Ralph Shearer Northam (born September 13, 1959) is an American physician,[1] veteran and politician serving as the 73rd Governor of Virginia since January 13, 2018. He served as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 2014 to 2018 prior to winning the governorship against Republican nominee Ed Gillespie in 2017.[2]

Early life and education

Northam was born in Nassawadox, Virginia, and is the son of Nancy B. Shearer, a nurse, and Wescott B. Northam, a former Commonwealth's Attorney and Circuit Court judge in Accomack County, Virginia.[3][4] Northam grew up on a farm in Onancock, Virginia, and graduated from Onancock High School, where he was a member of the basketball team.[4] He was voted "Most Likely to Succeed"[4] and graduated as salutatorian.[5]

Northam graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1981, receiving a bachelor's degree in biology.[6] He served as president of VMI's honor court.[7][8] He went on to Eastern Virginia Medical School, earning his M.D. degree in 1984.[6]

Army and medical career

From 1984 to 1992 he served as a United States Army medical officer. During his Army service, he completed a pediatric residency at Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas, followed by a child neurology fellowship at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. and Johns Hopkins Hospital.[9] During Operation Desert Storm, he treated evacuated casualties at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany.

Northam left the U.S. Army in 1992 at the rank of major, having completed eight years of service.[10] Since 1992,[11] Northam has been a pediatric neurologist at Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters in Norfolk, Virginia.[12]

Political career

Prior to entering politics, Northam voted for Republican George W. Bush in the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections, a fact that opponents raised in later Democratic primaries.[13][14] Northam says that he was apolitical at the time and regretted those votes,[14] saying: "Politically, there was no question, I was underinformed."[5]

Virginia State Senate

Northam in 2008

Northam first ran for office in 2007 in the Virginia 6th Senate district, which includes the Eastern Shore of Virginia; Mathews County, on the Middle Peninsula; and parts of the cities of Norfolk and Virginia Beach. He was unopposed for the Democratic nomination. On November 6, 2007, he defeated Nick Rerras, a two-term Republican incumbent, 17,307 votes to 14,499.[15]

He was re-elected in November 2011, defeating Ben Loyola Jr., a defense contractor, 16,606 votes to 12,622.[16]

One of Northam's first major activities as a state legislator was to lead an effort to pass a ban on smoking in restaurants in Virginia. The bill failed the first time, but was passed the next year and signed into law by Governor Tim Kaine.[17][18]

In 2009, Northam—a self-described "conservative on fiscal issues and liberal on social issues"[19]—was the subject of an attempt by state Senate Republicans to get him to switch parties.[20] This action would have given Republicans control of the State Senate, but after news of the imminent switch broke on Twitter, Democrats held a closed-door meeting, and Northam reiterated that he was not leaving the party.[21] He later said, "I guess it's nice to be wanted, but I'm a Democrat, and that's where I'm staying."[22]

Lieutenant Governor of Virginia

Northam ran for lieutenant governor as Terry McAuliffe's running mate.

Northam ran for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in the 2013 election.[23] Northam competed against U.S. Chief Technology Officer Aneesh Chopra for the Democratic nomination.[24] On June 11, 2013, Northam won the Democratic primary over Chopra with 54% of the vote to Chopra's 46%.[25][26]

On November 5, 2013, Northam was elected as Virginia's 40th Lieutenant Governor over Republican E. W. Jackson by a 10% margin, receiving 55% of the vote to Jackson's 45%.[27] Northam was the first Democrat since Tim Kaine in 2001 to be elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia.

2017 gubernatorial election

In February 2015, just over a year into his term as lieutenant governor, Northam confirmed his interest in running for Governor of Virginia in 2017.[28][29] He made these intentions official on November 17, 2015, via an email to supporters.[30]

Northam faced former congressman Tom Perriello in the Democratic primary. The primary campaign was seen as a proxy battle between the Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren wing of the Democratic Party, represented by Perriello, and the Hillary Clinton wing, represented by Northam.[31] On June 13, 2017, Northam won the Democratic nomination with 56% of the vote to Perriello's 44%.[32] He faced Republican nominee Ed Gillespie in the general election.

Northam's campaign funds were heavily depleted by the end of the primary race. He was left with around $1.75 million, which amounted to roughly half of Gillespie's remaining funds.[33] But by the end of summer 2017 Northam's war chest had grown "twice as large [as Gillespie's] heading into the last two months of the campaign, according to finance reports." Northam led Gillespie among small donors, as well: "5,900 donations under $100 to Gillespie’s 2,100."[34]

In October 2017, the Northam campaign released a small number of flyers omitting Northam's running-mate for Lieutenant Governor, Justin Fairfax. These were released at the request of Laborers' International Union of North America, which had endorsed Northam (and Northam's running mate for Attorney General, Mark Herring, who was included on the flyer), but not Fairfax. LIUNA explained that Fairfax opposes the construction of natural gas pipelines that are favored by the organization. As Fairfax is black, while Northam and Herring are both white, some activists criticized the decision to accommodate LIUNA's request. All houses that received the LIUNA flyers also received standard campaign flyers including Fairfax.[35][36]

During the campaign, Gillespie and President Donald Trump accused Northam of being responsible for the increased activities of the MS-13 gangs and of being "in favor of sanctuary cities that let dangerous illegal immigrants back on the streets.”[37][38] Gillespie and Trump said that Northam had been the deciding vote to stop a Republican bill in the state Senate which would have banned sanctuary cities and that this contributed to the surge in MS-13 violence; a notion that found to be "misleading".[37] The Washington Post and CNN noted that there are no actual sanctuary cities in Virginia.[38][39] Gillespie himself acknowledged that Virginia did not have sanctuary cities.[38] The Washington Post furthermore noted that there is no evidence that sanctuary cities increase crime or gang activity,[40] and that Virginia communities with higher immigrant populations have lower crime rates.[41]

Later that month, the Latino Victory Fund, which supports Northam, released an ad in which a pickup truck, adorned with a Gillespie bumper sticker, a "Don't tread on me" license plate, and a Confederate flag, chases down minority children and corners them in an alley—one of the children in the ad then wakes up, revealing the scene to have been a nightmare.[42][43] Although Northam and his campaign were not involved with the ad, Northam initially defended it, saying Gillespie's own ads "have promoted fearmongering, hatred, bigotry, racial divisiveness," and adding, "I mean, it’s upset a lot of communities, and they have the right to express their views as well."[44] The ad was pulled the following day in the hours after the terrorist attack in New York City, in which a man killed several people by running them over with a truck.[44][45] Northam then distanced himself from the ad, re-emphasizing that it was not released by his campaign and saying that it is not one that he would have chosen to run.[46] A spokesman for the campaign said that the Latino Victory Fund's decision to pull the ad was "appropriate and the right thing to do."[44] FOX 5 DC reported that the Northam campaign had accepted $62,000 as an in-kind media contribution from the Latino Victory Fund.[47]

In the final week of the campaign, Northam stated that he would as governor sign a bill to ban sanctuary cities in Virginia similar to a bill he had voted against in the state Senate earlier in 2017.[48] In response, the progressive group Democracy for America stated that it stopped direct aid of Northam's campaign.[49] Howard Dean, who founded Democracy for America, but left the organization in 2016, wrote on Twitter that the organization had discredited itself and called its decision to stop aiding Northam's campaign "incredibly stupid".[50] Democracy for America had already stopped collecting data for Northam and had ceased mentioning him in get-out-the-vote calls due to his campaign's decision to remove Justin Fairfax from certain campaign fliers.[51][52]

Northam meeting with volunteers in Blacksburg, VA (2017).

Northam held campaign rallies with former President Barack Obama[53] and former Vice President Joe Biden during the general election campaign.[54]

According to the Washington Post, Northam owns stock in several companies "doing extensive work in Virginia". Northam has stated that if elected governor, he would place his financial investments into a blind trust, so as to avoid any potential conflicts of interest.[55]

According to the Virginia Public Access Project, as of November 3, 2017, Northam has raised $33.8 million to Gillespie's $24.5 million.[56]

Northam was elected 73rd Governor of Virginia on November 7, 2017, defeating Ed Gillespie in the general election with a larger-than-expected nine-point margin of victory.[57]

Governor of Virginia

Northam giving his inaugural address

Northam was sworn in as Governor of Virginia at noon on January 13, 2018 at the State Capitol.[58] He became the second Eastern Shore native to serve as Governor of Virginia, after Henry A. Wise (who was elected in 1855)[58][59][60] and the second alumnus of Virginia Military Institute to serve as governor, after Westmoreland Davis (who was elected in 1917).[58] A majority of Northam's cabinet secretaries are female, a first in Virginia history.[61] Residents from every county in Virginia attended Northam's inauguration (which reportedly marked another first for the state)[62][63] and twenty-six groups participated in the inaugural parade, which has been called the largest and most diverse in state history.[63][64]

Political positions

The Washington Post described Northam as a moderate state senator who moved to the left on some issues during the 2017 gubernatorial Democratic primary, such as support for a $15 minimum wage and opposition to a state constitutional amendment enshrining right-to-work legislation.[65]


Northam supports abortion rights.[66] In the Virginia General Assembly, he opposed a bill to mandate vaginal ultrasounds for women seeking abortions, and voted against the bill when it was revised to mandate only abdominal ultrasounds.[67] He was endorsed in the 2017 Democratic gubernatorial primary by the abortion rights group NARAL and its Virginia affiliate.[68] Northam has argued for reducing abortion rates through education and expanding access to contraceptives.[66] Planned Parenthood pledged to spend $3 million supporting Northam in his 2017 general election campaign for governor.[69] Northam opposes banning abortions after 20 weeks through a state version of the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act.[70]

Confederate monuments

On the controversies over public monuments to the Confederacy, in June 2017 Northam stated that the statues in the state Capitol that the General Assembly has jurisdiction over "should be taken down and moved into museums", and that the decision on other statues "belongs to local communities."[18] He has said that there should be more public memorials to historical Virginia civil rights leaders such as Barbara Rose Johns, Oliver Hill, and Samuel Wilbert Tucker.[18] In August 2017, Northam took a firmer stance, saying, "I believe these statues should be taken down and moved into museums. As governor, I am going to be a vocal advocate for that approach and work with localities on this issue."[71] According to the Washington Post, Northam later reverted to his original stance that decisions on the monuments should be made locally.[72][73]


Northam has proposed an increase in Virginia's minimum wage from its current level, $7.25 an hour, to $15 an hour.[18] During his 2017 campaign for governor, Northam was endorsed by the Laborers' International Union of North America; the union praised Northam for his opposition to a "right-to-work" amendment to the Virginia state constitution.[74] Northam criticized the repeal of the car tax under former Governor Jim Gilmore because of its impact on both K-12 and higher education, saying Virginia still has not recovered.[75]

Northam "has called for phasing out the grocery tax on low-income people and ending business taxes in struggling rural areas."[76] He has called for a bipartisan reform commission to make recommendations on state tax policy.[76][55]


Northam has proposed making it free for students to pursue a community college education or apprenticeship in a high-demand field (such as cybersecurity and early-childhood education) under the condition that they commit to a year of paid public service.[55]

Northam opposes public funding for private schools.[55]

Environment and energy

Northam accepts the scientific consensus on climate change and as a candidate for governor vowed to lead efforts to fight climate change. He has pledged, if elected, to bring Virginia into the United States Climate Alliance, a multi-state agreement to uphold greenhouse gas emissions standards.[77] Northam has emphasized the negative effects of climate change-induced sea level rise on Virginia's Tidewater region.[18][77]

During his 2017 campaign for governor, Northam pledged if elected to continue implementing the total maximum daily load limits for nitrogen and phosphorus discharges into Chesapeake Bay, a policy that had reduced harmful algal blooms. Northam said he would continue this policy even if the federal government under Donald Trump cut or eliminated funding for the program. During his campaign, Northam was endorsed by the Virginia League of Conservation Voters and the Virginia Sierra Club.[78]

Northam has offered conditional support for the proposed Atlantic Coast Pipeline, provided that the pipeline's construction is deemed to be environmentally safe.[79][80] He has avoided taking a firm stance on other pipelines such as the Mountain Valley Pipeline.[81] He opposes both offshore drilling and fracking.[79]


According to the Washington Post, Northam favors the "reinstatement of Virginia's 'one-gun-a-month' law limiting purchases, as well as a ban on high-capacity magazines and assault weapons."[55]

Health care

Northam supports the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare"), although he has argued that it is in need of improvement.[79][82] He also supports a federal Medicaid expansion in Virginia.[75][66] After Republican attempts to repeal the law, he called for members of Congress to "put a stop to the uncertainty and work on stabilizing and building on the Affordable Care Act’s progress."[83]

He opposes a single-payer healthcare system in Virginia, but supports the creation of a state-run public health insurance option.[55]


In his 2007 campaign for state Senate, Northam "advocated for Virginia being 'even more stringent than we are now in fighting illegal immigration,' and said the state should act as 'strong partners' with federal law enforcement."[84] Northam's rhetoric shifted in his 2017 gubernatorial campaign.[84] In 2017 Northam pledged to "stand up against ICE" so that "people, especially immigrants, in Virginia aren't living in fear," saying: "Something that we are very proud of in Virginia is that we are inclusive." He continued by saying "We will do everything we can to make sure immigrants are comfortable living here."[66] Northam opposed President Trump's decision to rescind Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which offered temporary stay for unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as minors.[85] Northam said Trump's "decision lacks compassion, lacks moral sense, and lacks economic sense."[85] Northam supports granting state driver's licenses and in-state tuition to unlawful immigrants.[84]

In February 2017, Northam cast a tie-breaking vote in the state Senate against a bill to ban sanctuary cities in Virginia.[48] Northam said he was "proud to break a tie when Republicans tried to scapegoat immigrants for political gain" and that he was "glad to put a stop to" the bill.[86] In an October 2017 debate, Northam said he did not support sanctuary cities, stating that there currently were none in Virginia, but Northam declined to say whether he would sign a bill as governor that was similar to the one he voted against in the Senate.[87] In November 2017, Northam said that he would indeed sign a bill similar to the one he voted against.[48]


Northam favors decriminalizing marijuana.[55]


During his 2017 campaign for governor, Northam has said that if elected, he will only approve a map of new Virginia legislative and congressional boundaries in the post-2020 redistricting that is drawn by a nonpartisan commission.[88]

Donald Trump

In a political commercial called "Listening," run during the Virginia Democratic primary, Northam described the importance to him of listening—as a doctor, to his patients and as lieutenant governor, to his constituents. He ended with, “I’ve been listening carefully to Donald Trump, and I think he’s a narcissistic maniac.”[89] As the general election drew near Northam said, "[I]f Donald Trump is helping Virginia, I’ll work with him."[90] Northam explained the "softer tone": "I think people already know [their opinions of Trump] and they are judging for themselves. What we are talking about as we move forward are the policies that are coming out of Washington that are so detrimental to Virginia”.[90]

Personal life

Northam lives in the Executive Mansion in Richmond. He and his wife Pam have two children, Wes and Aubrey.[91] His brother, Thomas Northam, is a lawyer,[92] and the law partner of Virginia State Senate member Lynwood Lewis, who was elected to the State Senate to replace Northam when he resigned his State Senate seat to assume the position of lieutenant governor. His father, Wescott Northam, is a retired Accomack County judge, former Commonwealth's Attorney, and Navy veteran.[93]

Northam serves as the vice chair of the Fort Monroe Authority, which oversees Fort Monroe, a Civil War historic site where Union General Benjamin Butler sheltered freed slaves.[94] In his free time, Northam enjoys working on classic cars.[95] He owns a 1953 Oldsmobile and a 1971 Corvette[96]

Electoral history

Virginia State Senate 6th district election, 2007[97]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ralph Northam 17,307 54.33% +16.1
Republican Nick Rerras 14,499 45.52% -16.2
Write-ins 45 0.14% +0.09
Majority 2,808 8.81% -14.69
Total votes 31,851 100.0%
Virginia State Senate 6th district election, 2011[98]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ralph Northam 16,606 56.75% +2.42
Republican Benito Loyola Jr. 12,622 43.13% -3.39
Write-ins 31 0.11% -0.03
Majority 3,984 13.62% +4.81
Total votes 29,259 100.0%
Virginia Lieutenant Governor Democratic primary, 2013[99]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ralph Northam 78,476 54.18%
Democratic Aneesh Chopra 66,380 45.82%
Majority 12,096 8.35%
Total votes 144,856 100.0%
Virginia lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2013[100]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ralph Northam 1,213,155 55.12% +11.72
Republican E. W. Jackson 980,257 44.54% -11.97
Write-ins 7,472 0.34% +0.26
Majority 232,898 10.58%
Total votes 2,200,884 100.0%
Virginia Governor Democratic primary election, 2017[101]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ralph Northam 303,399 55.91%
Democratic Tom Perriello 239,216 44.09%
Majority 64,183 11.82%
Total votes 542,615 100.0%
Virginia gubernatorial election, 2017
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ralph Northam 1,405,175 53.89%
Republican Ed Gillespie 1,173,209 44.99%
Libertarian Cliff Hyra 27,964 1.07%
Majority 231,966 8.90%
Total votes 2,607,725 100.0%


  1. ^ "Dr. Ralph Northam MD". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report L.P. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Martin, Johnathan; Burns, Alexander (November 8, 2017). "Ralph Northam Wins the Virginia Governor's Race". New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Nancy B. Shearer Wed; Johns Hopkins Graduate is Bride of Wescott Northam". The New York Times. April 29, 1956. 
  4. ^ a b c Jenna Portnoy, Ralph Northam, Va.'s low-key lieutenant governor, juggles politics and pediatrics, Washington Post (July 27, 2014).
  5. ^ a b Kevin Robillard, How Donald Trump Blew Up the Virginia Governor's Race, Politico Magazine (April 13, 2017).
  6. ^ a b Lieutenant Governor: Ralph Northam, The Virginian-Pilot.
  7. ^ Full interview transcript: Lt. Gov. Ralph Northam, Washington Post (June 1, 2017).
  8. ^ Graham Moomaw, After giving Democrats a brief scare in 2009, Northam says he'd be 'steady hand' as governor, Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 3, 2017).
  9. ^ Zagursky, Erin. "Virginia's new governor to help celebrate W&M's 325th year". William & Mary. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  10. ^ Jenna Portnoy, Ralph Northam, Va.’s low-key lieutenant governor, juggles politics and pediatrics, Washington Post (July 27, 2014).
  11. ^ Harry Minium, Norfolk doctor had key role in state ultrasound debate, Virginian-Pilot (March 11, 2012).
  12. ^ Ralph S. Northam, Children's hospitals offer many advantages, Richmond Times-Disparch (August 8, 2015).
  13. ^ Fenit Nirappil, Northam grilled on campaign finance, Perriello on abortion at progressive forum, Washington Post (May 3, 2017).
  14. ^ a b Jonathan Martin, Primary for Virginia Governor Tests Power of an Anti-Trump Campaign, New York Times (February 26, 2017).
  15. ^ Virginia State Board of Elections; Election Results for 2007; November 6, 2007 Election Results
  16. ^ Virginia State Board of Elections; Election Results for 2011; 2011 November Official Election Results
  17. ^ Two Democratic hopefuls for Va. governor on schools, Metro and the minimum wage, Washington Post (June 4, 2017).
  18. ^ a b c d e McAuliffe has change of heart on Confederate statues, Washington Post (August 16, 2017).
  19. ^ Kumar, Anita. "Va. Senate Democrats' Edge Little Comfort", Washington Post, February 21, 2009.
  20. ^ Linkins, Jason. "Jeff Frederick's Twitter Use Foils GOP Virginia Senate Coup", Huffington Post, March 13, 2009.
  21. ^ Payne, Kimball. Northam's Move To Share Power Turns Heads, Hampton Roads Daily Press, February 14, 2009.
  22. ^ Walker, Julian (November 19, 2011). "State Sen. Northam spurns GOP offer to switch sides". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  23. ^ Vozzella, Laura (December 2, 2012). "Sen. Ralph Northam announces lieutenant governor bid". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  24. ^ Walker, Julian (April 2, 2013). "McAuliffe named Dem governor nominee, 4 others make ballot". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ Pershing, Ben; Whack, Errin (June 11, 2013). "Democrats give nod to Northam, Herring in statewide races". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  26. ^ Virginia SBE - Democratic Lieutenant Governor primary results Archived June 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  28. ^ Vozzella, Laura (February 24, 2015). "Ralph Northam confirms he's running to become next Va. governor". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  29. ^ Nolan, Jim (February 25, 2015). "Northam exploring run for governor in 2017". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  30. ^ Vozzella, Laura (November 17, 2015). "Virginia's lieutenant governor makes it official: He's seeking state's top job". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 18, 2015. 
  31. ^ A Fight for the Soul of the Democratic Party in Virginia (The Atlantic)
  32. ^ "Virginia Primary Results: Northam Will Face Gillespie in Governor's Race" – via 
  33. ^ Gregory S. Schneider (August 10, 2017). "Candidates hit the airwaves in Virginia's race for governor". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  34. ^ Nirappil, Fenit (September 16, 2017). "Democrat has twice the cash of opponent in Va. governor's race". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2017. 
  35. ^ Wilson, Patrick. "Gubernatorial candidate Ralph Northam campaign flier removes picture of LG candidate Justin Fairfax". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved October 21, 2017. 
  36. ^ Nirappil, Fenit (October 19, 2017). "Black Democrat omitted from some Democratic campaign fliers in Virginia". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 21, 2017. 
  37. ^ a b "Ed Gillespie's 'Sanctuary Cities' Attacks". Annenberg Public Policy Center. 2017-09-26. 
  38. ^ a b c Nirappil, Fenit (2017-10-06). "Trump backs Republican for Va. governor, accuses the Democrat of enabling 'violent MS-13 killer gangs'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-10-07. 
  39. ^ Eric Bradner. "Why Trump is linking the MS-13 gang to the Virginia governor's race". CNN. Retrieved 2017-10-07. 
  40. ^ Weigel, David; Vozzella, Laura (2017-11-02). "Republicans in Virginia and nationwide are using 'sanctuary cities' as a weapon against Democrats". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-11-04. 
  41. ^ Olivo, Antonio (2017-11-03). "GMU report gives context to Gillespie's MS-13 attack ads in Va. governor's race". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  42. ^ White House knocks 'political racism' after ad against Virginia Republican (The Hill)
  43. ^ 'Latino Victory Fund' Ad Depicts Ed Gillespie Supporter Terrorizing Minority Children (RealClearPolitics)
  44. ^ a b c Ed O'Keefe; Gregory S. Schneider; Fenit Nirappil (October 31, 2017). "New anti-Gillespie ad sparked by worries about Northam's appeal to minorities". Washington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2017. 
  45. ^ Political attack ad showing kids running from Republican pickup truck driver is pulled after New York terror attack (New York Daily News)
  46. ^ 10 On Your Side talks with candidates for Virginia governor (WAVY-TV)
  47. ^ Records show financial connection between Northam campaign and group behind controversial ad (WTTG-TV)
  48. ^ a b c Northam says he'd ban sanctuary cities if one ever appears in Virginia (Richmond Times-Dispatch)
  49. ^ Progressive group ends 'direct aid' to Northam (The Hill)
  50. ^ Nicole Gaudiano (November 3, 2017). "Progressive Group Pulls Aid to Virginia's Democratic Candidate for Governor Over 'Gutless' Position". USA Today. Retrieved November 4, 2017. 
  51. ^ Progressives fume as Northam stumbles in Va. (The Hill)
  52. ^ Sanctuary cities flip-flop costly for Virginia Dem Ralph Northam (Fox News)
  53. ^ Obama back on campaign trail to rally for Ralph Northam in Richmond (Washington Post)
  54. ^ Former Vice President Biden campaigns for Ralph Northam in roundtable discussion (AP)
  55. ^ a b c d e f g Ready (or not) to choose Virginia’s next governor? A guide to the race and issues (Washington Post)
  56. ^ VPAP - 2017 Governor (accessed Nov. 3, 2017)
  57. ^ The Associated Press. "Democrat Ralph Northam wins Virginia's hard-fought race for governor. @AP race call at 8:12 p.m. EST". 
  58. ^ a b c Laura Vozzella; Fenit Nirappil; Gregory S. Schneider (January 13, 2018). "Fiddlers, native Americans and a champion oyster shucker salute new Va. governor". Washington Post. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  59. ^ Vaughn, Carol; ‘Eastern Shore native Ralph Northam will be the next Virginia governor’; Delmarva Now, November 7, 2017
  60. ^ Carol Vaughn (December 14, 2017). "Virginia Governor-elect Ralph Northam talks Shore roots, priorities for rural Virginia". Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  61. ^ Fenit Nirrapil (January 11, 2018). "Ralph Northam assembles a majority-female Cabinet, a first for Virginia". Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  62. ^ Gregory S. Schneider (January 12, 2018). "Helicopters and oysters: Richmond prepares for Northam's inauguration". Washington Post. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  63. ^ a b Evanne Armour (January 13, 2018). "WATCH: Inauguration of Virginia's 73rd governor". WJHL-TV. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  64. ^ "Editorial: Northam gives the inaugural address Virginia -- and the nation -- needs". The Roanoke Times. January 14, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  65. ^ Vozzella, Laura (2017-09-30). "Gillespie wins key backing after vowing to oppose transgender bathroom bills". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-09-30. 
  66. ^ a b c d "Q&A: Ralph Northam Aims For the Governor's Mansion in Virginia". 
  67. ^ Norfolk doctor had key role in state ultrasound debate (Virginian-Pilot)
  68. ^ Fenit Nirappil, Abortion rights group NARAL endorses Northam in Virginia Democratic primary, Washington Post (March 13, 2017).
  69. ^ Va. arm of Planned Parenthood to spend $3 million backing Northam for governor (Washington Post)
  70. ^ For both sides of abortion debate, unusually high stakes in Virginia governor’s race (Washington Post)
  71. ^ McAuliffe has change of heart on Confederate statues (Washington Post)
  72. ^ Schneider, Gregory S.; Vozzella, Laura; Nirappil, Fenit (November 4, 2017). "In the final sprint to Election Day, a historic push to turn out voters in Va" – via 
  73. ^ Va. gubernatorial contenders clash over monuments, the economy in first TV debate (Washington Post)
  74. ^ LiUNA Endorses Ralph Northam for Virginia Governor (press release),
  75. ^ a b EXCLUSIVE: Interview with Lt. Gov. Ralph Northam, Northam for Governor (April 20, 2017).
  76. ^ a b Graham Moomaw, Northam and Gillespie clash over economy, taxes, Trump, Richmond Times-Dispatch (September 19, 2017).
  77. ^ a b Fenit Nirappil, Va. Democratic gubernatorial hopefuls vow to defy Trump on climate change, Washington Post (June 2, 2017).
  78. ^ Robert Zullo, At Virginia gubernatorial forum on clean water, not much daylight between candidates, Richmond Times-Dispatch (September 6, 2017).
  79. ^ a b c Laura Vozzella (July 22, 2017). "In first debate, Gillespie and Northam tangle over Trump and other issues". Washington Post. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  80. ^ Gregory S. Schneider, Dominion letter shows why staying neutral on pipeline project could help Northam, Washington Post (May 16, 2017).
  81. ^ Carmen Forman, Northam, Perriello clash over pipelines, taxes at Roanoke debate, Roanoke Times (May 4, 2017).
  82. ^ Nirappil, Fenit (May 4, 2017). "This Democrat's ad shows Republicans crushing Obamacare. Literally" – via 
  83. ^ Trump’s decision to cut ACA payments elevates health care in Virginia governor’s race (Washington Post)
  84. ^ a b c Va. gubernatorial candidates Northam, Gillespie weigh in on immigration (WJLA)
  85. ^ a b Laura Vozzella (September 9, 2017). "Gillespie says 'dreamers' should not be deported". Washington Post. 
  86. ^ Two Democratic hopefuls for Va. governor on schools, Metro and the minimum wage (Washington Post)
  87. ^ Virginia governor candidates trade blows in final debate (Politico)
  88. ^ Graham Moomaw (July 24, 2017). "At 1st gubernatorial debate, Northam and Gillespie draw sharp contrasts". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Culpeper Star-Exponent. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  89. ^ Nirappil, Fenit (June 4, 2017). "Why this Democratic candidate, who has an M.D., calls Trump a 'narcissistic maniac'". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2017. 
  90. ^ a b Nirappil, Fenit (October 3, 2017). "Why Ralph Northam doesn't call Trump a 'narcissistic maniac' anymore". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2017. 
  91. ^ Sullivan, Heather (8 January 2018). "Meet Virginia's new First Lady Pam Northam". NBC 12. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  92. ^ Schneider, Gregory (24 October 2017). "The lure of the steady physician: Is Northam's résumé enough in the age of Trump?". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  93. ^ Vaughn, Carol (13 January 2018). "Ralph Northam cites moral compass at inauguration: 'We have a lot of work to do'". Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  94. ^ Patrick Wilson, Ralph Northam's ancestors owned slaves. He found out only recently, Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 2, 2017).
  95. ^ Vozzella, Laura (1 June 2017). "Full interview transcript: Lt. Gov. Ralph Northam". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  96. ^ Schneider, Gregory (16 December 2017). "A Democratic winner in Virginia says it's time for bipartisanship". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  97. ^ "2007 Senate of Virginia General Election District 6". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  98. ^ "2011 Senate of Virginia General Election District 6". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  99. ^ "2013 Lieutenant Governor Democratic Primary". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  100. ^ "2013 Lieutenant Governor General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  101. ^ "2017 June Democratic Primary Unofficial Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 


External links

Senate of Virginia
Preceded by
Nick Rerras
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 6th district

Succeeded by
Lynwood Lewis
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Bolling
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Justin Fairfax
Preceded by
Terry McAuliffe
Governor of Virginia
Party political offices
Preceded by
Terry McAuliffe
Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
Most recent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Virginia
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Chris Sununu
as Governor of New Hampshire
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Virginia
Succeeded by
Andrew Cuomo
as Governor of New York
Retrieved from "