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1944–45 Borneo 1945

North America

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& Nagasaki Kurils Karafuto Japanese surrender


Kantokuen Manchuria (1945) Mutanchiang Sakhalin Island Kuril Islands Shumshu

Second Sino-Japanese War

The Mariana and Palau
Islands campaign, also known as Operation Forager, was an offensive launched by United States
United States
forces against Imperial Japanese forces in the Mariana Islands
Mariana Islands
and Palau
in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
between June and November, 1944 during the Pacific War.[1] The United States
United States
offensive, under the overall command of Chester Nimitz, followed the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
and was intended to neutralize Japanese bases in the central Pacific, support the Allied drive to retake the Philippines, and provide bases for a strategic bombing campaign against Japan. Beginning the offensive, United States
United States
Marine Corps and United States Army forces, with support from the United States
United States
Navy, executed landings on Saipan in June, 1944. In response, the Imperial Japanese Navy's combined fleet sortied to attack the U.S. Navy fleet supporting the landings. In the resulting aircraft carrier Battle of the Philippine Sea (the so-called “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”) on 19–20 June, the Japanese naval forces were decisively defeated with heavy and irreplaceable losses to their carrier-borne and land-based aircraft. Thereafter, U.S. forces executed landings on Guam and Tinian
in July, 1944. After heavy fighting, Saipan was secured in July and Guam and Tinian
in August, 1944. The U.S. then constructed airfields on Saipan and Tinian
where B-29s were based to conduct strategic bombing missions against the Japanese mainland until the end of World War II, including the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima
and Nagasaki. In the meantime, in order to secure the flank for U.S. forces preparing to attack Japanese forces in the Philippines, in September, 1944, U.S. Marine and Army forces landed on the islands of Peleliu and Angaur in Palau. After heavy and intense combat on Peleliu, the island was finally secured by U.S. forces in November, 1944. Following their landings in the Mariana and Palau
Islands, Allied forces continued their ultimately successful campaign against Japan by landing in the Philippines
in October, 1944 and the Volcano and Ryukyu Islands beginning in January, 1945.


1 See also 2 References

2.1 Books 2.2 Web

3 External links

See also[edit]

Battle of Angaur Battle of Guam Battle of Peleliu Battle of Saipan Battle of Tinian West Loch Disaster


^ "Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam (Operation in Forager)". Retrieved 2016-03-09. 


D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X.  Denfeld, D. Colt (1997). Hold the Marianas: The Japanese Defense of the Mariana Islands. White Mane Pub. ISBN 1-57249-014-4.  Drea, Edward J. (1998). "An Allied Interpretation of the Pacific War". In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0.  Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941–1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1.  Gailey, Harry (1988). The Liberation of Guam 21 July–10 August. Novato, California, U.S.A.: Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-651-X.  Gailey, Harry (1984). Peleliu: 1944. Nautical & Aviation Pub Co of Amer. ISBN 0-933852-41-X.  Goldberg, Harold J. (2007). D-day in the Pacific: The Battle of Saipan. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34869-2.  Hallas, James H. (1994). The Devil's Anvil: The Assault on Peleliu. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-94646-0.  Morison, Samuel Eliot (2001). New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944–August 1944, vol. 8 of History of United States
United States
Naval Operations in World War II
World War II
(reissue ed.). Champaign, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-07038-0.  O'Brien, Francis A. (2003). Battling for Saipan. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-804-0.  Ross, Bill D. (1991). Peleliu: Tragic Triumph. Random House. ISBN 0-394-56588-6.  Rottman, Gordon; Howard Gerrard (2004). Saipan & Tinian
1944: Piercing the Japanese Empire. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-804-9.  Rottman, Gordon; Howard Gerrard (2002). Peleliu 1944: The Forgotten Corner of Hell. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-512-0.  Sloan, Bill (2005). Brotherhood of Heroes: The Marines at Peleliu, 1944: The Bloodiest Battle of the Pacific War. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-6009-0.  Smith, Douglas V. (2006). Carrier Battles: Command Decision in Harm's Way. U.S. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-794-8.  Wright, Derrick (2005). To the Far Side of Hell: The Battle for Peleliu, 1944. Fire Ant Books. ISBN 0-8173-5281-3. 


Chen, C. Peter. "The Marianas and the Great Turkey Shoot". World War II Database. Retrieved 2005-05-31.  Dyer, George Carroll. "The Amphibians Came to Conquer: The Story of Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner". United States
United States
Government Printing Office. Retrieved October 20, 2006.  Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series) Hoffman, Major Carl W., USMC (1950). "Saipan: The Beginning of the End". USMC Historical Monograph. Historical Branch, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2005-12-19. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Anderson, Charles R. (2003). Western Pacific. U.S. Army Campaigns of World War II. United States
United States
Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 72-29. Retrieved 2004-11-03.  Lodge, Major O.R. USMC Historical Monograph: The Recapture of Guam, Historical Branch, United States
United States
Marine Corps, 1954. O'Brien, Cyril J. Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam, Marines in World War II
World War II
Commemorative Series, Marine Corps Historical Center, United States
United States
Marine Corps, 1994. USMC Historical Monograph: The Seizure of Tinian Chen, C. Peter (2007). " Palau
Islands and Ulithi Islands Campaign". World War II
World War II
Database. Retrieved 2007-10-19.  Gayle, BGen Gordon D. (1996). "Bloody Beaches: The Marines at Peleliu". Marines in World War II
World War II
Commemorative Series. Marine Corps Historical Center. Retrieved 2006-12-19.  Hough, Frank O. (1950). "The Assault on Peleliu (The Seizure of Peleliu)". USMC Historical Monograph. Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. Retrieved 2006-12-19.  Smith, Robert Ross (1996). "The Approach to the Philippines". United States Army in World War II: The War in the Pacific. United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2006-12-19.  United States. Marine Corps. Fleet Marine Force. G-3 Section (1944). "G-3 journal : Expeditionary Troops Task Force 56 : Forager." S.l. : U.S. Marine Corps, Fleet Marine Force, G-3 Section. Retrieved 2016-03-08

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mariana and Palau
Islands campaign.

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