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A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player
MP3 player
or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9% of all music sales in the US in 2012.[nb 1][1] By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year.[2]

Contents

1 Online music store 2 RIAA against illegal downloading 3 Sales records

3.1 United Kingdom 3.2 United States 3.3 Japan 3.4 South Korea

4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

Online music store[edit] Main articles: Online music store
Online music store
and Comparison of online music stores Popular online music stores that sell downloadable singles and albums include the iTunes Store, Amazon MP3, fairsharemusic, eMusic, Google Play, CD Universe, Nokia Music
Music
Store, TuneTribe, Xbox Music
Xbox Music
and MyMusic.com.ng. Paid downloads are sometimes encoded with Digital Rights Management that restricts copying the music or playing purchased songs on certain digital audio players. They are almost always compressed using a lossy codec (usually MPEG-1 Layer 3, Windows Media, or AAC), which reduces file size and bandwidth requirements. These music resources have been created as a response to expanding technology and needs of customers that wanted easy, quick access to music. Their business models respond to the "download revolution" by making legal services attractive for users. Even legal music downloads have faced a number of challenges from artists, record labels and the Recording Industry Association of America. In July 2007, the Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
decided not to renew their long-term contracts with iTunes. This decision was primarily based upon the issue of pricing of songs, as Universal wanted to be able to charge more or less depending on the artist, a shift away from iTunes' standard—at the time—99 cents per song pricing. Many industry leaders feel that this is only the first of many show-downs between Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
and the various record labels.[3]

According to research by the website TorrentFreak, 38% of Swedish artists support file share downloading and claim that it helps artists in early career stages. The Swedish rock group Lamont has profited from file sharing.[4] RIAA against illegal downloading[edit] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) oversees about 85% of published music production, distribution and manufacturing in the United States. They work to protect musicians while supporting the First Amendment rights. Their stated goal is to support artists' creativity and help them not be cheated out of money by illegal downloading.[5] The Recording Industry Association of America launched its first lawsuits on 8 September 2003, against individuals who illegally downloaded music files from the Kazaa
Kazaa
FastTrack network. Two years after it began, the campaign survived at least one major legal challenge.[citation needed] The RIAA said it filed 750 suits in February 2006[6] against individuals downloading music files without paying for them in hopes of putting an end to Internet music piracy. The RIAA hopes their campaign will force people to respect the copyrights of music labels and eventually minimize the number of illegal downloads.[7] The Official Charts Company
Official Charts Company
began to incorporate downloads in the UK Singles Chart on 17 April 2005, at which time Radio 1 stopped broadcasting the separate download chart,[citation needed] although the chart is still compiled. Initially this was on condition that the song must have a physical media release at the same time; this rule was fully lifted on 1 January 2007, meaning all download sales are now eligible in the chart.[citation needed] Sales records[edit] United Kingdom[edit] Music
Music
downloads have been measured by the Official Charts Company since 2004 and included in the main UK Singles Chart
UK Singles Chart
from 2005. The most downloaded song in the UK is "Happy" by Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams
with over 1.8 million downloads.[8] United States[edit] In November 2005, the record for the best-selling downloaded single in the United States was held by Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl", which sold over one million downloads, making it the first song to achieve platinum download status.[9] As of July 2012[update], the record for the best-selling downloaded single in the United States on the iTunes Store is held by The Black Eyed Peas's "I Gotta Feeling", which has sold over 8 million downloads.[10][11] Soon after his death in 2009, Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
became the first artist to sell over one million songs downloaded via the Internet in one week.[12] However, Adele
Adele
marks the most downloads sold by a single song in a week, with "Hello" selling 1.12 million copies in November 2015. Eminem's seventh studio album, Recovery (2010), became the first album to sell one million digital copies.[13] Beyoncé's self-titled fifth studio album became the fastest-selling album within 24 hours in iTunes history after its release in December 2013. Within 24 hours of availability, the album sold 430,000 digital copies. Adele's third studio album 25 became the fastest-selling album in a week iTunes history after it was released on 20 November 2015. It sold 1.64 million digital copies in its first week (included preorders on the iTunes store since the release of the album's lead single "Hello" in October 2015). Japan[edit] In 2006, the Recording Industry Association of Japan
Recording Industry Association of Japan
began issuing certifications for digitally released music in Japan, compiling data from the early 2000s onwards.[14] The best-selling song is Fukushima-based vocal group Greeeen's song "Kiseki" (2008), which was certified for being legally downloaded four million times between 2008 and 2015,[15] followed by R&B singer Thelma Aoyama's "Soba ni Iru ne" (2008) featuring rapper SoulJa, which was certified for three million downloads between 2008 and 2014.[16] Greeeen's song "Ai Uta" (2007) ranks as the third highest certified song, with 2.5 million downloads tracked between 2007 and 2009.[17][18] Two more songs have sold more than two million paid downloads: Ayaka's "Mikazuki" (2006) and Kobukuro's "Tsubomi" (2007).[19] The most successful ringtone in Japan is Moldovan-Romanian band O-Zone's "Dragostea din tei" (2003), known locally as "Koi no Maiahi" (恋のマイアヒ), which was certified as having four million units sold.[14] In Japan, only two albums have received digital certifications by the RIAJ. The first was Songs for Japan
Songs for Japan
(2011), a charity compilation album raising profits for the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, which was certified gold for 100,000 downloads in June 2011.[20] The second album was the Japanese language cast recording of the Frozen soundtrack, which sold 100,000 copies between its release in March 2014 and January 2015.[21] South Korea[edit] In South Korea, Gaon Digital Chart has been tracking digital sales since 2009. The most successful song according to their published data is Busker Busker's "Cherry Blossom Ending" (2012), which was downloaded over 7 million times between 2012 and 2017.[22][23][24][25] In 2011, "Roly-Poly" by T-ara
T-ara
was the most successful song of the year, selling 4.1 million digital copies.[26] In 2012 this accolade went to Psy's "Gangnam Style", after selling 3.8 million units.[22] See also[edit]

Comparison of on-demand music streaming services On air on sale Open music model United States v. ASCAP

Notes[edit]

^ "All music sales" refers to albums plus track equivalent albums. A track equivalent album equates to 10 tracks.

References[edit]

^ Lunden, Ingrid (4 January 2013). " Download
Download
Me Maybe: U.S. Music Market Up By 3.1%, Fuelled By 1.3B Digital Track Sales In 2012, Says Nielsen". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ Apple's iTunes revenues top $1.1 billion in Q1, FierceMobileContent 19 January 2011 ^ Universal in Dispute With Apple Over iTunes ^ "Swedish artists want to legalize filesharing" 17 October 2011 ^ "For Students Doing Reports". RIAA. Archived from the original on 10 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ Riaa Announces New Round Of Music
Music
Theft Lawsuits ^ Jason Krause. "Breaking up downloading". ABA Journal 92 (2006): 16, 18. Research Library. ProQuest. Georgia State University Library, Atlanta, Georgia. 12 November 2008 ^ Copsey, Rob (9 September 2014). "Pharrell's Happy now the UK's most downloaded track of all time". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 October 2014.  ^ Hiatt, Brian (19 January 2006). "Stefani, Peas Lead Singles Boom". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved 9 January 2007.  ^ "Week Ending June 24, 2012. Songs: Elton & The Peas Chart Watch (NEW)". Yahoo.com. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2012.  ^ "Week Ending March 20, 2011: Songs: The Chris Brown Matter – Yahoo! Chart Watch". Yahoo.com. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2012.  ^ Zee (2009-07-02). " Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
is the First to Sell 1 Million Downloads in a Week". The Next Web. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ " Eminem
Eminem
Sets Digital Sales Record". Rap Radar. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.  ^ a b "レコード協会調べ 8月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: August Digital Music
Music
Download Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 September 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2014.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 7月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: July Digital Music
Music
Download
Download
Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 3月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: March Digital Music
Music
Download Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 8月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: August Digital Music
Music
Download Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 September 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 7月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: July Digital Music
Music
Download
Download
Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2014.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 1月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: January Digital Music
Music
Download Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 5月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: May Digital Music
Music
Download
Download
Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ "レコード協会調べ 1月度有料音楽配信認定" [Record Association Investigation: January Digital Music
Music
Download Certifications] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015.  ^ a b "2012년 Download
Download
Chart". Korea Music
Music
Content Industry Association. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "2013년 Download
Download
Chart". Korea Music
Music
Content Industry Association. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "2014년 Download
Download
Chart". Korea Music
Music
Content Industry Association. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "2015년 Download
Download
Chart". Korea Music
Music
Content Industry Association. Retrieved 26 January 2016.  ^ "2011년 Download
Download
Chart". Korea Music
Music
Content Industry Association. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 

v t e

Music
Music
industry

Companies and organizations

Representatives

ARIA BVMI BPI Music
Music
Canada FIMI IFPI (worldwide) PROMUSICAE RIAA SNEP

Music
Music
publishers

BMG Rights Management EMI Music
Music
Publishing Fox Music Imagem MGM Music Music
Music
catalog Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing Universal Music
Music
Publishing Group Warner/Chappell Music

Record labels

Major: Sony Music Universal Music
Music
Group Warner Music
Music
Group Independent: Independent UK record labels

Live music

CTS Eventim Live Nation LiveStyle Ticketmaster

Genres

Avant-garde Blues Contemporary R&B Country Crossover Dance Disco Drum and bass Easy listening Electronica Experimental Folk Funk Gospel Hip hop Instrumental Jazz Latin Metal Motown New Age Operatic pop Pop Punk Reggae Rock Soul Soundtrack World

Sectors and roles

Album
Album
cover design Artists and repertoire (A&R) Disc jockey Distribution Entertainment law Music
Music
education Music
Music
executive Music
Music
journalism Music
Music
publisher Music
Music
store Music
Music
venue Musical instruments Professional audio store Promotion Radio promotion Record label Record shop Road crew Talent manager Tour promoter

Production

Arrangement Composer Conductor Disc jockey Hip hop producer Horn section Record producer Recording artist Rhythm section Orchestrator Session musician Singer

Backup singer Ghost singer Vocal coach

Songwriter

Ghostwriter

Sound engineer

Release formats

Album Extended play
Extended play
(EP)/Mini album Single Music
Music
video Promotional recording Phonograph record Eight-track Compact cassette CD DVD Airplay Music
Music
download Streaming media

Live shows

Concert Concert
Concert
tour Concert
Concert
residency Music
Music
festival Music
Music
competition

Charts

ARIA Charts Billboard Hot 100 Brasil Hot 100 Airplay Canadian Hot 100 Gaon Music
Music
Chart Irish Singles Chart Italian Singles Chart GfK Entertainment Charts Entertainment Monitoring Africa Oricon
Oricon
Charts New Zealand Singles Chart SNEP Singles Chart Sverigetopplistan UK Singles Chart

Publications

Billboard HitQuarters Hot Press Kerrang! Mojo Musica e dischi NME Q Rolling Stone Smash Hits Top of the Pops

Television

Channels

CMT TheCoolTV Fuse Heartland Juice MTV MTV2 Tr3s MuchMusic The Music
Music
Factory Viva VH1 The Country Network

Series

Idol franchise Popstars Star Academy The Voice The X Factor Rising Star

Achievements

Music
Music
award Best-selling music artists Best-selling albums Best-selling albums by country Best-selling singles Highest-grossing concert tours Highest-attended concerts Global Recording Artist of the Year

Other

Album
Album
sales Album-equivalent unit A-side and B-side Backmasking Christian music industry Hidden track Grammy Museum White label

Category

v t e

Music
Music
digital distribution platforms

Digital library Music
Music
download Online music store Streaming media

Active

7digital 8tracks.com Amazon Music Anghami Apple Music Baidu Music Bandcamp Bandit.fm Beatport Bleep.com CD Baby Classical Archives Claro Música Deezer Digitally Imported Ditto Music Djshop Electric Jukebox EmuBands eMusic Gaana.com Google Play
Google Play
Music HDtracks Hoopla Icecast iHeartRadio iTunes Store Jamendo JOOX Juno Records KKBox KuGou Last.fm Line Music Live365 Magnatune Melon Mixcloud MOOV Murfie MusicStation Music
Music
Glue Mziiki Napster NetEase Music Nimbit NoiseTrade ONErpm OverDrive, Inc. Pandora Patari PayPlay.FM PlayStation Music Playster Pono Qobuz QQ Music Raaga.com Radical.fm Radionomy Saavn Sellaband Slacker Spinlet Spotify SoundCloud Shazam Style Jukebox Tidal Twine WiMP YouTube

Discontinued

Amie Street Aupeo Beats Music BlackBerry World Blinkbox Music BuyMusic GhostTunes GoMusicNow Groove Music Grooveshark Guvera Internet Underground Music
Music
Archive imeem iMesh Kazaa Mixcrate Mog MP3.com Music
Music
Unlimited Nokia Store MixRadio PlayNow Arena PressPlay Puretracks rara Rdio Simfy Songza Spinner SpiralFrog Stardock Central Streamwaves Ubetoo Wowloud Yahoo! Music
Music
Radio/LAUNCHcast Yahoo! Music
Music
Unlimited Zune