Nagano (長野市, Nagano-shi, Japanese: [naꜜɡano]) is the capital city of Nagano Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture
in the Chūbu region
Chūbu region
of Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the city had an estimated population of 375,234 and a population density of 449 persons per km². Its total area was 834.81 square kilometres (322.32 sq mi).


1 History

1.1 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
and Paralympics

2 Geography

2.1 Surrounding municipalities 2.2 Climate

3 Education

3.1 Universities and colleges 3.2 Primary and secondary education

4 Transportation

4.1 Railway 4.2 Bus 4.3 Airport 4.4 Highways

5 International relations 6 Local attractions 7 Sports 8 Noted people from Nagano 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Nagano is located in former Shinano Province
Shinano Province
and developed from the Nara period
Nara period
as a temple town at the gate of the famous Zenkō-ji, a 7th-century Buddhist temple which was relocated to this location in 642 AD, and as a post station on the Hokkoku Kaidō highway connecting Edo
with the Sea of Japan
coast. During the Sengoku period, the area was hotly contested between the forces of the Uesugi clan
Uesugi clan
based in Echigo Province
Echigo Province
and the Takeda clan
Takeda clan
based in Kai Province. The several Battles of Kawanakajima
Battles of Kawanakajima
between Uesugi Kenshin
Uesugi Kenshin
and Takeda Shingen
Takeda Shingen
were fought near here. During the Edo
period, much of the area came under the control of the Sanada clan
Sanada clan
based at Matsushiro Domain. The area suffered from flooding in 1742, and from a destructive earthquake in 1847. Following the Meiji restoration
Meiji restoration
and the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the modern town of Nagano was established. Nagano was elevated to city status on April 1, 1897. It was the first city founded in Nagano Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture
and the 43rd city in Japan. The city borders expanded on July 1, 1923, with the annexation of the neighbouring town of Yoshida and villages of Sarita, Miwa and Komaki. During World War II, construction of the Matsushiro Underground Imperial Headquarters as the last redoubt for the Japanese government following the projected American invasion of Japan
was started in 1944, but was aborted in 1945 due to the end of war. The city again expanded on April 1, 1954 by annexing neighbouring villages of Asahi, Furusato, Yanagihara, Wakatsuki, Asakawa, Naganuma, Amori, Odagiri, Imoi and Mamejima. In 1959, due to the flooding of Chikuma River, 71 people died or were missing and 20,000 homes were flooded. On October 16, 1966, the city again expanded by annexing the neighbouring towns of Kawanakajima, Matsushiro and Wakaho, and villages of Shinonoi, Kohoku, Shinko, and Naniai. During the 1985 Matsushiro earthquake, 27 people died and 60 homes were destroyed or badly damaged due to landslides. In 1998, Nagano hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
and the Paralympics. It was elevated to a core city with increased local autonomy in 1999. Nagano continued to expand on January 1, 2005, by absorbing the municipalities of Toyono, and the village of Togakushi, and Kinasa (from Kamiminochi District), and the village of Ōoka (from Sarashina District). Nagano hosted the 2005 Special
Olympics World Winter Games. On January 1, 2010, Nagano absorbed the town of Shinshūshinmachi and the village of Nakajō from Kamiminochi District.[2] 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
and Paralympics[edit] Main articles: 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
and 1998 Winter Paralympics Nagano hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics
1998 Winter Olympics
and Paralympics, the third Olympic Games and second winter Olympics to be held in Japan, after the Tokyo
1964 Summer Olympics
1964 Summer Olympics
and the 1972 Winter Olympics
1972 Winter Olympics
in Sapporo (the first Winter Games ever held in Asia). As of 2018, Nagano was the southernmost host of the Winter Olympic Games. The Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon is held annually to commemorate the occasion.

Nagano Olympic Stadium, present day of Nagano Baseball Stadium


Geography[edit] Nagano is located in north-central Nagano Prefecture, near the confluence of the Chikuma River
Chikuma River
and the Sai River. Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Nagano Prefecture

Shinano Nakano Suzaka Obuse Ueda Chikuma Ōmachi Omi Chikuhoku Ikusaka Ogawa Hakuba Otari

Niigata Prefecture


Climate[edit] Nagano has a Hot-summer humid continental climate
Hot-summer humid continental climate
(Köppen climate classification Dfa) that borders on a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
Cfa). Its location in a sheltered inland valley means it receives less precipitation than any part of Japan
except Hokkaidō. The city receives heavy winter snow totaling 2.57 metres (101 in) from December to March, but it is less gloomy during these cold months than the coast from Hagi to Wakkanai.

Climate data for Nagano, Nagano
Nagano, Nagano

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.1 (64.6) 22.5 (72.5) 24.4 (75.9) 30.8 (87.4) 32.6 (90.7) 35.6 (96.1) 37.9 (100.2) 38.7 (101.7) 36.3 (97.3) 32.2 (90) 26.2 (79.2) 21.3 (70.3) 38.7 (101.7)

Average high °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 4.7 (40.5) 9.5 (49.1) 17.3 (63.1) 22.5 (72.5) 25.7 (78.3) 29.1 (84.4) 31.0 (87.8) 25.6 (78.1) 19.2 (66.6) 13.0 (55.4) 6.8 (44.2) 17.3 (63.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6 (30.9) 0.1 (32.2) 3.8 (38.8) 10.6 (51.1) 16.0 (60.8) 20.1 (68.2) 23.8 (74.8) 25.2 (77.4) 20.6 (69.1) 13.9 (57) 7.5 (45.5) 2.1 (35.8) 11.9 (53.4)

Average low °C (°F) −4.1 (24.6) −3.8 (25.2) −0.8 (30.6) 4.9 (40.8) 10.5 (50.9) 15.8 (60.4) 20.0 (68) 21.3 (70.3) 16.9 (62.4) 9.7 (49.5) 3.1 (37.6) −1.6 (29.1) 7.7 (45.9)

Record low °C (°F) −17.0 (1.4) −16.4 (2.5) −14.6 (5.7) −6.5 (20.3) −1.8 (28.8) 3.9 (39) 10.2 (50.4) 10.7 (51.3) 5.5 (41.9) −1.9 (28.6) −11.4 (11.5) −15.2 (4.6) −17.0 (1.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.1 (2.012) 49.8 (1.961) 59.4 (2.339) 53.9 (2.122) 75.1 (2.957) 109.2 (4.299) 134.4 (5.291) 97.8 (3.85) 129.4 (5.094) 82.8 (3.26) 44.3 (1.744) 45.5 (1.791) 932.7 (36.72)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 98 (38.6) 82 (32.3) 27 (10.6) 3 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.8) 45 (17.7) 257 (101.2)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 13.0 11.5 12.0 9.2 10.0 11.4 13.1 9.8 11.7 9.1 8.6 10.4 129.8

Average snowy days 22.9 19.6 8.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 10.8 63

Average relative humidity (%) 78 74 68 61 64 70 74 72 74 75 76 77 71.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.2 131.3 168.5 198.3 207.3 162.2 168.8 204.3 141.7 152.4 139.1 135.6 1,936.7

Source #1: Japan
Meteorological Agency[3]

Source #2: Japan
Meteorological Agency (records)[4]

Education[edit] Universities and colleges[edit]

Shinshu University Seisen Jogakuin College Nagano Prefectural College Seisen Jogakuin College (Junior College) Nagano Women's Junior College Nagano College of Economics National Institute of Technology, Nagano College The University of Nagano

Primary and secondary education[edit] Nagano has 55 public elementary schools and 24 public middle schools operated by the city government, along with one public middle school operated by the national government and four private middle schools. The city has 12 public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education, one public high school operated by the city government, and five private high schools. In addition, the city has four special education schools. Transportation[edit] Railway[edit] The city's main railway hub, Nagano Station, and the smaller Shinonoi Station, were expanded for the Olympics. The Hokuriku Shinkansen opened in 1997 (initially named the "Nagano Shinkansen"), connecting Nagano to Takasaki, Gunma.

JR East
JR East
- Hokuriku Shinkansen


JR East
JR East
- Shin'etsu Main Line

Shinonoi - Imai - Kawanakajima - Amori - Nagano

JR East
JR East
- Shinonoi Line

Inariyama - Shinonoi

JR East
JR East
- Iiyama Line

Toyono - Shinano-Asano - Tategahana

Shinano Railway
Shinano Railway
- Kita-Shinano Line

Nagano - Kita-Nagano - Sansai - Toyono

Shinano Railway
Shinano Railway
- Shinano Railway
Shinano Railway


Nagano Electric Railway

Nagano - Shiyakushomae - Gondo - Zenkojishita - Hongō - Kirihara - Shinano-Yoshida - Asahi - Fuzokuchugakumae - Yanagihara

Bus[edit] Buses for Kawanaka-jima Bus and the Nagano Dentetsu Bus Co. service the city, departing both Nagano Station
Nagano Station
and the Nagano Bus Terminal just west of the station. Local bus provider, Alpico Kōtsū, departs from a dedicated office across the street from the Zenkō-ji
Exit of Nagano Station. Long-distance highway bus services depart from the East Exit of Nagano Station. Airport[edit] The nearest airport is Matsumoto Airport, connected via a 70-minute express bus from Nagano City. Highways[edit]

Jōshin-etsu Expressway Nagano Expressway Japan
National Route 18 Japan
National Route 19 Japan
National Route 117 Japan
National Route 403 Japan
National Route 406

International relations[edit]

- Clearwater, Florida, United States, sister city since March 1959 - Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China, friendship city since April 1981

Local attractions[edit]

Zenkō-ji, temple in Nagano

Japanese macaque
Japanese macaque
at Jigokudani hotspring

Buddhist temple and pilgrimage destination Matsushiro Castle, with its surrounding castle town, preserving many samurai residences, temples, and gardens of the Edo
period Site of the Battles of Kawanakajima, with a municipal museum Shiga Kogen, ski resort[5] with the nearby Jigokudani Monkey Park,[6] famous for the wild Japanese macaque
Japanese macaque
often found bathing in its hot springs. Sporting venues built for the Winter Olympics including the M-Wave speedskating arena (with the world's largest wooden suspension roof), Big Hat
Big Hat
arena, and the Aqua Wing Arena.


AC Nagano Parceiro
AC Nagano Parceiro
represents Nagano in J3 League AC Nagano Parceiro
AC Nagano Parceiro
Ladies is a women's football team in the Challenge League based in Nagano

Noted people from Nagano[edit]

Joe Hisaishi, composer Kazuo Aoki, politician Haruyo Ichikawa, actress Toshimi Kitazawa, politician Kenji Kosaka, politician Isao Kuraishi, actor Tadamichi Kuribayashi, general, Imperial Japanese Army Emi Nitta, voice actress Shusei Tanaka, politician Adachi Yuto, member of K-pop boy band Pentagon


^ 市政情報 > 市の沿革・概要 > 人口・面積・自然 (in Japanese).  ^ 長野市・信州新町・中条村合併後調査報告について. Nagano official website (in Japanese). Nagano City. Retrieved 18 September 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan
Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-10-29.  ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-10-29.  ^ Snow Monkeys. " Shiga Kogen
Shiga Kogen
Snow Monkeys". Retrieved 2013-10-04.  ^ Snow Monkeys (2012-09-27). "Snow Monkey park Snow Monkeys". Retrieved 2013-10-04. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nagano.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nagano.

Official website (in Japanese) Nagano Convention & Visitors Bureau Nagano 2005 Special Olympics World Winter Games
2005 Special Olympics World Winter Games
official website Nature, Culture & Technology Issues & Activities around Nagano

v t e

Nagano Prefecture

Nagano (capital)

Core city





Azumino Chikuma Chino Iida Iiyama Ina Komagane Komoro Nakano Okaya Ōmachi Saku Shiojiri Suwa Suzaka Tōmi Ueda

Chiisagata District

Aoki Nagawa

Hanishina District


Higashichikuma District

Asahi Chikuhoku Ikusaka Omi Yamagata

Kamiina District

Iijima Minamiminowa Minowa Miyada Nakagawa Tatsuno

Kamiminochi District

Iizuna Shinano Ogawa

Kamitakai District

Obuse Takayama

Kiso District

Agematsu Kiso-machi Nagiso Kiso-mura Ōkuwa Ōtaki

Kitaazumi District

Ikeda Hakuba Matsukawa Otari

Kitasaku District

Karuizawa Miyota Tateshina

Minamisaku District

Kawakami Kitaaiki Koumi Minamiaiki Minamimaki Sakuho

Shimoina District

Achi Anan Hiraya Matsukawa Neba Ōshika Shimojō Takagi Takamori Tenryū Toyooka Urugi Yasuoka

Shimominochi District


Shimotakai District

Yamanouchi Kijimadaira Nozawaonsen

Suwa District

Hara Fujimi Shimosuwa

List of mergers in Nagano Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan


wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka


Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

v t e

Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
host cities

1924: Chamonix 1928: St. Moritz 1932: Lake Placid 1936: Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940: Cancelled due to World War II 1944: Cancelled due to World War II 1948: St. Moritz 1952: Oslo 1956: Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960: Squaw Valley 1964: Innsbruck 1968: Grenoble 1972: Sapporo 1976: Innsbruck 1980: Lake Placid 1984: Sarajevo 1988: Calgary 1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City 2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: Pyeongchang 2022: Beijing 2026: TBD 2030: TBD

v t e

Winter Paralympic Games
Winter Paralympic Games
host cities

1976: Örnsköldsvik 1980: Geilo 1984: Innsbruck 1988: Innsbruck

1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City

2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: PyeongChang

2022: Beijing

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 258110266 BNF: cb120496394 (data) N