hussein branch of the Asharaf of Somalia
Somalia
live in the coastal towns such as Mogadishu
Mogadishu
and are part of the 'Benadiri' minority population. A few have moved to other places in order to trade or because they have bought land. The Ashraf of the Hassan branch live mainly in the interior of the country (some of them of course may have gone to live in Mogadishu), and mostly are not Benadiri. However, the Asharaf al-Ahdali in Merca, who are Benadiri, are said to be Hassan. The Asharaf elders indicated that they are living in Southern Somali and in Kenya
Kenya
and Ethiopia
Ethiopia
however they mostly like in urban locations such as Bardera, Kismayo, Baidoa, Hudur, Merca, Brava, Luuq, Jalalaqsi, Buur Ukur, Beledweyne, and Mogadishu. The largest concentration of Ashraf
Ashraf
are found in Mogadishu the oldest Mosques are in such as the Masjidka Ahnaafta 7 Century, Masjidka ( Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed Sharif, Oldest Mosque in Africa) in the heart of Mogadishu, Jama Shangani, All Masaajid in the District are 13. Mogadishu. Some Ashraf
Ashraf
settled in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
after being exiled from Somali during the Ogaden
Ogaden
war in 1977. These Asharaf are settled in Ogaden, Dire Dawa, Oromia, Harar, however many Asharaf fled Somali during the 1991-1992 Somali Civil War. Most of them are all over the World. Far East[edit] The Bolkiah
Bolkiah
Dynasty
Dynasty
of Sultans of Brunei
Brunei
claim their Sharifian ancestry to Sharif Ali
Ali
bin Ajlaan bin Rumaytha bin Muhammad
Muhammad
AbuNumayy I who was the son of the Emir
Emir
of Makkah and had migrated and settled in Borneo by marrying the daughter of the 3rd Sultan
Sultan
Ahmed. Many Royal Families currently and previous of Malaysia, Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Philippines and Singapore had Sharifian lineage for examples: the Hashemite Dynasty
Dynasty
of Sultans of Sulu
Sulu
whose ancestor was Sharif ul-Hāshim of Sulu
Sulu
and another ex-royal family is the Alsagoff Family of Singapore. See also[edit]

Sharif of Mecca Sayyid Ashraf Nobility

Notes[edit]

^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.  ^ Société languedocienne de géographie, University of Montpellier. Institut de géographie, CNRS France, publié par le secrétariat de la Société languedocienne de géographie, 1881. Footnotes: v. 4, page 517 ^ L'Univers: histoire et description de tous les peuples . (in French). F. Didot fréres. 1850-01-01.  ^ Courtin, Eustache Marie P. M. A. (1857-01-01). Encyclopédie moderne [by E.M.P.M.A.Courtin]. [With] Atlas. Compl., publ. sous la direction de N. des Vergers [and others]. [With] Planches (in Fr