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Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites
Kaysanites
and Twelver
Twelver
Shī‘ism

Alevism

Beliefs

Allah Quran Haqq–Muhammad–Ali Prophet Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh Muhammad-Ali Islamic prophet Zahir Batin Buyruks Tariqat Haqiqa Marifat Wahdat al-wujud Wahdat al-mawjud Baqaa Fana Haal Ihsan Kashf Nafs Keramat Al-Insān al-Kāmil Lataif Four Doors Manzil Nûr Sulook Yaqeen Devriye Poetry Cosmology Philosophy Psychology

Practices

Zakat Zeyārat Taqiyya Ashura Hıdırellez Nowruz Saya Mawlid Music Düşkünlük Meydanı Fasting Müsahiplik

The Twelve Imams

Ali Hasan Husayn al-Abidin al-Baqir al-Sadiq al-Kadhim ar-Rida al-Taqi al-Naqi al-Askari al-Mahdi

Leadership

Dede Murshid Pir Rehber Babas Dergah Jem Cemevi

Crucial figures and influences

Khadija bint Khuwaylid Fatimah Khidr Salman the Persian Uwais al-Qarani Jābir ibn Hayyān Dhul-Nun al-Misri Bayazid Bastami Ibn al-Rawandi Mansur Al-Hallaj Nasir Khusraw Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani Yusuf Hamdani Khoja Akhmet Yassawi Abdul-Qadir Gilani Ahmed ar-Rifa'i Ibn Arabi Qutb
Qutb
ad-Dīn Haydar Ahi Evren Haji Bektash Veli Rumi Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi Zahed Gilani Sari Saltik Yunus Emre Safi-ad-din Ardabili Nāimī Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā Imadaddin Nasimi Shah Nimatullah Wali Shaykh Junayd Shaykh Haydar Ali
Ali
Mirza Safavi Ismail I Nur- Ali
Ali
Khalifa Kaygusuz Abdal Otman Baba Balım Sultan Gül Baba Fuzûlî Alians Demir Baba Teke Arabati Baba Teḱe Pir Sultan Abdal Kul Nesîmî Sheikh Bedreddin Börklüce Mustafa Torlak Kemal

Alevi
Alevi
history

Safavid conversion of Iran to Shia Islam Shia in Persia before Safavids Shiism in Persia after Safavids Umayyad Caliphate Abu Muslim Sunpadh Al-Muqanna Ishaq al-Turk Abbasid Caliphate Babak Khorramdin Maziar Kaykhusraw II Babai revolt Baba Ishak Celali rebellions Bayezid II Persecution of Alevis Nur Ali
Ali
Halife rebellion Şahkulu
Şahkulu
Rebellion Şahkulu Battle of Chaldiran Selim I Abaza rebellion Kuyucu Murad Pasha Auspicious Incident Mahmud II Koçgiri Rebellion Dersim Rebellion Seyid Riza Maraş Massacre Çorum Massacre Sivas Massacre Gazi Quarter riots

Related Muslim tariqah

Malamatiyya Qalandariyya Qadiriyya Akbari Sufis Rifa'i Uwaisi Naqshbandi Mevlevi Order Zahediyeh Safaviyya Khalwati order Bayramiye Jelveti Babai Revolt Hurufism Nuqtavi Chepni people Bektashi Order Bektashism and folk religion Jelali revolts Ni'matullāhī Arabati Baba Teḱe Javad Nurbakhsh Galibi Order

Other influential groups

Isma'ilism Nizari Alawites Druze Khurramites Qizilbash Bábism Bahá'í Faith Yazdanī Yarsanism Yazidi Yazidis in Armenia Sabians Ishikism Gnosticism Nabataeans Zoroaster Zoroastrianism Mazdak Zurvanism Mandaeism Manichaeism Shamanism Tengrism Panentheism

Islam
Islam
portal

v t e

Pir Sultan Abdal
Abdal
(ca. 1480–1550) was a Turkish Alevi
Alevi
poet, whose direct and clear language as well as the richness of his imagination and the beauty of his verses led him to become loved among the Turkish people. Pir Sultan Abdal
Abdal
reflected the social, cultural and religious life of the people; he was a humanist, and wrote about God, Islam, Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, Twelve Imams, resistance, love and peace. He was also rebellious against authoritarian rule which led him into problems with the Ottoman establishment.

Pir Sultan Abdal

Contents

1 Origins 2 Poetry 3 Legacy 4 See also 5 References

Origins[edit]

Part of a series on Islam Sufism
Sufism
and Tariqat

Ideas

Abdal Al-Insān al-Kāmil Baqaa Dervish Dhawq Fakir Fanaa Haal Haqiqa Ihsan Irfan Ishq Keramat Kashf Lataif Manzil Marifa Nafs Nūr Qalandar Qutb Silsila Sufi cosmology Sufi metaphysics Sufi philosophy Sufi poetry Sufi psychology Salik Tazkiah Wali Yaqeen

Practices

Anasheed Dhikr Haḍra Muraqaba Qawwali Sama Whirling Ziyarat

Sufi orders

Akbari Alians Ashrafia Azeemia Ba 'Alawi Bayrami Bektashi Burhaniyya Chishti Galibi Gulshani Haqqani Anjuman Hurufi Idrisi Issawiyya Jelveti Jerrahi Khalidi

İskenderpaşa İsmailağa

Khalwati Kubrawi Madari Meivazhi Malamati Mevlevi Mouridi Noorbakshia Naqshbandi Naqshbandi
Naqshbandi
Haqqani Nasuhi Ni'matullāhī Nuqtavi Qadiri Qalandari Rifa'i Safavi Saifia Shadhili Shattari Suhrawardi Sunbuli Sülaymaniyya Tijani Ussaki Uwaisi Zahedi Zikris

List of sufis

Notable early Notable modern Singers

Topics in Sufism

Tawhid Sharia Tariqa Haqiqa Ma'rifa Art History Music Shrines Texts

Portal

v t e

Pir Sultan Abdal's ethnic origin is Turkish, his poetry was in the Turkish language
Turkish language
and he originated from Sivas, which is mostly populated by ethnic Turks. Although Some researchers believe "Pir Sultan" wasn't just the one in Sivas, who has rebelled against the state and hanged for his religious convictions by Hızır Paşa's orders. Most of the information about him and his era we find in his verses, which reveal him as cultivated well educated and intellectual. Pir Sultan Abdal, was an Alevi, his early work is dedicated to lyrical and pastoral themes and to the gnostic approach he had adopted. He criticized some Ottoman governors, Hizir Pasha in particular who ruled the region and his unjust officers. His verses and calls for the rights and freedoms of the peasant folk soon attracted a lot of support among the masses who supported these ideals. As a result, he was hanged by Hizir Pasha. But the tradition of his poetry and his struggle have remained alive till this day. His poetry was sung accompanied by the baglama, or saz, throughout the ages by folk singers. Today in modern Turkey
Turkey
the Baglama
Baglama
is one of the most loved instruments of the people and is extremely popular and widely used. Many poets acquired his name to keep 'Pir Sultan's voice' alive. According to literary historians, there were at least six other poets bearing the same name. Poetry[edit]

Dostun en güzeli bahçesine bir hoyrat girmiş (To the garden of my love there came an evil louder) Korudur hey benli dilber korudur (The shrubs now lie there, my fair one, shrubs lie) Gülünü dererken dalını kırmış (While gathering the roses, he broke their stems to moulder) Kurudur hey benli dilber kurudur (They are all dry, my fair one, they are all dry.) Şu meydanda serilidir postumuz (We've spread our prayer hide all over this place) Çok şükür Mevlâ'ya gördük dostumuz (We saw our dearest one to Holy God in grace) Bir gün kara toprak bürür üstümüz (One day, all of us will come into the earth's embrace) Çürütür hey benli dilber çürütür. (We'll putrefy, my fair one, we'll putrefy.) Kendisi okur da kendisi yazar (God Himself reads the fate, Himself he scribes) Hak hilâl kaşına eylemiş nazar (He closed the crescent lashes of her beautiful eyes) Senin akranların cennette gezer (Your peers are walking now with you in Paradise) Hürüdür hey benli dilber hürüdür. (houris they are, my fair one, houris, fair my.) Hangi dinde isen ona tapayım (Whatever your creed be, I will adore it and pray) Yarın mahşer günü bile kopayım (To be awakened together with you on Judgement Day) Eğil bir yol ak gerdandan öpeyim (Rise up once more to kiss thy fair throat that I may) Beri dur hey benli dilber beri dur. (Don't pass for one more trice, my fair, don't pass by.) Pîr Sultan Abdal'ım başından başlar, (I am Pir Sultan Abdal, I begin at the beginning) İyisini yer de kemini taşlar, (I feed my soul with the best and despise the worst) Bin çiçekten bir kovana bal işler (I'll pool honey from thousand blooms to one comb till it bursts) Arıdır hey benli dilber arıdır. (I am the bee, my fair one, the bee am I.)[1]

Legacy[edit] Pir Sultan followed the traditional style of folk literature. The outstanding characteristic of his poems, the use of vernacular language, keen and clear style still prevail in folkloric poetry. He also had a great influence on the poets of modern Turkey
Turkey
in the republican era and is today a beloved figure. See also[edit]

Ashik Alevi Qizilbash

References[edit]

^ [1]

v t e

Islamic theology

Fields Theologians Books

Fields

Aqidah ‘aql Astronomy Cosmology Eschatology Ethics Kalam Fiqh Logic in philosophy Peace in philosophy Philosophy Physics Philosophy of education

Theologians

Abd al-Jabbar ibn Ahmad Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Abdul Hosein Amini Abdulhakim Arvasi Abū Ḥanīfa Abu l-A‘la Mawdudi Abu Yusuf Ahmad ibn Hanbal Ahmad Sirhindi Ahmad Yasavi Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi Akhtar Raza Khan al-Ash‘ari al-Ballūṭī al-Baydawi al-Dhahabi al-Ghazali al-Hilli al-Jahiz al-Jubba'i al-Kindi al-Masudi al-Maturidi al-Mufid Al-Qasim al-Qushayri al-Razi Al-Shafi‘i al-Shahrastani al-Shirazi al-Tirmidhi Allameh Majlesi Amr ibn Ubayd Dawud al-Zahiri Fazlur Rahman Malik Hasan of Basra Hacı Bayram-ı Veli Haji Bektash Veli Hüseyin Hilmi Işık ibn ‘Arabī ibn al-Jawzi ibn ‘Aqil ibn Hazm ibn Qudamah Ibn Taymiyyah Ja’far al-Sadiq Jalal al-Din Muhammad
Muhammad
Rumi Malik ibn Anas Mahmud Hudayi Morteza Motahhari Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Baqir Muhammad
Muhammad
al- Nafs
Nafs
al-Zakiyya Muhammad
Muhammad
Baqir al-Sadr Muhammed Hamdi Yazır Muhammad
Muhammad
Hamidullah Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn al-Hanafiyyah Muhammad
Muhammad
Tahir-ul-Qadri Muhammad
Muhammad
Taqi Usmani Nasir Khusraw Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi Said Nursî Shaykh Tusi Sheikh Bedreddin Wasil ibn Ata Zayd ibn Ali Zayn al-Abidin

Key books

Crucial Sunni books

al-Irshad al- Aqidah
Aqidah
al-Tahawiyyah

Buyruks Kitab al Majmu Masnavi Nahj al-Balagha Epistles of Wisdom Risale-i Nur

Schools

Sunni

Ash'ari Maturidi Traditionalism

Shia

Kaysanites

Mukhtar

Abu Muslim Sunpadh Ishaq al-Turk

Muhammerah

Khurramites

Babak Mazyar Ismail I / Pir Sultan Abdal
Abdal
– Qizilbash / Safavid conversion of Iran to Shia Islam

al-Muqanna

Zaidiyyah

Jarudi Batriyya Alid dynasties of northern Iran

Hasan al-Utrush

List of extinct Shia sects

Dukayniyya Khalafiyya Khashabiyya

Imami Isma'ilism

Batiniyyah

Sevener Qarmatians Hamza / al-Muqtana Baha'uddin / ad-Darazi – Druzes

Musta'li

Hafizi Taiyabi

Nizari

Assassins Nizaris

Nasir Khusraw
Nasir Khusraw
Badakhshan
Badakhshan
Alevism

Imami Twelver

Theology of Twelvers

Ja'fari

Akhbari Shaykhi Usuli

Alevism

Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar
Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar
– Qalandariyya Baba Ishak
Baba Ishak
– Babai Revolt Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu
Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu
– Rifa'i-Galibi Order

Ghulat

al-Khaṣībī / ibn Nusayr – Alawites Fazlallah Astarabadi (Naimi) / Imadaddin Nasimi
Imadaddin Nasimi
– Hurufism / Bektashism and folk religion

Independent

Ibadi

ibn Ibāḍ Jābir ibn Zayd

Jabriyyah

Ibn Safwan

Murji'ah Karramiyya Qadariyah

Ma'bad al-Juhani Muʿtazila Bahshamiyya

Khawarij

Azariqa Najdat Sufri

Abu Qurra

Nakkariyyah

Abu Yazid

Haruriyyah

v t e

Turkish literature

Folk

Aşık Mahzuni Şerif Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu Dadaloğlu Erzurumlu Emrah Gevheri Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli Karacaoğlan Kaygusuz Abdal Nasreddin Neşet Ertaş Pir Sultan Abdal Seyrani Yunus Emre

Medieval and Ottoman

Sultan Veled Imadaddin Nasimi Fuzûlî Bâkî Mihri Hatun Sehi Bey İsa Necati Tadjizade Dja'fer Çelebi Prizrenli Suzi Çelebi Mesihi Yahya bey Dukagjini Nef'i Nedîm Şeyh Gâlib Evliya Çelebi Katip Çelebi K̲h̲ayālī Mehmed Bey Ahdi of Baghdad Latifî Riyazi Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi Fitnat Hanım Ali
Ali
Çelebi Aşık Çelebi Kınalızâde Hasan Çelebi Ziya Pasha Şemsettin Sami Namık Kemal Zafer Hanım Ahmed Midhat Efendi Tevfik Fikret Cenâb Şehâbeddîn Ömer Seyfettin Mehmet Emin Yurdakul Ali
Ali
Canip Yöntem Mirza Habib Esfahani Muallim Naci Fatma Aliye Topuz

Republican era

Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil Ahmet Haşim Halide Edib Adıvar Reşat Nuri Güntekin Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu Mehmet Fuat Köprülü Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı Ercüment Ekrem Talu Nurullah Ataç Orhan Kemal Peyami Safa Murathan Mungan Orhan Hançerlioğlu Samim Kocagöz Semiha Ayverdi Tarık Buğra Yaşar Kemal Fakir
Fakir
Baykurt Bilge Karasu Oğuz Atay Tomris Uyar Ahmet Altan Orhan Pamuk Elif Şafak Memduh Şevket Esendal Kenan Hulusi Koray Sait Faik Abasıyanık Kemal Tahir Haldun Taner Aziz Nesin Nezihe Araz Suut Kemal Yetkin Sabahattin Ali Kemal Bilbaşar Cemil Meriç Ruşen Eşref Ünaydın Nurullah Ataç Behçet Necatigil Necati Cumalı Ayfer Tunç Yekta Kopan Ahmet Kutsi Tecer Şevket Süreyya Aydemir Mehmet Emin Yurdakul Ziya Gökalp Hüseyin Nihal Atsız Orhan Şaik Gökyay Orhan Veli Kanık Oktay Rıfat Horozcu Melih Cevdet Anday Nazım Hikmet Rıfat Ilgaz Cemal Süreya İlhan Berk Turgut Uyar Edip Cansever Ece Ayhan Çağlar Sezai Karakoç Tevfik Akdağ Ülkü Tamer Neyzen Tevfik Yahya Kemal Beyatlı Abdülhak Şinasi Hisar Orhan Seyfi Orhon Enis Behiç Koryürek Halit Fahri Ozansoy Yusuf Ziya Ortaç Muammer Lütfi Bakşi Necip Fazıl Kısakürek Vasfi Mahir Kocayürek Sabri Esat Siyavuşgil Cevdet Kudret Yaşar Nabi Nayır Ahmet Muhip Dıranas Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı Ziya Osman Saba Faik Baysal Salah Birsel Özdemir Asaf N. Abbas Sayar Can Yücel Attilâ İlhan Güven Turan İsmet Özel Cem Uzungüneş Mehmet Altun Mehmet Erte Küçük İskender Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca Yusuf Atılgan Murat Gülsoy Ayşe Kulin Yılmaz Onay

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 26052641 LCCN: n85258403 ISNI: 0000 0000 6651 454X GND: 11884587X SUDOC: 121019241 BNF: cb13321276j (data) MusicBrainz: dff226ed-2761-40ae-848b-