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A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature, especially at a town, city or county level, but most legislative bodies at the state or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate executive branch, and the council may effectively represent the entire government. A board of directors might also be denoted as a council. A committee might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a student council, the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants. A member of a council may be referred to as a councillor or councilperson, or by the gender-specific titles of councilman and councilwoman.

Contents

1 In politics 2 In other fields 3 See also

3.1 Articles 3.2 Disambiguation pages

4 External links

In politics[edit] Notable examples of types of councils encountered in politics include:

Allegiance Council, also known as the Allegiance Commission or Allegiance Institution is the body responsible for determining future succession to the throne of Saudi Arabia. Borough council, a form of local government Catholic Ecumenical Councils, ecclesiastical gatherings for ordering the Catholic Church City
City
council, a form of local government Community council, the most local official representative body in Scotland and in Wales Council
Council
of Europe, a political, intergovernmental organization with 47 member countries Council
Council
of the European Union, the upper house of the European Union Council
Council
of State, an organ of government in many states County
County
council, a council that governs a county in the British Isles District council, a unit of government in various jurisdictions Ecumenical Councils, pan-Christian discussion bodies European Council, the body of heads of states or of governments of the European Union Labour council, an association of labour unions or union branches in a given area Municipal council, a form of local government National Security Council, an executive-branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues Parish councils in England, a form of local government in part of the United Kingdom Privy council, a body that advises the head of state of a country Provincial council, a governing body for a province Regional council, a local-government body in various countries Shire Council, an entity of local government in Australia Shura Council, the formerly upper house of the Egyptian parliament. Town
Town
council, a democratically elected form of government for small municipalities or parishes UK Research Councils, government agencies responsible for an area of research in the United Kingdom United Nations Security Council, a decision-making body at the United Nations Vatican Council, a high-level policy-council of the Roman Catholic Church Village council (Palestinian Authority), a local-government body in Palestine Workers' council, a council composed of working-class or proletarian members

In other fields[edit] Types of councils encountered in other spheres include:

Arts council, a government or private, non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the arts Bar council, a professional body that regulates the profession of barristers together with the Inns of Court Buddhist councils, important historical events in the history of Buddhism Council
Council
(Boy Scouts), a non-profit private corporation within Boy Scouts of America Ecumenical council, a meeting of the bishops of the whole church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice Student council, a student organization present in many elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges and universities Synod
Synod
in a Christian church University Council running a university Works council, a body representing the workers of a plant, factory, etc., elected to negotiate with the management about working conditions, wages, etc. Youth council, an example of youth voice engaged in youth-led decision-making Military council

See also[edit] Articles[edit]

Consul Legislative Council Pontifical Council Local government in Australia United Nations Security Council

Disambiguation pages[edit]

Accreditation Council Advisory Council Affairs Council American Council Australian Council Canadian Council Christian Council Common Council Cooperation Council Council
Council
High School Council
Council
house Council
Council
of Elders Crown Council Dance Council Danish Council Defence Council Dental Council District council Dutch Council European Council Examinations Council Executive Council Federal Council Federation Council French Council Funding Council General council General Teaching Council Grand Council High Council Hong Kong Council Indian Council International Council Iraqi Council Local Council Medical Council Military Council Muslim Council National Council Olympic Council Policy Council Polish Council Press Council Regional Council Restoration Council Revolutionary Council Scottish Council State Council Supreme Council The Council Valley Council Vietnamese Council World Council

External links[edit] Media related to Councils at Wikimedia Commons

Look up council in Wiktionary, the free