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Michael Choniates
Michael Choniates
(or Acominatus) (Greek: Μιχαήλ Χωνιάτης or Ἀκομινάτος) (c. 1140 – 1220), Byzantine writer and ecclesiastic, was born at Chonae (the ancient Colossae). At an early age he studied at Constantinople
Constantinople
and was the pupil of Eustathius of Thessalonica. Around 1175 he was appointed archbishop of Athens, a position which he retained until 1204.[1] In 1204, he defended the Acropolis of Athens
Acropolis of Athens
from attack by Leo Sgouros, holding out until the arrival of the Crusaders in 1205, to whom he surrendered the city.[2] After the establishment of Latin control, he retired to the island of Ceos. Around 1217 he moved again to the monastery of Vodonitsa
Vodonitsa
near the Thermopylae, where he died. Though he is known to classical scholars as the last possessor of complete versions of Callimachus' Hecale and Aitia,[3] he was a versatile writer, and composed homilies, speeches and poems, which, with his correspondence, throw considerable light upon the miserable condition of Attica and Athens at the time. His memorial to Alexios III Angelos on the abuses of Byzantine administration, the poetical lament over the degeneracy of Athens and the monodies on his brother Nicetas and Eustathius, archbishop of Thessalonica, deserve special mention. It is believed that his daughter Constantina tutored, in Greek and science, John of Basingstoke, Archdeacon of Leicester known for his fluency in and advocacy of the Greek language.[4] Michael's pupil George Bardanes, who had accompanied him during his exile on Ceos, became a distinguished bishop in subsequent years.[5] Notes[edit]

^ Kenneth M. Setton, "A Note on Michael Choniates, Archbishop of Athens (1182-1204)", Speculum, 21 (1946), pp. 234-236 ^ N.G. Wilson, Scholars of Byzantium 1983:204-06. ^ A.S. Hollis, "A New Fragment on Niobe and the Text of Propertius 2.20.8". The Classical Quarterly, New Series, 47.2 (1997:578-582). ^  Archer, Thomas Andrew (1885). "Basing, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co.  ^ Macrides, R. J. (1991). "Bardanes, George". In Kazhdan, Alexander. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. pp. 254–255. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 

References[edit]

Edition of his works by Spyridon Lambros
Spyridon Lambros
(1879-1880) Migne, Patrologia Graeca, cxl. Adolf Ellissen, Michael Akominatos (1846), containing several pieces with German translation Ferdinand Gregorovius, Geschichte der Stadt Athen im Mittelalter, i, (1889) George Finlay, History of Greece, iv. pp. 133–134 (1877). Thallon, C. A Medieval Humanist: Michael Akominatos (New Haven, 1923) (reprint New York, 1973). Stadtmüller, G. "Michael Choniates, Metropolit von Athen," Orientalia Christiana, 33,2 (1934), 125-325. Setton, K. M. "Athens in the Later Twelfth Century," Speculum, XIX (1944), 179-207. Anthony Kaldellis, "Michael Choniates: a classicist-bishop and his cathedral (1182–1205 AD)," in Idem, The Christian Parthenon: Classicism and Pilgrimage in Byzantine Athens (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009), 145-162. Nario Gallina, "La reazione antiromana nell'epistolario di Michele Coniata Metropolita d'Atene" in Gherardo Ortalli, Giorgio Ravegnani, Peter Schreiner, eds. Quarta Crociata (Venice, 2006. ISBN 88-88143-74-2) vol. 1 pp. 423–446  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Acominatus, Michael". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 150–151.  Athanasios Angelou, «Rhetoric and History: Τhe case of Nicetas Choniates», στο History as Literature in Byzantium, ed. Ruth Macrides, Farnham, Ashgate 2010, σ. 289-305.

Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
titles

Preceded by George IV Metropolitan bishop
Metropolitan bishop
of Athens 1182–1220 (in exile after 1205) Vacant Title next held by Meletius I

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32141590 LCCN: no2001086323 ISNI: 0000 0000 7973 0110 GND: 100955711 SUDOC: 060102349 BNF: cb132074628 (data)

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