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Nevada
Nevada
(/nɪˈvædə/; see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States
United States
of America. It borders Oregon
Oregon
to the northwest, Idaho
Idaho
to the northeast, California
California
to the west, Arizona
Arizona
to the southeast and Utah
Utah
to the east. Nevada
Nevada
is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area[6] where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located.[7] Nevada's capital is Carson City. Nevada
Nevada
is officially known as the " Silver
Silver
State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the " Sagebrush
Sagebrush
State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State".[8] Nevada
Nevada
is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin
Great Basin
are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
and the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military.[9] Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada
Nevada
(snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and became part of Mexico
Mexico
when it gained independence in 1821. The United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode
Comstock Lode
in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory
Nevada Territory
out of western Utah
Utah
Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia).[10] Nevada
Nevada
has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada
Nevada
was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state.[11] However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada
Nevada
into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.[12][13] Nevada
Nevada
is the only U.S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County (Las Vegas), Washoe County (Reno) and Carson City
Carson City
(which, as an independent city, is not within the boundaries of any county). The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer,[14] with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada
Nevada
is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world.[15]

The quartzite of the Prospect Mountain Formation on top of Jeff Davis Peak in Great Basin
Great Basin
National Park

A topographic map of Nevada

Contents

1 Etymology and pronunciation 2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Flora and fauna

3 Counties 4 History

4.1 Before 1861 4.2 Separation from Utah
Utah
Territory 4.3 Statehood (1864)

4.3.1 Gambling
Gambling
and labor 4.3.2 Nuclear testing

5 Demographics

5.1 Population 5.2 Birth data 5.3 Settlements 5.4 Locations by GDP 5.5 Ancestry 5.6 Religion

6 Economy

6.1 Mining 6.2 Cattle
Cattle
ranching 6.3 Taxation 6.4 Largest employers

7 Transportation 8 Law and government

8.1 Government

8.1.1 State agencies

8.2 Law

8.2.1 Prostitution 8.2.2 Divorce 8.2.3 Taxes 8.2.4 Gay rights 8.2.5 Incorporation 8.2.6 Financial institutions 8.2.7 Alcohol and other drugs 8.2.8 Smoking 8.2.9 Crime

9 Politics

9.1 State politics 9.2 National politics 9.3 Voting

10 Education

10.1 Public school districts 10.2 Colleges and universities 10.3 Research institutes

11 Parks and recreation areas

11.1 Recreation areas maintained by the federal government

11.1.1 Northern Nevada 11.1.2 Southern Nevada

11.2 Wilderness 11.3 State parks

12 Culture

12.1 Entertainment and tourism 12.2 Sports

12.2.1 List of teams

12.2.1.1 Major League teams 12.2.1.2 Minor League teams 12.2.1.3 Amateur League teams 12.2.1.4 College teams

13 Military 14 Songs about Nevada 15 Future issues 16 State symbols 17 See also 18 Notes 19 References 20 External links

Etymology and pronunciation[edit] The name "Nevada" comes from the Spanish nevada [neˈβaða], meaning "snow-covered",[16] after the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
("snow-covered mountain range"). Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the TRAP vowel (/nɪˈvædə/). Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the PALM vowel (/nɪˈvɑːdə/). Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate (quasi-Spanish) pronunciation of Nevada,[17] though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote. The Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation[18] which is also available as a license plate design. Geography[edit]

Mountains west of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
in the Mojave Desert

Nevada
Nevada
is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet or 184 meters) on June 29, 1994.[19] The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F (−47 °C) set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state.[19] The Humboldt River
Humboldt River
crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink
Humboldt Sink
near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
eastward, including the Walker, Truckee, and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada
Nevada
is within the Great Basin. Tributaries of the Snake River
Snake River
drain the far north, while the Colorado
Colorado
River, which also forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada. The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet (4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species. The valleys are often no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet (910 m), while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet (1,800 m). The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert. The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona
Arizona
Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada
Nevada
and California
California
have by far the longest diagonal line (in respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over 400 miles (640 km). This line begins in Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River
Colorado River
where the Nevada, California, and Arizona
Arizona
boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge. The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range, just west of Las Vegas. The state's lowest point is along the Colorado
Colorado
River, south of Laughlin. Nevada
Nevada
has 172 mountain summits with 2,000 feet (610 m) of prominence. Nevada
Nevada
ranks second in the United States
United States
by number of mountains, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington. Nevada
Nevada
is the most mountainous state in the contiguous United States.

Vegetation at Timber Creek in the Schell Creek Range

Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area

Scenery at Valley of Fire State Park

Fly Geyser

Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
on the Nevada
Nevada
side

Climate[edit]

Köppen climate types in Nevada

Nevada
Nevada
is the driest state in the United States.[20] It is made up of mostly desert and semi-arid climate regions, and, with the exception of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley, the average summer diurnal temperature range approaches 71 °F (22 °C) in much of the state. While winters in northern Nevada
Nevada
are long and fairly cold, the winter season in the southern part of the state tends to be of short duration and mild. Most parts of Nevada
Nevada
receive scarce precipitation during the year. Most rain that falls in the state falls on the lee side (east and northeast slopes) of the Sierra Nevada. The average annual rainfall per year is about 7 inches (180 mm); the wettest parts get around 40 inches (1,000 mm). Nevada's highest recorded temperature is 125 °F (52 °C) at Laughlin on June 29, 1994 and the lowest recorded temperature is −50 °F (−46 °C) at San Jacinto on January 8, 1937. Nevada's 125 °F (52 °C) reading is the third highest statewide record high temperature of a U.S. state, just behind Arizona's 128 °F (53 °C) reading and California's 134 °F (57 °C) reading.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in Nevada[21]

Location July (°F) July (°C) December (°F) December (°C)

Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min

Las Vegas 104 81 40 27 56 38 13 3

Reno 92 57 33 14 45 25 7 –4

Carson City 89 52 32 11 45 22 7 –5

Elko 90 50 32 10 37 14 2 –9

Fallon 92 54 33 12 45 19 7 –7

Winnemucca 93 52 34 11 41 17 5 –8

Flora and fauna[edit] The vegetation of Nevada
Nevada
is diverse and differs by state area. Nevada contains six biotic zones: alpine, sub-alpine, ponderosa pine, pinion-juniper, sagebrush and creosotebush.[22] Counties[edit] Further information: List of counties in Nevada

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip, in Clark County

Carson City Mint
Carson City Mint
in Carson City. Carson City
Carson City
is an independent city and the capital of Nevada.

Nevada
Nevada
is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. Carson City
Carson City
is officially a consolidated municipality; however, for many purposes under state law it is considered to be a county. As of 1919 there were 17 counties in the state, ranging from 146 to 18,159 square miles (380 to 47,030 km2). Lake County, one of the original nine counties formed in 1861, was renamed Roop County in 1862. Part of the county became Lassen County, California
California
in 1864. The portion that remained in Nevada
Nevada
was annexed in 1883 by Washoe County.[23] In 1969, Ormsby County was dissolved and the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City
Carson City
was created by the Legislature
Legislature
in its place co-terminous with the old boundaries of Ormsby County. Bullfrog County was formed in 1987 from part of Nye County. After the creation was declared unconstitutional the county was abolished in 1989.[23] Humboldt county was designated as a county in 1856 by Utah
Utah
Territorial Legislature
Legislature
and again in 1861 by the new Nevada
Nevada
Legislature. Clark County is the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of its residents. Las Vegas, Nevada's most populous city, has been the county seat since the county was created in 1909 from a portion of Lincoln County, Nevada. Before that, it was a part of Arizona
Arizona
Territory. Clark County attracts numerous tourists. An estimated 44 million people visited Clark County in 2014.[24] Washoe County is the second most populous county of Nevada. Its county seat is Reno. Washoe County includes the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area. Lyon County is the third most populous county. It was one of the nine original counties created in 1861. It was named after Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union General to be killed in the Civil War. Its current county seat is Yerington. Its first county seat was established at Dayton on November 29, 1861.[25]

Nevada
Nevada
counties

County name County seat Year founded 2010 population[26] Percent of total Area (mi2) Percent of total Population density (/mi2)

Carson City Carson City 1861 55,274 2.63 % 146 0.13 % 378.59

Churchill Fallon 1861 24,877 0.92 % 5,023 4.54 % 4.95

Clark Las Vegas 1908 1,951,269 72.25 % 8,091 7.32 % 241.17

Douglas Minden 1861 46,997 1.74 % 738 0.67 % 63.68

Elko Elko 1869 48,818 1.81 % 17,203 15.56 % 2.84

Esmeralda Goldfield 1861 783 0.03 % 3,589 3.25 % 0.22

Eureka Eureka 1869 1,987 0.07 % 4,180 3.78 % 0.48

Humboldt Winnemucca 1856/1861 16,528 0.61 % 9,658 8.74 % 1.71

Lander Battle Mountain 1861 5,775 0.21 % 5,519 4.99 % 1.05

Lincoln Pioche 1867 5,345 0.20 % 10,637 9.62 % 0.50

Lyon Yerington 1861 51,980 1.92 % 2,016 1.82 % 25.78

Mineral Hawthorne 1911 4,772 0.18 % 3,813 3.45 % 1.25

Nye Tonopah 1864 43,946 1.63 % 18,159 16.43 % 2.42

Pershing Lovelock 1919 6,753 0.25 % 6,068 5.49 % 1.11

Storey Virginia
Virginia
City 1861 4,010 0.15 % 264 0.24 % 15.19

Washoe Reno 1861 421,407 15.60 % 6,551 5.93 % 64.32

White Pine Ely 1869 10,030 0.37 % 8,897 8.05 % 1.12

Totals Counties: 17

2,700,551

110,552

24.43

History[edit] Main article: History of Nevada

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Before 1861[edit]

Mexico
Mexico
in 1824. Alta California
California
included today's Nevada.

Francisco Garcés
Francisco Garcés
was the first European in the area,[27] Nevada
Nevada
was annexed as a part of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
in the northwestern territory of New Spain. Administratively, the area of Nevada
Nevada
was part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas
Provincias Internas
in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Nevada
Nevada
became a part of Alta California
California
(Upper California) province in 1804 when the Californias were split. With the Mexican War of Independence won in 1821, the province of Alta California
California
became a territory (state) of Mexico, with small population. Jedediah Smith entered the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley in 1827, and Peter Skene Ogden
Peter Skene Ogden
traveled the Humboldt River
Humboldt River
in 1828. When the Mormons
Mormons
created the State of Deseret in 1847, they laid claim to all of Nevada
Nevada
within the Great Basin and the Colorado
Colorado
watershed. They also founded the first white settlement in what is now Nevada, Mormon Station (modern day Genoa), in 1851. In June 1855, William Bringhurst and 29 fellow Mormon missionaries from Utah
Utah
arrived at a site just northeast of downtown Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and built a 150-foot square adobe fort, the first permanent structure erected in the valley, which remained under the control of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
until the winter of 1858-1859. As a result of the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico
Mexico
permanently lost Alta California
California
in 1848. The new areas acquired by the United States
United States
continued to be administered as territories. As part of the Mexican Cession
Mexican Cession
(1848) and the subsequent California
California
Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory, then the Nevada Territory
Nevada Territory
(March 2, 1861; named for the Sierra Nevada).[28]

Sculpture representing a steam locomotive, in Ely, Nevada. Early locomotives played an important part in Nevada's mining industry

See History of Utah, History of Las Vegas, and the discovery of the first major U.S. deposit of silver ore in Comstock Lode
Comstock Lode
under Virginia City, Nevada
Nevada
in 1859. Separation from Utah
Utah
Territory[edit] See also: Nevada
Nevada
in the American Civil War

Nevada
Nevada
territory in 1861

On March 2, 1861, the Nevada Territory
Nevada Territory
separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range"). The 1861 southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada
Nevada
Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties. Statehood (1864)[edit] See also: Nevada
Nevada
in the American Civil War Eight days before the presidential election of 1864, Nevada
Nevada
became the 36th state in the union. Rather than sending the Nevada
Nevada
State Constitution to Washington DC by Pony Express to save time the full text of the State Constitution was sent by Telegraph at a cost of $3,416.77 -- the most costly telegraph on file for a single dispatch. Finally the response from Washington DC on October 31, 1864 was "the pain is over, the child is born, Nevada
Nevada
this day was admitted into the Union". Statehood was rushed to the date of October 31 to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's reelection on November 8 and post-Civil War Republican dominance in Congress,[29] as Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union. As it turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election handily, and did not need Nevada's help. Nevada
Nevada
is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders after admission to the Union. (The other is Missouri, which acquired additional territory in 1837 due to the Platte Purchase.) In 1866 another part of the western Utah
Utah
Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary. Nevada
Nevada
achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, 1867, when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado
Colorado
River, essentially all of present-day Nevada
Nevada
south of the 37th parallel. The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom. This area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see Silver
Silver
mining in Nevada). When Mark Twain
Mark Twain
lived in Nevada
Nevada
during the period described in Roughing It, mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth. However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in 1900, followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite, again put Nevada's population on an upward trend. Gambling
Gambling
and labor[edit]

Gambling
Gambling
erupted once more following a recession in the early 20th century, helping to build the city of Las Vegas

Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada
Nevada
mining towns but was outlawed in 1909 as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade. Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression, Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from the legislature. Governor Fred B. Balzar's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling. The reforms came just eight days after the federal government presented the $49 million construction contract for Boulder Dam
Boulder Dam
(now Hoover Dam).[30] Nuclear testing[edit] The Nevada
Nevada
Test Site, 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951, for the testing of nuclear weapons. The site consists of about 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) of desert and mountainous terrain. Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site
Nevada Test Site
began with a 1 kiloton of TNT (4.2 TJ) bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat
Frenchman Flat
on January 27, 1951. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, 1962, and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, 1992. The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.S. Over 80% of the state's area is owned by the federal government. The primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada. Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water (this pattern of ranching still prevails). Demographics[edit] Population[edit]

Population density map of Nevada

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada
Nevada
on July 1, 2016 was 2,940,058, an increase of 56,300 residents (1.95%) since the 2015 US Census estimate and an increase of 239,367 residents (8.86%) since the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[31] Nevada
Nevada
had the second highest percentage growth in population from 2015 to 2016. Since the 2010 census, the population of Nevada
Nevada
had a natural increase of 87,581 (the net difference between 222,508 births and 134,927 deaths); and an increase due to net migration of 146,626 (of which 104,032 was due to domestic and 42,594 was due to international migration).[32] The center of population of Nevada
Nevada
is in southern Nye County.[33] In this county, the unincorporated town of Pahrump, 60 miles (97 km) west of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
on the California
California
state line, has grown very rapidly from 1980 to 2010. At the 2010 census, the town had 36,441 residents.[34] Las Vegas
Las Vegas
grew from a gulch of 100 people in 1900 to 10,000 by 1950 to 100,000 by 1970, and was America's fastest-growing city and metropolitan area from 1960 to 2000. From about the 1940s until 2003, Nevada
Nevada
was the fastest-growing state in the US percentage-wise. Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population increased 66%, while the USA's population increased 13%. Over two thirds of the population of the state lives in the Clark County Las Vegas metropolitan area. Henderson and North Las Vegas
Las Vegas
are among the USA's top 20 fastest-growing cities of over 100,000. The rural community of Mesquite 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was an example of micropolitan growth in the 1990s and 2000s. Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
have seen some growth as well. Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel their state is being "Californicated".[35] Birth data[edit] Note: Births within the table table do not add up, due to Hispanics being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Race 2013[36] 2014[37] 2015[38]

White 27,293 (77.9%) 27,638 (77.1%) 27,648 (76.2%)

> Non-Hispanic White 14,951 (42.7%) 15,151 (42.2%) 14,937 (41.2%)

Black 4,215 (12.0%) 4,603 (12.8%) 4,803 (13.2%)

Asian 3,097 (8.8%) 3,145 (8.8%) 3,337 (9.2%)

Native 425 (1.2%) 475 (1.3%) 510 (1.4%)

Hispanic (of any race) 12,718 (36.3%) 13,006 (36.3%) 13,225 (36.4%)

Total Nevada 35,030 (100%) 35,861 (100%) 36,298 (100%)

Settlements[edit]

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Nevada Source:[39]

Rank Name County Pop.

Las Vegas

Henderson 1 Las Vegas Clark 613,599

Reno

North Las Vegas

2 Henderson Clark 277,440

3 Reno Washoe 236,995

4 North Las Vegas Clark 230,788

5 Paradise Clark 230,000

6 Sunrise Manor Clark 219,000

7 Spring Valley Clark 193,000

8 Enterprise Clark 115,000

9 Sparks Washoe 94,708

10 Carson City Carson City 54,522

The Winnemucca Sand Dunes, north of Winnemucca

A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from the major metropolitan areas. People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada
Nevada
residents, unlike in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state. The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.[40] Ranching
Ranching
also has a long tradition in rural Nevada.[41] Locations by GDP[edit]

Ranked by per capita income in 2000

Rank Place GDP County

1 Incline Village-Crystal Bay $52,521 Washoe

2 Kingsbury $41,421 Douglas

3 Mount Charleston $38,821 Clark

4 Verdi-Mogul $38,233 Washoe

5 Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village $37,218 Douglas

6 Summerlin South $33,017 Clark

7 Blue Diamond $30,479 Clark

8 Minden $30,405 Douglas

9 Boulder City $29,770 Clark

10 Spanish Springs $26,908 Washoe

Further information: Nevada
Nevada
locations by per capita income

Ancestry[edit] According to 2016 Census Bureau data[citation needed], Nevada
Nevada
is now majority minority joining California, Texas, New Mexico, Hawaii, and the District of Columbia.[42] As of July 1, 2016, the Census Bureau estimated that Nevada
Nevada
was 75.1% White (49.9% non-Hispanic White), 9.6% Black or African American, 8.7% Asian, 1.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.8% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific Islander. Individuals from two or more races made up 4.2% of the population. Hispanics of any race made up 28.5% of the State's population.[43] According to the 2010 census estimates, racial distribution was as follows:

66.2% White American
White American
(54.1% Non-Hispanic White, 12.1% White Hispanic) 8.1% Black American
Black American
(African American) 7.2% Asian American 4.7% Multiracial American 1.2% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native 0.6% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific Islander 12.0% some other race

Hispanics or Latinos of any race made 26.5% of the population.[44] In 1980, non-Hispanic whites made up 83.3% of the state's population.[45]

Nevada
Nevada
racial breakdown of population

Racial composition 1970[45] 1990[45] 2000[46] 2010[47]

White 86.7% 78.7% 65.2% 66.2%

Black 5.7% 6.6% 6.8% 8.1%

Asian 0.7% 3.2% 4.5% 7.2%

Native 1.6% 1.6% 1.3% 1.2%

Other race 0.3% 4.4% 8.0% 12.0%

Two or more races – – 3.8% 4.7%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 5.6% 10.4% 19.7% 26.5%

The principal ancestries of Nevada's residents in 2009 have been surveyed to be the following:[48]

20.8% Mexican 13.3% German 10.0% Irish 9.2% English 6.3% Italian 3.8% American 3.6% Scandinavian (1.4% Norwegian, 0.8% Finnish, 1.4% Swedish, and 0.8% Danish).

Nevada
Nevada
is home to many cultures and nationalities. As of 2011, 63.6% of Nevada's population younger than age 1 were minorities.[49] Las Vegas is a minority majority city. Nevada
Nevada
also has a sizable Basque ancestry population. In Douglas, Mineral and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry, with Clark County (Las Vegas) alone being home to over 200,000 Mexican Americans. Nye County and Humboldt County have a plurality of Germans; and Washoe County has many Irish Americans. Americans of English descent form pluralities in Lincoln County, Churchill County, Lyon County, White Pine County and Eureka County. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is home to rapid-growing ethnic communities, including Scandinavians, Italians, Poles, Greeks, Spaniards and Armenians. Though, Mexicans are the majority of Latinos in the state, Nevada
Nevada
has a relatively diverse Hispanic/Latino population.

Downtown Reno

East Las Vegas
Las Vegas
suburbs

Asian Americans
Asian Americans
lived in the state since the California
California
Gold Rush of the 1850s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county. They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farm workers in the late 19th century. By the late 20th century, many immigrants from China, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Bangladesh, India and Vietnam
Vietnam
came to the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The city now has one of America's most prolific Asian American
Asian American
communities, with a mostly Chinese and Taiwanese area known as "Chinatown" west of I-15 on Spring Mountain Road. Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American
Asian American
group in the state, with a population of more than 113,000. They comprise 56.5% of the Asian American
Asian American
population in Nevada
Nevada
and constitute about 4.3% of the entire state's population.[50] Largely African American
African American
sections of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Reno can be found. Many current African-American Nevadans are newly transplanted residents from California. According to the 2000 US Census, 16.19% of Nevada's population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.59% speak Filipino,[51] and 1% speak Chinese. At the 2010 census, 6.9% of the state's population were reported as under 5, 24.6% were under 18, and 12.0% were 65 or older.[44] Females made up about 49.5% of the population.[44] Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was a major destination for immigrants from South Asia and Latin America seeking employment in the gaming and hospitality industries during the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, but farming and construction are the biggest employers of immigrant labor. Senior citizens (over age 65) and infants, young children or teenagers (under age 18) form large sections of the Nevada
Nevada
population. The religious makeup of Nevadans includes large communities of Mormons, Roman Catholics and Evangelicals; each is known for higher birth rates and a younger than national average age. American Jews
American Jews
represent a large proportion of the active adult retirement community. Data from 2000 and 2005 suggests the following figures:

Historical population

Census Pop.

1860 6,857

1870 42,941

526.2%

1880 62,266

45.0%

1890 47,355

−23.9%

1900 42,335

−10.6%

1910 81,875

93.4%

1920 77,407

−5.5%

1930 91,058

17.6%

1940 110,247

21.1%

1950 160,083

45.2%

1960 285,278

78.2%

1970 488,738

71.3%

1980 800,493

63.8%

1990 1,201,833

50.1%

2000 1,998,257

66.3%

2010 2,700,551

35.1%

Est. 2017 2,998,039

11.0%

Source: 1910–2010[52] 2016 estimate.[31]

Religion[edit] Church attendance
Church attendance
in Nevada
Nevada
is among the lowest of all US states. In a 2009 Gallup poll only 30% of Nevadans said they attended church weekly or almost weekly, compared to 42% of all Americans (only four states were found to have a lower attendance rate than Nevada).[53] Major religious affiliations of the people of Nevada
Nevada
are: Protestant 35%, no religion 28%, Roman Catholic 25%, Latter-day Saint
Latter-day Saint
4%, Jewish 2%, Hindu less than 1%, Buddhist 0.5% and Islam
Islam
less than 0.1%. Parts of Nevada
Nevada
(in the eastern parts of the state) are situated in the Mormon Corridor. The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
with 451,070; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 175,149; and the Southern Baptist Convention with 45,535; Buddhist congregations 14,727; Bahá'í
Bahá'í
1,723; and Muslim 1,700.[54] The Jewish community is represented by The Rohr Jewish Learning Institute and Chabad.[55][56]

Religion in Nevada[57]

religion

percent

Protestant

35%

No religion

28%

Catholic

25%

Mormon

4%

Jewish

2%

Buddhist

0.5%

Hindu

0.1%

Muslim

0.1%

Economy[edit] See also: Nevada
Nevada
locations by per capita income

Nevada
Nevada
quarter

MGM Grand, with sign promoting it as The City of Entertainment

Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
on the Nevada- California
California
border

Goldstrike (Post-Betze) Mine in the Carlin Trend, the largest Carlin-type deposit
Carlin-type deposit
in the world, containing more than 35,000,000 troy ounces (1,100 t) gold.[58]

Cattle
Cattle
near the Bruneau River
Bruneau River
in Elko County

Ranching
Ranching
in Washoe County

The economy of Nevada
Nevada
is tied to tourism (especially entertainment and gambling related), mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment. The Bureau of Economic Analysis[59][60] estimates Nevada's total state product in 2010 was $126 billion. The state's per capita personal income in 2009 was $38,578, ranking nineteenth in the nation.[61] Nevada's state debt in 2012 was calculated to be $7.5 billion, or $3,100 per taxpayer.[62] As of December 2014, the state's unemployment rate was 6.8%.[63] The economy of Nevada
Nevada
has long been tied to vice industries. "[Nevada was] founded on mining and refounded on sin—beginning with prizefighting and easy divorce a century ago and later extending to gaming and prostitution", said the August 21, 2010 issue of The Economist.[64] Mining[edit] In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role. By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. In 2004, 6,800,000 ounces (190,000,000 g) of gold worth $2.84 billion were mined in Nevada, and the state accounted for 8.7% of world gold production (see Gold mining in Nevada). Silver
Silver
is a distant second, with 10,300,000 ounces (290,000,000 g) worth $69 million mined in 2004 (see Silver
Silver
mining in Nevada).[65] Other minerals mined in Nevada
Nevada
include construction aggregates, copper, gypsum, diatomite and lithium. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada
Nevada
is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices. Cattle
Cattle
ranching[edit] Cattle
Cattle
ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes. As of January 1, 2006, there were an estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada.[66] Most of these animals forage on rangeland in the summer, with supplemental feed in the winter. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for market. Over 90% of Nevada's 484,000 acres (196,000 ha) of cropland is used to grow hay, mostly alfalfa, for livestock feed. Taxation[edit] Nevada
Nevada
does not have a state income tax. The state sales tax (similar to VAT or GST) in Nevada
Nevada
is variable depending upon the county. The minimum statewide tax rate is 6.85%, with five counties (Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, and Mineral) charging this minimum amount. All other counties assess various option taxes, making the combined state/county sales taxes rate in one county as high as 8.25%, which is the amount charged in Clark County. Sales tax in the other major counties: Carson at 7.745%, Washoe at 7.725%. The minimum Nevada
Nevada
sales tax rate changed on July 1, 2009.[67] Largest employers[edit] The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of 2011, are the following, according to the Nevada
Nevada
Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation:[68]

Rank Employer

1 Clark County School District

2 Washoe County School District

3 Clark County

4 Wynn Las Vegas

5 Bellagio LLC

6 MGM Grand Hotel/Casino

7 Aria Resort & Casino
Casino
LLC

8 Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino

9 Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Metropolitan Police Department

10 Caesars Palace

11 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

12 The Venetian Casino
Casino
Resort

13 The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas

14 The Mirage Casino-Hotel

15 University of Nevada, Reno

16 University Medical Center of Southern Nevada

17 The Palazzo Casino
Casino
Resort

18 Flamingo Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Operating Company LLC

19 Encore Las Vegas

20 Luxor Las Vegas

Transportation[edit]

State route shield

Amtrak's California
California
Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California, serving Elko, Winnemucca, and Reno. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches also provide connecting service from Las Vegas
Las Vegas
to trains at Needles, California, Los Angeles, and Bakersfield, California; and from Stateline, Nevada, to Sacramento, California. Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert
Desert
Wind was discontinued in 1997, although there have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles
Los Angeles
or Southern California. The Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad
has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
provide some bus service to the state.

U.S. Route 50, also known as "The Loneliest Road in America"

Road from Carrara, Nevada
Nevada
towards the marble quarry in the background.

Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and other communities. I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah
Utah
in the east and the Truckee River
Truckee River
westward through Reno into California. It has a spur route, I-580. Nevada
Nevada
also is served by several U.S. highways: US 6, US 50, US 93, US 95 and US 395. There are also 189 Nevada
Nevada
state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas. Nevada
Nevada
is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its two major population centers—the road connection between the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Reno areas is a combination of Interstate and U.S. highways. The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a "road train" in Australia. But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes. RTC Transit
RTC Transit
is the public transit system in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
metropolitan area. The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley, including the use of The Deuce, double-decker buses, on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes. RTC RIDE operates a system of local transit bus service throughout the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area. Other transit systems in the state include Carson City's JAC. Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all. Additionally, a 4-mile (6.4 km) monorail system provides public transportation in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area. The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Monorail
Monorail
line services several casino properties and the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Convention Center on the east side of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip, running near Paradise Road, with a possible future extension to McCarran International Airport. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length. McCarran International Airport
McCarran International Airport
in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is the busiest airport serving Nevada. The Reno-Tahoe International Airport
Reno-Tahoe International Airport
(formerly known as the Reno Cannon International Airport) is the other major airport in the state. Law and government[edit] Government[edit]

A view of the Nevada
Nevada
State Legislative Building in Carson City

Main article: Government of Nevada Under the Constitution of the State of Nevada, the powers of the Nevada
Nevada
government are divided among three separate departments: the Executive consisting of the Governor of Nevada
Governor of Nevada
and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the Legislative consisting of the Nevada
Nevada
Legislature, which includes the Assembly and the Senate; and the Judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts. The Governor of Nevada
Governor of Nevada
is the chief magistrate of Nevada,[69] the head of the executive department of the state's government,[69] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[70] The current Governor of Nevada
Governor of Nevada
is Brian Sandoval, a Republican. The Nevada
Nevada
Legislature
Legislature
is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve for 2 years, and members of the Senate serve for 4 years. Both houses of the Nevada
Nevada
Legislature will be impacted by term limits starting in 2010, as Senators and Assemblymen/women will be limited to a maximum of 12 years service in each house (by appointment or election which is a lifetime limit)—a provision of the constitution which was recently upheld by the Supreme Court of Nevada
Nevada
in a unanimous decision. Each session of the Legislature
Legislature
meets for a constitutionally mandated 120 days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session. The Supreme Court of Nevada
Supreme Court of Nevada
is the state supreme court. Original jurisdiction is divided between the District Courts (with general jurisdiction), and Justice Courts and Municipal Courts (both of limited jurisdiction). Appeals from District Courts are made directly to the Nevada
Nevada
Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the Nevada
Nevada
Court of Appeals for final resolution.[71] Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent movement has begun to permit home rule in incorporated Nevada
Nevada
cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature. Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them. State agencies[edit] State departments and agencies:

Attorney General Department of Business & Industry Department of Conservation & Natural Resources Consumer Health Assistance Controller's Office Department of Corrections Nevada
Nevada
Department of Cultural Affairs Nevada
Nevada
Commission on Economic Development Department of Education Nevada
Nevada
Secretary of State, Election Division Department of Employment, Training & Rehabilitation Gaming Control Board Governor's Office Nevada
Nevada
Film Office Department of Health and Human Services Department of Information Technology Department of Justice Lieutenant Governor Nevada
Nevada
Military Department Division of Minerals, Commission on Mineral Resources Department of Motor Vehicles Department of Personnel Advisory Council for Prosecuting Attorneys Public Employees Benefit Program Public Employees Retirement System Department of Public Safety Nevada
Nevada
Public Utilities Commission[72] Department of Secretary of State Department of Taxation Commission on Tourism Department of Transportation Nevada
Nevada
State Treasurer Universities and Community Colleges of Nevada Nevada
Nevada
Office of Veterans' Services Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education Nevada
Nevada
Department of Wildlife

Law[edit]

The courthouse of the Supreme Court of Nevada

In 1900, Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers. Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:

Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California
California
... after easy divorce came easy marriage and casino gaming. Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it. Quite a few of them do.[73]

With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona, making these two states the fastest growing in the Union. Prostitution[edit] See also: Prostitution
Prostitution
in Nevada Nevada
Nevada
is the only state where prostitution is legal (under the form of licensed brothels). Prostitution
Prostitution
is specifically illegal by state law in the state's larger jurisdictions, which include Clark County (which contains Las Vegas), Washoe County (which contains Reno), and the independent city of Carson City. Otherwise, it is legal in those counties which specifically vote to permit it. When permitted, brothels are only in rural or isolated parts of counties. Divorce[edit] Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that, before the no-fault divorce revolution in the 1970s, divorces were difficult to obtain in the United States. Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada
Nevada
continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation. This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina (1942), 317 U.S. 287 (1942), in which the U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court
ruled North Carolina
North Carolina
had to give "full faith and credit" to a Nevada divorce. The Court modified its decision in Williams v. North Carolina (1945), 325 U.S. 226 (1945), by holding a state need not recognize a Nevada
Nevada
divorce unless one of the parties was domiciled there at the time the divorce was granted and the forum state was entitled to make its own determination. As of 2009, Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average.[74] Taxes[edit] Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state. Nevada
Nevada
has no personal income tax or corporate income tax.[75] Since Nevada
Nevada
does not collect income data it cannot share such information with the federal government, the IRS.[76] Nevada's state sales tax rate is 6.85 percent. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the Legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax will vary by county from 6.85 percent to 8.1 percent in Clark County. Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate – 0.25 percent for flood control, 0.50 percent for mass transit, 0.25 percent for infrastructure, and 0.25 percent for more cops. In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7.725 percent, due to county option rates for flood control, the ReTRAC train trench project, mass transit, and an additional county rate approved under the Local Government Tax Act of 1991.[77] The lodging tax rate in unincorporated Clark County, which includes the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip, is 12%. Within the boundaries of the cities of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Henderson, the lodging tax rate is 13%. Corporations such as Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
allegedly have set up investment companies and funds in Nevada
Nevada
to avoid paying taxes.[78] Gay rights[edit] Main article: Recognition of same-sex unions in Nevada In 2009, the Nevada
Nevada
Legislature
Legislature
passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples. As of 2014, gay marriage is legal in Nevada. Incorporation[edit] Nevada
Nevada
provides friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many (especially California) businesses have incorporated in Nevada
Nevada
to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute. Nevada
Nevada
corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states. In addition, Nevada
Nevada
has no franchise tax, although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state. Financial institutions[edit] Similarly, many U.S. states have usury laws limiting the amount of interest a lender can charge, but federal law allows corporations to 'import' these laws from their home state. Alcohol and other drugs[edit] See also: Alcohol laws of Nevada and Cannabis in Nevada Nevada
Nevada
has very liberal alcohol laws. Bars are permitted to remain open 24 hours, with no "last call". Liquor stores, convenience stores and supermarkets may also sell alcohol 24 hours per day, and may sell beer, wine and spirits. In 2016, Nevada
Nevada
voters approved Question 2, which legalized the possession, transportation and cultivation of personal use amounts of marijuana for adults age 21 years and older, and authorized the creation of a regulated market for the sale of marijuana to adults age 21 years and older through state-licensed retail outlets.[79] Nevada voters had previously approved medical marijuana in 2000, but rejected marijuana legalization in a similar referendum in 2006. Marijuana
Marijuana
in all forms remains illegal under federal law. Non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles. It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada
Nevada
remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for possession of drugs.[citation needed] Smoking[edit] Nevada
Nevada
voters enacted a smoking ban ("The Nevada
Nevada
Clean Indoor Air Act") in November 2006 that became effective on December 8, 2006. It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino. Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels.[80] However, some businesses do not obey this law and the government tends not to enforce it.[81] In 2011, smoking restrictions in Nevada
Nevada
were loosened for certain places which allow only people age 21 or older inside.[82] Crime[edit] In 2006, the crime rate in Nevada
Nevada
was about 24% higher than the national average rate, though crime has since decreased. Property crimes accounted for about 85% of the total crime rate in Nevada, which was 21% higher than the national rate. The remaining 20.3% were violent crimes.[83] A complete listing of crime data in the state for 2013 can be found here:[84] Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results

Year Democratic Republican

2016 47.92% 539,260 45.50% 512,058

2012 52.36% 531,373 45.68% 463,567

2008 55.15% 533,736 42.65% 412,827

2004 47.88% 397,190 50.47% 418,690

2000 45.94% 279,978 49.49% 301,575

1996 45.60% 203,388 44.55% 198,775

1992 37.41% 189,148 34.71% 175,828

Nevada
Nevada
registered voters as of October 2017[85]

Party Number of Voters Percentage

Democratic 636,935 38.88%

Republican 537,500 32.80%

Nonpartisan 355,676 21.70%

Independent American 73,735 4.49%

Libertarian 16,120 0.98%

Other 18,651 1.13%

Total 1,638,617 100%

Treemap
Treemap
of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

State politics[edit] Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between politics of northern and southern Nevada. The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of southern Nevada
Nevada
is larger than the rest of the state combined. The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada
Nevada
voters in 1994, and again in 1996, some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving northern Nevada
Nevada
with less power. Historically, northern Nevada
Nevada
has been very Republican. The more rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of the country. Carson City, the state's capital, is a Republican-leaning swing city/county. Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been strongly Republican, but now has become more of a Democratic-leaning swing county. Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has been a stronghold for the Democratic Party since it was founded in 1909, having voted Republican only six times and once for a third party candidate. Clark and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature. The last Republican to carry Clark County was George H.W. Bush in 1988, and the last Republican to carry Washoe County was George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2004. The great majority of the state's elected officials are either from Las Vegas
Las Vegas
or Reno. National politics[edit] Nevada
Nevada
voted for the winner in every presidential election from 1912 to 2012, except in 1976 when it voted for Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
over Jimmy Carter. This includes Nevada
Nevada
supporting Democrats John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
and Lyndon B. Johnson in 1960 and 1964, respectively. Republican Richard Nixon in 1968 and in 1972, Republican Ronald Reagan in 1980 and in 1984, Republican George H.W. Bush in 1988, Democrat Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in 1992 and 1996, Republican George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2000 and 2004, and Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
winning the state in both 2008 and 2012. This gives the state status as a political bellwether. From 1912 to 2012, Nevada
Nevada
has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any state (26 of 27 elections). In 2016, Nevada
Nevada
lost its bellwether status when it narrowly cast its votes for Hillary Clinton, against Donald Trump, the latter of whom was the 2016 election winner. Nevada
Nevada
was one of only three states won by John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
in the American West in the election of 1960, albeit narrowly.[86] The state's U.S. Senators are Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto, and Republican Dean Heller. The Governorship is held by Brian Sandoval, a Republican from Reno. Voting[edit] Nevada
Nevada
is the only U.S. state
U.S. state
to have a none of the above option available on its ballots. Officially called None of These Candidates, the option was first added to the ballot in 1975 and is used in all statewide elections, including president, US Senate and all state constitutional positions. In the event that "None of These Candidates" receives a plurality of votes in the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is elected.[citation needed] Further information: Elections in Nevada
Elections in Nevada
and Political party strength in Nevada Education[edit] Education in Nevada
Education in Nevada
is achieved through public and private elementary, middle, and high schools, as well as colleges and universities. A May 2015 educational reform law expanded school choice options to 450,000 Nevada
Nevada
students who are at up to 185% of the federal poverty level. Education savings accounts (ESAs) are enabled by the new law to help pay the tuition for private schools. Alternatively, families "can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and tutoring."[87][88] Public school districts[edit] Public school districts in Nevada
Nevada
include:

Carson City
Carson City
School District Churchill County School District Clark County School District, the fifth largest school district in the United States Douglas County School District Elko County School District Esmeralda County School District Eureka County School District Humboldt County School District Lander County School District Lincoln County School District Lyon County School District Mineral County School District Nye County School District Pershing County School District Storey County School District Washoe County School District White Pine County School District

Colleges and universities[edit]

Nevada
Nevada
System of Higher Education

University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
(UNLV) University of Nevada, Reno
University of Nevada, Reno
(Nevada) Nevada
Nevada
State College Truckee Meadows Community College
Truckee Meadows Community College
(TMCC) Great Basin
Great Basin
College College of Southern Nevada
College of Southern Nevada
(CSN) Western Nevada College (WNC)

Sierra Nevada
Nevada
College Touro University Nevada Roseman University of Health Sciences

Research institutes[edit]

Desert
Desert
Research Institute

The Nevada
Nevada
Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.[89] Parks and recreation areas[edit]

Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area, Calico basin

Great Basin
Great Basin
National Park

Valley of Fire State Park

Mount Charleston

Recreation areas maintained by the federal government[edit] Northern Nevada[edit]

California
California
National Historic Trail Humboldt National Forest Great Basin
Great Basin
National Park Old Spanish National Historic Trail Pony Express National Historic Trail

Southern Nevada[edit]

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Preserve Bootleg Canyon Mountain Bike Park Toiyabe National Forest Inyo National Forest Mount Charleston
Mount Charleston
and the Mount Charleston
Mount Charleston
Wilderness Spring Mountains
Spring Mountains
and the Spring Mountains
Spring Mountains
National Recreation Area Lake Mead
Lake Mead
National Recreation Area Death Valley National Park

Wilderness[edit] Further information: List of wilderness areas in Nevada There are 68 designated wilderness areas in Nevada, protecting some 6,579,014 acres (2,662,433 ha) under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and Bureau of Land Management.[90] State parks[edit] Further information: List of Nevada
Nevada
state parks The Nevada
Nevada
state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state of Nevada, including state parks, state historic sites, and state recreation areas. There are 24 state park units, including Van Sickle Bi-State Park which opened in July 2011 and is operated in partnership with the state of California.[91] Culture[edit] Entertainment and tourism[edit] Resort areas like Las Vegas, Reno, Lake Tahoe, and Laughlin attract visitors from around the nation and world. In FY08 the total of 266 casinos with gaming revenue over $1m for the year, brought in revenue of $12 billion in gaming revenue, and $13 billion in non-gaming revenue. A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada
Nevada
gaming area. Nevada
Nevada
has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States. According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there were 187,301 rooms in 584 hotels (of 15 or more rooms). The state is ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations. Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents.[92] Prostitution
Prostitution
is legal in parts of Nevada
Nevada
in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under 400,000 have the option to legalize it. Although prostitution is not a major part of the Nevada economy, employing roughly 300 women as independent contractors, it is a very visible endeavor. Of the 14 counties permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, 8 have chosen to legalize brothels. State law prohibits prostitution in Clark County (which contains Las Vegas), and Washoe County (which contains Reno). However, prostitution is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area. Sports[edit] See also: Las Vegas
Las Vegas
§ Sports; Sports in the Las Vegas metropolitan area; Reno, Nevada
Reno, Nevada
§ Sports; and Mesquite, Nevada § Sports Nevada
Nevada
is not well known for its professional sports teams, mainly because major league sports in the past feared having direct involvement with the sports gambling industry. However, this situation lessened after they embraced daily fantasy sports (DFS) in 2014. The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley is home to the Vegas Golden Knights
Vegas Golden Knights
of the National Hockey League who began play in the 2017-18 NHL season
2017-18 NHL season
at T-Mobile Arena on the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The Golden Knights are currently the only major North American professional sports franchise located in Nevada. They will be joined by the Oakland Raiders
Oakland Raiders
who at the start of the 2016 NFL season expressed interest in moving their team to Las Vegas, and announced in January 2017 they would do so in either 2019 or 2020. Nevada
Nevada
takes pride in college sports, most notably its college football. College teams in the state include the Nevada
Nevada
Wolf Pack (representing the University of Nevada, Reno) and the UNLV Rebels (representing the University of Nevada, Las Vegas), both in the Mountain West Conference
Mountain West Conference
(MW). UNLV is most remembered for its men's basketball program, which experienced its height of supremacy in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Coached by Jerry Tarkanian, the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country. In 1990, UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke 103–73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game. In 1991, UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20 years. Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. UNLV reached the Final Four yet again, but lost their national semifinal against Duke 79–77. The Runnin' Rebels were the Associated Press pre-season No. 1 back to back (1989–90, 1990–91). North Carolina
North Carolina
is the only other team to accomplish that (2007–08, 2008–09). The state's involvement in major-college sports is not limited to its local schools. In the 21st century, the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area has become a significant regional center for college basketball conference tournaments. The MW, West Coast Conference, and Western Athletic Conference all hold their men's and women's tournaments in the area, and the Pac-12 holds its men's tournament there as well. The Big Sky Conference, after decades of holding its men's and women's conference tournaments at campus sites, began holding both tournaments in Reno in 2016. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
has hosted several professional boxing matches, most recently at the MGM Grand Garden Arena
MGM Grand Garden Arena
with bouts such as Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield, Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II, Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather and Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao and at the newer T-Mobile Arena
T-Mobile Arena
with Canelo Álvarez vs. Amir Khan. Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts (MMA), a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
as a primary event location due to the number of suitable host venues. The Mandalay Bay Events Center
Mandalay Bay Events Center
and MGM Grand Garden Arena are among some of the more popular venues for fighting events such as MMA and have hosted several UFC and other MMA title fights. The city has held the most UFC events with 86 events. The state is also home to the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Motor Speedway, which hosts the Kobalt Tools 400. Two venues in the immediate Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area host major annual events in rodeo. The Thomas & Mack Center, built for UNLV men's basketball, hosts the National Finals Rodeo. The PBR World Finals, operated by the bull riding-only Professional Bull Riders, was also held at the Thomas & Mack Center before moving to T-Mobile Arena in 2016. Finally, Sam Boyd Stadium, home to the UNLV football team, also hosts the country's biggest rugby event, the USA Sevens tournament in the World Rugby Sevens Series, as well as the AMA Supercross Championship. The state is also home to one of the most famous tennis players of all time, Andre Agassi, and current baseball superstar Bryce Harper. List of teams[edit] Major League teams[edit]

Team Sport League Venue (capacity) Established Titles

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Raiders Football NFL Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Stadium (65,000) 2020 (planned) 0

Vegas Golden Knights Ice hockey NHL T-Mobile Arena
T-Mobile Arena
(17,500) 2017 0

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Aces Basketball WNBA Mandalay Bay Events Center
Mandalay Bay Events Center
(12,000) 2018 0

Minor League teams[edit]

Team Sport League Venue (capacity) Established Titles

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
51s Baseball MiLB (AAA-PCL) Cashman Field
Cashman Field
(9,334) 1983 2

Reno Aces Baseball MiLB (AAA-PCL) Greater Nevada Field
Greater Nevada Field
(9,013) 2009 2

Reno Bighorns Basketball NBA G League Reno Events Center
Reno Events Center
(7,000) 2008 0

Nevada
Nevada
Desert
Desert
Dogs Basketball NAPB Rising Star Sports Ranch
Rising Star Sports Ranch
(600) 2018 0

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Lights FC Soccer USL Cashman Field
Cashman Field
(9,334) 2018 0

Reno 1868 FC Soccer USL Greater Nevada Field
Greater Nevada Field
(9,013) 2015 0

Amateur League teams[edit]

Team Sport League Venue (capacity) Established Titles

Demilio Las Vegas
Las Vegas
FC Soccer UPSL

0

FC Anahuac Soccer UPSL

0

FC Nevada Soccer UPSL

0

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
City FC Soccer UPSL

0

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Mobsters Soccer UPSL Desert
Desert
Oasis High School Stadium 2013 0

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
United FC Soccer UPSL

0

MF10 Soccer UPSL

0

Real Zamora FC Soccer UPSL

0

Summerlin Red Rocks FC Soccer UPSL

0

Western Nevada
Nevada
FC Soccer UPSL

0

College teams[edit]

School Team League Division Conference

University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
(UNLV) UNLV Rebels NCAA Division I Mountain West

University of Nevada, Reno
University of Nevada, Reno
(UNR) Nevada
Nevada
Wolf Pack NCAA Division I Mountain West

College of Southern Nevada
College of Southern Nevada
(CSN) CSN Coyotes NJCAA Division I Scenic West

Western Nevada College (WNC) WNC Wildcats NJCAA Division I Scenic West

Military[edit] Several United States
United States
Navy ships have been named USS Nevada in honor of the state. They include:

USS Nevada (1865) USS Nevada (BM-8) USS Nevada (BB-36) USS Nevada (SSBN-733)

Area 51
Area 51
is near Groom Lake, a dry salt lake bed. The much smaller Creech Air Force Base
Creech Air Force Base
is in Indian Springs, Nevada; Hawthorne Army Depot in Hawthorne; the Tonopah Test Range
Tonopah Test Range
near Tonopah; and Nellis AFB in the northeast part of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley. Naval Air Station Fallon in Fallon; NSAWC, (pronounced "EN-SOCK") in western Nevada. NSAWC consolidated three Command Centers into a single Command Structure under a flag officer on July 11, 1996. The Naval Strike Warfare Center (STRIKE "U") based at NAS Fallon since 1984, was joined with the Navy Fighter Weapons School (TOPGUN) and the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Weapons School (TOPDOME) which both moved from NAS Miramar as a result of a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) decision in 1993 which transferred that installation back to the Marine Corps as MCAS Miramar. The Seahawk Weapon School was added in 1998 to provide tactical training for Navy helicopters. These bases host a number of activities including the Joint Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Excellence, the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center, Nevada
Nevada
Test and Training Range, Red Flag, the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds, the United States
United States
Air Force Warfare Center, the United States Air Force Weapons School, and the United States
United States
Navy Fighter Weapons School. Songs about Nevada[edit]

" Silver
Silver
State Fanfare" – the official state march by Gerald G. Willis. Codified by the Nevada
Nevada
Legislature
Legislature
in 2001 at NRS 235.035 " Nevada
Nevada
State March" by J.P. Meder (1848-1908), 1894 "Sin City" by AC/DC "Sands of Nevada" from Mark Knopfler's 2000 release Sailing to Philadelphia "Sin City" from Limbeck's 2005 release Let Me Come Home "Home Means Nevada", the state song of Nevada, by Bertha Rafetto "Nevada" by Riders in the Sky from the album Best of the West "Night Time In Nevada" by Dulmage/Clint/Pascoe, 1931 "Nevada's Grace" by Atreyu, twelfth track off 2004's The Curse "Battle Born" by The Killers, last track on the 2012 album also named Battle Born "Winner's Casino" by Richmond Fontaine off the 2002 album Winnemucca "Reno" by Doug Supernaw off the album Red and Rio Grande released in 1993. "Ooh Las Vegas" by Gram Parsons off the album Return of the Grievous Angel. "Darcy Farrow" by Jimmie Dale Gilmore off the album One Endless Night. "Viva Las Vegas" recorded by Elvis Presley (1963) "Goldfield" by Rocky Votolato off of the album Makers (2006) "Vegas Lights" from Panic! at the Disco Album Too Weird To Live, Too Rare To Die
Too Weird To Live, Too Rare To Die
(released 2013)

Future issues[edit] Nevada
Nevada
enjoys many economic advantages, and the southern portion of the state enjoys mild winter weather, but rapid growth has led to some overcrowded roads and schools. Nevada
Nevada
has the nation's 5th largest school district in the Clark County School District (projected fall 2007 enrollment is 314,000 students grades K-12).[93] Coyote Springs is a proposed community for 240,000 inhabitants in Clark and Lincoln counties. It would be Nevada's largest planned city. The town is being developed by Harvey Whittemore and has generated some controversy because of environmental concerns and allegations of political favoritism.[94] State symbols[edit]

Playa areas of Nevada

State animal: desert bighorn sheep State artifact: Tule duck decoy State bird: mountain bluebird State colors: silver and blue State fish: Lahontan cutthroat trout State flower: sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) State fossil: ichthyosaur State grass: Indian ricegrass State march: " Silver
Silver
State Fanfare" by Gerald G. Willis[95] State metal: silver (Ag) State mottos: "Battle Born" and "All For Our Country" State precious gemstone: Virgin Valley black fire opal State semiprecious gemstone: Nevada
Nevada
turquoise State slogan: "The Battle Born State" State song: "Home Means Nevada" by Bertha Raffetto State reptile: desert tortoise State rock: sandstone State soil: Orovada series State tartan: A particular tartan designed for Nevada
Nevada
by Richard Zygmunt Pawlowski State trees: single-leaf pinyon pine (Pinus monophylla) and bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva)

See also[edit]

Nevada
Nevada
portal

Index of Nevada-related articles Outline of Nevada
Outline of Nevada
– organized list of topics about Nevada

Notes[edit]

^ The distinction of highest point in Nevada
Nevada
goes to the summit of Boundary Peak, so named because it is very near the Nevada-California border, at the northern terminus of the White Mountains. However, Boundary Peak can be considered a subsidiary summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California, since the topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is only 253 feet (77 m), which falls under the often used 300-foot (91 m) cutoff for an independent peak. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) away from its higher neighbor. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being wholly within Nevada. By contrast, the prominence of Wheeler Peak, 13,063 feet (3,982 m), is quite large and in fact it is the twelfth largest in the contiguous United States. Wheeler Peak is the highest point in a radius of more than 200 square miles (520 km2) and is entirely within the state of Nevada.

References[edit]

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United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. December 24, 2012. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 27, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Nevada". Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Sage-brush State". Encyclopedia Americana.  ^ "Federal Land Acres in Nevada" (PDF). U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2006. Retrieved May 7, 2009.  ^ Rocha, Guy "Myth No. 12 – Why Did Nevada
Nevada
Become a State?" Archived October 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., " Nevada
Nevada
State Library and Archives", accessed January 9, 2011 ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin: 1790 to 1990 by State" (PDF). Census.gov. US Census. Retrieved July 16, 2014.  ^ Bible, Bill "Protect Gaming's Legacy", " Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sun", August 11, 2000, accessed January 9, 2011 ^ Jain, Priya "Betty Goes Reno", "Slate", July 21, 2010, accessed January 9, 2011 ^ " Nevada
Nevada
Employment & Unemployment Estimates for November 2010", " Nevada
Nevada
Department of Employment, Training, and Rehabilitation" ^ "Frequently Asked Questions", Nevada
Nevada
Mining Association, accessed January 7, 2011 ^ "Nevada". Wordreference.com. Retrieved February 24, 2007.  ^ Clifton, Guy (August 22, 2010). "You heard it right: Bill would let them say Ne-VAH-da". Reno Gazette-Journal.  ^ Archive.org "Wayback Machine" view from December 29, 2013: "Nevada: A World Within. A State Apart. Nevada
Nevada
Travel & Tourism". Travelnevada.com. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2016.  ^ a b National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, N.C., and Storm Phillips, Stormfax, Inc. ^ Osborn, Liz. "Driest states". Currentresults.com. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ " Nevada
Nevada
climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 11, 2015.  ^ Federal Writers' Project
Federal Writers' Project
(1940). Nevada: a guide to the Silver state. US History Publishers. p. 11. ISBN 1-60354-027-X.  ^ a b "Political History of Nevada". Nevada
Nevada
State Library and Archives. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.  ^ "Visitors". Clarkcountynv.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2014.  ^ Laws of the Territory of Nevada
Nevada
passed at the first regular session of the Legislative Assembly. San Francisco, CA: Valentine & Co. 1862. pp. 289–291. Retrieved May 14, 2014.  ^ "Nevada's Census Population By County For 2000 and 2010" (PDF). Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^ "Explorers and Settlers in Nevada" (PDF). Washoe County School District. p. 2. Retrieved May 20, 2010.  ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved May 20, 2010.  ^ Rocha Guy, Historical Myth a Month: Why Did Nevada
Nevada
Become A State? Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Moe, Al W. Nevada's Golden Age of Gambling, Puget Sound Books, 2002, p.18 ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (NST-EST2016-01)" (xlsx). U.S. Census Bureau. December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2016.  ^ "Cumulative Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (NST-EST2016-04)" (xlsx). U.S. Census Bureau. December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2016.  ^ "Download the Centers of Population by State: 2010" (txt). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2016.  ^ "Pahrump CDP QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ doug (August 8, 2008). "People keep moving to Nevada..." gach.co. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_12.pdf ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf ^ " Nevada
Nevada
(USA): State, Major Cities, & Places". City Population. February 19, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ "$1.3 billion for 288 jobs: The failure of government-subsidized renewable energy". Nevadabusiness.com. October 1, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ REVIEW-JOURNAL, JENNIFER ROBISON LAS VEGAS (May 3, 2014). "Before mining and gambling, ranching shaped Nevada's culture".  ^ "U.S. whites will soon be the minority in number, but not power - Baltimore Sun". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ "Nevada". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2016. Retrieved July 3, 2017.  ^ a b c " Nevada
Nevada
QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 31, 2014. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ a b c "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Census.gov. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2014.  "Table 43. Nevada
Nevada
- Race and Hispanic Origin: 1860 to 1990". (PDF) ^ "Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau ^ 2010 Census Data. "2010 Census Data". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2014.  ^ Nevada
Nevada
– Selected Social Characteristics in the United States, 2009 American Community Survey 1-year Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau, 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2011. ^ "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot". The Plain Dealer. June 3, 2012. ^ " Nevada
Nevada
– Selected Population Profile in the United States". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2016.  ^ "Mississippians Go to Church the Most; Vermonters, Least". Gallup.com. Retrieved July 27, 2014.  ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives State Membership Report". www.thearda.com. Retrieved November 22, 2013.  ^ "Summerlin Area Community Events Calendar, Oct. 22-28, 2015". GateHouse Media, Inc. LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL.  ^ Chabad
Chabad
of Summerlin (December 26, 2012). "Are you an Ethical Person?". Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sun.  ^ "Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life". Religions.pewforum.org. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Frank, Dave. "Western Region Gold Deposits (completed project)".  ^ "Bureau of Economic Analysis". Bea.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ "GDP by State". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved September 23, 2011.  ^ "BEA : Gross Domestic Product by State". Bea.gov. June 2, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "statedatalab.org: "The 34th worst state" Truth in Accounting" (PDF). Retrieved July 27, 2014.  ^ "Local Area Unemployment Statistics". BLS. Retrieved February 8, 2015.  ^ The Economist, August 21, 2010, p. 35 ^ Nevada
Nevada
Mining Association, Economic Overview of the Nevada
Nevada
Mining Industry 2004 Archived May 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ United States
United States
Department of Agriculture Nevada
Nevada
State Agriculture Overview – 2005 Archived May 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Taxation Publications". Tax.state.nv.us. Archived from the original on August 13, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Nevada's Largest Employers – Statewide Archived April 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.." Nevada
Nevada
Workforce Informer. Nevada
Nevada
Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation. ^ a b NV Const. art. V, § 1. ^ NV Const. art. V, § 5. ^ "Court of Appeals". Nevada
Nevada
Judiciary. Retrieved 2017-08-12.  ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Lawrence M. Friedman, American Law in the Twentieth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 596–597. ^ "Nevada's divorce rate exceeds national average – News – ReviewJournal.com". Lvrj.com. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ "The Tax Foundation – Tax Research Areas > Nevada". Tax Foundation. Retrieved September 15, 2010.  ^ Nicholas Shaxson: Treasure Islands, Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World; The Bodley Head, London, 2011 ^ "Sales Tax Map" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 29, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^ "The Agony and Ecstasy—and 'Disgrace'—of Steve Jobs". The Nation. November 9, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ Initiative to Regulate and Tax Marijuana, Nevada
Nevada
Secretary of State, April 23, 2014, archived from the original on August 17, 2016, retrieved May 23, 2016  ^ "State smoking ban sparks zone-change request for Gardnerville parcel Nevada
Nevada
Appeal serving Carson City, Nevada". Nevadaappeal.com. October 6, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Have Nevada
Nevada
bars given up the smoking habit?". Kvbc.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Black & LoBello smoking ban loosened Archives " Black & LoBello". Blacklobellolaw.com. June 17, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2014.  ^ "Overview of Nevada's CorrectionalSystem". NICIC. January 4, 2009. Archived from the original on February 16, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2009.  ^ "2013 Crime In Nevada
Nevada
Annual Report" (PDF). NV Repository. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 21, 2014.  ^ "Office of Nevada
Nevada
Secretary of State Barbara K. Cegavske October 2017 Voter Registration Statistics Total Voters by County and Party".  ^ southdem (November 9, 2012). "2012 vs 1960". Daily Kos. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ "School Choice: Full Education Competition Comes To Nevada". Investors Business Daily. June 1, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2015.  ^ " Nevada
Nevada
– Education Savings Accounts". Retrieved June 5, 2015.  ^ " Nevada
Nevada
Aerospace Hall of Fame". Nvahof.org. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ "Wilderness.net". Wilderness.net. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ http://www.sierranevadageotourism.org/content/van-sickle-bi-state-park/sie5698279F0D880465D. ^ "State-by-State Fact Sheets on Lodging Industry". Archived from the original on May 2, 2010.  ^ "Clark County School District: Overview". Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sun. Retrieved January 17, 2013.  ^ Brean, Henry (July 6, 2006). "'Lovefest' for Coyote Springs". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on July 17, 2006. Retrieved July 6, 2006.  ^ NRS 235.035

External links[edit]

Find more aboutNevadaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

"Nevada" (official state website) . Nevada
Nevada
State Guide, Library of Congress . " Nevada
Nevada
State Databases". ALA  – Annotated list of searchable databases produced by Nevada
Nevada
state agencies and compiled by the Government Documents Roundtable of the American Library Association. State Tourism website Nevada
Nevada
State Library and Archives Energy Profile for Nevada USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Nevada US Census Bureau 1875 County Map at Texas
Texas
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Nevada
Full color maps. List of cities, towns and county seats Nevada
Nevada
State Facts from USDA Forgotten Nevada
Nevada
– Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of Nevada Nevada's Historical Markers Navada State Seal Nevada
Nevada
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Geographic data related to Nevada
Nevada
at OpenStreetMap http://www.onlinenevada.org/ Online Nevada
Nevada
Encyclopedia, Nevada Humanities

Preceded by West Virginia List of U.S. states
List of U.S. states
by date of statehood Admitted on October 31, 1864 (36th) Succeeded by Nebraska

Topics related to Nevada The Silver
Silver
State

v t e

 State of Nevada

Carson City
Carson City
(capital)

Topics

Delegations Government History

Nevada
Nevada
Territory World War II

People Transportation Tourist attractions

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Elections Politics

Regions

Black Rock Desert Eagle Valley Great Basin Lake Mead Lake Tahoe Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley Mojave Desert Pahranagat Valley Sierra Nevada Trout Creek Mountains Truckee Meadows

Metro areas

Las Vegas–Paradise Reno–Sparks Carson City

Counties

Churchill Clark Douglas Elko Esmeralda Eureka Humboldt Lander Lincoln Lyon Mineral Nye Pershing Storey Washoe White Pine

Cities and communities

Alamo Amargosa Valley Austin Baker Battle Mountain Beatty Boulder City Caliente Carlin Carson City Elko Ely Enterprise Eureka Fallon Fernley Gardnerville Ranchos Gerlach Goldfield Hawthorne Henderson Incline Village Las Vegas Laughlin Lovelock Mesquite Minden North Las Vegas Panaca Pahrump Paradise Pioche Primm Rachel Reno Spanish Springs Sparks Spring Creek Spring Valley Stateline Summerlin South Sun Valley Sunrise Manor Tonopah Virginia
Virginia
City West Wendover Winnemucca Whitney Winchester Yerington

Former counties

Bullfrog Ormsby Roop

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Nevada

State capital: Bob Crowell (D) (Carson City)

Carolyn Goodman (NP) (Las Vegas) Debra March (D) (Henderson) Hillary Schieve (NP) (Reno) John Lee (D) (North Las Vegas)

v t e

Protected areas of Nevada

Federal

National Parks and Monuments

Basin and Range NM (BLM) Death Valley NP Gold Butte NM (BLM) Great Basin
Great Basin
NP Tule Springs Fossil Beds NM

National Recreation Areas

Lake Mead Spring Mountains
Spring Mountains
(USFS)

National Forests

Humboldt-Toiyabe Inyo Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
Basin

National Conservation Areas

Black Rock Desert–High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails Red Rock Canyon Sloan Canyon

National Wilderness Areas

Alta Toquima Arc Dome Arrow Canyon Bald Mountain Becky Peak Big Rocks Black Canyon Black Rock Desert Boundary Peak Bridge Canyon Bristlecone Calico Mountains Clover Mountains Currant Mountain Death Valley Delamar Mountains East Fork High Rock Canyon East Humboldt Eldorado Far South Egans Fortification Range Goshute Canyon Government Peak Grant Range High Rock Canyon High Rock Lake High Schells Highland Ridge Ireteba Peaks Jarbidge Jimbilnan Jumbo Springs La Madre Mountain Lime Canyon Little High Rock Canyon Meadow Valley Range Mormon Mountains Mt Charleston Mt Grafton Mt Irish Mt Moriah Mt Rose Muddy Mountains Nellis Wash North Black Rock Range North Jackson Mountains North McCullough Pahute Peak Parsnip Peak Pinto Valley Quinn Canyon Rainbow Mountain Red Mountain Ruby Mountains Santa Rosa-Paradise Peak Shellback South Egan Range South Jackson Mountains South McCullough South Pahroc Range Spirit Mountain Table Mountain Tunnel Spring Wee Thump Joshua Tree Weepah Spring White Pine Range White Rock Range Worthington Mountains

National Wildlife Refuges

Anaho Island Ash Meadows Desert Fallon Moapa Valley Pahranagat Ruby Lake Sheldon Stillwater

State

Historic Parks

Belmont Courthouse Dangberg Home Ranch Elgin Schoolhouse Fort Churchill Mormon Station Old Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Mormon Fort Ward Charcoal Ovens

Recreation Areas

Big Bend Lahontan Rye Patch South Fork Walker Lake Wild Horse

Other

Beaver Dam Berlin–Ichthyosaur Cathedral Gorge Cave Lake Dayton Echo Canyon Kershaw–Ryan Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
– Nevada Spring Mountain Ranch Spring Valley Valley of Fire Van Sickle Washoe Lake

Previous

Floyd Lamb

v t e

Western United States

Regions

Rocky Mountains Great Basin West Coast Pacific Northwest Mountain States

States

Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming

Major metropolitan areas

Los Angeles Phoenix San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area San Bernardino-Riverside Seattle San Diego Denver Portland Las Vegas Sacramento

Major cities

Anchorage Albuquerque Denver Honolulu Las Vegas Los Angeles Long Beach Oakland Phoenix Portland Reno Riverside Sacramento San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Jose Salt Lake City Seattle Spokane Tucson

State capitals

Boise Carson City Cheyenne Denver Helena Honolulu Juneau Olympia Phoenix Sacramento Salem Salt Lake City Santa Fe

v t e

New Spain
New Spain
(1521–1821)

Conflicts

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30)
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30)
Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Piracy in the Caribbean
Piracy in the Caribbean
Queen Anne's War
Queen Anne's War
War of Jenkins' Ear
War of Jenkins' Ear
→ Seven Years' War → Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War

Conflicts with indigenous peoples during colonial rule

Mixtón War
Mixtón War
Yaqui Wars
Yaqui Wars
Chichimeca War
Chichimeca War
Philippine revolts against Spain
Philippine revolts against Spain
Acaxee Rebellion
Acaxee Rebellion
Spanish–Moro conflict
Spanish–Moro conflict
Acoma Massacre
Acoma Massacre
Tepehuán Revolt
Tepehuán Revolt
→ Tzeltal Rebellion → Pueblo Revolt
Pueblo Revolt
Pima Revolt
Pima Revolt
→ Spanish American wars of independence

Government and administration

Central government

Habsburg Spain

Charles I Joanna of Castile Philip II Philp III Philip IV Charles II

Bourbon Spain

Philip V (also reigned after Louis I) Louis I Ferdinand VI Charles III Charles IV Ferdinand VII of Spain
Ferdinand VII of Spain
(also reigned after Joseph I)

Viceroys of New Spain

List of viceroys of New Spain

Audiencias

Guadalajara Captaincy General of Guatemala Manila Mexico Santo Domingo

Captancies General

Cuba Guatemala Philippines Puerto Rico Santo Domingo Yucatán Provincias Internas

Intendancy

Havana New Orleans State of Mexico Chiapas Comayagua Nicaragua Camagüey Santiago de Cuba Guanajuato Valladolid Guadalajara Zacatecas San Luis Potosí Veracruz Puebla Oaxaca Durango Sonora Mérida, Yucatán

Politics

Viceroy Gobernaciones Adelantado Captain general Corregidor (position) Cabildo Encomienda

Treaties

Treaty of Tordesillas Treaty of Zaragoza Peace of Westphalia Treaty of Ryswick Treaty of Utrecht Congress of Breda Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762) Treaty of Paris (1783) Treaty of Córdoba Adams–Onís Treaty

Notable cities, provinces, & territories

Cities

Mexico
Mexico
City Veracruz Xalapa Puebla Toluca Cuernavaca Oaxaca Morelia Acapulco Campeche Mérida Guadalajara Durango Monterrey León Guanajuato Zacatecas Pachuca Querétaro Saltillo San Luis Potosí Los Ángeles Yerba Buena (San Francisco) San José San Diego Santa Fe Albuquerque El Paso Los Adaes San Antonio Tucson Pensacola St. Augustine Havana Santo Domingo San Juan Antigua Guatemala Cebu Manila

Provinces & territories

La Florida Las Californias Santa Fe de Nuevo México Alta California Baja California Tejas Nueva Galicia Nueva Vizcaya Nueva Extremadura New Kingdom of León Cebu Bulacan Pampanga

Other areas

Spanish Formosa

Explorers, adventurers & conquistadors

Pre-New Spain explorers

Christopher Columbus Ferdinand Magellan Juan Sebastián Elcano Vasco Núñez de Balboa Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar

Explorers & conquistadors

Hernán Cortés Juan Ponce de León Nuño de Guzmán Bernal Díaz del Castillo Pedro de Alvarado Pánfilo de Narváez Hernando de Soto Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Miguel López de Legazpi Ángel de Villafañe Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Luis de Carabajal y Cueva Juan de Oñate Juan José Pérez Hernández Gaspar de Portolà Manuel Quimper Cristóbal de Oñate Andrés de Urdaneta Ruy López de Villalobos Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador) Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua) Gil González Dávila Francisco de Ulloa Juan José Pérez Hernández Dionisio Alcalá Galiano Bruno de Heceta Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra Alonso de León Ignacio de Arteaga y Bazán José de Bustamante y Guerra José María Narváez Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa Antonio Gil Y'Barbo Alexander von Humboldt Thomas Gage

Catholic Church in New Spain

Spanish missions in the Americas

Spanish missions in Arizona Spanish missions in Baja California Spanish missions in California Spanish missions in the Carolinas Spanish missions in Florida Spanish missions in Georgia Spanish missions in Louisiana Spanish missions in Mexico Spanish missions in New Mexico Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert Spanish missions in Texas Spanish missions in Virginia Spanish missions in Trinidad

Friars, fathers, priests, & bishops

Pedro de Gante Gerónimo de Aguilar Toribio de Benavente Motolinia Bernardino de Sahagún Juan de Zumárraga Alonso de Montúfar Vasco de Quiroga Bartolomé de las Casas Alonso de Molina Diego Durán Diego de Landa Gerónimo de Mendieta Juan de Torquemada Juan de Palafox y Mendoza Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora Eusebio Kino Francisco Javier Clavijero Junípero Serra Francisco Palóu Fermín Lasuén Esteban Tápis José Francisco de Paula Señan Mariano Payeras Sebastián Montero Marcos de Niza Francisco de Ayeta Antonio Margil Francisco Marroquín Manuel Abad y Queipo Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla José María Morelos

Other events

Suppression of the Jesuits California
California
mission clash of cultures Cargo system Indian Reductions

Society and culture

Indigenous peoples

Mesoamerican

Aztec Maya Huastec Mixtec P'urhépecha Totonac Pipil Kowoj K'iche' Kaqchikel Zapotec Poqomam Mam

Caribbean

Arawak Ciboney Guanajatabey

California

Mission Indians Cahuilla Chumash Cupeño Juaneño Kumeyaay Luiseño Miwok Mohave Ohlone Serrano Tongva

Southwestern

Apache Coahuiltecan Cocopa Comanche Hopi Hualapai La Junta Navajo Pima Puebloan Quechan Solano Yaqui Zuni

North-Northwest Mexico

Acaxee Chichimeca Cochimi Kiliwa Ópata Tepehuán

Florida
Florida
& other Southeastern tribes

Indigenous people during De Soto's travels Apalachee Calusa Creek Jororo Pensacola Seminole Timucua Yustaga

Filipino people

Negrito Igorot Mangyan Peoples of Palawan Ati Panay Lumad Bajau Tagalog Cebuano

Others

Taiwanese aborigines Chamorro people

Architecture

Spanish Colonial style by country Colonial Baroque style Forts Missions

Trade & economy

Real Columbian Exchange Manila galleon Triangular trade

People & classes

Casta

Peninsulars

Criollo Indios Mestizo Castizo Coyotes Pardos Zambo Negros

People

Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo Francis Drake Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Eusebio Kino La Malinche Fermín Lasuén Limahong Moctezuma II Junípero Serra Hasekura Tsunenaga

New Spain
New Spain
Portal

v t e

Political divisions of the United States

States

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Federal district

Washington, D.C.

Insular areas

American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

Outlying islands

Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Palmyra Atoll Wake Island

Indian reservations

List of Indian reservations

Coordinates: 39°N 117°W / 39°N 117°W / 39; -117

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130694101 LCCN: n79072716 ISNI: 0000 0004 0406 6058 GND: 4041996-