Parouse.com
 Parouse.com



Meerut
Meerut
( pronunciation (help·info), IAST: Meraṭha), is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[5] It is an ancient city with settlements dating back to the Indus Valley civilisation
Indus Valley civilisation
having been found in and around the area. The city lies 70 km (43 mi) northeast of the national capital New Delhi, and 453 km (281 mi) northwest of the state capital Lucknow.[6] Meerut
Meerut
is the second largest city in the National Capital region, and as of 2011 the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India.[7][8] It ranked 292 in 2006 and is projected to rank 242 in 2020 in the list of largest cities and urban areas in the world.[9] The municipal area (as of 2001) is 141.89 km2 (54.78 sq mi)[10] with the cantonment covering 35.68 km2 (3,568.06 ha).[11] The city is one of the largest producers of sports goods, and the largest producer of musical instruments in India. The city is also an education hub in western Uttar Pradesh. Meerut
Meerut
is also known as the "Sports City Of India". The city is famous for being the starting point of the 1857 rebellion against British colonial rule.

Contents

1 Orgin of the word 2 History

2.1 Ancient era 2.2 Muslim conquests and rule 2.3 Colonial era 2.4 Post-independence era 2.5 The Great Upsurge of 1857

3 Mythology 4 Climate 5 Geography 6 Administration

6.1 General Administration 6.2 Police Administration 6.3 Infrastructure and Civic Administration 6.4 Central Government Offices

7 Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment 8 Development 9 Economy

9.1 Industry 9.2 Retail 9.3 Revenue generation

10 Transport

10.1 Air 10.2 Road 10.3 Railways

11 Demographics 12 Culture

12.1 Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
(Fair) 12.2 Film and television 12.3 Poetry

13 Education 14 Media 15 Sports Industries 16 Crime 17 Tourist destinations 18 Notable People

18.1 Literature 18.2 Sports

19 See also 20 References

20.1 Notes 20.2 Citations

21 Further reading 22 External links

Orgin of the word[edit] The city may have derived its name from 'Mayarashtra' (Sanskrit: मयराष्ट्र), the capital of the kingdom of Mayasura, Mandodari's father and Ravana's father-in-law. This name may have mutated to Mairashtra, Mai-dant-ka-khera, Mairaath and eventually Meerut.[12][13] According to another version, Maya(sura), being a distinguished architect, received from King Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
the land on which the city of Meerut
Meerut
now stands and he called this place Mayarashtra, a name which in the course of time became shortened to Meerut. Tradition also has it that the city formed a part of the dominions of Mahipala, the king of Indraprastha, and the word Meerut
Meerut
is associated with his name.[14] History[edit] Ancient era[edit] After the archaeological excavations at ‘Vidura-ka-tila’, a collection of several mounds named after Vidura, in 1950–52, a site 37 km (23 miles) north-east of Meerut, it was concluded to be remains of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the capital of Kauravas
Kauravas
and Pandavas
Pandavas
of Mahabharata, which was washed away by Ganges floods.[15][16][17]

Fragment of the 6th Ashoka
Ashoka
Pillar in sandstone, with inscription or Edicts of Ashoka, in Brahmi, originally from Meerut, now in the British Museum.[18]

Meerut
Meerut
also contained a Harappan settlement known as Alamgirpur. It was also the eastern-most settlement of the Indus valley civilisation. Meerut
Meerut
had been a centre of Buddhism
Buddhism
in the period of Mauryan
Mauryan
Emperor Ashoka
Ashoka
(r. 273 BC to 232 BC.), and remains of Buddhist
Buddhist
structures were found near the Jama Masjid
Masjid
in the present day city.[19] The Ashoka Pillar, at Delhi
Delhi
ridge, next to the ‘Bara Hindu
Hindu
Rao Hospital’, near Delhi
Delhi
University, was carried to Delhi
Delhi
from Meerut, by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351–1388);[16][20][21] it was later damaged in a 1713 explosion, and restored in 1867.[22] Muslim conquests and rule[edit] In the eleventh century AD, the region to the south-west of the city was ruled by Har Dat, the Dor Rajput Raja of Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr
who built a fort, which was long known for its strength and finds mention in Ain-i-Akbari.[23] He was later defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni
Mahmud of Ghazni
in 1018, surrendering along with his forces to Mahmud.[24] The prominent local landmark known as the Jama Masjid, dates from this period and is said to have been built by Mahmud's vizir. Shortly after its capture the city was regained by the local Hindu
Hindu
Raja and part of his fortifications, built for the city’s defence, survived until recent times.[25] Muhammad of Ghor's mamluk general Qutb-ud-din Aybak who went on to establish the Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate in 1206, attacked and captured Meerut
Meerut
in 1193.[26] After capturing and sacking Delhi
Delhi
where thousands of inhabitants were killed after a general massacre was ordered after a civilian uprising, Timur
Timur
in 1399 attacked and sacked Meerut. It was held by Ilyas Afghan and his son Maula Muhammad Thaneswari who were assisted by non- Muslims
Muslims
led by Safi. Timur
Timur
tried to negotiate a surrender, to which the inhabitants of the fort replied by stating that Tarmashirin
Tarmashirin
had tried to capture it in the past but failed. Incensed, he set forth with 10,000 cavalry. The forces scaled the walls and Safi was killed in the battle. The inhabitants were killed and their wives and children enslaved. The fortifications and houses were razed to the ground with prisoners ordered to be flayed alive.[27][28] The city then came under the rule of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
and saw a period of relative tranquility.[29] During the rule of Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great
Akbar the Great
(r. 1556–1605), there was a mint for copper coins here.[19] During the decline of the Mughal Empire, after the death of Aurangzeb, the city came effectively under the control of local chieftains, the Saiyids of Muzaffarnagar
Muzaffarnagar
in the north, the Jats in the south-east, and the Gujars along the Ganges
Ganges
and in the south-west.The city saw Sikh
Sikh
and Maratha
Maratha
invasions in the 18th century, with interruptions by Jats and Rohillas. Walter Reinhardt, an English soldier, established himself at Sardhana
Sardhana
and some parts of the district came under his rule. Upon his death, they came into the hands of Begum Samru. During this time, the southern part of the district had remained under Maratha
Maratha
rule. Colonial era[edit] In 1803, with the fall of Delhi, Daulat Rao Scindia of the Marathas ceded the territory to the British. The city was made headquarters of the eponymous district in 1818.[29][30][31]

1857 Mutineers' Mosque

Meerut
Meerut
is famously associated with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India
India
Company.[32] The famous slogan "Dilli Chalo" ("Let's march to Delhi!") was first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu
Hindu
and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges rumoured to have a coating made of animal fat.[citation needed] The revolt, which catapulted Meerut
Meerut
into international prominence, started in March, 1857 at Barrackpore, Bengal. Sepoy Mangal Pandey shot and missed two Europeans, failed to kill himself, and was hanged. By April, the fire of Pandey’s Uprising scorched north India
India
and reached Meerut, the second-largest East India
India
Company garrison. Here, Europeans and native sepoys were evenly balanced, with a little more than 2,000 on each side. The European cantonment was separated from the ‘native lines.’ Close by were Sadar Bazar and Lal Kurti Bazar, the latter named after the red uniforms worn by Company soldiers. On 24 April 1857, Meerut’s commander, Colonel CarmichaelSmyth, paraded 90 Indian sepoys of the Bengal Cavalry, hired mostly from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. He ordered them to fire the new Enfield cartridges: 85 refused. The cartridges were covered with paper that had to be torn off: Muslims
Muslims
believed the paper was greased with pig and Hindus, with cow fat.[33] All 85 were stripped of their uniforms, imprisoned for ten years and shackled - this was a major humiliation. The rebels were from the 3rd cavalry: they owned their horses, and were the upper-caste elite. If they could be shackled, what could others expect from the Company? On Sunday, 10 May 1857, Kotwal Dhan Singh Gurjar
Dhan Singh Gurjar
opened the gates of the prison. These soldiers, along with other imprisoned soldiers escaped prison and declared themselves free, revolted, attacked and killed several of the British authorities to take the city under their control. This marked the beginning of a widespread revolt across northern India
India
as these soldiers marched towards Delhi. 10 May is still celebrated as a local holiday in Meerut.[34]

The United Provinces, in 1903

Meerut
Meerut
was also the venue of the controversial Meerut
Meerut
Conspiracy Case in March 1929, in which several trade unionists, including three Englishmen, were arrested for organising Indian-rail strike. This immediately caught attention back in England, inspired the 1932 play titled Meerut
Meerut
Prisoners, by Manchester
Manchester
street theatre group, the 'Red Megaphones', highlighting the detrimental effects of colonisation and industrialisation[35] Electricity was brought to Meerut
Meerut
in 1931.[30] In the 1940s, Meerut
Meerut
cinemas had a "Don't Move" policy during playing of the British national anthem.[citation needed] The last session of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
before Indian independence was held at Victoria Park in Meerut
Meerut
on 26 November 1946. It was in this session that the Constitution-making committee was constituted.[36] Post-independence era[edit] The city and district also suffered from communal (Hindu-Sikh) riots in 1984[37] and (Hindu-Muslim) riots in 1982[38] and in 1987, during which the Hashimpura massacre
Hashimpura massacre
took place, in May 1987, when personnel of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) allegedly shot dead 42 Muslims, the trial of the case is still pending.[39][40] In 2006, a fire at a consumer electronics "Brand India" fair in Victoria Park Stadium killed at least 100 people, with authorities already confirming 45 fatalities, although a specific figure on a toll was difficult to put and was predicted to be much higher.[41] The Great Upsurge of 1857[edit] The British formally touched base in Meerut
Meerut
in 1803, through an arrangement with the Marathas. The cantonment of Meerut
Meerut
was set up in 1806 with particular key interests including its closeness to Delhi and its area inside the rich Ganges
Ganges
Yamuna
Yamuna
doab. With time Meerut advanced into one of the biggest and most vital military stations of India. Mythology[edit]

Meerut
Meerut
was founded as Mayarashtra (lit. Maya's country) by Maya, who was the father of Mandodari, Ravana's wife in the Ramayana.[42] Meerut was the capital of Maya.[43] Thus the city is also known as 'Ravan Ka Sasural' literally meaning "Ravana's wife's home". There is an old Chandi Devi temple in the compound of Nauchandi ground. It is believed that Ravan's wife Mandodari
Mandodari
used to come here to worship Goddess Chandi. Every year, after the festival of Holi, a fair is conducted at the Nauchandi grounds. There is a temple, known as Chandi Devi temple, and a mosque near Bale Miyan's mausoleum facing each other. Hence, this fair represents the unity between the Hindus
Hindus
and the Muslims.

Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of Uttar Pradesh Meerut
Meerut
has a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by hot summers and cooler winters. Summers last from early April to late June during and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 49 °C (120 °F).[5] The monsoon arrives in late June and continues till the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March[5] The lowest temperature ever recorded is −0.4 °C (31.3 °F), recorded on Sunday, 6 January 2013.[44] Rainfall is about 845 millimetres (33 in) per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%.[5] The city receives no snow.

Climate data for Meerut
Meerut
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 29.3 (84.7) 32.2 (90) 39.5 (103.1) 43.5 (110.3) 45.8 (114.4) 46.1 (115) 46.0 (114.8) 40.0 (104) 39.0 (102.2) 38.0 (100.4) 34.5 (94.1) 30.0 (86) 46.1 (115)

Average high °C (°F) 21.9 (71.4) 23.1 (73.6) 28.7 (83.7) 36.3 (97.3) 39.1 (102.4) 37.6 (99.7) 33.6 (92.5) 32.6 (90.7) 33.7 (92.7) 32.8 (91) 28.6 (83.5) 23.5 (74.3) 31.1 (88)

Average low °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 9.1 (48.4) 13.8 (56.8) 19.9 (67.8) 24.3 (75.7) 26.0 (78.8) 25.9 (78.6) 25.5 (77.9) 23.6 (74.5) 18.2 (64.8) 12.4 (54.3) 8.0 (46.4) 17.7 (63.9)

Record low °C (°F) 0.2 (32.4) 0.1 (32.2) 5.4 (41.7) 8.3 (46.9) 15.4 (59.7) 17.7 (63.9) 16.5 (61.7) 19.0 (66.2) 15.7 (60.3) 7.2 (45) 1.8 (35.2) 0.2 (32.4) 0.1 (32.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.7 (0.776) 24.9 (0.98) 24.4 (0.961) 12.8 (0.504) 19.1 (0.752) 71.2 (2.803) 269.0 (10.591) 264.7 (10.421) 95.4 (3.756) 25.9 (1.02) 4.3 (0.169) 13.4 (0.528) 845.0 (33.268)

Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 1.7 0.9 1.6 3.9 10.2 9.4 4.2 1.6 0.4 0.9 38.0

Source: India
India
Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[45][46]

Geography[edit] For description of the geography of the district, see Meerut
Meerut
district § Geography. Meerut
Meerut
is the largest city in NCR after Delhi.[citation needed] Meerut lies between the plains of the Ganges
Ganges
and those of the Yamuna. In area Meerut district
Meerut district
covers 2,522 km2 (974 sq mi), which is larger than Delhi
Delhi
( Delhi
Delhi
covers an area of 1,484 km2 [573 sq mi]). However, Meerut's population is three times less than that of Delhi (Current population of Meerut
Meerut
is 3,443,689). Administration[edit] General Administration[edit] Meerut division
Meerut division
which consists of seven districts, and is headed by the Divisional Commissioner
Divisional Commissioner
of Meerut, who is an IAS officer of high seniority, the Commissioner is the head of local government institutions (including Municipal Corporations) in the division, is in charge of infrastructural development in his division and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division.[47][48][49][50][51] The District Magistrate of Meerut reports to the Divisional Commissioner. The current Commissioner is Prabhat Kumar.[52][53] Meerut district
Meerut district
administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Meerut, who is an IAS officer. The DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversees the elections held in the city. The DM is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the city, hence the SSP of Meerut
Meerut
also reports to the DM of Meerut.[47][54][55][56][57] The district is subdivided into three tehsils, namely Meerut, Mawana
Mawana
and Sardhana, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. The tehsils are further divided into 12 blocks.[58] The current District Magistrate of Meerut
Meerut
is Sameer Verma.[59] Police Administration[edit] Meerut district
Meerut district
comes under Meerut
Meerut
police zone and Meerut
Meerut
police range of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Police. Meerut
Meerut
zone is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Additional Director General of Police (ADG), whereas Meerut
Meerut
range is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police (IG). The Current ADG, Meerut
Meerut
Zone is Prashant Kumar,[60] whereas the current IG, Meerut
Meerut
Range is Ram Kumar.[61] District Police of Meerut
Meerut
is headed by the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) who is an IPS officer and is accountable to the District Magistrate for Law and Order enforcement. He is assisted by four Superintendents of Police (SP)/Additional Superintendent of Police (Addl. SP) (City, Rural Area, Traffic and Crime). The Meerut
Meerut
district is divided into numerous police circles, each headed by a Circle Officer in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. SP (Traffic) and SP (Crime) are assisted by one Circle Officer in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police each.[62] The current SSP is Manzil Saini.[62] Infrastructure and Civic Administration[edit] The development of infrastructure in the city is overseen by Meerut Development Authority (MDA), which comes under the Housing Department of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
government. The Divisional Commissioner
Divisional Commissioner
of Meerut acts as the ex-officio Chairman of MDA, whereas a Vice Chairman, a government-appointed IAS officer, looks after the daily matters of the authority. The current Vice-Chairman of Meerut
Meerut
Development Authority is Sita Ram Yadav.[63] The city is administered by Meerut
Meerut
Municipal Corporation, which is responsible for performing civic administrative functions administered by Municipal Commissioner (PCS Officer) whereas Mayor
Mayor
is ceremonial head of the Corporation. The current Municipal Commissioner of Meerut Municipal Corporation is Manoj Kumar Chauhan. Central Government Offices[edit] The office of the Chief Commissioner, Customs & Central Excise, Meerut
Meerut
Zone, has jurisdiction over 13 districts of Uttrakhand and 14 districts of Uttar Pradesh. This jurisdiction was carved out of the Lucknow
Lucknow
Zone. It comprises the erstwhile Customs & Central Excise Commissionerates of Meerut
Meerut
& Noida. The Meerut
Meerut
Commissionerate was bifurcated into two Commissionerates, namely, ‘Meerut-I and Ghaziabad’ and the Noida
Noida
Commissionerate was bifurcated into ‘ Noida
Noida
and Meerut-II’. In addition, jurisdiction of Central Excise Division Bareilly
Bareilly
was included in the jurisdiction of Meerut-II Commissionerate.[64] Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment[edit]

Mall Road in Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment

Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment was established by the British East India
India
Company in 1803 after the Battle of Laswari. It is the one of the largest cantonment of India
India
both in land area 3,568.06 hectares (35.68 km2) and population of 93684 (civil + military) people as per 2011 census).[65] The Revolt of 1857 started from "Kali Paltan" in Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment and Indian soldiers stationed here actively participated in the rebellion.[6][11] The cantonment surrounds the old city from 3 sides – from Pallavpuram to Sainik Vihar to Ganga Nagar.[66] It is well connected with the rest of country by roads as well as by rail. The Delhi
Delhi
Niti Paas Road (State Highway No. 45) passes through Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment.[11] Meerut
Meerut
cantonment was the divisional headquarters of the 7th (Meerut) Division
7th (Meerut) Division
of the British Indian Army from 1829 to 1920. Soldiers from the cantonment have actively participated in the First Battle of Ypres, both the 1st and 2nd Battles of El Alamein, Battle of France, Burma Campaign, the Indo-Pakistani Wars, Bangladesh Liberation War and Kargil War.[citation needed] It has been the regimental center of Punjab Regiment Corps of Signals, Jat Regiment, Sikh
Sikh
Regiment and Dogra Regiment
Dogra Regiment
in the past.[citation needed] Development[edit]

Atop an under-construction overpass

Meerut
Meerut
is the 63rd-fastest-growing urban area in the world.[67] It is the 14th fastest developing city in India. A June 2011 report by US financial services firm Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley
gave Meerut
Meerut
the 5th spot on the "vibrancy" index, ahead of Delhi
Delhi
and Mumbai.[68] Meerut
Meerut
ranked second on both the financial penetration index, which measures things like the presence of ATMs and bank branches, and on the consumption index, indicating the city’s transformation into an urban town. While the city ranked in the bottom 10 in job creations, the report suggests that overall there are plenty of signs of "potential for urbanisation," including future employment opportunities.[69] The infrastructure segment of Meerut
Meerut
is currently going through a boom phase with many new projects coming up in and around the city.[70][71] There are many new buildings, shopping complexes, malls, roads, flyovers and apartments coming up. The Upper Ganga Canal Expressway is also under development.[citation needed] On the India
India
City Competitiveness Index, the city ranked 45th in 2010,[72] 37th in 2011[73] and 39th in 2012.[74] Economy[edit] Industry[edit]

The cover of the book Sangeet Puranmal Ka (lit. The Music of Puranmal) by Ramlal. The book was published in 1879 from the city.

Meerut
Meerut
is one of the important industrial towns of western Uttar Pradesh with several traditional and modern industries.[5] It is traditionally known for handloom works and scissors industry.[75] Meerut
Meerut
was one of the first cities in northern India
India
where publishing was set up during the 19th century. It was a major center of commercial publishing during the 1860s and 1870s.[76] Meerut
Meerut
is a rich agricultural area with such pockets of land that do not fit in for crop purpose. Being in the proximity of Delhi, it is ideal for industry. It is home to 520 micro, small and medium scale industries.[77] As of August 2006[update], Meerut
Meerut
has about 23,471 industrial units, including 15,510 small-scale units and 7,922 cottage industries.[78] Existing industries in the city include tyres, textile, transformer, sugar, distillery, chemical, engineering, paper, publishing, and sports goods manufacture.[75][79][77] Prospective industries include IT and ITES.[80] The first GNU/Linux User Group of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
was started in Meerut on 08-08-2008 by a group of Software Freedom
Software Freedom
enthusiasts led by Mohit Singh, an alumnus of Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. The city is home to some prominent regional pharmaceuticals companies like Perk Pharmaceuticals Limited, Mankind Pharma & Bestochem.[81] Meerut
Meerut
is one of the major manufacturing regions for sports goods in India.[81][82][83] The city is especially famous for the manufacture of cricket goods with SG being the largest Indian cricket goods manufacturer and exporter operating in Meerut.[84] Meerut
Meerut
is also a hub of gold design in India. Meerut
Meerut
is also the largest manufacturer of musical instruments in India.[81][82] Meerut
Meerut
is also home to a battle gear and armoury industry which produces gear for use in Hollywood films and television series. Notable uses have been in the movies Gladiator, 300 and the television series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. The industry is pegged to be around ₹25 crore (US$3.8 million) per annum.[85] Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC) has two industrial estates in the city, namely Partapur and Udyog Puram.[86][87] Retail[edit]

Melange Mall and multiplex at Pallavpuram

Aside shops representing a range of well-known brands, car showrooms, hotels, bars and clubs, the city's gold market is one of Asia’s largest, employing over 25,000 skilled craftsmen and processing around 60 kilograms of the precious metal per day.[88] There are four malls in Meerut
Meerut
namely Shopprix mall, Era mall, PVS mall, and City square mall. Revenue generation[edit] Meerut
Meerut
has shown healthy numbers in terms of revenue generation. In 2005–06, Meerut
Meerut
occupied the fifth slot and contributed Rs 10,306 crore to the direct tax collection. It slipped to number six in 2006–07 when the revenue collection at Rs 11,203 crore was 18% lower than the target of Rs 13,627 crore. According to statistics compiled by the Income Tax department, Meerut
Meerut
contributed a Rs.10,089 crore to the national treasury in 2007/08, overall it was ranked 9th outperforming Lucknow, Jaipur, Bhopal, Kochi
Kochi
and Bhubaneshwar.[89] Transport[edit] Air[edit] The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport
which is about 100 km away. The Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Airport is located at Partapur. It was proposed by the state government that the airstrip be converted to an international airport to reduce pressure on Delhi
Delhi
airport.[90] However, Plans to expand the Domestic airport were called off after protests against land acquisition started in other parts of the state.[91] Following an accident in May 2012, the city administration barred private flights from using the airstrip.[92] Road[edit] By road Meerut
Meerut
is well-connected to major cities like Delhi, Noida, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon every day for work. Three national highways (NH-58, NH-119 & NH-235) pass through Meerut. Upper Ganga Canal Expressway which passes through outskirts of the city is under development. There are 2 main bus terminals, namely Bhainsali bus terminal and Sohrab Gate bus terminal from where Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses ply to cities all over the state and all nearby cities. A JNNURM
JNNURM
scheme was put in place.[82] Low Floor City Buses (under JNNURM),[citation needed] Normal City Buses, auto rickshaws and rickshaws are convenient public transport options to commute within the city.[93] Many new transport infrastructure projects like inner ring road, outer ring road and construction of new flyovers are proposed.[94][95]

Delhi- Meerut
Meerut
Expressway (Under Construction)

Main article: Delhi– Meerut
Meerut
Expressway

Delhi–Meerut Expressway is an under construction 90 km long controlled-access expressway, connecting Delhi
Delhi
with Meerut
Meerut
via Dasna in Ghaziabad in India. While the present stretch of National Highway 24 (NH-24) up to Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Gate will be widened to 14 lanes from the present 8, the road between UP Gate and Dasna will be also be fourteen-laned. According to NHAI
NHAI
the entire construction work has been divided into three stages. The first stage will be from Delhi
Delhi
to Dasna (km 0 to km 27.5, 14 lanes), while the second stage will be from Dasna to Hapur
Hapur
(km 27.5 to km 49.9) on NH-24 (8 lanes). The third stage will include construction of a 37 km long new alignment, a green-field alignment, from Dasna to Meerut
Meerut
(6 lanes). Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
laid the foundation stone for expressway on December 31, 2015. Railways[edit]

Meerut
Meerut
City Junction

Meerut
Meerut
lies on the Delhi– Saharanpur
Saharanpur
electrified railway line[96] and has five railway stations: Meerut
Meerut
City, Meerut
Meerut
Cantt, Partapur, Mohiuddinpur
Mohiuddinpur
and Pabli Khas. Meerut City railway station
Meerut City railway station
is the busiest. The railway line between Delhi
Delhi
and Meerut
Meerut
was constructed in 1864[30] and the Meerut
Meerut
Cantt station, which serves as a secondary railway station was founded in 1865. About 20,000 passengers travel daily to Delhi
Delhi
and back. Around 27 pairs of trains run between Meerut
Meerut
and Delhi, and four between Meerut and Khurja. Two trains are available for Lucknow
Lucknow
daily, namely Nauchandi Express
Nauchandi Express
and Rajya Rani Express. A weekly train goes to Chennai
Chennai
and Kuchuvelli. Daily trains connect Meerut
Meerut
to Bombay, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Rajkot
Rajkot
and cities in other states.[citation needed]

Metro Project

Main article: Meerut
Meerut
Metro

On December 30, 2014, the Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Cabinet had approved the proposed Metro Rail projects in Meerut, to boost urban mass transport infrastructure in Meerut.The state government has nominated RITES Limited and Lucknow
Lucknow
Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) for preparing the respective detailed project report (DPR) and as coordinator, respectively. The development authorities would be nodal agencies for DPR.[97] The metro project got the green signal from the divisional commissioner. It was decided in the meeting that the project would be along two corridors - Partapur to Pallavpuram Phase 2 and Rajban Market to Gokalpur village. The main stations on the first corridor will be Partapur, Panchwati Enclave, Rithani, Rithani West, Shatabdi Nagar, Devlok, Madhavpuram, Meerut
Meerut
Railway Station Road, Lajpat Bazaar, Begampul, Gandhi Bagh, Lekha Nagar, Pallavpuram Dorli, Ansal City and Pallavpuram Phase 2. While the corridor in the Partapur-Pallavpuram Phase 2 route will cover 20 km and will have a total number of 18 stations in between, the 10 km-long route from Rajban Market to Gokalpur village will have nine stations.[98]

Rapid Rail

Main article: Delhi
Delhi
Meerut
Meerut
RRTS

The NCR Transport Plan 2021 proposed a rail-based mass transit system called Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) between Delhi
Delhi
to Meerut with the Shahdara-Ghaziabad section scheduled for construction during 2001-11 and the Ghaziabad- Meerut
Meerut
section scheduled for 2011-21.[99] In September 2010, the RRTS was reported to be proposed between Anand Vihar and Meerut
Meerut
with the project in its initial stages. The cost was projected to be around ₹1,000 crore (US$150 million) with the expected time of the journey being 45 minutes.[100] In November 2010, the train speed was proposed to be between 130-160 kmph with stations at Anand Vihar, Sahibabad, Mohan Nagar, Ghaziabad, Guldhar, Duhai, Moradnagar, Modinagar, Meerut
Meerut
South, Shatabdi Nagar, Meerut
Meerut
Centre, Begumpul, Meerut
Meerut
North, Pallavpuram.[101] On 14 December 2010, the NCR Planning Board, Meerut
Meerut
Development Authority (MDA) and Meerut
Meerut
Nagar Nigam approved this system.[102] In August 2011, it was reported that the project tender had been awarded to Delhi
Delhi
Integrated Multi-Modal Transit System (DIMTS). The proposed system was to have dedicated trains between Anand Vihar and Meerut, which stop nowhere in between, and trains which stop at stations to be constructed after a gap of 4–5 km. The reported stations were Anand Vihar, Vaishali, Mohan Nagar, Meerut
Meerut
Road (Airtel Cut) Morta, Duhai, Muradnagar, Gang Nahar, Modi Nagar, Mohiuddinpur, Meerut
Meerut
Bypass Cut and Pallavpuram with completion expected in 2017. The track between Anand Vihar to Dabur was proposed to be underground with the rest of the track overhead.[103] On 11 July 2013, the Union Cabinet of India
India
approved the formation of the National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTCL) with a seed capital of ₹100 crore (US$15 million). The corporation is to take up the construction of the 90 km-long Delhi-Ghaziabad- Meerut
Meerut
corridor on a priority basis (along with two other corridors) with planned completion in 2016.[104] It was reported that the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for the three corridors were under the process of finalisation.[105] In December 2013, problems were reported in the proposed alignment of the Delhi- Meerut
Meerut
corridor.[106] In January 2014, it was reported that the proposed alignment had to be changed due to objections by NHAI
NHAI
and the feasibility report had to be prepared again. The new proposed alignment increased the length from 90 km to 106 km.[107] Demographics[edit] See also: Meerut district
Meerut district
§ Demographics

Religions in Meerut[108]

Religion

Percent

Hindus

57.15%

Muslims

40.05%

Jains

0.92%

Christians

0.41%

Others†

1.47%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhs (0.60%), Buddhists (<0.09%).

According to the 2011 census, the Meerut
Meerut
Urban Agglomeration (Meerut UA) has a population of around 1.42 million,[3] (comparable to kingdom of Bahrain
Bahrain
or Trinidad and Tobago) with the municipality contributing roughly 1.31 million of it.[2] The Meerut
Meerut
Urban Agglomeration consists of area falling under Meerut
Meerut
Municipal Coorportation, Meerut Cantonment Board and 4 census towns of Sindhawali, Amehra Adipur, Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral
Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral
and Mohiuddinpur.[109][110] This makes Meerut the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 28th most populous city in India. The sex ratio in Meerut
Meerut
UA is 887, lower than the state average of 908; while the child sex ratio is 845, lower than the state average of 899. 12.99% of the population is under 6 years of age.[110] The overall literacy rate is 76.28%, higher than the state average of 69.72%.[3][111] Meerut
Meerut
has a crime rate (total cognisable crimes under IPC per lakh population) of 309.1, higher than the state average of 96.4 and the national average of 196.7.[112] As of 2017[update], Meerut
Meerut
ranks 328th(based on population), 189th(based on population density), 648th(based on built-up area) among world's urban areas.[113] According to the 2001 census, the city ranked 2nd in terms of population in NCR[114] and 25th in India.[115]

Demographics of Meerut
Meerut
Metropolitan area
Metropolitan area
( Meerut
Meerut
UA) (Census 2011, updated)[110]

Metropolis City/Town/Village [i] Population Sex Ratio Literacy Rate[ii]

Male Female Total Male Female Total

Meerut
Meerut
UA Meerut
Meerut
(CB) 53024 40288 93,312 760 87.99% 79.48% 84.33%

Meerut
Meerut
(M Corp.) 688118 617311 1,305,429 897 80.97% 69.79% 75.66%

Mohiuddinpur
Mohiuddinpur
(CT) 2811 2389 5,200 850 89.17% 69.63% 80.13%

Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral
Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral
(CT) 3314 2827 6,141 853 91.01% 69.68% 81.02%

Amehra Adipur (CT) 2844 2641 5,485 929 85.68% 68.05% 77.14%

Sindhawali (CT) 2782 2553 5,335 918 79.92% 64.44% 72.53%

Meerut
Meerut
UA - Total 752,893 668,009 1,420,902 887 81.57 % 70.36 % 76.28 %

^ M Corp. = Municipal Corporation, NP = Nagar panchayat, NPP = Nagar Palika Parishad, CB = Cantonment Board, CT = Census Town ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.

Historical Population Statistics[23][30][116][a]

Year Male Female Total Growth

1847 NA NA 29,014

1853 NA NA 82,035 182.74%

1872 NA NA 81,386 -0.79%

1881 NA NA 99,565 22.34%

1891 NA NA 119,390 19.91%

1901 65,822 (55.53%) 52,717 (44.47%) 118,539 -0.71%

1911 66,542 (57.05%) 50,089 (42.95%) 116,631 -1.6%

1921 71,816 (58.57%) 50,793 (41.43%) 122,609 5.12%

1931 80,073 (58.57%) 56,636 (41.43%) 136,709 11.49%

1941 98,829 (58.38%) 70,461 (41.62%) 169,290 23.83%

1951 133,094 (57.08%) 100,089 (42.92%) 233,183 37.74%

1961 157,572 (55.48%) 126,425 (44.52%) 283,997 21.79%

^ Includes municipality and cantonment populations

Meerut
Meerut
Urban Agglomeration ( Meerut
Meerut
UA) Population Statistics[a]

Year Male Female Total Growth rate Sex ratio[b]

2001[117] 621,481 (53.50%) 540,235 (46.50%) 1,161,716 NA NA

2011[3][110][c] 752,893 (52.99%) 668,009 (47.01%) 1,420,902 22.31% 887

^ For Meerut
Meerut
Urban Agglomeration, includes municipality and cantonment populations and 4 census towns of Sindhawali, Amehra Adipur, Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral and Mohiuddinpur. ^ In females per 1000 males ^ Provisional Data was revised and finalized when govt. updated 2011 census data on 20 May 2013.

Literacy Rate (Percentage)

Year Male Female Total

2001[118] 65.22 53.17 59.62

2011[110][3] 83.74 (+18.52) 72.19 (+19.02) 78.29 (+18.67)

Culture[edit]

Mustafa Castle
Mustafa Castle
was built in 1900

Most traditional Indian festivals, including Holi, Dussehra, Diwali, Eid among others are celebrated with fervor in the city. Notably, a fair by the name of Nauchandi Fair
Fair
is held two weeks after Holi
Holi
every year.[119] The fair, which started in 1672,[120] continues for about 15 days and is attended by lakhs of people. It includes events such as poetry recitations in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi etc.[121] The Khariboli dialect of the Hindustani language
Hindustani language
is the dominant language for conversation with official business being conducted in either English, Hindi
Hindi
or Urdu. Meerut
Meerut
is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Meerut
Meerut
Diocese, which covers the districts of Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Moradabad, Rampur, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Ghaziabad, Baghpat and Dhampur Tehsil
Tehsil
of Bijnor district.[122] Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
(Fair)[edit] Main article: Nauchandi Mela

One of the entrance gates of Nauchandi mela ground at Meerut.

The Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
is an annual fair held at Nauchandi Ground in Meerut.[123][124] The fair stretches for about a month and is organized by the Municipal Corporation of Meerut. It generally starts from the second Sunday after Holi.[123] The main exhibits are the artistic and religious rituals followed in rustic Uttar Pradesh. The fair witness more than 50,000 visitors every year. The Indian Railways' Nauchandi Express
Nauchandi Express
train is named after this fair. The fair has a prominent history dating back several hundreds of years. It started in the year 1672 AD as a one-day cattle trading fair. The fair has been held every year, excluding 1858, the year after 1857 revolt, which started from Meerut.[125] Since then cattle trading has been replaced by a number of other activities. The fair feature shops for Lucknow's Chikan work, Moradabad's brassware, Varanasi's carpets, rugs and silk sarees, Agra's footwear, Meerut's leather items, etc. Meerut’s own products like sports goods, scissors, gajaks, nan-khatai are also sold.[124] Giant rides, wheels, circus and various other recreational arenas where artists perform stunts, remains a big attraction of the fair.[126] Film and television[edit] Meerut
Meerut
is home to a film industry, which has a following in Western Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
and Haryana. The films are usually folklore stories or comedies or localised versions of Bollywood hits.[127] Notable people from Meerut
Meerut
in the film and television industry include Bharat Bhushan, Aziz Mian, Mandakini,[128] Achint Kaur,[129][130] Kailash Kher,[131] Chitrangada Singh,[130][132] Vishal Bhardwaj,[130] Deepti Bhatnagar[130][132][133] and Pravesh Rana.[134] Poetry[edit] The UK-based poet and Hindi
Hindi
educationalist Jai Verma
Jai Verma
[135] was born in Jiwana, Meerut. Education[edit] Main article: List of educational institutions in Meerut
Meerut
district Meerut
Meerut
is an education hub of Western Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
with four universities, approximately 50 engineering colleges, 23 management colleges, seven pharmacy colleges, four colleges offering hotel management, one college offering fashion design, over 150 academic colleges and over 50 schools. The city is home to Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut
Meerut
University), Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University and Shobhit University. The city has one government-run engineering college, Sir Chhotu Ram Institute of Engineering and Technology, a constituent college of Chaudhary Charan Singh University. There are schools affiliated to recognized boards such as ICSE, CBSE and the state board. One such school is the St. John's Sr. Sec School (established by Begum Samru) which is over 130 years old. Meerut
Meerut
Institute of Engineering & Technology is the oldest engineering institute of Meerut
Meerut
district. It was established in year 1997. Chaudhary Charan Singh University
Chaudhary Charan Singh University
(CCSU) is public and state university which has many degree colleges affiliated to it. They fall in two divisions: Saharanpur
Saharanpur
and Meerut
Meerut
with nine districts including Saharanpur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Shamli, Gautam Budh Nagar, Bagpat, Hapur, Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr
and Ghaziabad administered by Vice-Chancellor and Registrar (PCS officer). The Indian Film and Television Institute is located at the western bypass of the city. The city has two medical colleges: Subharti Medical College and Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College. The nearest government university which offers degrees in Engineering, Science, Management and Humanities is Gautam Buddha University
Gautam Buddha University
located in Greater Noida. Media[edit] Meerut
Meerut
is becoming a media centre, as journalists from all over Uttar Pradesh and other Indian states are working in Meerut. The law and order situation has improved a lot in the recent past and media has had an important role to play in it.[citation needed] Radio stations shared with Delhi
Delhi
are Radio City 91.1 MHz, Big FM 92.7 MHz, Red FM 93.5 MHz, Radio One 94.3 MHz, Hit 95 (95 MHz), Radio Mirchi
Radio Mirchi
98.3 MHz, AIR FM Rainbow 102.6 MHz, Meow FM 104.8 MHz, AIR FM Gold
AIR FM Gold
106.4 MHz. Radio IIMT (90.4 MHz)[136] is the only radio station located in the city. The Hindi-language daily newspapers Hindustan (newspaper), Rajasthan Patrika, Dainik Jagran,[137] Amar Ujala,Dainik Janwani, The Hindu, Rashtrasewa, Dainik Jagran
Dainik Jagran
I-Next are published from the city. The English daily Times of India, Meerut
Meerut
edition[138] and the English language supplement HT City, Meerut
Meerut
with Hindustan Times
Hindustan Times
is also published there. Moneymakers, an English daily is also published there. Asian Express, Hindi
Hindi
newspaper and news magazine Citizen of the World are also published there. Sports Industries[edit] Meerut
Meerut
is one of the prominent Center in the country besides Jalandhar for the manufacture of sports goods.[139] There are numerous sports companies in the city specially for cricket namely SS, SF, SG, BDM. Players like MS Dhoni, Virender Sehwag, Yuvraj Singh, Kieron Pollard, Virat Kohli, Kumar Sangakkara
Kumar Sangakkara
and many others have used bats made in Meerut. Crime[edit] The crime rate in the city is surprisingly high. In 2015, it was reported that Meerut
Meerut
had the second highest Murder Rate in India.[140] In 2009, Meerut
Meerut
topped the list of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
cities in facing crimes.[141] Most of the stolen vehicles are reported to be sold off in Meerut.[142] Recently, a factory and shops selling fake protein supplements were raided.[143] Tourist destinations[edit]

Ashtapad Jain temple, Hastinapur

Augarnath Temple at 2nd Navratri night

Statue of Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey
at Martyr's Memorial

Tourist destinations in and around Meerut
Meerut
include:

Jain temples, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
– Located on the banks of old ravine of Ganges, Hastinapur
Hastinapur
is considered one of the holiest places on earth by Jains. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. There are many ancient Jain temples in Hastinapur. Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat rachna, Shwetambar Jain Temple are the main and famous temples in Hastinapur. Apart from Jain temples, Pandeshwar temple, Historical Gurdwara and Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Sanctuary are worth being seen.[144] St. John's Church – This church was established by Chaplain the Reverend Henry Fisher on behalf of the East India
India
Company in 1819 in the cantonment area and was completed in 1822.[15][120] It is considered one of the oldest churches in North India. The Church was dedicated to the people by Bishop Wilson. It has a seating capacity of 10,000 people.[15] During the war of 1857, this church was the scene of heavy fighting between Indians and the British forces.[145] Augarnath Temple – This temple (also known as Kalipaltan Mandir locally) is located at the site where the soldiers of the war of 1857 planned their operations. The temple also houses a memorial built to honour the martyrs of the revolt of 1857, Indian Rebellion of 1857. The old temple has been replaced by a modern version.[146] Jama Masjid
Masjid
– The Jama Masjid
Masjid
was built by Hasan Mahdi, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi's Wazir (=Chief Minister) in 1019 AD (older than the Qutb Minar).[15][147] That makes it the first Masjid
Masjid
in North India. hough it was restored by Humayun,[15][147] it is one of the oldest mosques in India. Martyr's Memorial (Hindi: शहीद स्मारक Shaheed Smarak): The memorial is a 30 metres (98 feet) high pillar of marble situated at Bhainsali. Functions are organised at the memorial around the national holidays of India.[17] The memorial complex also houses the Government Freedom Struggle Museum which is dedicated to the first war of Indian independence.[148]

An entrance to Gandhi Bagh

Gandhi Bagh – This centrally located garden has a very beautiful and serene environment. Locally known as "Company Garden", it has been present since before independence, when it got renamed to its current name. It runs a musical fountain show every evening.The park also houses a small water storage chamber and motor which is noted to have been removed from the Red Fort
Red Fort
in Delhi
Delhi
and erected here. Earlier, the garden used to have multiple entrances, similar to the one shown in the image, which were always kept open, and there was no entry fee. But now, only one entrance is kept open and a ticketing system with nominal charges has been put in place. Shahpeer's Mausoleum (Hindi: शाहपीर की दरगाह Shahpeer ki dargah) – This is a Mughal mausoleum erected by the empress Nur Jahan
Nur Jahan
in 1628 in honour of a local Muslim Hazrat Shahpeer.[147][149] It is a red stone structure that was partly built and is incomplete till date.[149] The tomb is adorned by intricate Nakkashi (stone painting). There is no roof on the main tomb. It is said[who?] that Shahpeer was the teacher of Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Jehangir. The tomb is listed by the Archaeological Survey of India
India
as a national heritage monument.[148][150] Shahi Eid Gaah (Hindi: शाही ईदगाह) – It was built by Nasir ud din Mahmud, the youngest son of Iltutmish, and the eighth Sultan of the Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate. It is about six hundred years old and has a capacity of about one lac people to offer prayers (Namaz) on Eid. There is Nakkashi on the walls of Eidgah which reflect the Sulatani Gulam era. Parikshitgarh
Parikshitgarh
Fort – The place is associated with and derives its name from King Parikshit of Hastinapur
Hastinapur
(the grandson of Arjuna). The fort was built by Parikshit and restored by Gurjar King Nain Singh in the eighteenth century.[12][15] Dargah of Baley Miyan (Hindi: बले मियाँ की दरगाह Bale Miyan ki Dargah) – This dargah was built by Qutb-ud-din Aybak in 1194 in the memory of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud (known locally as Baley Miyan).[15][151] An urs is organised annually at the Dargah during the Nauchandi fair.[15] It is adjacent to the Chandi Devi Mandir, which signifies the Hindu-Muslim unity. Suraj Kund - This is a pond, built by a businessman Lawar
Lawar
Jahawar Lal in 1714. It is filled with water from the Ganga
Ganga
Canal.

Suraj Kunda Park Meerut

It is surrounded by several temples, including the Baba Manohar Nath temple, which is said to have been built during the period of Shahjahan.[149] It is also believed that there are a total of five ponds (kunds) in India
India
out of which Suraj kund of Meerut
Meerut
is the biggest.[citation needed] The pond was naturally filled with the sacred water but with time it evaporated and the pond was left all dried. Presently, the Municipal Corporation has transformed it into a public place of visit with entry ticket at a cost.

Other places of interest include Mansa Devi Temple, Baleni, Basilica of Our Lady of Graces, Sardhana
Sardhana
and the Chandi Devi Temple which was built by Holkar
Holkar
queen Devi Ahiliyabai Holkar.[15][17] Notable People[edit] Literature[edit]

Jai Verma, Poet and Educationalist

Sports[edit]

Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Indian Cricketer Karn Sharma, Indian Cricketer Praveen Kumar, 'Indian Cricketer

See also[edit]

2006 Meerut
Meerut
fire Meerut
Meerut
division Meerut
Meerut
district Meerut
Meerut
(Lok Sabha constituency) Meerut
Meerut
(Assembly constituency) Meerut
Meerut
Cantt. (Assembly constituency) Meerut
Meerut
South (Assembly constituency) Hapur
Hapur
(Assembly constituency) Kithore (Assembly constituency)

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ "Six cities to get metropolitan status". Timeshas of India. Times of India. Retrieved 8 July 2017.  ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ a b c d e "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ " Meerut Municipal Corporation
Meerut Municipal Corporation
e-Newsletter April 2017" (PDF). Meerut Municipal Corporation e-Newsletter: 2. April 2017.  ^ a b c d e "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (pdf). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Retrieved 1 April 2011.  ^ a b CDP 2006, Chapter 3.0 - City Profile, p. 37 ^ "Welcome to the National Capital Region(U.P)". Archived from the original on 11 May 2012.  ^ "NCR - DelhiLive". Retrieved August 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "A to Z of world's largest cities and urban areas - Largest cities and urban areas M to R". Retrieved August 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Area, Population and Density of Cities and Towns of India
India
– 2001, CHAPTER II - Area and Density – All Cities and Towns" (PDF). Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Retrieved 29 September 2013.  ^ a b c " Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment: Historical Background". Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ a b Homepage Meerut
Meerut
Official website. ^ Uma Varma, Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
(India). Department of District Gazetteers. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
State Gazetteer: Social services, culture, places of interest. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
State Gazetteer. 5. Government of Uttar Pradesh, Department of District Gazetteers. p. 359.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Jagdish Kumar Pundir (1998). Banking, Bureaucracy, and Social Networks: Scheduled Castes in the Process of Development. Sarup & Sons. pp. 49–50. ISBN 9788176250245.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "Tourist places – Meerut". Archived from the original on 19 June 2009.  ^ a b The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 254 ^ a b c "Major Attractions". Meerut
Meerut
Development Authority. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.  ^ British Museum
British Museum
Highlights ^ a b The Hindu
Hindu
temples on the plains near Meerut
Meerut
British Library. ^ " Ashoka
Ashoka
Pillar". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ Pratiyogita Darpan: General Studies Indian History. Upkar Prakashan. p. 71. Retrieved 8 February 2012.  ^ "Ashokan Pillar". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ a b The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 264 ^ Murray Thurston Titus (1930). Indian Islam: a religious history of Islam in India. Oxford
Oxford
University Press. p. 21.  ^ Sylvia Vatuk (1972). Kinship and Urbanization: White Collar Migrants in North India. University of California Preas. p. 1.  ^ Military Manpower, Armies and Warfare in South Asia. Routledge. p. 56.  ^ Statistical, descriptive and historical account of the North-western Provinces of India, ed. by E.T. Atkinson [and others]. Oxford University. p. 321.  ^ The Cambridge Shorter History of India. Cambridge University Press. 2016. p. 252. ISBN 9781317208716.  ^ a b The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 255 ^ a b c d Sylvia Vatuk (1972). Kinship and Urbanization: White Collar Migrants in North India. University of California Press. pp. 2–3. ISBN 9780520020641.  ^ The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 256 ^ "Postcolonial Studies - Since 1996, Deepika Bahri has created and maintained content for Postcolonial Studies @ Emory with her students. In 2011, she won a Mellon grant from Emory's Digital Scholarship Commons (DiSC) to redesign the site in collaboration with the DiSC staff". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "Hashimpura and the echoes of 1857: Meerut
Meerut
is common to both". Times Of India
India
Blogs. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "History of Meerut
Meerut
district". www.meerutdistrict.com/. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ Meerut
Meerut
1932 play, by Manchester
Manchester
street theatre group the Red Megaphones Working Class Movement Library. ^ Dr. KD Sharma (15 August 2013). "Victoria's secret". Meerut
Meerut
Plus, Times of India.  ^ "The voice of a monologue". The Hindu. 18 July 2004.  ^ "Looking for justice". The Hindu. 30 May 2002.  ^ "The art of not forgetting". Indian Express. 27 February 1998. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009.  ^ "Justice out of sight". Frontline. 22 (10). 7–20 May 2005.  ^ "Indian Electronics Show Kills More than 100". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ Devahish Dasgupta. Tourism Marketing. Pearson Education India. p. 20. ISBN 978-81-317-3182-6. Retrieved 29 January 2012.  ^ Douglas Montagu Thornton (1987). Parsi, Jaina and Sikh, or, Some minor religious sects in India. Mittal Publications. p. 7. Retrieved 29 January 2012.  ^ "Frozen Meerut" (in Hindi). iNext. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.  ^ " Meerut
Meerut
Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 15, 2015.  ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India
India
Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2015.  ^ a b "CONSTITUTIONAL SETUP". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved August 30, 2017.  ^ Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 563–572. ISBN 9788125019886.  ^ Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 26–129. ISBN 978-8170993810.  ^ Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India
India
(2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 5.1–5.2. ISBN 978-9339204785.  ^ "Role and Functions of Divisional Commissioner". Your Article Library. Retrieved August 20, 2017.  ^ "Office of the Divisional Commissioner, Meerut
Meerut
Division". Office of the Divisional Commissioner, Meerut. Retrieved August 13, 2017.  ^ "Commissioners of Meerut
Meerut
Division". Meerut
Meerut
District. Retrieved August 15, 2017.  ^ Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 573–597. ISBN 9788125019886.  ^ Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India
India
(2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 6.1–6.6. ISBN 978-9339204785.  ^ Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 50–124. ISBN 978-8170993810.  ^ "Powers Of District Magistrate in India". Important India. Retrieved August 20, 2017.  ^ MSME-Development Institute, Agra. "Brief Industrial Profile of District Meerut" (PDF). Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Govt. of India. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ "District Magistrates of Meerut". Meerut
Meerut
District. Retrieved August 16, 2017.  ^ "Officers posted at Meerut
Meerut
Zone". Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Police. Retrieved August 13, 2017.  ^ "Officers posted at Meerut
Meerut
Range". Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Police. Retrieved August 13, 2017.  ^ a b "Officers posted at Meerut". Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Police. Retrieved August 16, 2017.  ^ "Telephone Directory". Meerut
Meerut
Development Authority. Retrieved August 16, 2017.  ^ "Customs, Central Excise and Service Tax Meerut
Meerut
Zone: About Us". Retrieved 5 February 2012.  ^ "Welcome To Meerut
Meerut
Cantonment Board". www.cbmrt.org.in. Retrieved 2017-06-03.  ^ CDP 2006, Chapter 5 - SWOT Analysis, Section 5.2 - Weakness, p. 57. ^ "City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "MORGAN STANLEY AlphaWise City Vibrancy Index: A Guide to India's Urbanization". morgan stanley. June 2011. p. 15. Archived from the original (pdf) on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ Sahni, Diksha (15 June 2011). "Why Meerut
Meerut
is More Vibrant Than Mumbai". The Wall Street Journal.  ^ "Realty Boom in Meerut
Meerut
– Credai-NCR". credaincr.org. Retrieved 11 April 2011.  ^ "Realty Boom in Meerut". Times of India. India. 8 January 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.  ^ Srikant Srinivas; Amit Kapoor (13 December 2010). "Boulevards of Dreams" (PDF). Businessworld.  ^ "India's 50 most Competitive cities". Rediff. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2014.  ^ "Ranks of 50 Cities as per the India
India
City Competitiveness Index 2012" (pdf). Institute of Competitiveness, India.  ^ a b CDP 2006, Executive Summary, Section 3.1.3 - Economic Base, p. 15 ^ Swapan Chakravorty, Abhijit Gupta, Jadavpur University
Jadavpur University
Department of English (2004). Print areas: book history in India. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-7824-082-4. Retrieved 3 February 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b "Industrial Directory, District-Meerut" (pdf). Meerut
Meerut
Official Website. p. 29. Retrieved 28 March 2011.  ^ CDP 2006, Chapter 3 - City Profile, Section 3.5.1 - Industries, p. 46. ^ CDP 2006, Chapter 1 - Indtroduction, Section 1.1 - Background, p. 31. ^ CDP 2006, Chapter 5 - SWOT Analysis, Section 5.3 - Opportunity, p. 58. ^ a b c "Report on Identification of Clusters inn and around Meerut City" (PDF). National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council. p. 39. Archived from the original (pdf) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ a b c CDP 2006, Executive Summary, Section 1.0 - Introduction, p. 13 ^ "Sporting Goods in Meerut, Meerut
Meerut
Sports Goods, Sporting Goods Manufacture in Meerut". sporting-goods-industry.com. p. 1. Retrieved 7 April 2011.  ^ Vivek Kumar (9 May 2010). "Entrepreneurial Idea around manufacturing Cricket bats". entrepreneurswebsite.com. Archived from the original on 1 September 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2011.  ^ Sandeep Rai (15 August 2013). " Meerut
Meerut
re-launches ancient battles". Meerut
Meerut
Plus, Times of India.  ^ "Industrial Area Description – UPSIDC". UPSIDC. Retrieved 9 April 2011.  ^ "Industrial Area Description – UPSIDC". UPSIDC. Retrieved 9 April 2011.  ^ Asim Khan (10 November 2008). "Meerut : Sports and Gold industry in trouble". CNN-IBN. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.  ^ " Meerut
Meerut
9th in top 10 tax-paying cities". The Times of India. India. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  ^ Lalit Kumar (23 February 2010). "UP for Meerut
Meerut
Airport, Greater Noida
Noida
Realty may skid". Times of India. India. p. 1. Archived from the original (XHTML 1.0 Transitional) on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2011.  ^ "Maya govt scraps plan to expand Meerut
Meerut
airstrip".  ^ " Meerut
Meerut
admin bars private flights from Partapur airstrip".  ^ CDP 2006, Chapter 6 - Urban Infrastructure, Section 6.6.5 - Transportation systems in the City, p. 74. ^ CMP, Proposed Mobility Corridors, p. 12. ^ CMP, Road Over Bridges, p. 32. ^ India, Press Trust of (2016-03-16). "Ghaziabad- Saharanpur
Saharanpur
rail route electrified: Railways". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-06-02.  ^ Virendra Singh Rawat (5 March 2015). "Akhilesh plans four metro rail projects before next assembly polls". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ NYOOOZ. "City in search of new sites for metro". NYOOOZ. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "NCR Transport Plan 2021" (pdf). pp. 6–7, 11. Retrieved 24 March 2011.  ^ Pragya Kaushika (15 September 2010). "Soon, Meerut
Meerut
45 mins away on rapid transit". The Indian Express. Retrieved 13 December 2010.  ^ Pragya Kaushika (20 November 2010). "Anand Vihar to Meerut
Meerut
RTS: 7 of 14 stations likely to be in Ghaziabad". The Indian Express. Retrieved 13 December 2010.  ^ "High speed train route gets approval". Hindustan Times. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.  ^ " Delhi
Delhi
to Meerut
Meerut
in 45 Minutes". National Real Estate Development Council (NAREDCO), NEW DELHI. 5 August 2011.  ^ Press Trust of India
India
(11 July 2013). "Government approves setting up of NCR transport corporation". Times of India. Retrieved 12 July 2013.  ^ "Press Release - Formation of National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC)". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.  ^ "Metro projects in India
India
cheapest in the world". NDTV.  ^ "बदला मेरठ-दिल्ली हाईस्पीड ट्रेन का रूट" [Meerut- Delhi
Delhi
Highspeed train route changed] (in Hindi). Dainik Jagran. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014.  ^ " Meerut
Meerut
City Census 2011 Data". Census 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2017.  ^ "CONSTITUENTS OF URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS HAVING POPULATION 1 LAKH & ABOVE, CENSUS 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-06-15.  ^ a b c d e " Meerut
Meerut
City Population Census 2011 Uttar Pradesh". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15.  ^ "Census of India
India
2011 – Provisional Population Totals – Uttar Pradesh – Data Sheet" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "Crime in India
India
– 2012 Statistics" (PDF). National Crime Records Bureau. 2012. pp. 28–29. Archived from the original (pdf) on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2013.  ^ "Demographia : World Urban Areas" (PDF). www.demographia.com. Retrieved 2017-06-29.  ^ "Area, Population and Density of Cities and Towns of India
India
- 2001, Chapter II - Area and Density – All Cities and Towns" (PDF). Socio-economic and Monitoring Division, Town and Country Planning Organisation, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. December 2007.  ^ "India's largest cities / urban areas". Retrieved August 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 263 ^ "Census of India
India
2001: View Population Details: Meerut
Meerut
UA". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ "Table - 3 : Population, population in the age group 0-6 and literates by sex - Cities/Towns (in alphabetic order): 2001". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 14 August 2004. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ "Nauchandi Mela". religiousportal.com. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.  ^ a b "The first war of Indian independence – Uttar Pradesh Tourism". Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.  ^ Fairs of India. Prabhat Prakashan. pp. 16–18. ISBN 978-81-87100-43-0. Retrieved 3 February 2012.  ^ "Short History of Meerut
Meerut
Diocese". UCAN India. Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.  ^ a b "Nauchandi Mela : Meerut
Meerut
Nagar Nigam" (PDF). meerutnagarnigam.in.  ^ a b " Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
of Meerut". www.indiaprofile.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07.  ^ "Nauchandi Fair
Fair
in Meerut, Historical Significance Nauchandi Fair". www.meerutonline.in. Retrieved 2017-07-07.  ^ " Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
2017 - Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
Meerut
Meerut
- Nauchandi Mela
Nauchandi Mela
in Uttar Pradesh, India". journeymart.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07.  ^ "Mollywood dreams-Audience applauds as Meerut's showbiz aspirations take wing". Archived from the original on 15 April 2014.  ^ T. M. Ramachandran (1985). 70 years of Indian cinema, 1913–1983. CINEMA India-International. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-86132-090-5. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "Playing historical character is not easy: Achint Kaur". Mumbai: Indo-Asian News Service. 31 December 2010. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ a b c d Sandeep Rai (15 August 2012). "Stars on the horizon". Meerut Plus, Times of India.  ^ "Biography – Kailash Kher". Archived from the original on 18 May 2012.  ^ a b " Vishal Bhardwaj
Vishal Bhardwaj
mentors Chitrangada". Mumbai: Mid-day. 20 March 2012. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "Interview with Vishal Bhardwaj: Glamsham.com". Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "Pravesh toes the family line". Times of India. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.  ^ "Jai Verma". http://www.jaiverma.co.uk/.  External link in website= (help) ^ Radio IIMT ^ "Dainik Jagran:About Us". Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.  ^ Abid Hasan (5 Aug 2014). "TOI launches editions in Agra, Bareli, Meerut, Dehradun".  ^ "Bat like Meerut
Meerut
- Times of India". Retrieved 2016-09-03.  ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/meerut/Meerut-murder-rate-second-highest-in-India-NCRB-report/articleshow/48657843.cms ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-meerut-tops-the-list-of-uttar-pradesh-cities-in-facing-crimes-1324306 ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/meerut/Day-after-violence-Haryana-Police-team-raids-stolen-vehicle-hub/articleshow/46005908.cms ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/meerut/STF-accompanied-by-FSDA-team-raids-factory-and-shops-selling-fake-protein-supplements/articleshow/50826145.cms ^ "HugeDomains.com - Hamarameerut.com is for sale (Hamarameerut)". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "St John's Church". Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ Cantonment Board Meerut
Meerut
Official Website – Heritage Sites ^ a b c The Imperial Gazetteer 1909, p. 265 ^ a b "Places of interest – Meerut
Meerut
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
tourism". Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.  ^ a b c JPS Associates. "Revised Draft Report – Volume 2 for Preparing a 'Master Plan for Development of Tourism in the U.P. NCR'" (PDF). Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Tourism. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "List of Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains of Agra". Archaeological Survey of India. p. 1. Retrieved 25 March 2011.  ^ Malika Mohammada (2007). The foundations of the composite culture in India. Aakar Books. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-89833-18-3. 

Citations[edit]

"City Development Plan Final Report - Consultancy Services for preparation of the City Development Plan(CDP) for Meerut
Meerut
in the state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
under JNNURM" (PDF). Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. August 2006. Archived from the original (pdf) on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.  Urban Mass Transit Company Ltd. "Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Meerut
Meerut
City" (PDF). meerut.nic.in.  The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 17. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. 1909. 

Further reading[edit]

Service and Adventure with the Khakee Ressalah; Or, Meerut
Meerut
Volunteer Horse, During the Mutinies of 1857–58, by Robert Henry Wallace Dunlop, Pub. R. Bentley, 1858. The Chaplain's Narrative of the Siege of Delhi: From the Outbreak at Meerut
Meerut
to the Capture of Delhi, by John Edward Wharton Rotton. Pub. Smith, Elder, 1858. Nevill, Henry Riven (1904). Meerut: A District Gazetteers of the United Provinces of Agra
Agra
and Oudh, Vol. 4. Government Press.  The Mutiny outbreak at Meerut
Meerut
in 1857, by Julian Arthur Beaufort Palmer. Cambridge University Press, 1966. ISBN 0-521-05901-1. Mutiny in Meerut, by Vivian Stuart. Aidan Ellis Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-85628-210-3. Flashman in the Great Game, by George MacDonald Fraser, 1975.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meerut.

Old Village Mahadeo Official website Government Freedom Struggle Museum, Meerut

v t e

Million-plus agglomerations in India

North

Chandigarh Delhi Haryana: Faridabad Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar Punjab: Ludhiana Amritsar Rajasthan: Jaipur Jodhpur Kota

Central

Chhattisgarh: Raipur Bhilai Madhya Pradesh: Indore Bhopal Jabalpur Gwalior Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur Lucknow Ghaziabad Agra Varanasi Meerut Allahabad

Eastern

Bihar: Patna Jharkhand: Jamshedpur Dhanbad Ranchi West Bengal: Kolkata Asansol

Western

Gujarat: Ahmedabad Surat Vadodara Rajkot Maharashtra: Mumbai Pune Nagpur Nashik Vasai-Virar Aurangabad

Southern

Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam Vijayawada Karnataka: Bangalore Kerala: Kochi Kozhikode Thrissur Malappuram Thiruvananthapuram Kannur Kollam Tamil Nadu: Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirappalli Telangana: Hyderabad

v t e

Cities and towns in Meerut
Meerut
district

Meerut

Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral Bahsuma Daurala Hastinapur Karnawal Kharkhoda Kithaur Lawar Mawana Meerut Mohiuddinpur Parikshitgarh Phalauda Sardhana Sewalkhas

Other districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Balrampur Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bhimnagar Bijnor Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur
Kanpur
Nagar Kanshi Ram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Panchsheel Nagar Pilibhit Prabuddhanagar Pratapgarh Raebareli Ramabai Nagar Rampur Saharanpur Sambhal Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

v t e

Meerut division
Meerut division
topics

General

Doab Noida National Capital Region Chaudhary Charan Singh University Shobhit University Okhla Sanctuary

Mythology, history

Meerut
Meerut
Conspiracy Case Nauchandi Mela Mayasura Mandodari

Districts

Bagpat Bulandshahr Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Hapur Meerut

Rivers, dams, lakes

Yamuna Ganga Hindon

Languages, people

Hindi Khariboli Standard Hindi Urdu Western Hindi Jat Gujjar

Transport

Air

Meerut
Meerut
Airport

Rail

Delhi
Delhi
Meerut
Meerut
RRTS Meerut
Meerut
Metro Bhagpat Ghaziabad Jn Meerut
Meerut
City Jn Meerut
Meerut
Cantt Modinagar New Ghaziabad Hapur

Road

Delhi– Meerut
Meerut
Expressway NH 24 NH 58 Noida
Noida
Greater Noida
Noida
Expressway Yamuna
Yamuna
Expressway Upper Ganga
Ganga
Canal Expressway NH 91 NH 119

Industries

NTPC Dadri

Lok Sabha constituencies

Baghpat Bulandshahr Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Meerut-Hapur

See also

Cities and towns in Bagpat
Bagpat
district Cities and towns in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr
district Cities and towns in Gautam Buddha Nagar district Cities and towns in Ghaziabad district Cities and towns in Meerut
Meerut
district Cities and towns in Panchsheel Nagar district Villages in Bagpat
Bagpat
district Villages in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr
district Villages in Gautam Buddh Nagar district Villages in Ghaziabad district People from Bagpat
Bagpat
district People from Bulandshahr People from Gautam Buddha Nagar People from Ghaziabad district People from Meerut

Other Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Devipatan Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Mirzapur Moradabad Saharanpur Varanasi

v t e

State of Uttar Pradesh

Capital: Lucknow

Topics

History Geography Government Economy Culture Achitecture Tourism Demographics Education

Administration

Government Legislative Assembly Chief Ministers Governors High Court Police Seal Political Party

Regions

Western Uttar Pradesh Eastern Uttar Pradesh Central Uttar Pradesh

Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Devipatan Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Saharanpur Varanasi

Districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Balrampur Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bijnor Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Devaria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur
Kanpur
Dehat (Akbarpur) Kanpur
Kanpur
Nagar Kanshiram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar (Padrauna) Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Pilibhit Pratapgarh Raebareli Rampur Saharanpur Sambhal Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) Shahjahanpur Shamli Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

Major cities

Kanpur Lucknow Ghaziabad Agra Varanasi Faizabad Meerut Allahabad Bareilly Aligarh Moradabad Saharanpur Gorakhpur Noida Jhansi Mathura

Villages

Adhkatiya Kala Khas Aharak Ahiran, Pindra Ahirani, Pindra Airla Aitha Ajaipur Akhari Akorha Amaut Amawar Amilo, Varanasi Araji Line Babhanpura Baghirua Baliakheri Bhelupura Chadpur Dabethuwa Deorai Eshipur Harora Aht. Harora Must. Janakpatti Jayapur Kathiraon Khanzadipur Kudi Lamhi Mehdiganj Phoolpur Raghunathpur Rajpur Saifai Tisaura Vyaspur Zafarabad

Portal: Uttar Pradesh

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 74144928723354440839 GN