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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai  China 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta  Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi  India 26,454,000[6] 2016
5 Seoul  South Korea 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi  Pakistan 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou  China 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing  China 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Shenzhen  China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 Mexico City  Mexico 21,497,029[9] 2016
11 São Paulo  Brazil 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos  Nigeria 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai  India 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo  Egypt 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York City  United States 20,320,876[13] 2017
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)  Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan  China 19,000,000[4] 2010
18 Chengdu  China 18,100,000[4] 2010
19 Dhaka  Bangladesh 17,151,925[14] 2011
20 Chongqing  China 17,000,000[4] 2010
21 Moscow  Russia 16,855,000[15] 2018
22 Tianjin  China 15,400,000[4] 2010
23 Istanbul  Turkey 15,029,231[16] 2017
24 Bangkok  Thailand 14,626,225[17] 2010
25 Kolkata  India 14,617,882[6] 2011
26 Tehran  Iran 14,595,904[18] 2011
27 London  United Kingdom 14,040,163[19] 2016
28 Hangzhou  China 13,400,000[4] 2010
29 Los Angeles  United States 13,353,907[13] 2017
30 Buenos Aires  Argentina 13,074,000[20] 2010
31 Xi'an  China 12,900,000[4] 2010
32 Manila  Philippines 12,877,253[21] 2015
33 Changzhou (Chang-Zhu-Tan)  China 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 12,330,186[10] 2016
35 Paris  France 12,142,802[19] 2016
36 Shantou  China 12,000,000[4] 2010
37 Nanjing  China 11,700,000[4] 2010
38 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany 11,471,732[22] 2006
39 Jinan  China 11,000,000[4] 2010
40 Chennai  India 10,576,167 [23][citation needed] 2014
41 Harbin  China 10,500,000[4] 2010
42 Lahore  Pakistan 10,052,000 [24] 2010
43 Lima  Peru 9,886,647[25] 2015
44 Zhengzhou  China 9,700,000[4] 2010
45 Johannesburg  South Africa 9,616,000[26] 2016
46 Qingdao  China 9,600,000[4] 2010
47 Chicago  United States 9,533,040[13] 2017
48 Bogotá  Colombia 9,286,225[27] 2015
49 Chūkyō (Nagoya)  Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
50 Bangalore  India 8,917,749[6] 2011
51 Bandung  Indonesia 8,495,928[28] 2014
52 Busan  South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
53 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 7,800,000[citation needed] 2017
54 Hyderabad  India 7,749,334[6] 2011
55 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[29] 2016
55 Shenyang  China 7,700,000[4] 2010
56 Wenzhou  China 7,600,000[4] 2010
57 Milan  Italy 7,500,000[30] 2006
58 Hong Kong  Hong Kong 7,409,800[31] 2017
59 Nanchang  China 7,400,000[4] 2010
60 Dallas-Fort Worth  United States 7,399,662[13] 2017
61 Yangon  Myanmar 7,360,703[32] 2014
62 Randstad  Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
63 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan 7,045,488[33] 2013
64 Houston  United States 6,892,427[13] 2017
65 Santiago  Chile 6,683,852[34] 2012
66 Luanda  Angola 6,542,944[35] 2014
67 Surabaya  Indonesia 6,484,206[28] 2015
68 Madrid  Spain 6,424,275[19] 2016
69 Ahmedabad  India 6,352,254[6] 2011
70 Washington, D.C.  United States 6,216,589[13] 2017
71 Miami  United States 6,158,824[13] 2017
72 Philadelphia  United States 6,096,120[13] 2017
73 Berlin/Brandenburg  Germany 6,004,857[36] 2015
74 Toronto  Canada 5,928,040[37] 2016
75 Munich  Germany 5,900,000[38][36] 2014
76 Atlanta  United States 5,884,736[13] 2017
77 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 5,873,841[10] 2016
78 Amaravati  India 5,873,588[39] 2011
79 Frankfurt Rhine-Main  Germany 5,821,523[40] 2015
80 Singapore  Singapore 5,535,000[41] 2015
81 Barcelona  Spain 5,445,904[19] 2016
82 Ankara  Turkey 5,346,518[16] 2016
83 Caracas  Venezuela 5,322,310[42][43] 2015
84 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[44] 2015
85 Stuttgart  Germany 5,300,000[45][36] 2015
86 Hamburg  Germany 5,100,000[36] 2015
87 Pune  India 5,049,968[6] 2011
88 Sydney  Australia 5,005,400[46] 2016
89 Guadalajara  Mexico 4,909,287[9] 2017
90 Boston  United States 4,836,531[13] 2017
91 Phoenix  United States 4,737,270[13] 2017
92 San Francisco-Oakland  United States 4,727,357[13] 2017
93 Melbourne  Australia 4,641,636[46] 2016
94 Kabul  Afghanistan 4,635,000[47] 2015
95 Surat  India 4,585,367[6] 2011
96 Riverside-San Bernardino  United States 4,580,670[13] 2017
97 Monterrey  Mexico 4,477,614[9] 2015
98 Rome  Italy 4,340,474[19] 2016
99 Detroit  United States 4,313,002[13] 2017
100 Montreal  Canada 4,098,927[48] 2016

See also

Lists of metropolitan areas by region

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region

References

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