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In the Book of Genesis, the mountains of Ararat (Biblical Hebrew הָרֵי אֲרָרָט‬, Tiberian hārēy Ǎrārāṭ, Septuagint: τὰ ὄρη τὰ Ἀραράτ) is the place where Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
came to rest after the great flood ( Genesis 8:4). History[edit] In the Armenian tradition and Western Christianity, based on Jerome's reading of Josephus, the specific summit of the "Mountains of Ararat" where Noah's ark
Noah's ark
landed is identified as Mount Masis (now known as Mount Ararat
Mount Ararat
- Armenian: Արարատ) the highest peak of the Armenian Highland, located in present-day Turkey. In Syrian
Syrian
tradition, as well as in Quranic tradition, the mountain is identified with Mount Judi in what is today Şırnak Province, Southeastern Anatolia Region, Turkey. During the Middle Ages, this tradition has eclipsed the earlier association with Mount Judi
Mount Judi
in Eastern Christianity (Syrian Christianity), and the Mount Judi
Mount Judi
tradition is now mostly confined to the Islamic view of Noah. The "Mountains of Ararat" in Genesis clearly refer to a general region, not a specific mountain. Biblical Ararat corresponds to Ancient Assyrian Urartu
Urartu
(and Old Persian Armina) the name of the kingdom which at the time controlled the Lake Van
Lake Van
region. The Latin Vulgate
Latin Vulgate
says "requievitque arca [...] super montes Armeniae", which means literally "and the ark rested [...] on the mountains of Armenia", which was changed to "... mountains of Ararat" (montes Ararat) in the modern Nova Vulgata. The Book of Jubilees
Book of Jubilees
(7:1) specifies that the Ark came to rest on one of the peaks of the "Mountains of Ararat" called "Lubar". In the book, Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus
Josephus
wrote:

“ the ark rested on the top of a certain mountain in Armenia
Armenia
... However, the Armenians
Armenians
call this place, αποβατηριον 'The Place of Descent'; for the ark being saved in that place, its remains are shown there by the inhabitants to this day. Now all the writers of barbarian histories make mention of this flood, and of this ark; among whom is Berossus. For when he is describing the circumstances of the flood, he goes on thus: "It is said there is still some part of this ship in Armenia, at the mountain of the Cordyaeans; and that some people carry off pieces of the bitumen, which they take away, and use chiefly as amulets for the averting of mischiefs." Hieronymus the Egyptian also, who wrote the Phoenician Antiquities, and Mnaseas, and a great many more, make mention of the same. Nay, Nicolaus of Damascus, in his ninety-sixth book, hath a particular relation about them; where he speaks thus: "There is a great mountain in Armenia, over Minyas, called Baris, upon which it is reported that many who fled at the time of the Deluge were saved; and that one who was carried in an ark came on shore upon the top of it; and that the remains of the timber were a great while preserved. This might be the man about whom Moses the legislator of the Jews wrote." (I.3.5-6, trans. William Whiston) ”

Sir Walter Raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh
devoted several lengthy chapters of his History of the World (written c. 1616) to his argument that the "Mountains of Ararat" were anciently understood as including not only those of Armenia, but all the taller mountain ranges extending into Asia far to the east, and that Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
must have landed somewhere in the Orient, since Armenia
Armenia
is not actually east of Shinar. See also[edit]

Mount Ararat Biblical Mount Sinai Mount Judi Searches for Noah's Ark

References[edit]

Friedrich Murat, Ararat und Masis, Studien zur armenischen Altertumskunde und Litteratur, Heidelberg, 1900.

Frederick Cornwallis Conybeare, 1901 review

v t e

Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
media

Source

Genesis flood narrative
Genesis flood narrative
in the Book of Genesis

Characters

Noah Shem Ham Japheth Wives aboard Noah's Ark

Television

Captain Noah
Noah
and His Magical Ark (1967) Noah's Island (1997) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1999) The Ark (2015)

Film

Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1928) Father Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1933) The Bible: In the Beginning... (1966) O Trapalhão na Arca de Noé (1983) La Biblia en pasta
La Biblia en pasta
(1984) Genesis: The Creation and the Flood (1994) Noah
Noah
(1998) Raining Cats and Frogs
Raining Cats and Frogs
(2003) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(2007) Evan Almighty
Evan Almighty
(2007) 40 Days and Nights
40 Days and Nights
(2012) Noah
Noah
(2014) Ooops! Noah
Noah
Is Gone... (2015)

Stage

The Flowering Peach (1954 play) Two by Two (1970 musical)

Opera

Il diluvio universale
Il diluvio universale
(1830) Le Déluge (1875) Noé (1885) Noye's Fludde
Noye's Fludde
(1958)

Songs

Captain Noah
Noah
and His Floating Zoo (1970) "The Prophet's Song" (1975) "Animals" (1980) "Forever Not Yours" (2002)

Games

Noah's Ark Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1992) Super 3D Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1994)

Literature

The Moon in the Cloud
The Moon in the Cloud
(1969) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1977) Not Wanted on the Voyage
Not Wanted on the Voyage
(1984) Many Waters
Many Waters
(1986) Not the End of the World (2004)

Other cultures

Flood myth Sumerian creation myth Gilgamesh flood myth Ancient Greek flood myths Finnish flood myth Great Flood of China Mesoamerican flood myths Cessair Bergelmir Noah
Noah
in Islam Noah
Noah
in rabbinic literature

Science

Black Sea deluge hypothesis Flood geology Searches for Noah's Ark

Geography

In Search of Noah's Ark Mountains of Ararat Mount Judi Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Theories

Ararat anomaly Durupınar site

Story within a story

Angel's Egg Doctor Dolittle and the Secret Lake Fantasia 2000 "Homer and Ned's Hail Mary Pass" "This Is the Way the World Ends"

Exclusions

"The Unicorn" Peluda

Related theology

Book of Noah Generations of Noah Gopher wood Noah's wine Seven Laws of Noah

Other

Noah's Brother Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
replicas and derivatives Boner's Ark Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark