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Robert Charles Winthrop
Robert Charles Winthrop
(May 12, 1809 – November 16, 1894) was an American lawyer and philanthropist and one time Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was a descendant of John Winthrop.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Later career

3 Personal life

3.1 Descendants

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit] Robert Charles Winthrop
Robert Charles Winthrop
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Thomas Lindall Winthrop (1760–1841), the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, and Elizabeth Bowdoin Temple (1769–1825), who were married on July 25, 1786.[1] He was the youngest of 13 children born to his parents, including .[1] His maternal grandparents were Sir John Temple, 8th Baronet (1731–1798), the first British envoy to the United States,[2] and Elizabeth Bowdoin, the daughter of James Bowdoin
James Bowdoin
(1726–1790), the Governor of Massachusetts. His paternal great-great grandfathers were Joseph Dudley
Joseph Dudley
(1647–1720) and Wait Still Winthrop (1641/2–1717).[1] Winthrop attended the prestigious Boston Latin School, and graduated from Harvard University
Harvard University
in 1828,[3] which he attended with Dr. Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, George Stillman Hillard, Judge John Gilchrist, Edward Sprague Rand, and others of note.[4] Career[edit] After studying law with Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
he was admitted to the bar in 1831 and practiced in Boston. At 24, he served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1835 to 1840,[5] and served as Speaker of the House of that body from 1838 to 1840. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society
American Antiquarian Society
in 1838.[6] Winthrop was elected US Representative from Massachusetts
Massachusetts
as a Whig to the 26th United States Congress
United States Congress
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Abbott Lawrence; he was reelected to the 27th Congress and served from November 9, 1840, to May 25, 1842, when he resigned due to the death of his wife.[4] He was subsequently elected to the 27th Congress
27th Congress
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of his successor, Nathan Appleton; he was reelected to the 28th and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from November 29, 1842 until July 30, 1850, and served as the Speaker of the House during the 30th Congress. To date he is the last Speaker who was neither a Republican nor a Democrat. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
in 1849.[7] After Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
resigned from the United States Senate
United States Senate
to become Secretary of State in 1850, Winthrop resigned from the House and, at 41, was appointed by fellow Whig Governor George Briggs to fill the remainder of Webster's Senate term.[5] Winthrop's views proved no more palatable to abolitionists than did Webster's, and he failed to win reelection by the state legislature to either of Massachusetts' Senate seats in 1851. He resigned without completing his term immediately following his election loss. Later that year, Winthrop actually won a popular plurality in the race for Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Governor but as the state Constitution required a majority, the election was thrown into the legislature. The same coalition of Democrats and Free Soilers defeated him again. His final venture into elected political office was as a presidential elector on the Whig ticket in 1852. Afterwards, Winthrop became an independent, unsuccessfully supporting Millard Fillmore, John Bell, and George McClellan.[8] Later career[edit] With his political career over at the young age of 43, Winthrop spent the remainder of his life in literary, historical, and philanthropic pursuits.[9] He was a major early patron of the Boston Public Library and president of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society from 1855 to 1885, during which time he wrote a biography of his ancestor John Winthrop.[10] He served as the president of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bible Society for several years where he advocated that Christian morality was the necessary condition of a free society.[11] His most notable Christian philosophy for governing men, was as follows:

"Men, in a word, must necessarily be controlled either by a power within them or by a power without them; either by the Word of God or by the strong arm of man; either by the Bible or by the bayonet."[12]

His most notable contributions came as permanent Chairman and President of the Peabody Education Fund Trustees, which he served from 1867 to his death. As well as steering the contributions of the Peabody Trust, Winthrop gave his own money to various Southern schools, the most long lasting of which was the $1,500 of seed money provided to a teacher's college that renamed itself Winthrop University in gratitude. He became a noted orator, delivering the eulogy for George Peabody
George Peabody
in 1870, and speaking at the ceremony that opened the Washington Monument
Washington Monument
in 1848.[13] Winthrop was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society
American Antiquarian Society
in October 1894.[6] In 1892, in a celebration of his birth, it was noted that he had the distinction of having known every President of the United States except Washington and Jefferson.[14] Personal life[edit] On March 12, 1832, he married Elizabeth Cabot Blanchard (1809–1842), the daughter of Francis Blanchard (1784–1813) and Mary Ann Cabot (1784–1809), and the adopted daughter of Samuel P. Gardner.[4] Before her death, Robert and Elizabeth had three children:[1]

Robert Charles Winthrop, Jr. (1834–1905), who married Frances Pickering Adams (1836–1860). After her death, he married Elizabeth Mason (1844–1924), daughter of Robert Means Mason (1810–1879) and Sarah Ellen Francis (1819–1865) and granddaughter of Jeremiah Mason, on June 1, 1869. Elizabeth "Eliza" Cabot Winthrop (1838–1921)[15] John Winthrop
John Winthrop
(b. 1841)

After Elizabeth's death, he married his second wife, Laura (née Derby) Welles, widow of Arnold Francis Welles. Laura was the daughter of attorney John Derby and granddaughter of Elias Hasket Derby (1739—1799), on November 6, 1849.[1] They remained married until her death in 1861. On November 15, 1865, he married for the third and final time, to Adele (née Granger) Thayer (1820–1892), the widow of John E. Thayer. She was the daughter of Francis Granger
Francis Granger
(1792–1868), the Postmaster General under President William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison
and Cornelia Rutson Van Rensselaer (1798–1823).[4][16] Winthrop died in Boston in 1894, and is interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.[4] In his will, he left bequests to the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society, the Boston Provident Association, the Boston Children's Hospital, the Library of the Boston Latin School, and the library of the Sunday school of Trinity Church, Boston.[17] Descendants[edit] His granddaughter, Robert Jr.'s daughter Margaret Tyndal Winthrop (1880–1970),[18] married James Grant Forbes on November 28, 1906. James and Margaret were the parents of Rosemary Isabel Forbes, who married Richard John Kerry
John Kerry
and were the parents of John Forbes Kerry, the U.S. Secretary of State, Senator and 2004 Presidential candidate. See also[edit]

Dudley–Winthrop family

References[edit]

Notes

^ a b c d e Whitmore, William Henry (1856). An Account of the Temple Family: With Notes and Pedigree of the Family of Bowdoin : Reprinted from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, with Corrections and Additions. Dutton & Wentworth. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ John Burke (1832). Burke's Peerage. II (fourth ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 530.  ^ "Robert C. Winthrop". The New York Times. 2 October 1897. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ a b c d e "DEATH OF R.C. WINTHROP; In Literature and Politics One of Boston's Great Men. DESCENDANT OF A NOTED FAMILY Representative in Congress for Many Years and Later a Senator -- A Famous Whig -- Noted as a Lecturer." The New York Times. 17 November 1894. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ a b "The death of Robert C. Winthrop". The New York Times. 18 November 1894. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ a b American Antiquarian Society
American Antiquarian Society
Members Directory ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter W" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 20 April 2011.  ^ Winthrop, Robert Charles (1897). A Memoir of Robert C. Winthrop: Prepared for the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society. Little, Brown,. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ Addresses and Speeches on Various Occasions, Robert Charles Winthrop, Google Book Search. Retrieved 07-03-2007. ^ "THE TEA PARTY; A DAY OF HISTORICAL REMINISCENCES SPEECHES BY HON. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, GEN. BANKS, AND OTHERS". The New York Times. 17 December 1873. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ Speech to the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bible Society (05-28-1849), quoted in Robert Winthrop, Addresses and Speeches on Various Occasions, Little, Brown & Co., 1852, p. 172. ^ Robert Winthrop, Addresses and Speeches on Various Occasions (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1852, p. 172 from his "Either by the Bible or the Bayonet.") ^ Savage, Kirk (2009). Monument Wars: Washington, D.C., the National Mall, and the Transformation of the Memorial Landscape. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-520-27133-3.  ^ "Robert C. Winthrop's Birthday". The New York Times. 13 May 1892. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1983). The Letters of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Harvard University
Harvard University
Press. ISBN 9780674527294. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ "THE ONLY FOUR HUNDRED; WARD M'ALLISTER GIVES OUT THE OFFICIAL LIST. HERE ARE THE NAMES, DON'T YOU KNOW, ON THE AUTHORITY OF THEIR GREAT LEADER, YOU UNDER- STAND, AND THEREFORE GENUINE, YOU SEE". The New York Times. 16 February 1892. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ "ROBERT C. WINTHROP'S WILL; A Possibility that Harvard May Get a Slice of the Estate". The New York Times. 29 November 1894. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ New York Times 1970 Jl 9, 37:6

Sources

Fowler, William (1980). The Baron of Beacon Hill. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-27619-5. OCLC 163369557.  Walett, Francis (September 1950). "James Bowdoin, Patriot Propagandist". The New England Quarterly (Volume 23, No. 3). JSTOR 361420.  Winthrop, Robert (1852). The Life and Service of James Bowdoin. Boston: Little, Brown. OCLC 296634. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Robert Charles Winthrop

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert Charles Winthrop.

United States Congress. " Robert Charles Winthrop
Robert Charles Winthrop
(id: W000646)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Robert Charles Winthrop
Robert Charles Winthrop
at Find a Grave Winthrop's role as Chairman of the PEF Robert Winthrop, Addresses and Speeches on Various Occasions, Little, Brown and Company, 1852. 776 pages) The Ancestors of Senator John Forbes Kerry (b. 1943)  "Winthrop, John". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1889. 

Massachusetts
Massachusetts
House of Representatives

Preceded by Julius Rockwell Speaker of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
House of Representatives 1838–1840 Succeeded by George Ashmun

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Abbott Lawrence Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts's 1st congressional district November 9, 1840 – May 25, 1842 Succeeded by Nathan Appleton

Preceded by Nathan Appleton Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts's 1st congressional district November 29, 1842 – July 30, 1850 Succeeded by Samuel Atkins Eliot

Political offices

Preceded by John Wesley Davis Speaker of the United States House of Representatives December 6, 1847 – March 4, 1849 Succeeded by Howell Cobb

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Daniel Webster U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts July 30, 1850 – February 1, 1851 Served alongside: John Davis Succeeded by Robert Rantoul, Jr.

v t e

Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Muhlenberg Trumbull Dayton Sedgwick Macon Varnum Clay Cheves Taylor Barbour Stevenson Bell Polk Hunter White Jones Davis Winthrop Cobb Boyd Banks Orr Pennington Grow Colfax Pomeroy Blaine Kerr Randall Keifer Carlisle Reed Crisp Henderson Cannon Clark Gillett Longworth Garner Rainey Byrns Bankhead Rayburn Martin McCormack Albert O'Neill Wright Foley Gingrich Hastert Pelosi Boehner Ryan

v t e

United States Senators from Massachusetts

Class 1

Dalton Cabot Goodhue Mason Adams Lloyd Gore Ashmun Mellen Mills Webster Choate Webster Winthrop Rantoul Sumner Washburn Dawes Lodge, Sr. Butler Walsh Lodge J. Kennedy Smith E. Kennedy Kirk Brown Warren

Class 2

Strong Sedgwick Dexter Foster Pickering Varnum Otis Lloyd Silsbee Davis Bates Davis Everett Rockwell Wilson Boutwell Hoar Crane J. Weeks Walsh Gillett Coolidge Lodge S. Weeks Saltonstall Brooke Tsongas Kerry Cowan Markey

v t e

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts

1st district

F. Ames Dexter Goodhue Holten Sedgwick Skinner Sedgwick J. Bacon Eustis Quincy Ward Jr. Mason Gorham Webster Gorham N. Appleton Gorham A. Lawrence Fletcher A. Lawrence Winthrop N. Appleton Winthrop S. Eliot W. Appleton Scudder T. D. Eliot Hall T. D. Eliot Buffington Crapo R. Davis Randall Wright G. Lawrence Treadway Heselton Conte Olver Neal

2nd district

Goodhue Foster W. Lyman Sedgwick Ward Sr. W. Lyman Shepard J. Crowninshield Story Pickman W. Reed Pickering Silsbee Barstow B. Crowninshield Choate Phillips Saltonstall D. King Rantoul Fay Crocker Buffington O. Ames Harris Long E. Morse Gillett Churchill Bowles Kaynor Granfield Clason Furcolo Boland Neal McGovern

3rd district

Gerry Bourne Coffin Lyman Mattoon Cutler Nelson Livermore White Pickering Nelson Varnum Nelson Osgood Cushing A. Abbott Duncan Edmands Damrell C. Adams Thomas A. Rice Twichell Whiting I Pierce Field B. Dean Field Ranney L. Morse J. Andrew Walker J. R. Thayer R. Hoar C. Washburn J. A. Thayer Wilder Paige F. Foss Casey Philbin Drinan Donohue Early Blute McGovern N. Tsongas

4th district

Sedgwick Dearborn G. Thatcher Wadsworth Foster L. Lincoln Sr. Hastings Varnum W. Richardson Dana Stearns Fuller E. Everett Sa. Hoar Parmenter Thompson Palfrey Thompson Sabine Walley Comins A. Rice Hooper Frost J. Abbott L. Morse Collins O'Neil Apsley Weymouth Tirrell Mitchell Wilder Winslow Stobbs P. Holmes Donohue Drinan Frank Kennedy III

5th district

Partridge Bourne Freeman L. Williams T. Dwight Ely Mills Lathrop Sibley J. Davis L. Lincoln Jr. Hudson C. Allen W. Appleton Burlingame W. Appleton Hooper Alley Butler Gooch Banks Bowman L. Morse Hayden Banks Sh. Hoar Stevens Knox B. Ames J. Rogers E. Rogers B. Morse Cronin P. Tsongas Shannon Atkins Meehan N. Tsongas Markey Clark

6th district

G. Thatcher Leonard J. Reed Sr. J. Smith Taggart S. Allen Locke Kendall Grennell Alvord Baker Ashmun G. Davis Upham T. Davis Alley Gooch Banks Butler Thompson Loring Stone Lovering Lodge Cogswell Moody Gardner Lufkin A. Andrew G. Bates W. Bates Harrington Mavroules Torkildsen Tierney Moulton

7th district

Leonard Ward Sr. Leonard Bullock Bishop Mitchell Barker Baylies Turner Baylies Hulbert Shaw H. Dwight S. Allen Grennell Briggs J. Rockwell Goodrich Banks Gooch Boutwell Brooks Esty E. Hoar Tarbox Butler W. Russell Stone Cogswell W. Everett Barrett Roberts Phelan Maloney W. Connery L. Connery Lane Macdonald Markey Capuano

8th district

Grout G. Thatcher F. Ames Otis Eustis L. Williams Green Gardner Green J. Reed Jr. Baylies Sampson Hobart Lathrop Bates Calhoun J. Adams Mann Wentworth Knapp Train Baldwin G. Hoar J. M. S. Williams Warren Claflin Candler W Russell C. H. Allen Greenhalge Stevens McCall Deitrick Dallinger H. Thayer Dallinger Healey Goodwin Macdonald O'Neill Kennedy II Capuano Lynch

9th district

Varnum Bishop J. Dean Wheaton J. Reed Jr. Folger J. Reed Jr. H. Dwight Briggs Jackson Hastings H. Williams Hale Fowler Little De Witt E. Thayer Bailey A. Walker W. Washburn Crocker G. Hoar W. Rice T. Lyman Ely Burnett Candler G. Williams O'Neil Fitzgerald Conry Keliher Murray Roberts Fuller Underhill Luce R. Russell Luce T. H. Eliot Gifford Nicholson Keith McCormack Hicks Moakley Lynch Keating

10th district

Goodhue Sewall Read Hastings Upham J. Allen Brigham Wheaton Morton F Baylies Bailey H. A. S. Dearborn W. Baylies Borden H. Williams Borden Burnell Grinnell Scudder Dickinson Chaffee Delano Dawes Crocker Stevens Seelye Norcross W. Rice J. E. Russell J. Walker McEttrick Atwood Barrows Naphen McNary O'Connell Curley Murray Tague Fitzgerald Tague Douglass Tinkham Herter Curtis Martin Heckler Studds Delahunt Keating

11th district

Bradbury Bartlett Cutler Stedman A. Bigelow Brigham B. Adams J. Russell Hobart J. Richardson J. Adams J. Reed Jr. Burnell Goodrich Trafton Dawes Chapin Robinson Whiting II Wallace Coolidge Draper Sprague Powers Sullivan Peters Tinkham Douglass Higgins Flaherty Curley Kennedy O'Neill Burke Donnelly

12th district

H. Dearborn I. Parker Lee S. Thatcher Skinner Larned Bidwell Bacon Dewey Hulbert Strong Kendall L. Bigelow Baylies Hodges J. Adams Robinson F. Rockwell Crosby E. Morse Lovering Powers Weeks Curley Gallivan McCormack Keith Studds

13th district

Wadsworth Seaver Ruggles Dowse Eustis J. Reed Jr. Randall Simpkins Greene Weeks Mitchell Carter Luce Wigglesworth Burke

14th district

G. Thatcher Cutts C. King J. Holmes Lovering E. Foss Harris Gilmore Olney Frothingham Wigglesworth Martin

15th district

Wadsworth Ilsley Whitman Widgery Bradbury Whitman Greene Leach Martin Gifford

16th district

S. Thatcher Cook Tallman S. Davis Brown Orr Hill Thacher Walsh Gifford

17th district

Bruce Chandler Gannett F. Carr Wood J. Carr Wilson Kinsley

18th district

Wilson T. Rice J. Parker

19th district

J. Parker Conner Gage Cushman

20th district

Hubbard Parris E. Lincoln

At-large

Cobb

v t e

The Dudley–Winthrop family tree

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Adam Winthrop (1548–1623)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Winthrop (1588–1649)

 

Anne Winthrop (1585–1618)

 

Thomas Fones (1573–1629)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Dudley (1576–1653)

 

 

 

John Winthrop
John Winthrop
the Younger (1606–1676)

 

Henry Winthrop (1608–1630)

 

Elizabeth Fones (1610–c.1673)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simon Bradstreet (1603–1697)

 

Anne Dudley (1612–1672)

 

Joseph Dudley (1647–1720)

 

Wait Still Winthrop (1642–1717)

 

Fitz-John Winthrop (1638–1707)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Dudley (1675–1751)

 

Ann Dudley (1684–1776)

 

John Winthrop, F.R.S. (1681–1747)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Still Winthrop (1720–1776)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Lindall Winthrop (1760–1841)

 

Francis Bayard Winthrop (1754–1817)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert Charles Winthrop (1809–1894)

 

Thomas Charles Winthrop (1797–1873)

 

 

 

 

 

Francis B. Winthrop Jr. (1787–1841)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert C. Winthrop Jr. (1834–1905)

 

Robert Winthrop (1833–1892)

 

Katherine Wilson Taylor (1839–1925)

 

Theodore Winthrop (1828–1861)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Grant Forbes (1879–1955)

 

Margaret Tyndal Winthrop (1880–1970)

 

Beekman Winthrop (1874–1940)

 

Katherine Taylor Winthrop (1866–1943)

 

Hamilton Fish Kean (1862–1941)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Richard John Kerry

 

Rosemary Forbes (1913–2002)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert Winthrop Kean (1893–1980)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Forbes Kerry (1943–)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Howard Kean (1935–)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Kean
Thomas Kean
Jr. (1968–)

 

 

Notes

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 76690634 LCCN: n85158382 ISNI: 0000 0000 8157 409X GND: 1055237895 NLA: 35614724 US Congress: W000