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Leyte
Leyte
/ˈleɪtɛ/ is an island in the Visayas
Visayas
group of the Philippines. Politically, the island is divided into two provinces: (Northern) Leyte
Leyte
and Southern Leyte. Territorially, Southern Leyte
Southern Leyte
includes the island of Panaon to its south. To the north of Leyte
Leyte
is the island province of Biliran, a former sub-province of Leyte. The major cities of Leyte
Leyte
are Tacloban, on the eastern shore at the northwest corner of Leyte
Leyte
Gulf, and Ormoc, on the west coast. The island was once the location of Mairete, a historic community which was ruled by Datu Ete. Before being colonized by Spain, the island was once home to indigenous animist Warays to the east and other indigenous animist Visayan groups to the west. Leyte
Leyte
today is notable for the geothermal electric power plants near Ormoc. However, Leyte
Leyte
is most famous for its role in the reconquest of the Philippines
Philippines
in World War II. On 20 October 1944, General Douglas MacArthur waded ashore on Leyte, saying, "I have returned", but the Japanese did not give up so easily, as the ensuing Battle of Leyte proved. The convergence of naval forces resulted in the four-day Battle of Leyte
Battle of Leyte
Gulf, the largest naval battle in history.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 Historical and interesting sites 4 In popular culture 5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit] the island measures about 180 kilometres (110 mi) north-south and about 65 kilometres (40 mi) at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins the island of Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) in some places. The island province of Biliran
Biliran
is also to the north of Leyte
Leyte
and is joined to Leyte
Leyte
island by a bridge across the narrow Biliran
Biliran
Strait. To the south, Leyte
Leyte
is separated from Mindanao
Mindanao
by the Surigao Strait. To the east, Leyte
Leyte
is somewhat "set back" from the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
of the Pacific Ocean, Samar
Samar
to the northeast and the Dinagat Islands
Dinagat Islands
to the southeast forming the Leyte
Leyte
Gulf. To the west is the Camotes Sea. Leyte
Leyte
is mostly heavily forested and mountainous, but the Leyte
Leyte
Valley in the northeast has much agriculture. Demographics[edit]

Population of Leyte
Leyte
Island

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 1,689,756 —    

2000 1,952,496 +1.46%

2010 2,188,295 +1.15%

2015 2,388,518 +1.68%

Source: National Statistics Office

Historical and interesting sites[edit]

Battle of Leyte: General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
and staff land at Dulag Beach, Leyte, 20 October 1944.

The Leyte
Leyte
provincial capitol is the seat of the provincial government where there is a mural depicting the First Mass in the Philippines, believed to have happened in Limasawa, and the landing of General Douglas MacArthur. The MacArthur Landing Memorial National Park
MacArthur Landing Memorial National Park
in Red Beach, Palo, marks the 1944 landing by the American liberation forces. It also has a lagoon where a life-size statue of Gen. MacArthur stands. MacArthur's true landing took place at Dulag, Leyte. Lake Danao is a violin-shaped lake hemmed by cloud-capped mountain ranges. Kalanggaman Island
Island
in Palompon, Leyte
Palompon, Leyte
is a virgin island with pure white sand. The ecological atmosphere of the island had been preserved by the municipality. The Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum boasts the painting of the fourteen stations of the cross done by Filipino artists and a bas-relief of the legend of the first Filipino man and woman (Malakas and Maganda). The San Juanico Bridge
San Juanico Bridge
is the longest bridge in the Philippines. Leyte
Leyte
Island
Island
is the birthplace of the Tinikling
Tinikling
dance, popular throughout the Philippines.[citation needed] On Friday, 8 November 2013, Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) destroyed 70-80% of the structures in its path on Leyte
Leyte
province. An estimated 10,000 people died and up to 620,000 people were displaced across the region.[3] In popular culture[edit] The 1959 Japanese film Nobi ("Fires on the Plain"), though filmed in Japan, is set in Leyte
Leyte
in 1945. The film was remade in 2014 under the same name; this version was filmed in the Philippines. References[edit]

^ "Islands by Land Area". Island
Island
Directory Tables. United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 12 June 2013.  ^ Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Mogato, Manuel; Ng, Roli (10 November 2013). " Philippines
Philippines
storm kills estimated 10,000, destruction hampers rescue efforts". Reuters. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Leyte
Leyte
(island) at Wikimedia Commons Leyte
Leyte
Island
Island
travel guide from Wikivoyage Leyte
Leyte
Island
Island
- TA.com

v t e

Major islands of the Philippines

Alabat Balabac Bantayan Basilan Biliran Bohol Bucas Grande Bugsuk Burias Busuanga Camiguin Cebu Catanduanes Culion Dinagat Dumaran Guimaras Jolo Leyte Lubang Luzon Masbate Marinduque Mindanao Mindoro Negros Olutanga Palawan Panaon Panay Polillo Samal Samar Siargao Sibutu Sibuyan Siquijor Tablas Tawitawi Ticao

See also Geography of the Philippines Island
Island
groups of the Philippines List of islands

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235601946 GND: 4274263-8 N