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The following is a list of the Governors of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Governor is the head of the executive branch of Virginia's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Virginia General Assembly, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.[1] The first Constitution of 1776 created the office of Governor, to be elected annually by the Virginia
Virginia
State Legislature. The Governor could serve up to three years at a time, and once out of office, could not serve again for four years.[2] The 1830 constitution changed the thrice renewable one-year term length to a non-renewable three-year term, and set the start date at the first day in January following an election.[3] This constitution also prevented governors from succeeding themselves, a prohibition that exists to the present day.[4] The 1851 Constitution increased terms to four years[5] and made the office elected by the people, rather than the legislature.[6] The commencement of the Governor's term was moved to the first day in February by the 1902 Constitution,[7] and then to the Saturday after the second Wednesday in January by the 1971 and current Constitution.[8] If the office of governor is vacant due to disqualification, death, or resignation, the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Governor of Virginia
becomes Governor.[9] The office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1851.[10] Prior to that a Council of State existed; it chose from among its members a President who would be "Lieutenant-Governor" and would act as governor when there was a vacancy in that office.[2][11] Officially, there have been 73 Governors of Virginia; the Acting Governors are not counted.

Contents

1 Colonial Governors 2 President of the Committee for Public Safety 3 List of Governors 4 Living former Governors of Virginia 5 Other high offices held 6 Birth places 7 References

Colonial Governors[edit] Main article: List of colonial governors of Virginia President of the Committee for Public Safety[edit]

Parties

  No party

# Picture President Took office Left office Party

1

Edmund Pendleton 16 August 1775 5 July 1776 None

List of Governors[edit]

Parties

  Democratic   Federalist   Democratic-Republican   Whig   Republican   Independent

# Image Governor Took office Left office Lieutenant Governor Party Notes

1

Patrick Henry July 5, 1776 June 1, 1779 Office not established None First under 1776 Constitution (limit of 3 one-year terms)

2

Thomas Jefferson June 1, 1779 June 3, 1781 None 3rd President of the United States

3

William Fleming June 3, 1781 June 12, 1781 None

4

Thomas Nelson, Jr. June 12, 1781 November 22, 1781 None

David Jameson November 22, 1781 December 1, 1781 None Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

5

Benjamin Harrison V December 1, 1781 December 1, 1784 None

6

Patrick Henry December 1, 1784 December 1, 1786 None Re-elected after 5-year hiatus (1 more than constitutional minimum)

7

Edmund Randolph December 1, 1786 December 1, 1788 None First under U.S. statehood

8

Beverley Randolph December 1, 1788 December 1, 1791 None

9

Henry Lee III December 1, 1791 December 1, 1794 Federalist

10

Robert Brooke December 1, 1794 December 1, 1796 Democratic-Republican

11

James Wood December 1, 1796 December 1, 1799 Federalist

Hardin Burnley December 7, 1799 December 11, 1799

John Pendleton, Jr. December 11, 1799 December 19, 1799

12

James Monroe December 19, 1799 December 1, 1802 Democratic-Republican U.S. Senator 1790–1794, fifth President of the United States

13

John Page December 1, 1802 December 7, 1805 Democratic-Republican

14

William H. Cabell December 7, 1805 December 1, 1808 Democratic-Republican

15

John Tyler, Sr. December 1, 1808 January 15, 1811 Democratic-Republican

George William Smith January 15, 1811 January 19, 1811 Democratic-Republican Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

16

James Monroe January 19, 1811 April 3, 1811 Democratic-Republican U.S. Senator 1790–94, Fifth President of the United States

17

George William Smith April 3, 1811 December 26, 1811 Democratic-Republican Acting Governor (member of Council of State) Later elected in his own right Died in office

N/A

Peyton Randolph December 27, 1811 January 3, 1812 Democratic-Republican Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

18

James Barbour January 3, 1812 December 1, 1814 Democratic-Republican U.S. Senator 1815–1825

19

Wilson Cary Nicholas December 1, 1814 December 1, 1816 Democratic-Republican

20

James Patton Preston December 1, 1816 December 1, 1819 Democratic-Republican

21

Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr. December 1, 1819 December 1, 1822 Democratic-Republican

22

James Pleasants December 1, 1822 December 10, 1825 Democratic-Republican Resigned U.S. Senate to assume Governorship

23

John Tyler December 10, 1825 March 4, 1827 Democratic-Republican Resigned to enter U.S. Senate 1827–1836, 10th United States President

24

William Branch Giles March 4, 1827 March 4, 1830 Democratic U.S. Senator 1804–1815

25

John Floyd March 4, 1830 March 31, 1834 Democratic First under 1830 constitution (limit of 1 four-year term)

26

Littleton Waller Tazewell March 31, 1834 April 30, 1836 Democratic U.S. Senator 1824–1832

Wyndham Robertson April 30, 1836 March 31, 1837 Whig Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

27

David Campbell March 31, 1837 March 31, 1840 Democratic

28

Thomas Walker Gilmer March 31, 1840 March 20, 1841 Whig

John M. Patton March 20, 1841 March 31, 1841 Whig Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

John Rutherfoord March 31, 1841 March 31, 1842 Democratic Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

John Munford Gregory March 31, 1842 January 1, 1843 Whig Acting Governor (member of Council of State)

29

James McDowell January 1, 1843 January 1, 1846 Democratic

30

William "Extra Billy" Smith January 1, 1846 January 1, 1849 Democratic

31

John B. Floyd January 1, 1849 January 16, 1852 Democratic U.S. Secretary of War 1857–60

32

Joseph Johnson January 16, 1852 January 1, 1856 Shelton Leake Democratic First under 1851 constitution (limit of 1 four-year term) First popularly elected governor

33

Henry A. Wise January 1, 1856 January 1, 1860 Elisha W. McComas William Lowther Jackson Democratic

34

John Letcher January 1, 1860 January 1, 1864 Robert Latane Montague Democratic (On June 20, 1863, the new U.S. state
U.S. state
of West Virginia
Virginia
was formed)

35

William "Extra Billy" Smith January 1, 1864 May 9, 1865 Samuel Price Democratic

Francis Harrison Pierpont May 9, 1865 April 4, 1868 None Republican Elected by Restored General Assembly (Union)

Henry H. Wells April 4, 1868 September 21, 1869 None Republican Appointed Governor by U.S. military

36

Gilbert Carlton Walker September 21, 1869 January 1, 1874 John F. Lewis John Lawrence Marye, Jr. Republican Appointed Governor by U.S. military then elected as a Republican Governor later served as a Democratic Congressman

37

James L. Kemper January 1, 1874 January 1, 1878 Robert E. Withers Henry Wirtz Thomas Democratic

38

Frederick W. M. Holliday January 1, 1878 January 1, 1882 James A. Walker Democratic

39

William E. Cameron January 1, 1882 January 1, 1886 John F. Lewis Re-adjuster

40

Fitzhugh Lee January 1, 1886 January 1, 1890 John E. Massey Democratic

41

Philip W. McKinney January 1, 1890 January 1, 1894 James H. Tyler Democratic

42

Charles Triplett O'Ferrall January 1, 1894 January 1, 1898 Robert C. Kent Democratic Resigned U. S. House seat to assume Governorship

43

James Hoge Tyler January 1, 1898 January 1, 1902 Edward Echols Democratic

44

Andrew Jackson Montague January 1, 1902 February 1, 1906 Joseph Edward Willard Democratic

45

Claude A. Swanson February 1, 1906 February 10, 1910 James T. Ellyson Democratic U.S. Senator 1910–33

46

William Hodges Mann February 10, 1910 February 1, 1914 James T. Ellyson Democratic

47

Henry Carter Stuart February 1, 1914 February 1, 1918 James T. Ellyson Democratic

48

Westmoreland Davis February 1, 1918 February 1, 1922 Benjamin F. Buchanan Democratic

49

Elbert Lee Trinkle February 1, 1922 February 1, 1926 Junius E. West Democratic

50

Harry F. Byrd February 1, 1926 January 15, 1930 Junius E. West Democratic U.S. Senator 1933–65

51

John Garland Pollard January 15, 1930 January 17, 1934 James H. Price Democratic

52

George C. Peery January 17, 1934 January 15, 1938 James H. Price Democratic

53

James H. Price January 15, 1938 January 21, 1942 Saxon W. Holt Democratic

54

Colgate Darden January 21, 1942 January 16, 1946 William M. Tuck Democratic

55

William M. Tuck January 16, 1946 January 18, 1950 Lewis Preston Collins II Democratic

56

John S. Battle January 18, 1950 January 20, 1954 Lewis Preston Collins II Allie Edward Stakes Stephens Democratic

57

Thomas B. Stanley January 20, 1954 January 11, 1958 Allie Edward Stakes Stephens Democratic

58

J. Lindsay Almond January 11, 1958 January 13, 1962 Allie Edward Stakes Stephens Democratic

59

Albertis Harrison January 13, 1962 January 15, 1966 Mills Godwin Democratic

60

Mills Godwin January 15, 1966 January 17, 1970 Fred G. Pollard Democratic

61

Linwood Holton January 17, 1970 January 12, 1974 J. Sargeant Reynolds
J. Sargeant Reynolds
(Democratic) Henry Howell
Henry Howell
(Democratic) Republican

62

Mills Godwin January 12, 1974 January 14, 1978 John N. Dalton Republican

63

John Dalton January 14, 1978 January 16, 1982 Chuck Robb
Chuck Robb
(Democratic) Republican

64

Chuck Robb January 16, 1982 January 18, 1986 Dick Davis Democratic U.S. Senator 1989–2001

65

Gerald Baliles January 18, 1986 January 13, 1990 Douglas Wilder Democratic

66

Douglas Wilder January 13, 1990 January 15, 1994 Don Beyer Democratic First African-American governor elected in American history

67

George Allen January 15, 1994 January 17, 1998 Don Beyer
Don Beyer
(Democratic) Republican U.S. Senator 2001–2007

68

Jim Gilmore January 17, 1998 January 12, 2002 John H. Hager Republican

69

Mark Warner January 12, 2002 January 14, 2006 Tim Kaine Democratic U.S. Senator 2009–present

70

Tim Kaine January 14, 2006 January 16, 2010 Bill Bolling
Bill Bolling
(Republican) Democratic First Catholic Governor, U.S. Senator 2013–present, nominee for Vice President of the United States
President of the United States
in 2016

71

Bob McDonnell January 16, 2010 January 11, 2014 Bill Bolling Republican

72

Terry McAuliffe January 11, 2014 January 13, 2018 Ralph Northam Democratic

73

Ralph Northam January 13, 2018 Incumbent Justin Fairfax Democratic

Living former Governors of Virginia[edit] As of January 2018[update], there are ten former Governors of Virginia
Virginia
currently living, the oldest being A. Linwood Holton, Jr. (served 1970–1974, born 1923). The most recent Governor of Virginia to die was Mills E. Godwin, Jr.
Mills E. Godwin, Jr.
(served 1966–1970 and 1974–1978, born 1914), on January 30, 1999. The most recently serving Governor of Virginia
Virginia
to die was John N. Dalton
John N. Dalton
(served 1978–1982, born 1931), on July 30, 1986.

Living former Governors

A. Linwood Holton, Jr. served 1970–1974 born 21 September 1923 (age 94)

Chuck Robb served 1982–1986 born 26 June 1939 (age 78)

Gerald Baliles served 1986–1990 born 08 July 1940 (age 77)

Douglas Wilder served 1990–1994 born 17 January 1931 (age 87)

George Allen served 1994–1998 born 08 March 1952 (age 66)

Jim Gilmore served 1998–2002 born 06 October 1949 (age 68)

Mark Warner served 2002–2006 born 15 December 1954 (age 63)

Tim Kaine served 2006–2010 born 26 February 1958 (age 60)

Bob McDonnell served 2010–2014 born 15 June 1954 (age 63)

Terry McAuliffe served 2014–2018 born 9 February 1957 (age 61)

Other high offices held[edit]

* Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

This is a table of congressional, confederate and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Virginia
Virginia
except where noted.

          Governor           Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held

House Senate

Thomas Jefferson 1779–1781

Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, (1775–1776); Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1783–1784); U.S. Minister to France. (1785–1789); 1st U.S. Secretary of State, (1790–1793); 2nd Vice President of the United States, (1797–1801); 3rd President of the United States, (1801–1809)

Thomas Nelson, Jr. 1781

Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, (1775–1781)

Benjamin Harrison V 1781–1784

Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, (1775–1781)

Edmund Randolph 1786–1788

1st U.S. Attorney General, (1789–1794); 2nd U.S. Secretary of State, (1794–1795)

Henry Lee III 1791–1794 H

Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1786–1788)

James Monroe 1799–1802 1811

S Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1783–1786); U.S. Minister to France, (1794–1796); U.S. Minister to the United Kingdom, (1803–1808); 7th U.S. Secretary of State*, (1811–1817); 8th U.S. Secretary of War, (1814–1815); 5th President of the United States, (1817–1825)

John Page 1802–1805 H

James Barbour 1812–1814

S U.S. Minister to the United Kingdom, (1828–1829); President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, (1819); 11th U.S. Secretary of War, (1825–1828)

Wilson Cary Nicholas 1814–1816 H S

Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr. 1819–1822 H

James Pleasants 1822–1825 H S

John Tyler 1825–1827 H S* President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, (1835); 10th Vice President of the United States, (1841); 10th President of the United States, (1841–1845); Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, (1861–1862)

William Branch Giles 1827–1830 H S

John Floyd 1830–1834 H

Littleton Waller Tazewell 1834–1836 H S

Thomas Walker Gilmer 1840–1841 H*

15th U.S. Secretary of the Navy, (1844)

John M. Patton 1841 H

James McDowell 1843–1846 H

William Smith 1846–1849 1864–1865 H

Confederate House of Representatives, (1862–1863)

John B. Floyd 1849–1852

24th U.S. Secretary of War, (1857–1860)

Joseph Johnson 1852–1856 H

Henry A. Wise 1852–1856 H

U. S. Minister to Brazil, (1844–1847)

John Letcher 1860–1864 H

Gilbert Carlton Walker 1869–1874 H

Frederick W. M. Holliday 1878–1882

Confederate House of Representatives, (1864–1865)

Charles Triplett O'Ferrall 1894–1898 H

Andrew Jackson Montague 1902–1906 H

Claude A. Swanson 1906–1910 H S 45th U.S. Secretary of the Navy, (1933–1939)

Harry F. Byrd 1926–1930

S

George C. Peery 1934–1938 H

Colgate Darden 1942–1946 H

William M. Tuck 1946–1950 H

Thomas B. Stanley 1954–1958 H

James Lindsay Almond, Jr. 1958–1962 H

Chuck Robb 1982–1986

S

George Allen 1994–1998 H S

Mark Warner 2002–2006

S

Tim Kaine 2006–2010

S

Birth places[edit]

Part of Virginia # of Governors Elected

Central Virginia 16

Not from Virginia 12

Peninsula 10

Southwest Virginia 8

South Central Virginia 7

Northern Neck
Northern Neck
of Virginia 5

Northwest Virginia 4

West Central Virginia 4

Northern Central Virginia
Virginia
(NOVA) 2

Southeast 2

Eastern Shore of Virginia 1

Not from Virginia
Virginia
or United States 1

Total 72

These numbers reflect place of residence when taking office, not birthplace

References[edit]

^ VA Const. art. V ^ a b 1776 Const. ^ 1830 Const. Art IV section 1. ^ VA Const. Art V sec 1 ^ 1851 Const. art V section 1. ^ 1851 Const. Art V section 2. ^ 1902 Const. Art V section 69. ^ VA Const. art V section 1. ^ VA Const. Art V section 16. ^ 1851 Const. art V section 8. ^ 1830 Const. art IV section 5.

General

Virginia
Virginia
State Government Website[permanent dead link] Congressional Quarterly

Virginia
Virginia
governors. (2000). In Congressional Quarterly
Congressional Quarterly
(Ed.), American political leaders 1789–2000. Washington: CQ Press. Retrieved January 10, 2006, from CQ Electronic Library, CQ Voting and Elections Collection, . Document ID: amldrs-147-7136-390228. (Requires Subscription)

Thorpe, F.N. (1909). The Federal and State Constitutions: Virginia-Wyoming. Scholarly Press. p. 3852. Retrieved 2015-11-03.  National Governors Association's list of Virginia
Virginia
Governors

Constitutions

"Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia". Virginia
Virginia
General Assembly. 1971. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Scholarly Press. 1902. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Scholarly Press. 1870. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Scholarly Press. 1864. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Scholarly Press. 1851. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia". West Virginia
Virginia
Division of Culture and History. 1830. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia". Avalon Project. 1776. Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 

Specific

v t e

 Commonwealth of Virginia

Richmond (capital)

Topics

Administrative divisions Climate Colleges and universities Colony Congressional districts Delegations

Senators Representatives

Environment Furniture Government History Historic Landmarks Law Homes Music People Rights Rivers Scouting Slogan Sports teams State Fair State parks Symbols Tourist attractions Transportation Tribes

Seal of Virginia

Culture

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Newspapers Radio TV

Politics

Regions

Allegheny Mountains Atlantic Coastal Plain Blue Ridge Chesapeake Bay Cumberland Mountains Delmarva Peninsula Eastern Shore Hampton Roads Middle Peninsula Northern Neck Northern Virginia Piedmont Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians Shenandoah Valley South Hampton Roads Southside Southwest Virginia Tennessee Valley Tidewater Tri-Cities Virginia
Virginia
Peninsula

Metro areas

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford Bluefield Bristol Charlottesville Danville Harrisonburg Lynchburg Martinsville Richmond Roanoke Staunton-Waynesboro Norfolk- Virginia
Virginia
Beach Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Winchester

Counties

Accomack Albemarle Alleghany Amelia Amherst Appomattox Arlington Augusta Bath Bedford Bland Botetourt Brunswick Buchanan Buckingham Campbell Caroline Carroll Charles City Charlotte Chesterfield Clarke Craig Culpeper Cumberland Dickenson Dinwiddie Essex Fairfax Fauquier Floyd Fluvanna Franklin Frederick Giles Gloucester Goochland Grayson Greene Greensville Halifax Hanover Henrico Henry Highland Isle of Wight James City King and Queen King George King William Lancaster Lee Loudoun Louisa Lunenburg Madison Mathews Mecklenburg Middlesex Montgomery Nelson New Kent Northampton Northumberland Nottoway Orange Page Patrick Pittsylvania Powhatan Prince Edward Prince George Prince William Pulaski Rappahannock Richmond Roanoke Rockbridge Rockingham Russell Scott Shenandoah Smyth Southampton Spotsylvania Stafford Surry Sussex Tazewell Warren Washington Westmoreland Wise Wythe York

Independent cities

Alexandria Bristol Buena Vista Charlottesville Chesapeake Colonial Heights Covington Danville Emporia Fairfax Falls Church Franklin Fredericksburg Galax Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lexington Lynchburg Manassas Manassas Park Martinsville Newport News Norfolk Norton Petersburg Poquoson Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Salem Staunton Suffolk Virginia
Virginia
Beach Waynesboro Williamsburg Winchester

v t e

Chief executives of the United States

Federal

President of the United States

State governors (current list)

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list

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list

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list

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list

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list

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list

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list

Wyoming

Territorial (current list)

American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico United States Virgin Islands

Defunct

Pre-state territories Panama Canal Zone Cuba Philippine Islands (until 1935) Philippine Commonwealth (until 1946) Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

v t e

Years in Virginia
Virginia
(1788–present)

Pre-1788 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 20