or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can also be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross. Four- (or more) wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
(FIA); and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
(FIM) governs two-wheeled competition.


1 History 2 Racing

2.1 Open wheel racing

2.1.1 Formula racing Formula One Formula E IndyCar

2.2 Enclosed wheel racing

2.2.1 Sports
car racing 2.2.2 Stock car racing 2.2.3 Touring car racing

2.3 Other racing

3 Non-racing disciplines 4 Olympics 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, starting city to city racing.[1] In 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose as open road racing, on public roads, was banned. Brooklands
was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom.[2] Following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular.[3] After World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became firmly established.[4] Motorsports ultimately became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, and their appropriate organisations. Racing[edit] "Motor racing" redirects here. For other uses, see Motor racing (other). Motor racing[5] is the subset of motorsport activities which involve competitors racing against each other. Open wheel racing[edit] Formula racing[edit]

The Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid, the 2015 Formula One
Formula One
World Championship winning car

Main article: Formula racing Formula racing
Formula racing
is a set of classes of motor vehicles, with their wheels outside, and not contained by, any bodywork of their vehicle. These have been globally classified as specific 'Formula' series - the most common being Formula One, and many others include the likes of Formula 3, Formula Ford, Formula Renault
Formula Renault
and Formula Palmer Audi. However, in North America, the IndyCar
series is their pinnacle open-wheeled racing series. More recently, new open-wheeled series have been created, originating in Europe, which omit the 'Formula' moniker, such as GP2 and GP3. Former 'Formula' series include Formula 5000 and Formula Two. Formula One[edit] Main article: Formula One Formula One
Formula One
is a class of single-seat and open-wheel grand prix closed course racing, governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), and currently organized by the privately owned company Formula One
Formula One
Group. The formula regulations contain a very strict set of rules which govern vehicle power, weight and size.[6] Formula E[edit] Main article: Formula E Formula E
Formula E
is a class of open-wheel auto racing that uses only electric-powered cars. The series was conceived in 2012, and the inaugural championship started in Beijing
on 13 September 2014.[7] The series is also sanctioned by the FIA and races a spec chassis/battery combination with manufacturers allowed to develop their own electric power-trains. The series has gained significant traction in recent years.[8] IndyCar
Series[edit] Main article: IndyCar
Series In the United States, Indy Car
Indy Car
is a class of single seat paved track racing, organized by INDYCAR. Its premier race is the Indianapolis 500. Enclosed wheel racing[edit]

A Ford Focus WRC
Ford Focus WRC
rally racing car during 2010 Rally Finland

Enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are primarily enclosed inside the bodywork of the vehicle, similar to a North American 'stock car'. Sports
car racing[edit] Main article: Sports
car racing Sports
car racing is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, and specialised racing types. The premiere race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans
24 Hours of Le Mans
which takes place annually in France
during the month of June. Sports
car racing rules and specifications differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies.[9] Stock car racing[edit] Main article: Stock car racing Stock car racing
Stock car racing
is a set of vehicles, that race over a speedway track, organised by NASCAR. While once stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. NASCAR
was organised in 1947, to combine flat track oval racing of production cars.[10] Daytona Beach and Road Course
Daytona Beach and Road Course
was founded where land speed records were set on the beach, and including part of A1A. The highlight of the stock car calendar is the season-opening Daytona 500, also nicknamed 'The Great American Race'. Touring car racing[edit] Main article: Touring car racing Touring car racing
Touring car racing
is a set of vehicles,[11] modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street courses. Other racing[edit]

Finnish speedway riders in the Speedway Extraliiga competition

Motor sports which involve competitors racing against each other include:

Auto (car) racing Motor rallying Motorcycle racing Kart racing Motorboat racing Drone racing Hovercraft racing Lawn mower racing Radio-controlled model
Radio-controlled model
racing Slot car racing Snowmobile racing Truck racing

Non-racing disciplines[edit] Forms of motorsport which do not involve racing include drifting, regularity rally, motorcycle trials, gymkhana, Freestyle Motocross
and tractor pulling. Olympics[edit] Motorsport
was a demonstration event at the 1900 Summer Olympics. See also[edit]


Glossary of motorsport terms List of motorsport championships Electric motorsport International Motorsports Hall of Fame Long Beach Motorsports Walk of Fame Motorsports Hall of Fame of America


^ Gifford, p. 7. ^ Gifford, p. 9. ^ Gifford, p. 10. ^ Gifford, p. 11. ^ Macmillan Dictionary ^ Jonathan Noble; Mark Hughes. "Discovering What Makes Formula One, Formula One". Formula One
Formula One
For Dummies.  ^ Telegraph Sport (13 September 2014). " Formula E
Formula E
opens with spectacular crash involving Nick Heidfeld and Nicolas Prost as Lucas di Grassi claims win". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 September 2014.  ^ Formula E
Formula E
(31 July 2017). "Agag: This has been our take-off season". Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ "Regulations". Federation Internationale de l'Automobile. Retrieved 2015-10-09.  ^ Layford, Bob. Built for Speed. Courage Books. p. 29. ISBN 0762404418.  ^ "Car Facts Pirelli World Challenge". Retrieved 2015-10-09. 


Gifford, Clive (2006). Racing: The Ultimate Motorsports Encyclopedia. Kingfisher. ISBN 9780753460405. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Motorsports and Motor racing.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Motor sport.

Official website (in English) Formula 1 (F1) Motorsports Association (UK) World Rally Championship (WRC)

v t e



Track running

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Road running

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Off-road running

Adventure running Cross country running Fell running Trail running


Tower running Racewalking


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Bicycle racing

Road bicycle racing Cyclo-cross Mountain bike racing Track cycling BMX
racing Cycle speedway Keirin

Animal racing

Camel racing Greyhound racing Horse racing Pigeon racing Sled dog racing


Open water swimming Marathon
swimming Paralympic swimming

Motor racing

Auto racing

Formula racing Sports
car racing Touring car racing Stock car racing Rallying Drag racing Off-road racing

Motorcycle racing

Beach racing Motocross Rally raid Track racing

Motorboat racing

Drag boat racing Hydroplane racing Jet sprint boat racing Inshore powerboat racing Offshore powerboat racing


Kart racing Radio-controlled car
Radio-controlled car
racing Slot car racing

Multi-sport racing

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List of forms of racing

v t e

Extreme and adventure sports


Bellyboarding Bodyboarding Dirtsurfing Flowriding Kite landboarding Kiteboarding Longboarding Mountainboarding River surfing Riverboarding Sandboarding Skateboarding Skimboarding Skysurfing Snowboarding Snowskating Street luging Surfing Wakeboarding Windsurfing


Drifting Motocross Rallying Snocross Supercross

Water sports

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Air racing Gliding Hang gliding Paragliding

Powered paragliding

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racing Freestyle BMX

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Aggressive inline skating Vert skating

Roller skating


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Cheese rolling Nettle eating


Adventure racing Caving Crane climbing Extreme ironing Extreme Pogo Fell running Obstacle racing Orienteering Paintball Powerbocking Slacklining Ultramarathon Zip-lining

Commons S