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Provinces

Autonomous regions

Special
Special
administrative regions

Sub-provincial level

Sub-provincial cities

Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures

Sub-provincial city districts

Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities

Autonomous prefectures

Leagues

Prefectures (abolishing)

Sub-prefectural-level

Sub-prefectural cities

Provincial-controlled cities

Provincial-controlled counties

Provincial-controlled districts

County level (3rd) Counties

Autonomous counties

County-level cities

Districts Ethnic districts

Banners Autonomous banners

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District

Liuzhi Special
Special
District

Wolong Special
Special
Administrative Region

Workers and peasants districts (obsolete)

Analogous county level units

Management areas Management committee

Township level (4th) Townships

Ethnic townships

Towns

Subdistricts Subdistrict bureaux

Sums

Ethnic sums

County-controlled districts County-controlled district bureaux (obsolete)

Management committees

Town-level city (pilot)

Analogous township level units

Management areas Management committee

Areas

Farms area, Prison area, University towns etc.

Village level (5th) informal

(Grassroots Autonomous Organizations)

Villages · Gaqas Village Committees

Residential communities Residential Committees

Other

Regions

Capital cities

New areas

Autonomous administrative divisions

National Central Cities

Special
Special
Economic Zones

History: before 1912, 1912–49, 1949–present

Administrative division
Administrative division
codes

v t e

Provinces (Chinese: 省; pinyin: shěng), formally provincial-level administrative divisions (Chinese: 省级行政区; pinyin: shěng-jí xíngzhèngqū) or first-level administrative divisions (Chinese: 一级行政区; pinyin: yī-jí xíngzhèngqū), are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 33 such divisions, classified as 22 provinces (not including Taiwan, which is claimed but not actually controlled by the People's Republic of China[1]), four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special
Special
Administrative Regions. The People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) claims sovereignty over the territory administered by the Republic of China
China
(ROC). The ROC administers some offshore islands which form Fujian
Fujian
Province, ROC. These were part of an originally unified Fujian
Fujian
province, which since the stalemate of the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
in 1949 has been divided between the PRC and ROC. Note that every province (except Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, the two special administrative regions) has a Communist Party of China
China
provincial committee (Chinese: 省委; pinyin: shěngwěi), headed by a secretary (Chinese: 书记; pinyin: shūjì). The committee secretary is in effective charge of the province, rather than the nominal governor of the provincial government.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Province 2 Other types of province-level divisions

2.1 Municipality 2.2 Autonomous region 2.3 Special administrative region (SAR)

3 List of province-level divisions 4 History

4.1 Yuan provinces 4.2 Ming provinces 4.3 Qing provinces

4.3.1 New provinces

4.4 ROC provinces (1912–1949)

4.4.1 Other province-level divisions

4.5 List of PRC province-level divisions

4.5.1 Greater administrative areas 4.5.2 Provinces 4.5.3 Autonomous regions 4.5.4 Municipalities 4.5.5 Special
Special
administrative regions 4.5.6 Administrative territories 4.5.7 Regions 4.5.8 Territories

5 Economies 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Province[edit] The government of each standard province (Chinese: 省; pinyin: shěng) is nominally led by a provincial committee, headed by a secretary. The committee secretary is first-in-charge of the province; second-in-command is the governor of the provincial government. The People's Republic of China
China
claims the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
and its surrounding islets, including Penghu, as " Taiwan
Taiwan
Province", though Taiwan
Taiwan
is an independent country and is not actually under the control of the PRC and has not been since 1949. ( Kinmen
Kinmen
and the Matsu Islands are claimed by the PRC as part of its Fujian
Fujian
Province. Pratas and Itu Aba are claimed by the PRC as part of Guangdong
Guangdong
and Hainan
Hainan
provinces respectively.) The territory is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC, commonly called "Taiwan"). Other types of province-level divisions[edit] Municipality[edit] Main article: Direct-controlled municipalities of China A municipality (simplified Chinese: 直辖市; traditional Chinese: 直轄市; pinyin: zhíxiáshì; literally: "direct-administrated city") or direct-controlled municipality is a higher level of city which is directly under the Chinese government, with status equal to that of the provinces. In practice, their political status is higher than that of common provinces. Autonomous region[edit] Main article: Autonomous regions of China An autonomous region (simplified Chinese: 自治区; traditional Chinese: 自治區; pinyin: zìzhìqū) is a minority subject which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group along with its own local government, but an autonomous region theoretically has more legislative rights than in actual practice. The governor of each autonomous region is usually appointed from the respective minority ethnic group. Special administrative region (SAR)[edit] Main article: Special
Special
administrative region A special administrative region (SAR) (simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū) is a highly autonomous and self-governing sub national subject of the People's Republic of China
China
that is directly under the Central People's Government. Each SAR has a chief executive as head of the region and head of government. The region's government is not fully independent, as foreign policy and military defence are the responsibility of the central government, according to the basic laws.

List of province-level divisions[edit]

GB/T 2260-2007[2] ISO[3] Province Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Capital Population[a] Density[b] Area[c] Abbreviation[d]

BJ CN-11 Beijing
Beijing
Municipality 北京市 Běijīng Shì Beijing 19,612,368 1,167.40 16,800 京 Jīng

TJ CN-12 Tianjin
Tianjin
Municipality 天津市 Tiānjīn Shì Tianjin 12,938,224 1,144.46 11,305 津 Jīn

HE (HEB) CN-13 Hebei
Hebei
Province 河北省 Héběi Shěng Shijiazhuang 71,854,202 382.81 187,700 冀(丠) Jì

SX (SAX) CN-14 Shanxi
Shanxi
Province 山西省 Shānxī Shěng Taiyuan 35,712,111 228.48 156,300 晋 Jìn

NM CN-15 Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region 內蒙古自治区 Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū Hohhot 24,706,321 20.88 1,183,000 內蒙古(内蒙)[4] Nèi Měnggǔ (NèiMěng)

LN CN-21 Liaoning
Liaoning
Province 辽宁省 Liáoníng Shěng Shenyang 43,746,323 299.83 145,900 辽 Liáo

JL CN-22 Jilin
Jilin
Province 吉林省 Jílín Shěng Changchun 27,462,297 146.54 187,400 吉 Jí

HL CN-23 Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province 黑龙江省 Hēilóngjiāng Shěng Harbin 38,312,224 84.38 454,000 黑 Hēi

SH CN-31 Shanghai
Shanghai
Municipality 上海市 Shànghǎi Shì Shanghai 23,019,148 3,630.20 6,341 沪 Hù

JS CN-32 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province 江苏省 Jiāngsū Shěng Nanjing 78,659,903 766.66 102,600 苏 Sū

ZJ CN-33 Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province 浙江省 Zhèjiāng Shěng Hangzhou 54,426,891 533.59 102,000 浙 Zhè

AH CN-34 Anhui
Anhui
Province 安徽省 Ānhuī Shěng Hefei 59,500,510 425.91 139,700 皖 Wǎn

FJ CN-35 Fujian
Fujian
Province 福建省 Fújiàn Shěng Fuzhou 36,894,216 304.15 121,300 闽 Mǐn

JX CN-36 Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Province 江西省 Jiāngxī Shěng Nanchang 44,567,475 266.87 167,000 赣(干) Gàn

SD CN-37 Shandong
Shandong
Province 山东省 Shāndōng Shěng Jinan 95,793,065 622.84 153,800 鲁 Lǔ

HA (HEN) CN-41 Henan
Henan
Province 河南省 Hénán Shěng Zhengzhou 94,023,567 563.01 167,000 豫(予) Yù

HB (HUB) CN-42 Hubei
Hubei
Province 湖北省 Húběi Shěng Wuhan 57,237,740 307.89 185,900 鄂 È

HN (HUN) CN-43 Hunan
Hunan
Province 湖南省 Húnán Shěng Changsha 65,683,722 312.77 210,000 湘 Xiāng

GD CN-44 Guangdong
Guangdong
Province 广东省 Guǎngdōng Shěng Guangzhou 104,303,132 579.46 180,000 粤 Yuè

GX CN-45 Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区 Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū Nanning 46,026,629 195.02 236,000 桂 Guì

HI CN-46 Hainan
Hainan
Province 海南省 Hǎinán Shěng Haikou 9,171,300[5] 255.04 34,000 琼 Qióng

CQ CN-50 Chongqing
Chongqing
Municipality 重庆市 Chóngqìng Shì Chongqing 28,846,170 350.50 82,300 渝 Yú

SC CN-51 Sichuan
Sichuan
Province 四川省 Sìchuān Shěng Chengdu 80,418,200 165.81 485,000 川(蜀) Chuān (Shǔ)

GZ CN-52 Guizhou
Guizhou
Province 贵州省 Guìzhōu Shěng Guiyang 34,746,468 197.42 176,000 贵(黔) Guì (Qián)

YN CN-53 Yunnan
Yunnan
Province 云南省 Yúnnán Shěng Kunming 45,966,239 116.66 394,000 云(滇) Yún (Diān)

XZ CN-54 Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region 西藏自治区 Xīzàng Zìzhìqū Lhasa 3,002,166 2.44 1,228,400 藏(䒙) Zàng

SN (SAA) CN-61 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Province 陕西省 Shǎnxī Shěng Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 陕(秦) Shǎn (Qín)

GS CN-62 Gansu
Gansu
Province 甘肃省 Gānsù Shěng Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 甘(陇) Gān (Lǒng)

QH CN-63 Qinghai
Qinghai
Province 青海省 Qīnghǎi Shěng Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200 青 Qīng

NX CN-64 Ningxia
Ningxia
Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区 Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400 宁 Níng

XJ CN-65 Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区 Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400 新 Xīn

TW CN-71[e] Taiwan
Taiwan
Province[f] 台湾省 Táiwān Shěng Taipei — — — 台 Tái

HK CN-91[g] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region 香港特别行政区 Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū Hong Kong 7,061,200 6,396.01 1,104 港 Gǎng

MO CN-92[h] Macau
Macau
Special
Special
Administrative Region 澳门特别行政区 Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū Macau 552,300 19,044.82 29 澳(沃) Ào

^ as of 2010 ^ per km2 ^ km2 ^ Abbreviation in the parentheses is informal ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: TW ^ Since founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) has considered Taiwan
Taiwan
to be its 23rd province. However, the PRC has never controlled Taiwan. Taiwan
Taiwan
(officially the Republic of China) currently administers Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen
Kinmen
and Matsu. The subject of whether or not Taiwan
Taiwan
is part of "China" is often debated, with no clear conclusion. ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: HK ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: MO

History[edit] See also: History of the political divisions of China

Map of the PRC in 1949.

Map comparing administrative divisions as drawn by the PRC and ROC.

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
(1912–49). Note: this map depicts the theoretical administrative divisions of the Republic of China, which are not synchronized with the actual administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. The ROC controls Taiwan
Taiwan
and nearby islands while the PRC controls Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.

Yuan provinces[edit] The rulers of China
China
first set up provinces—initially 11 in number—during the Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
(1271–1368) with 2 addition regions: Central region ruled by the Zhongshu Sheng
Zhongshu Sheng
(中書省) and the Tibetan region ruled by the Bureau of Buddhist and Tibetan Affairs (宣政院).

Province Provincial seat Notes

English Chinese Pinyin English Chinese Pinyin Modern location

Gansu 甘肅 (甘肃) Gānsù Ganzhou Circuit 甘州路 Gānzhōu Lù Zhangye Consist of modern location of Gansu, Ningxia, & eastern Inner Mongolia.

Huguang 湖廣 (湖广) Húguǎng Wuchang Circuit 武昌路 Wǔchāng Lù Wuhan Consist of modern location of Hunan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, southern Hubei
Hubei
& western Guangdong.

Henanjiangbei 河南江北 Hénánjiāngběi Bianliang Circuit 汴梁路 Biànliáng Lù Kaifeng Consist of modern location of Henan, northern Hubei, northern Jiangsu, & northern Anhui.

Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī Longxing Circuit 龍興路 (龙兴路) Lóngxìng Lù Nanchang Consist of modern location of Jiangxi
Jiangxi
& eastern Guangdong.

Jiangzhe 江浙 Jiāngzhè Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Circuit 杭州路 Hángzhōu Lù Hangzhou Consist of modern location of Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian, southern Jiangsu, & southern Anhui.

Liaoyang 遼陽 (辽阳) Liáoyáng Liaoyang
Liaoyang
Circuit 遼陽路 (辽阳路) Liáoyáng Lù Liaoyang Consist of modern location of Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, eastern Hebei, northwestern Inner Mongolia, northern Korea, & Outer Manchuria.

Lingbei 嶺北 (岭北) Lǐngběi Hening Circuit 和寧路 (和宁路) Héníng Lù Kharkhorin Consist of modern location of Mongolia
Mongolia
& southern Siberia.

Shaanxi 陝西 (陕西) Shǎnxi Fengyuan Circuit 奉元路 Fèngyuán Lù Xi'an Consist of modern location of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
& mid-western Sichuan

Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān Chengdu
Chengdu
Circuit 成都路 Chéngdū Lù Chengdu Consist of modern location of western Sichuan
Sichuan
& Chongqing

Yunnan 雲南 (云南) Yúnnán Zhongqing Circuit 中慶路 (中庆路) Zhōngqìng Lù Kunming Consist of modern location of Yunnan
Yunnan
and Upper Myanmar.

Zhengdong 征東 (征东) Zhēngdōng Kaicheng Circuit 開城路 (开城路) Kāichéng Lù Kaesong Consist of modern location of southern Korea.

Central region* 中書省 (中书省) Zhōngshū Shěng none Consist of modern location of Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Shandong, northern Henan, central Inner Mongolia, & western Hebei. A direct rule region under Zhongshu Sheng
Zhongshu Sheng
(Central Secretariat).

Tibetan region* 宣政院 Xuānzhèng Yuàn none Consist of modern location of Tibet, Qinghai, & western Sichuan. A region set up to supervised Buddhist monks in addition to managing the territory of Tibet
Tibet
under the Bureau of Buddhist and Tibetan Affairs.

Ming provinces[edit] The Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
(1368–1644) kept the province system set up by the Yuan Dynasty, however, it divided the original 10 provinces into 16 provinces, later 2 capital metropolitan areas and 13 provinces (兩京十三省) within China
China
proper and 5 additional military ruled regions.

Province Provincial seat Notes

English Chinese Pinyin English Chinese Pinyin

Fujian 福建 Fújiàn Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Prefecture 福州府 Fúzhōu Fǔ

Guangdong 廣東 (广东) Guǎngdōng Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Prefecture 廣州府 (广州府) Guǎngzhōu Gǔ

Guangxi 廣西 (广西) Guǎngxī Guilin Prefecture 桂林府 Guìlín Fǔ

Guizhou 貴州 (贵州) Guìzhōu Guiyang
Guiyang
Prefecture 貴陽府 (贵阳府) Guìyáng Fǔ

Henan 河南 Hénán Kaifeng
Kaifeng
Prefecture 開封府 (开封府) Kāifēng Fǔ

Huguang 湖廣 (湖广) Húguǎng Wuchang Prefecture 武昌府 Wǔchāng Fǔ Consist of modern location of Hunan
Hunan
& Hubei. Provincial seat modern location is Wuhan.

Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī Nanchang
Nanchang
Prefecture 南昌府 Nánchāng Fǔ

Shaanxi 陝西 (陕西) Shǎnxī Xi'an
Xi'an
Prefecture 西安府 Xī'ān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Shaanxi, Gansu, & Ningxia.

Shandong 山東 (山东) Shāndōng Jinan
Jinan
Prefecture 濟南府 (济南府) Jǐnán Fǔ

Shanxi 山西 Shānxī Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Prefecture 太原府 Tàiyuán Fǔ

Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān Chengdu
Chengdu
Prefecture 成都府 Chéngdū Fǔ Consist of modern location of Chongqing
Chongqing
& eastern Sichuan.

Yunnan 雲南 (云南) Yúnnán Yunnan
Yunnan
Prefecture 雲南府 (云南府) Yúnnán Fǔ Provincial seat modern location is Kunming.

Zhejiang 浙江 Zhèjiāng Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Prefecture 杭州府 Hángzhōu Fǔ

Jiaozhi 交趾 Jiāozhǐ Jiaozhou Prefecture 交州府 Jiāozhōu Fǔ Consist of modern location of northern Vietnam. 1407–1428

North Zhili 北直隸 (北直隶) Běizhílì Shuntian Prefecture 順天府 (顺天府) Shùntiān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Beijing, Tianjin, & Hebei. Provincial seat modern location is Beijing.

South Zhili 南直隸 (南直隶) Nánzhílì Yingtian Prefecture 應天府 (应天府) Yìngtiān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Shanghai, Jiangsu, & Anhui. Provincial seat modern location is Nanjing.

Nurgan* 奴兒干 (奴儿干) Nú'ergàn none Consist of modern location of Heilongjiang, Jilin, central-eastern Inner Mongolia, & Outer Manchuria. 1409-1616

Liaodong* 遼東 (辽东) Liáodōng none Consist of modern location of Liaoning. 1375-1621

Ü-Tsang* 烏斯藏 (乌斯藏) Wūsīzàng none Consist of modern location of Tibet. 1372-1565

Dokham* 朵甘 Duǒgān none Consist of modern location of Qinghai
Qinghai
& western Sichuan. 1372-1644

Elis* 俄力思 Élìsī none Consist of modern location of Ngari, Tibet. 1375-1565

Qing provinces[edit] By the time of the establishment of the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
(1644–1912) in 1644 there were 18 provinces, all of them in China
China
proper (內地十八省).

Anhui
Anhui
(安徽省) Fujian
Fujian
(福建省) Gansu
Gansu
(甘肅省) Guangdong
Guangdong
(廣東省) Guangxi
Guangxi
(廣西省) Guizhou
Guizhou
(貴州省) Henan
Henan
(河南省) Hubei
Hubei
(湖北省) Hunan
Hunan
(湖南省) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
(江蘇省) Jiangxi
Jiangxi
(江西省) Shaanxi
Shaanxi
(陝西省) Shandong
Shandong
(山東省) Shanxi
Shanxi
(山西省) Sichuan
Sichuan
(四川省) Yunnan
Yunnan
(雲南省) Zhejiang
Zhejiang
(浙江省) Zhili
Zhili
(直隸省)

New provinces[edit]

Xinjiang
Xinjiang
(新疆省) 1884–1912 Fengtian (奉天省) 1907–1912 Jilin
Jilin
(吉林省) 1907–1912 Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
(黑龍江省) 1907–1912 Taiwan
Taiwan
(臺灣省) 1885–1895

Each province had a xunfu (巡撫; xúnfǔ; translated as "governor"), a political overseer on behalf of the emperor, and a tidu (提督; tídū; translated as "captain general"), a military governor. In addition, there was a zongdu (總督; zǒngdū), a general military inspector or governor general, for every two to three provinces. Outer regions of China
China
(those beyond China
China
proper) were not divided into provinces. Military leaders or generals (將軍; jiāngjūn) oversaw Manchuria
Manchuria
(consisting of Fengtian (now Liaoning), Jilin, Heilongjiang), Xinjiang, and Mongolia, while vice-dutong (副都統; fù dūtǒng) and civilian leaders headed the leagues (盟長; méng zhǎng), a subdivision of Mongolia. The ambans (駐藏大臣; zhù cáng dàchén) supervised the administration of Tibet. In 1884 Xinjiang
Xinjiang
became a province; in 1907 Fengtian, Jilin, and Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
were made provinces as well. Taiwan
Taiwan
became a province in 1885, but China
China
ceded Taiwan
Taiwan
to Japan
Japan
in 1895. As a result, there were 22 provinces in China
China
(Outer China
China
and China
China
proper) near the end of the Qing Dynasty. ROC provinces (1912–1949)[edit] The Republic of China, established in 1912, set up four more provinces in Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
and two provinces in historic Tibet, bringing the total to 28. In 1931, Ma Zhongying
Ma Zhongying
established Hexi in the northern parts of Gansu
Gansu
but the ROC never acknowledged the province. But China lost four provinces with the establishment of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo
Manchukuo
in Manchuria. After the defeat of Japan
Japan
in World War II in 1945, China
China
re-incorporated Manchuria
Manchuria
as 10 provinces, and assumed control of Taiwan
Taiwan
as a province. As a result, the Republic of China
China
in 1946 had 35 provinces. Although the Republic of China
China
now only controls one province (Taiwan), and some islands of a second province (Fujian), it continues to formally claim all 35 provinces (including those that no longer form part of the area of the People's Republic of China).

Andong (安東省) 1947–1949 Anhui
Anhui
(安徽省) Fujian
Fujian
(福建省) Gansu
Gansu
(甘肅省) Guangdong
Guangdong
(廣東省) Guangxi
Guangxi
(廣西省) Guizhou
Guizhou
(貴州省) Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
(黑龍江省) Zhili
Zhili
(直隸省) renamed Hebei
Hebei
(河北省) Hejiang (合江省) 1947–1949 Henan
Henan
(河南省) Hexi (河西省) 1931, not acknowledged by ROC Hubei
Hubei
(湖北省) Hunan
Hunan
(湖南省) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
(江蘇省) Jiangxi
Jiangxi
(江西省) Jilin
Jilin
(吉林省) Liaobei
Liaobei
(遼北省) 1947–1949 Fengtian (奉天省) renamed Liaoning
Liaoning
(遼寧省) Nenjiang (嫩江省) 1947–1949 Ningxia
Ningxia
(寧夏省) 1928–1949 Qahar (察哈爾省) 1928–1949 Qinghai
Qinghai
(青海省) 1928–1949 Rehe (熱河省) 1928–1949 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
(陝西省) Shandong
Shandong
(山東省) Shanxi
Shanxi
(山西省) Sichuan
Sichuan
(四川省) Songjiang (松江省) 1947–1949 Suiyuan
Suiyuan
(綏遠省) 1928–1949 Taiwan
Taiwan
(臺灣省) 1945–1949 Xing'an (興安省) 1947–1949 Xikang
Xikang
(西康省) 1928–1949 Xinjiang
Xinjiang
(新疆省) Yunnan
Yunnan
(雲南省) Zhejiang
Zhejiang
(浙江省)

Other province-level divisions[edit]

Chuanbian Special Administrative Region (川邊特別行政區) 1914–1935 Dongsheng Special
Special
Region (東省特別行政區) 1923–1932 Hainan
Hainan
Special Administrative Region (海南特別行政區) 1944–1949 Qahar Special Administrative Region (察哈爾特別行政區) 1914–1928 Rehe Special Administrative Region (熱河特別行政區) 1914–1928 Suiyuan
Suiyuan
Special Administrative Region (綏遠特別行政區) 1914–1928 Weihai
Weihai
Special Administrative Region (威海衛特別行政區) 1930–1945 Mongolia
Mongolia
Area (蒙古地方) 1928–1946 Tibet
Tibet
Area (西藏地方) 1928–1949 Beiping Yuan-controlled Municipality (北平市) 1928–1949 Chongqing
Chongqing
Yuan-controlled Municipality (重慶市) 1939–1949 Dalian
Dalian
Yuan-controlled Municipality (大連市) 1945–1949 Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Yuan-controlled Municipality (廣州市) 1930, 1947–1949 Hankou
Hankou
Yuan-controlled Municipality (漢口市) 1927–1949 Harbin
Harbin
Yuan-controlled Municipality (哈爾濱市) 1946–1949 Nanjing
Nanjing
Yuan-controlled Municipality (南京市) 1927–1949 Qingdao
Qingdao
Yuan-controlled Municipality (青島市) 1929–1949 Shanghai
Shanghai
Yuan-controlled Municipality (上海市) 1927–1949 Shenyang
Shenyang
Yuan-controlled Municipality (瀋陽市) 1947–1949 Tianjin
Tianjin
Yuan-controlled Municipality (天津市) 1928–1949 Xi'an
Xi'an
Yuan-controlled Municipality (西安市) 1948–1949

List of PRC province-level divisions[edit]   abolished   claimed Greater administrative areas[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Translation Capital Hanzi Notes

Huabei 华北 Huáběi "North China" Beijing 北京 1949–1954

Dongbei 东北 Dōngběi "Northeast" Shenyang 沈阳 1949–1954

Huadong 华东 Huádōng "East China" Shanghai 上海 1949–1954

Zhongnan 中南 Zhōngnán "South Central" Wuhan 武汉 1949–1954

Xibei 西北 Xīběi "Northwest" Xi'an 西安 1949–1954

Xinan 西南 Xīnán "Southwest" Chongqing 重庆 1949–1954

Provinces[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Andong 安东 Āndōng 安 ān Tonghua 通化 1949 abolished → Liaodong, Jilin

Anhui 安徽 Ānhuī 皖 wǎn Hefei 合肥 1949 abolished → Wanbei, Wannan; 1952 reverted

Chahar 察哈尔 Cháhā'ěr 察 chá Zhangjiakou 张家口 1952 abolished → Inner Mongolia, Hebei

Fujian 福建 Fújiàn 闽 mǐn Fuzhou 福州

Gansu 甘肃 Gānsù 甘 gān Lanzhou 兰州 1958 Ningxia
Ningxia
split into its own autonomous region

Guangdong 广东 Guǎngdōng 粤 yuè Guangzhou 广州 1952 & 1965 Fangchenggang, Qinzhou, Beihai → Guangxi; 1955 reverted 1988 Hainan
Hainan
split into its own province

Guangxi 广西 Guǎngxī 桂 guì Nanning 南宁 1958 province → autonomous region

Guizhou 贵州 Guìzhōu 黔 qián Guiyang 贵阳

Hainan 海南 Hǎinán 琼 qióng' Haikou 海口

Hebei 河北 Héběi 冀 jì Baoding
Baoding
(1949–54; 1967–68) Tianjin
Tianjin
(1954–67) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(present) 保定 天津 石家庄 1967 Tianjin
Tianjin
split into its own municipality

Hejiang 合江 Héjiāng 合 hé Jiamusi 佳木斯 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang

Heilongjiang 黑龙江 Hēilóngjiāng 黑 hēi Qiqihar
Qiqihar
(1949–54) Harbin
Harbin
(present) 齐齐哈尔 哈尔滨 1952 part of Xing'an split into Inner Mongolia

Henan 河南 Hénán 豫 yù Kaifeng
Kaifeng
(1949–54) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(present) 开封 郑州

Hubei 湖北 Húběi 鄂 è Wuhan 武汉

Hunan 湖南 Húnán 湘 xiāng Changsha 长沙

Jiangsu 江苏 Jiāngsū 苏 sū Nanjing 南京 1949 abolished → Subei, Subnan; 1952 reverted

Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī 赣 gàn Nanchang 南昌

Jilin 吉林 Jílín 吉 jí Jilin
Jilin
(1949–54) Changchun
Changchun
(present) 吉林 长春 1952 north part split into Inner Mongolia

Liaobei 辽北 Liáoběi 洮 táo Liaoyuan 辽源 1949 abolished → Jilin, Liaoning

Liaodong 辽东 Liáodōng 关 guān Dandong 丹东 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Liaoning 辽宁 Liáoníng 辽 liáo Shenyang 沈阳 1949 abolished → Liaodong, Liaoxi; 1954 reverted 1952 north part split into Inner Mongolia

Liaoxi 辽西 Liáoxī 辽 liáo Jinzhou 锦州 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Nenjiang 嫩江 Nènjiāng 嫩 nèn Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang

Ningxia 宁夏 Níngxià 宁 níng Yinchuan 银川 1954 province → Gansu

Mudanjiang 牡丹江 Mǔdānjiāng 丹 dān Mudanjiang 牡丹江 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang

Pingyuan 平原 Píngyuán 平 píng Xinxiang 新乡 1952 abolished → Henan, Shandong

Qinghai 青海 Qīnghǎi 青 qīng Xining 西宁

Rehe 热河 Rèhé 热 rè Chengde 承德 1955 abolished → Inner Mongolia, & Liaoning

Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān 川 chuān Chengdu 成都 1949 abolished → Chuanbei, Chuandong, Chuannan, Chuanxi; 1952 reverted 1997 Chongqing
Chongqing
split into its own municipality

Shaanxi 陕西 Shǎnxī 陕 shǎn Xi'an 西安

Shandong 山东 Shāndōng 鲁 lǔ Jinan 济南

Shanxi 山西 Shānxī 晋 jìn Taiyuan 太原

Songjiang 松江 Sōngjiāng 松 sōng Harbin 哈尔滨 1954 abolished → Heilongjiang

Suiyuan 绥远 Suíyuǎn 绥 suí Hohhot 呼和浩特 1954 abolished → Inner Mongolia

Taiwan 台湾 Táiwān 台 tái Taipei 台北 claimed since 1949 the founding of the PRC

Xikang 西康 Xīkāng 康 kāng Kangding
Kangding
(1949–50) Ya'an
Ya'an
(1950–55) 康定 雅安 1955 abolished → Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region

Xing'an 兴安 Xīng'ān 兴 xīng Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang

Xinjiang 新疆 Xīnjiāng 疆 jiāng Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐 1955 province → autonomous region

Yunnan 云南 Yúnnán 滇 diān Kunming 昆明

Zhejiang 浙江 Zhèjiāng 浙 zhè Hangzhou 杭州

Autonomous regions[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Guangxi 广西 Guǎngxī 桂 guì Nanning 南宁 1958 province → autonomous region

Inner Mongolia 內蒙古 Nèi Měnggǔ 蒙 měng Ulaanhot
Ulaanhot
(1947–50) Hohhot
Hohhot
(present) 乌兰浩特 呼和浩特 1947 created; 1969 truncated → Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Gansu, Ningxia; 1979 reverted

Ningxia 宁夏 Níngxià 宁 níng Yinchuan 银川 1958 special region → autonomous region

Tibet 西藏 Xīzàng 藏 zàng Lhasa 拉萨 1965 area → autonomous region

Xinjiang 新疆 Xīnjiāng 疆 jiāng Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐 1955 province → autonomous region

Municipalities[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Anshan 鞍山 Ānshān 鞍 ān Tiedong District 铁东区 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Beijing 北京 Běijīng 京 jīng Dongcheng District Tongzhou District 东城区 通州区

Benxi 本溪 Běnxī 本 běn Pingshan District 平山区 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Changchun 长春 Chángchūn 春 chūn Nanguan District 南关区 1953 created; 1954 abolished → Jilin

Chongqing 重庆 Chóngqìng 渝 yú Yuzhong District 渝中区 1954 abolished → Sichuan; 1997 reverted

Dalian
Dalian
→ Lüda 大连→旅大 Dàlián 连 lián Xigang District 西岗区 1949 abolished → Luda, 1950 reverted, 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Fushun 抚顺 Fǔshùn 抚 fǔ Shuncheng District 顺城区 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Guangzhou 广州 Guǎngzhōu 穗 suì Yuexiu District 越秀区 1954 abolished → Guangdong

Harbin 哈尔滨 Hā'ěrbīn 哈 hā Nangang District 南岗区 1953 created, 1954 abolished → Heilongjiang

Nanjing 南京 Nánjīng 宁 níng Xuanwu District 玄武区 1952 abolished → Jiangsu

Shanghai 上海 Shànghǎi 沪 hù Huangpu District 黄浦区

Shenyang 沈阳 Shěnyáng 沈 shěn Shenhe District 沈河区 1954 abolished → Liaoning

Tianjin 天津 Tiānjīn 津 jīn Heping District 和平区 1954 abolished → Hebei, 1967 reverted

Hankou
Hankou
→ Wuhan 汉口→武汉 Wǔhàn 汉 hàn Jiang'an District 江岸区 1949 abolished → Hubei

Xi'an 西安 Xī'ān 镐 hào Weiyang District 未央区 1954 abolished → Shaanxi

Special
Special
administrative regions[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Hong Kong 香港 Xiānggǎng 港 gǎng Hong Kong 香港 created 1997 (Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong)

Macau 澳门 Àomén 澳 ào Macau 澳门 created 1999 (Transfer of sovereignty over Macau)

Administrative territories[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Chuanbei 川北 Chuānběi 充 chōng Nanchong 南充 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan

Chuandong 川东 Chuāndōng 渝 yú Chongqing 重庆 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan

Chuannan 川南 Chuānnán 泸 lú Luzhou 泸州 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan

Chuanxi 川西 Chuānxī 蓉 róng Chengdu 成都 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan

Hainan 海南 Hǎinán 琼 qióng Haikou 海口 1949 abolished → Guangdong

Lüda 旅大 Lǚdà 旅 lǚ Dalian 大连 1949 created; 1950 abolished → Dalian

Subei 苏北 Sūběi 扬 yáng Yangzhou 扬州 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Jiangsu

Sunan 苏南 Sūnán 锡 xī Wuxi 无锡 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Jiangsu

Wanbei 皖北 Wǎnběi 合 hé Hefei 合肥 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Anhui

Wannan 皖南 Wǎnnán 芜 wú Wuhu 芜湖 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Anhui

Regions[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Tibet 西藏 Xīzàng 藏 zàng Lhasa 拉萨 1965 region → autonomous region

Territories[edit]

Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note

Qamdo 昌都 Chāngdū 昌 chāng Qamdo 昌都 1965 merged into Tibet

The People's Republic of China
China
abolished many of the provinces in the 1950s and converted a number of them into autonomous regions. Hainan became a separate province in 1988, bringing the total number of provinces under PRC control to 22. Economies[edit] The provinces in south coastal area of China—such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian
Fujian
and (mainly) Guangdong—tend to be more industrialized, with regions in the hinterland less developed. See also[edit]

China
China
portal

Chinese federalism List of China
China
administrative divisions by population List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China Regional discrimination in China Taiwan
Taiwan
Province, People's Republic of China Tiao-kuai Yangtze River Delta Zhou (country subdivision)

References[edit]

^ Administrative divisions of China ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China ^ ISO 3166-2:CN ( ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China) ^ "Xinhua". xinhuanet.com.  ^ "Doing Business in China
China
- Survey". Ministry Of Commerce - People's Republic Of China. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provinces of China.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for List of Chinese provinces and regions.

Interactive Dbresearch.com: WebMap — with economic indicators for all Chinese Provinces.

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