Parouse.com
 Parouse.com



In geology, a massif ( /mæˈsiːf/ or /ˈmæsɪf/) is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term also refers to a group of mountains formed by such a structure. In mountaineering and climbing literature, a massif is frequently used to denote the main mass of an individual mountain. The massif is a smaller structural unit of the crust than a tectonic plate and is considered the fourth largest driving force in geomorphology.[1] The word is taken from French (in which the word also means "massive"), where it is used to refer to a large mountain mass or compact group of connected mountains forming an independent portion of a range. One of the most notable European examples of a massif is the Massif Central
Massif Central
of the Auvergne region of France. The Face on Mars is an example of an extraterrestrial massif.[2] Massifs may also form underwater such as with the Atlantis Massif.[3]

Contents

1 List of massifs

1.1 Africa 1.2 Antarctica 1.3 Asia 1.4 Europe 1.5 North America 1.6 Oceania 1.7 Caribbean 1.8 South America 1.9 Submerged

2 References

List of massifs[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Africa[edit]

Adrar des Ifoghas
Adrar des Ifoghas
– Mali Aïr Massif
Massif
– Niger Bongo Massif – Central African Republic Marojejy Massif
Massif
– Madagascar Mulanje Massif
Mulanje Massif
– Malawi Waterberg Biosphere
Waterberg Biosphere
– South Africa Virunga Massif- Border shared by Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo Kilimanjaro Massif- Border of Kenya and Tanzania Oban Massif- Nigeria

Antarctica[edit]

Borg Massif Craddock Massif Cumpston Massif Vinson Massif Otway Massif

Asia[edit]

Annapurna
Annapurna
– Nepal Chu Pong Massif
Massif
– Vietnam Dhaulagiri
Dhaulagiri
– Nepal Gasherbrum
Gasherbrum
– Pakistan Hazaran
Hazaran
– Iran Kholeno
Kholeno
– Iran Kangchenjunga
Kangchenjunga
– Nepal Knuckles Massif
Massif
– Sri Lanka Kondyor Massif
Kondyor Massif
– Russia Kugitangtau Ridge – Turkmenistan Logar ultrabasite massif – Logar Province, Afghanistan Mount Ararat
Mount Ararat
– Turkey Mount Everest
Mount Everest
massif (including Lhotse) – border of Nepal
Nepal
and Tibet (China) Mount Kinabalu
Mount Kinabalu
– Malaysia Mount Tomuraushi – Japan Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
– Pakistan Nun Kun- India Panchchuli
Panchchuli
– India Shillong
Shillong
- Meghalaya, India

Europe[edit]

Alpilles
Alpilles
– France Aravis Range
Aravis Range
– France Ardennes Massif
Massif
- France/Belgium/Luxembourg Armorican Massif
Armorican Massif
– Brittany, France Bauges Massif
Bauges Massif
– France Beaufortain Massif
Massif
– France Ben Nevis
Ben Nevis
massif – Scotland Bohemian Massif
Bohemian Massif
– Czech Republic Bornes Massif
Bornes Massif
– France Calanques Massif Ceahlău Massif
Ceahlău Massif
– Romania Cerces Massif Chablais Massif
Massif
– France Chartreuse Massif
Chartreuse Massif
– France Cornubian Massif
Massif
– United Kingdom Dévoluy Massif
Massif
– France Massif des Écrins
Massif des Écrins
– France Gotthard Massif
Massif
- Switzerland Jungfrau Massif
Massif
– Switzerland Jura Mountains
Jura Mountains
– France Lauzière massif L'Esterel Massif Long Mynd
Long Mynd
– England, United Kingdom Lubéron
Lubéron
– France Massif Central
Massif Central
– France Mangerton Mountain
Mountain
- Ireland Mercantour
Mercantour
– France Montgris – Spain Montserrat – Spain Mont Blanc massif- Italy/France/Switzerland Sila Massif- Italy Snowdon Massif
Snowdon Massif
- Wales, United Kingdom Taillefer Massif
Massif
– France Troodos – Cyprus Untersberg
Untersberg
- Germany/Austria Queyras Massif
Massif
– France Vanoise Massif
Vanoise Massif
– France Vercors Plateau
Vercors Plateau
– France Vitosha
Vitosha
Massif
Massif
– Bulgaria Vosges Mountains
Vosges Mountains
– France

North America[edit]

Adirondack Massif
Massif
– New York, USA Laurentian Massif
Massif
– Quebec, Canada Le Massif
Le Massif
– Canada Level Mountain
Mountain
– Canada Mount Edziza
Mount Edziza
– Canada Mount Juneau
Mount Juneau
– Alaska, USA Mount Le Conte – Tennessee, USA Mount Logan
Mount Logan
– Yukon, Canada Mount Meager massif
Mount Meager massif
– Canada Mount Septimus
Mount Septimus
– Canada Mount Shuksan
Mount Shuksan
– Washington, USA Teton Range
Teton Range
– Wyoming, USA

Oceania[edit]

Big Ben – Heard Island Ahipara Gumfields - New Zealand

Caribbean[edit]

Massif de la Hotte – Haiti Valle Nuevo Massif
Massif
– Dominican Republic

South America[edit]

Brasilia Massif
Massif
– Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay. Neblina massif
Neblina massif
– Venezuela- Brazil
Brazil
border Colombian Massif
Colombian Massif
- Colombia North Patagonian Massif
North Patagonian Massif
- Argentina Deseado Massif
Deseado Massif
- Argentina

Submerged[edit]

Atlantis Massif
Atlantis Massif
– part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
in the North Atlantic Ocean Tamu Massif
Tamu Massif
— the largest volcano on Earth

Panoramic view of Mont Blanc massif, an example of a massif and also the highest summit in the Alps.[4]

References[edit]

^ Allen, 2008, Time scales of tectonic landscapes and their sediment routing systems, Geol. Soc. Lon. Sp. Pub., v. 296, p. 7–28. ^ Britt, Robert Roy (2006-09-21). "Mars Face Makeover: Controversial Formation Observed from New Angles". Space.com. Retrieved 2009-05-04.  ^ Blackman, Donna (2002). " Geology
Geology
of the Atlantis Massif (Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°N): Implications for the evolution of an ultramafic oceanic core complex". Marine Geophysical Researches. 23 (5): 443–469. Bibcode:2002MarGR..23..443B. doi:10.1023/b:mari.0000018232.14085.75.  ^ "The Sydney Morning Herald, November 6, 2009".