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Lake
Lake
Tai or Lake
Lake
Taihu (Chinese: 太湖, p Tài Hú, Wu: Ta Wu, lit. "Great Lake") is a large freshwater lake in the Yangtze Delta plain in Wuxi, China. The lake belongs to Jiangsu
Jiangsu
and the southern shore forms its border with Zhejiang. With an area of 2,250 square kilometers (869 sq mi) and an average depth of 2 meters (6.6 ft),[1] it is the third-largest freshwater lake in China, after Poyang and Dongting. The lake houses about 90 islands, ranging in size from a few square meters to several square kilometers. Lake
Lake
Tai is linked to the renowned Grand Canal and is the origin of a number of rivers, including Suzhou
Suzhou
Creek. In recent years, Lake
Lake
Tai has been plagued by pollution as the surrounding region experienced rapid industrial development.

Contents

1 Name 2 Formation 3 Scenic locations 4 Business and industry 5 Ferris wheel 6 Pollution 7 See also 8 References

Name[edit] Also translated as Tai or T'ai Lake
Lake
and as Taihu or T'ai-hu Lake. Formation[edit] Scientific studies suggest that Lake
Lake
Tai's circular structure is the result of a meteor impact based on the discovery of shatter cones, shock-metamorphosed quartz, microtektites, and shock-metamorphic unloading fractures.[2] The prospective impact crater has been dated to be greater than 70 million years old and possibly from the late Devonian Period.[3] However, new research suggests that present evidence shows no impact crater structure or shock-mineral at Lake Tai.[4] Fossils indicate that Lake
Lake
Tai was dry land until the ingression of the East China
China
Sea during the Holocene epoch. The growing deltas of the Yangtze
Yangtze
and Qiantang rivers eventually sealed off Lake
Lake
Tai from the sea, and the influx of fresh water from rivers and rains turned it into a freshwater lake. Scenic locations[edit]

Shore of Lake
Lake
Tai in Wuxi's Three Kingdoms Park

The lake is renowned for its unique limestone formations at the foot of the adjacent Dongting Mountain (洞庭山). These "scholar's rocks" or "Taihu stones" are often prized as a decorating material for traditional Chinese gardens, as exemplified by those preserved as museums in nearby Suzhou. Lake
Lake
Tai is best seen[citation needed] from atop the Dragon Light Pagoda in western Wuxi's Xihui Park, from which both Wuxi
Wuxi
and Lake
Lake
Tai are visible. Another well-known panoramic view, made famous by an 11th-century poem by Su Shi, is that from Longshan. Three of the lake's islands are preserved as a national geological park under the name Sanshan. They are famed as a former haunt of local bandits.[citation needed] Mei Yuan
Mei Yuan
is also located in Lake
Lake
Tai, along with Yuantouzhu. Yuantouzhu
Yuantouzhu
received its name ("Turtle Head Isle") from the shape of its outline. Business and industry[edit] The lake is also known for its productive fishing industry and is often occupied by fleets of small private fishing boats.[5] Since the late 1970s, harvesting food products such as fish and crabs has been invaluable to people living along the lake and has contributed significantly to the economy of the surrounding area. The lake is home to an extensive ceramics-industry, including the Yixing
Yixing
pottery-factory, which produces the world-renowned Yixing
Yixing
clay teapots. Ferris wheel[edit] The Star of Lake
Lake
Tai is a 115-meter (377 ft) tall giant Ferris wheel on the shoreline of the lake.[6] Completed in 2008, it takes 18 minutes to complete one revolution. Passengers can enjoy the scenery of Lake
Lake
Tai and the city center. At night, lighting effects are switched on around the wheel.[citation needed] Pollution[edit]

Lake
Lake
scene at Wuxi

Further information: Water resources of the People's Republic of China and Pollution in China Pollution of the lake has been ongoing for decades despite efforts to reduce pollution that were not sustained and thus proved ineffective. In the 1980s and 1990s the number of industries in the lake region has tripled, while the population also increased significantly. One billion tons of wastewater, 450,000 tons of garbage and 880,000 tons of animal waste were dumped in the shallow lake in 1993 alone. The central government intervened and initiated a campaign to clean up the lake, setting a deadline to comply with pollution standards. When the deadline was not met, 128 factories were closed on New Year's Eve in 1999. Compliance improved somewhat afterwards, but the pollution problem remained severe.[7] In May 2007, the lake was overtaken by a major algae bloom and by major pollution with cyanobacteria.[8] The Chinese government called the lake a major natural disaster despite the anthropogenic origin of this environmental catastrophe. With the average price of bottled water rising to six times the normal rate, the government banned all regional water providers from implementing price hikes.[9] The lake provides water to 30 million residents, including about one million in Wuxi.[10] By October 2007 it was reported that the Chinese government had shut down or given notice to over 1,300 factories around the lake. However, Wu Lihong, one of the leading environmentalists who had been publicizing the pollution of the lake, was sentenced to three years in prison for alleged extortion of one of the polluters,[8] but, undeterred, alleged in 2010 that not a single factory was closed.[11] Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province planned to clean up the lake,[12] and chaired by Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
the State Council set a target to clean Lake
Lake
Tai by 2012.[13] However, in 2010 The Economist
The Economist
reported that a fresh pollution outbreak had occurred, and that Wu, released from prison in April, was claiming that the government was trying to suppress news of it, all the while switching to other supplies in place of lake water.[14] See also[edit]

List of unconfirmed impact craters on Earth

References[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lake
Lake
Tai.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake
Lake
Tai.

^ 太湖 [ Lake
Lake
Tai]. The Suzhou
Suzhou
Science Window [苏州科普之窗] (in Chinese). Science and Technology Association of Suzhou
Suzhou
City [苏州市科学技术协会]. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11.  ^ Wang Erkang; Wan Yuqiu; Xu Shijin (May 2002). "Discovery and implication of shock metamorphic unloading microfractures in Devonian bedrock of Taihu Lake". Science in China
China
Series D: Earth Sciences. 45 (5).  ^ Wang, K.; Geldsetzer, H. H. J. (1992). "A late Devonian impact event and its association with a possible extinction event on Eastern Gondwana". Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution: 77. Bibcode:1992lmip.conf...77W.  ^ Dong et al., (2012). "The Deformation Features of Quartz
Quartz
grains In the Sandstone of Taihu Area: Taihu Impact Origin Controversy". Geological Journal of China
China
Universities.  ^ Barrett, Rick (February 3, 2007). " China
China
offers open waters". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.  ^ 文涛 (September 1, 2008). "太湖之星"摩天轮即将开放. Xinhuanet
Xinhuanet
(in Chinese). Retrieved January 15, 2013.  ^ Ma, Jun (2004). China's Water Crisis. Norwalk, CT: International Rivers Network. pp. 163–164. ISBN 1-891936-28-X.  ^ a b Kahn, Joseph (October 13, 2007). "In China, a Lake's Champion Imperils Himself". International Herald Tribune.  ^ "Algae smother Chinese lake, millions panic". MSNBC. AP. May 31, 2007.  ^ "China's third-largest freshwater lake faces algae threat". China Daily. Xinhua. April 14, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2008.  ^ "Umweltschützer in China
China
- Der unbeugsame Herr Wu". Tagesschau (in German). May 18, 2010. Archived from the original on May 21, 2010.  ^ " China
China
to clean up polluted lake". BBC News. October 27, 2007.  ^ "Taihu cleanup plan". China
China
Daily - Across China: Beijing. April 4, 2008. p. 4. Retrieved April 20, 2008.  ^ The Economist, 7 August 2010 p 49.

v t e

National parks of China

Beidaihe Benxi Shuidong Chengde Mountain Resort Dian Lake Dujiangyan Irrigation System Fuxian Lake Hexigten Huangguoshu Waterfall Huanglong Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Jinggangshan Jiuzhaigou
Jiuzhaigou
Valley Longmen Grottoes Lushan Quaternary Glaciation Mount Cangyan Mount Emei Mount Heng (Hunan) Mount Heng (Shanxi) Mount Hua Mount Huang Mount Jiuhua Mount Lao Mount Li Mount Lu Mount Luofu Mount Mogan Mount Putuo Mount Qingcheng Mount Qingyuan Mount Qiyun Mount Sanqing Mount Song Mount Tai Mount Tianzhu Mount Wutai Pearl Shoal Waterfall Pudacuo Qianshan Qinghai Lake Shilin (Stone Forest) Lake
Lake
Tai Wangwushan - Yuntaishan Wudang Mountains Wulingyuan Wuyi Mountains Xixi Yuelu Mountain Yun Mountain Zhangjiajie

Geography of China

v t e

Lakes of China

Five Great Lakes

Poyang Dongting Chao Tai Hongze

Notable freshwater lakes

Xingkai Poyang Dongting Tai Hulun Hongze Nansi Bosten Chao Gaoyou Ngoring Gyaring Sayram Baiyangdian Honghu Longgan Liangzi Dianchi Manasarovar Ulansuhai Luoma Erhai Junshan Fuxian Shiju Wabu Nanyi Dongping Ge Yangcheng Chenghai Dianshan Yangzong Xingyun Qilu Yilong Ayding Buir Chagan Daming Diexi Dongqian Heaven (Changbai Tianchi) Baihua Karakul Kunming Lugu Ruyi South Tangjiashan Baiyun Xuanwu Yueya Kanas

Notable salt lakes

Qinghai Namtso Serling Zhari Namco Tangra Yumco Ulungur Yamdrok Pangong Rakshastal (La-Ang Tso) Aibi

National Parks

Jingpo Wudalianchi Tai West (Hangzhou) East Lake
Lake
(Wuhan) Tianshan Tianchi Songhua Jingyue Slim West Dongting Hongfeng Dianchi Jin Crescent QInghai Chao Fairy West (Huizhou) Qiong Bosten Feiyun Huguang Rock Bailong Sayram Huating Zhelin

Protected wetlands

Dongting Poyang Hulun South Dongting West Dongting Xingkai Bita Napa Lashi Nygoring Gyaring

Nature Reserves

Hengshui Xingkai Wudalianchi Yinglong Caiyun Shengjin Poyang Dongting Erhai Serling West (Dunhuang) Gahai Qinghai Caohai Hulun Kanas Hongze Haba

Major urban lakes

West (Hangzhou) East (Wuhan) Tangxun Lake Kunming Yuyuantan West (Huizhou) Slim West Taiye Dianchi Daming Yueya Ruyi South Xuanwu Qujiangchi Lotus Pond Baiyun Yinglong Caiyun

Reservoirs

Three Gorges Longtan Longyangxia Danjiangkou Sapung Thousand Islands Xinfengjiang Liujiaxia Changshou Yantan Jiangkou Guanting Miyun See also: List of dams and reservoirs in China

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China
China
Sea Xishan Island Yangtze
Yangtze
River Lake
Lake
Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze
Yangtze
River Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 31052