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Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July 1197 – 27 September 1249) was Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne
Duke of Narbonne
and Marquis of Provence
Marquis of Provence
from 1222 until his death.

Raymond VII

Contents

1 Family and marriages 2 Life 3 Ancestry 4 Notes 5 Sources

Family and marriages[edit] Raymond was born at the Château de Beaucaire, the son of Raymond VI of Toulouse[1] and Joan of England. Through his mother, he was a grandson of Henry II of England
Henry II of England
and a nephew of kings Richard I and John of England. Raymond VII married firstly, in March 1211, Sancha of Aragon, the daughter of King Alfonso II of Aragon.[1] They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.[2] He was engaged to Sanchia of Provence, but she married Richard of Cornwall instead.[2] In 1243 Raymond married Margaret of Lusignan, the daughter of Hugh X of Lusignan
Hugh X of Lusignan
and Isabella of Angoulême. They had no children and the Council of Lyons in 1245 granted Raymond a divorce.[3] He then tried to get support of Blanche, Queen mother of France to marry Beatrice of Provence, who had just become Countess of Provence, but Beatrice married Blanche's son Charles instead. Life[edit] During the Albigensian Crusade
Albigensian Crusade
in May 1216, he set out from Marseille and besieged Beaucaire, which he captured on 24 August. He fought to reconquer the county of Toulouse
Toulouse
from Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester and later Simon's son Amaury VI of Montfort. He succeeded his father in 1222. At the moment of his accession, he and the new count of Foix, Roger Bernard II the Great, besieged Carcassonne. On 14 September 1224, the Albigensian Crusaders surrendered and the war came to an end, each southern lord making peace with the church. However, in 1225, the council of Bourges excommunicated him and launched a crusade against him, the king of France, Louis VIII, called the Lion, wanting to renew the conflict in order to enforce his royal rights in Languedoc. Roger-Bernard tried to keep the peace, but the king rejected his embassy and the counts of Foix and Toulouse
Toulouse
took up arms again. The war was largely a discontinuous series of skirmishes and, in January 1229, Raymond, defeated, was forced to sign the Treaty of Paris (also known as the "Treaty of Meaux"), by which he ceded the former viscounty of Trencavel
Trencavel
to the king and his daughter Joan was forced to marry Alphonse, brother of the new king, Louis the Lion's successor, Louis IX. When Raymond died, Alphonse became count of Toulouse, and after Alphonse's death the county was annexed by France. Raymond VII was buried beside his mother Joan in Fontevrault Abbey. Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse

16. Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse

8. Alphonse I of Toulouse

17. Elvira of Castile

4. Raymond V, Count of Toulouse

9. Faydiva d'Uzès

2. Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse

20. Philip I of France

10. Louis VI of France

21. Bertha of Holland

5. Constance of France

22. Humbert II of Savoy

11. Adélaide de Maurienne

23. Gisela of Burgundy

1. Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse

24. Fulk V of Anjou

12. Geoffrey V of Anjou

25. Ermengarde of Maine

6. Henry II of England

26. Henry I of England

13. Empress Matilda

27. Matilda of Scotland

3. Joan of England

28. William IX of Aquitaine

14. William X of Aquitaine

29. Philippa of Toulouse

7. Eleanor of Aquitaine

30. Aimery I of Châttellerault

15. Aenor de Châtellerault

31. Dangereuse de L' Isle Bouchard

Notes[edit]

^ a b A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, 291. ^ a b Damian J. Smith, 61. ^ Björn K. U. Weiler and Ifor Rowlands, 95.

Sources[edit]

A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1975. Macé, Laurent. "Raymond VII of Toulouse: The Son of Queen Joanne, 'Young Count' and Light of the World." The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, edd. Marcus Bull and Catherine Léglu. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005. ISBN 1-84383-114-7. Damian J. Smith, Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition in the Lands of the Crown of Aragon:(c.1167-1276), Brill, 2010. Björn K. U. Weiler and Ifor Rowlands, England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272), Ashgate, 2002.

Preceded by Raymond VI Count of Toulouse 1222–1249 Succeeded by Joan and Alfonso II

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 8772067 LCCN: n83225772 ISNI: 0000 0001 2119 9205 SUDOC: 027341798 BNF: cb119404761 (data)

v t e

Counts of Toulouse

Torson William I Beggo Berengar Bernard I Acfred2 William II Fredelon Raymond I Humfrid2 Sunyer Bernard II Bernard III Odo Raymond II Raymond Pons Raymond (?) Hugh (?) Raymond (?) William III Pons William IV Raymond IV Philippa William V1 Bertrand Philippa William V1 William VI Alphonse I Raymond V Raymond VI Simon2 Amaury Raymond VII Joan Alphonse II1 Philip Louis Alexandre

1 Count through marriage 2 Count thro