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On the First Tier, Vietnam
Vietnam
is divided into 58 provinces (Vietnamese: tỉnh) and 5 municipalities (Vietnamese: thành phố trực thuộc trung ương). Municipalities are the highest-ranked cities in Vietnam.[1] Municipality are centrally-controlled cities and have special status equal to the provinces. The provinces are divided into Provincial Cities, Towns and Rural Districts as the Second Tier units. At the Third Tier, Provincial City and Town is divided into Ward and Commune, while Rural District is divided into Townships (thị trấn) and Communes.

Contents

1 Governance

1.1 People's Council 1.2 People's Committee 1.3 People's Court

2 List and statistics 3 Regions 4 Historical provinces of Vietnam 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Governance[edit] People's Council[edit] Vietnamese provinces are controlled by a People's Council (Hội Đồng Nhân Dân), elected by the inhabitants. The number of councilors varies from province to province, depending on the population of that province. The People's Council appoints a People's Committee, which acts as the executive arm of the provincial government. This arrangement is a somewhat simplified version of the situation in Vietnam's national government. Provincial governments are expected to be subordinate to the central government. People's Committee[edit] The People's Committee (Uỷ Ban Nhân Dân) is, as mentioned previously, the executive arm at provincial level, and is responsible for formulating and implementing policy. It may be thought of as the equivalent of a cabinet. The People's Committee will have a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman, and between nine and eleven ordinary members. People's Court[edit] The People's Court (Tòa án Nhân dân) is the judiciary branch at provincial level and responsible for judiciary trials. The People's Court is headed by a Chief Judge. List and statistics[edit] A clickable map of Vietnam
Vietnam
exhibiting its 58 provinces and 5 centrally controlled municipalities.

According to the census results of April 1, 2009, the population of Vietnam
Vietnam
is 85,789,573 people. The most populous top-level administrative unit in Vietnam
Vietnam
is Hồ Chí Minh City, one of the five centrally governed cities. It has 7,123,340 people living within its official boundaries. The second most populous administrative unit is the recently expanded Hà Nội
Hà Nội
with 6,448,837 people. Prior to the expansion of the capital city, this rank belonged to Thanh Hóa
Thanh Hóa
with 3,400,239 people. The least populous is Bắc Kạn, a mountainous province in the remote northeast with 294,660 people.[2] In land area, the largest province is Nghệ An, which runs from the city of Vinh
Vinh
up the wide Sông Cả valley. The smallest is Bắc Ninh, located in the populous Red River Delta region. The following is a table of Vietnam's provinces broken down by population and area, April 1, 2009.[3]

Province/City Capital/Administrative center Area (km²) [3] Population [3] Density (/km²) [3] % Urban [3] Region

Bắc Giang
Bắc Giang
Province Bắc Giang 3,827.4 1,554,131 406.1 9.4 Northeast

Bắc Kạn
Bắc Kạn
Province Bắc Kạn 4,868.4 293,826 60.4 16.1 Northeast

Cao Bằng
Cao Bằng
Province Cao Bằng 6,724.6 507,183 75.4 16.9 Northeast

Hà Giang
Hà Giang
Province Hà Giang 7,945.8 724,537 91.2 11.6 Northeast

Lạng Sơn
Lạng Sơn
Province Lạng Sơn 8,331.2 732,515 87.9 19.2 Northeast

Phú Thọ Province Việt Trì 3,528.4 1,316,389 373.1 15.8 Northeast

Quảng Ninh Province Hạ Long 6,099.0 1,144,988 187.7 51.9 Northeast

Thái Nguyên
Thái Nguyên
Province Thái Nguyên 3,546.6 1,123,116 316.7 25.6 Northeast

Tuyên Quang
Tuyên Quang
Province Tuyên Quang 5,870.4 724,821 123.5 13.0 Northeast

Lào Cai
Lào Cai
Province Lào Cai 6,383.9 614,595 96.3 21.0 Northeast

Yên Bái
Yên Bái
Province Yên Bái 6,899.5 740,397 107.3 18.8 Northeast

Điện Biên Province Điện Biên Phủ 9,562.5 490,306 51.3 15.0 Northwest

Hòa Bình
Hòa Bình
Province Hòa Bình 4,684.2 785,217 167.6 15.0 Northwest

Lai Châu
Lai Châu
Province Lai Châu 9,112.3 370,502 40.7 14.2 Northwest

Sơn La
Sơn La
Province Sơn La 14,174.4 1,076,055 75.9 13.8 Northwest

Bắc Ninh
Bắc Ninh
Province Bắc Ninh 823.1 1,024,472 1,244.7 23.5 Red River Delta

Hà Nam Province Phủ Lý 859.7 784,045 912.0 9.5 Red River Delta

Hải Dương
Hải Dương
Province Hải Dương 1,652.8 1,705,059 1,031.6 19.0 Red River Delta

Hưng Yên
Hưng Yên
Province Hưng Yên 923.5 1,127,903 1,221.3 12.1 Red River Delta

Nam Định
Nam Định
Province Nam Định 1,650.8 1,828,111 1,107.4 17.6 Red River Delta

Ninh Bình
Ninh Bình
Province Ninh Bình 1,392.4 898,999 645.6 17.9 Red River Delta

Thái Bình
Thái Bình
Province Thái Bình 1,546.5 1,781,842 1,152.1 9.7 Red River Delta

Vĩnh Phúc Province Vĩnh Yên 1,373.2 999,786 728.1 22.4 Red River Delta

Hà Nội
Hà Nội
City Hoàn Kiếm District 3,119.0 7,331,909 2,068.6 41.0 Red River Delta

Hải Phòng
Hải Phòng
City Hồng Bàng District 1,520.7 1,976,173 1,208.1 46.1 Red River Delta

Hà Tĩnh
Hà Tĩnh
Province Hà Tĩnh 6,026.5 1,227,038 203.6 14.9 North Central Coast

Nghệ An Province Vinh 16,498.5 2,912,041 176.5 12.9 North Central Coast

Quảng Bình Province Đồng Hới 8,065.3 844,893 104.8 15.0 North Central Coast

Quảng Trị Province Đông Hà 4,760.1 598,324 125.7 27.4 North Central Coast

Thanh Hóa
Thanh Hóa
Province Thanh Hóa 11,136.3 3,400,595 305.4 10.4 North Central Coast

Thừa Thiên– Huế
Huế
Province Huế 5,065.3 1,087,420 214.7 36.0 North Central Coast

Đắk Lắk Province Buôn Ma Thuột 13,139.2 1,733,624 131.9 24.0 Central Highlands

Đắk Nông Province Gia Nghĩa 6,516.9 489,382 75.1 14.7 Central Highlands

Gia Lai Province Pleiku 15,536.9 1,274,412 82.0 28.6 Central Highlands

Kon Tum
Kon Tum
Province Kon Tum 9,690.5 430,133 44.4 33.5 Central Highlands

Lâm Đồng Province Đà Lạt 9,776.1 1,187,574 121.5 37.8 Central Highlands

Bình Định Province Qui Nhơn 6,039.6 1,486,465 246.1 27.7 South Central Coast

Bình Thuận Province Phan Thiết 7,836.9 1,167,023 148.9 39.3 South Central Coast

Khánh Hòa Province Nha Trang 5,217.6 1,157,604 221.9 39.9 South Central Coast

Ninh Thuận Province Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm 3,363.1 564,993 168.0 36.1 South Central Coast

Phú Yên Province Tuy Hòa 5,060.6 862,231 170.4 21.8 South Central Coast

Quảng Nam Province Tam Kỳ 10,438.3 1,422,319 136.3 18.6 South Central Coast

Quảng Ngãi
Quảng Ngãi
Province Quảng Ngãi 5,152.7 1,216,773 236.1 14.6 South Central Coast

Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
City Hải Châu District 1,257.3 887,435 705.8 86.9 South Central Coast

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province Bà Rịa 1,989.6 996,682 500.9 49.9 Southeast

Bình Dương Province Thủ Dầu Một 2,696.2 1,481,550 549.5 29.9 Southeast

Bình Phước Province Đồng Xoài 6,883.4 873,598 126.9 16.5 Southeast

Đồng Nai Province Biên Hòa 5,903.9 2,486,154 421.1 33.2 Southeast

Tây Ninh
Tây Ninh
Province Tây Ninh 4,035.9 1,066,513 264.3 15.6 Southeast

Hồ Chí Minh City District 1 2,095.1 8,262,864 3,418.9 83.3 Southeast

An Giang Province Long Xuyên 3,536.8 2,142,709 605.8 28.4 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Bạc Liêu
Bạc Liêu
Province Bạc Liêu 2,584.1 856,518 331.5 26.1 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Bến Tre
Bến Tre
Province Bến Tre 2,360.2 1,255,946 532.1 9.9 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Cà Mau
Cà Mau
Province Cà Mau 5,331.7 1,206,938 226.4 20.4 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Đồng Tháp Province Cao Lãnh 3,376.4 1,666,467 493.9 17.8 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Hậu Giang Province Vị Thanh 1,601.1 757,300 473.0 19.6 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Kiên Giang Province Rạch Giá 6,348.3 1,688,248 265.9 27.0 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Long An Province Tân An 4,493.8 1,436,066 319.6 17.4 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Sóc Trăng
Sóc Trăng
Province Sóc Trăng 3,312.3 1,292,853 390.3 19.4 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Tiền Giang Province Mỹ Tho 2,484.2 1,672,271 673.2 13.7 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Trà Vinh
Vinh
Province Trà Vinh 2,295.1 1,003,012 437.0 15.3 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Vĩnh Long
Vĩnh Long
Province Vĩnh Long 1,479.1 1,024,707 692.8 15.3 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Cần Thơ
Cần Thơ
City Ninh Kiều District 1,401.6 1,188,435 847.9 65.9 Mekong
Mekong
Delta

See also List of postal codes in Vietnam Regions[edit] See also: Subdivisions of Vietnam

The Vietnamese government often groups the various provinces into eight regions. These regions are not always used, and alternative classifications are possible. The regions include:

Regions of Vietnam

Geographical region Administrative region Provinces included Area (km²) Population (2015)[4] Population density (people/ km²) Notes

Northern Vietnam
Vietnam
(Bắc Bộ, Miền Bắc) Northwest (Tây Bắc Bộ)

Điện Biên Hòa Bình Lai Châu Lào Cai Sơn La Yên Bái

44,301.10 4,446,800 100.37 contains inland provinces in the west of Vietnam's northern part. Two of them are along Vietnam's border with Laos, and three border China (Dien Bien borders both China
China
and Laos).

Northeast (Đông Bắc Bộ)

Bắc Giang Bắc Kạn Cao Bằng Hà Giang Lạng Sơn Phú Thọ Quảng Ninh Thái Nguyên Tuyên Quang

50,684.10 8,568,200 169.05 contains most of the mountainous provinces that lie to north of the highly populated Red River lowlands. Four of them are along Vietnam's border with China.

Red River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng)

Bắc Ninh Hà Nam Hà Nội
Hà Nội
† Hải Dương Hải Phòng
Hải Phòng
† Hưng Yên Nam Định Ninh Bình Thái Bình Vĩnh Phúc

14,957.70 19,714,300 1,318.00 contains the small but populous provinces along the mouth of the Red River. The Red River Delta has the smallest area but highest population and population density of all regions. It is also the only region without any land borders with neighboring countries.

Central Vietnam
Vietnam
(Trung Bộ, Miền Trung) North Central (Bắc Trung Bộ)

Hà Tĩnh Nghệ An Quảng Bình Quảng Trị Thanh Hóa Thừa Thiên–Huế

51,455.60 10,472,900 203.53 contains the coastal provinces in the northern half of Vietnam's narrow central part. They all stretch from the coast in the east to Laos
Laos
in the west.

South Central Coast
South Central Coast
(Duyên hải Nam Trung Bộ)

Bình Định Bình Thuận Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
† Khánh Hòa Ninh Thuận Phú Yên Quảng Nam Quảng Ngãi

44,376.80 9,185,000 206.98 contains the coastal provinces in the southern half of Vietnam's central part. One province borders Laos.

Central Highlands (Tây Nguyên)

Đắc Lắc Đắk Nông Gia Lai Kon Tum Lâm Đồng

54,641.00 5,607,900 102.63 contains the mountainous provinces to the west of south-central Vietnam. There are a significant number of ethnic minorities in the region. One province is along Vietnam's border with Laos, and four border Cambodia
Cambodia
( Kon Tum
Kon Tum
borders both Laos
Laos
and Cambodia).

Southern Vietnam
Vietnam
(Nam Bộ, Miền Nam) Southeast (Đông Nam Bộ, Miền Đông)

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Bình Dương Bình Phước Đồng Nai Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City
† Tây Ninh

23,590.70 16,127,800 683.65 contains those parts of lowland southern Vietnam
Vietnam
which are north of the Mekong
Mekong
delta. Two provinces border Cambodia.

Mekong
Mekong
River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Cửu Long) or Southwest (Tây Nam Bộ, Miền Tây)

An Giang Bến Tre Bạc Liêu Cà Mau Cần Thơ
Cần Thơ
† Đồng Tháp Hậu Giang Kiên Giang Long An Sóc Trăng Tiền Giang Trà Vinh Vĩnh Long

40,576.00 17,590,400 434.00 is Vietnam's southernmost region, mostly containing small but populous provinces in the delta of the Mekong. It is sometimes referred to as the Southwest region (Tây Nam Bộ). Four provinces border Cambodia.

^† Municipality (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương) Historical provinces of Vietnam[edit]

Hà Nam Ninh - then divided into three provinces: Hà Nam, Nam Định and Ninh Bình Hà Sơn Bình (divided into Hà Tây and Hòa Bình
Hòa Bình
- then on August 1, 2008, Hà Tây and 4 communities of Hòa Bình
Hòa Bình
became a part of expanded capital city Hà Nội) Hà Bắc Province - divided into Bắc Giang
Bắc Giang
Province and Bắc Ninh Province Châu Đốc Long Hồ Nghệ Tĩnh (divided into Nghệ An and Hà Tĩnh), most noted for being the site of the Nghe Tinh Soviet Republic declared September 1930 and lasted into 1931, a short-lived bastion against colonial French rule. Minh Hải (divided into Cà Mau
Cà Mau
and Bạc Liêu) Vĩnh Phú (divided into Vĩnh Phúc and Phú Thọ Hà Tây - annexed into Hà Nội
Hà Nội
since August 1, 2008.

See also[edit]

ISO 3166-2:VN

References[edit]

^ ISO 3166-2:VN ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page?_pageid=439,1090462&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&pers_id=1091147&item_id=33638381&p_details=1 ^ a b c d e General Statics Office of Vietnam ^ General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

External links[edit]

CityMayors.com article (in English) (in Chinese) Comprehensive Map of Vietnam’s Provinces c. 1890

v t e

Subdivisions of Vietnam

Regions

Northwest Northeast Red River Delta North Central Coast South Central Coast Central Highlands Southeast Mekong
Mekong
Delta

Municipalities

Cần Thơ Đà Nẵng Hải Phòng Hà Nội Hồ Chí Minh City

Provinces

An Giang Bắc Giang Bắc Kạn Bạc Liêu Bắc Ninh Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Bến Tre Bình Định Bình Dương Bình Phước Bình Thuận Cà Mau Cao Bằng Đắk Lắk Đắk Nông Điện Biên Đồng Nai Đồng Tháp Gia Lai Hà Giang Hà Nam Hà Tĩnh Hải Dương Hòa Bình Hậu Giang Hưng Yên Khánh Hòa Kiên Giang Kon Tum Lai Châu Lâm Đồng Lạng Sơn Lào Cai Long An Nam Định Nghệ An Ninh Bình Ninh Thuận Phú Thọ Phú Yên Quảng Bình Quảng Nam Quảng Ngãi Quảng Ninh Quảng Trị Sóc Trăng Sơn La Tây Ninh Thái Bình Thái Nguyên Thanh Hóa Thừa Thiên-Huế Tiền Giang Trà Vinh Tuyên Quang Vĩnh Long Vĩnh Phúc Yên Bái

District level subdivisions Commune level subdivisions List of cities

v t e

Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan1 Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China

province autonomous region municipality SAR

Cyprus Egypt1 Georgia1 India Indonesia1 Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan1 North Korea

province special city

South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Palestine Philippines Qatar Russia1 Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste (East Timor) Turkey1 Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen1

States with limited recognition

Northern Cyprus Taiwan

1 Country spanning more than one continent (transcontinental country).

List of administrative division