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Korg
Korg
Inc. (株式会社コルグ, Kabushiki-gaisha Korugu), founded as Keio Electronic Laboratories, is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures electronic musical instruments, audio processors and guitar pedals, recording equipment, and electronic tuners. Under the Vox brand name, they also manufacture guitar amplifiers and electric guitars.

Contents

1 History 2 Products 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

Donca-Matic DA-20 (1963)

Korg
Korg
was founded in 1962 in Japan by Tsutomu Katoh[1] and Tadashi Osanai as Keio Gijutsu Kenkyujo Ltd.. It later became Keio Electronic Laboratories (京王技術研究所) because its fledgling offices were located near the Keio train line in Tokyo
Tokyo
and Keio can be formed by combining the first letters of Katoh and Osanai. Before founding the company, Katoh ran a nightclub. Osanai, a Tokyo
Tokyo
University graduate and noted accordionist, regularly performed at Katoh's club accompanied by a Wurlitzer
Wurlitzer
Sideman rhythm machine. Unsatisfied with the rhythm machine, Osanai convinced Katoh to finance his efforts to build a better one.[2][3] The company's first product, released in 1963, was an electro-mechanical rhythm device called the Disc Rotary Electric Auto Rhythm machine, Donca matic DA-20. The name "Donca" was an onomatopoeic reference to the sound the rhythm machine made. Buoyed by the success of the DA-20, Keio released a solid-state version of the Rhythm machine, the Donca matic DE-20, in 1966. In 1967, Katoh was approached by Fumio Mieda, an engineer who wanted to build keyboards. Impressed with Mieda's enthusiasm, Katoh asked him to build a prototype and 18 months later Mieda returned with a programmable organ. Keio sold the organ under the name KORG, created by using the first letter of each founder's name plus "RG" from their planned emphasis on products targeted for the organ market (emphasizing the letters R and G in the word "organ").[2]

Prototype No.1 (1970)

KORGUE (1972)

miniKORG 700 (1973)

PS-3300 (1977)

Keio's organ products were successful throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s but, concerned about the competition from other big organ manufacturers, Katoh decided to use the organ technology to build a keyboard for the then-niche synthesizer market. Keio's first synthesizer, the miniKORG, was thus released in 1973. During the 1970s, Korg's synthesizer line was divided into instruments for the hobbyist, and large expensive patchable instruments such as the PS series. In the early '80s, Korg
Korg
branched out into the digital piano category.

M1 (1988)

Triton (1999~2004)

OASYS (2005)

Kronos X (2012)

Korg
Korg
is credited with a number of innovations and landmark products. The "key transpose" function was Katoh's idea after a singer at his club needed her accompaniment played in a lower key, which the accompanist wasn't accomplished enough to do. Korg
Korg
was the first company to feature effects on a synthesizer, and the first to use a "sample + synthesis" sound design. The M1 workstation, released in 1988, sold over 250,000 units, making it the bestselling synthesizer ever at that time.[2] In 1989, Korg
Korg
recruited the design team from Sequential Circuits
Sequential Circuits
just as they were relieved of their duties by then-Sequential owner Yamaha. Yamaha Corporation
Yamaha Corporation
has always been a major partner of Korg, supplying them with circuitry and mechanical parts. In 1987, shortly before the release of the M1 Music
Music
Workstation, Yamaha acquired a controlling interest in Korg's stock. The takeover of the company was amicable, with Katoh drawing up the terms, and the two companies continued to independently develop their product lines and compete in the marketplace. After 5 very successful years, Katoh had enough money to rebuy most of the Yamaha share back in 1993. Korg
Korg
has since diversified into digital effects, tuners, recording equipment, electronic hand percussion, and software instruments. In 1992, Korg
Korg
acquired Vox, then primarily a manufacturer of guitar amplifiers.[4] Korg
Korg
was also the exclusive distributor of Marshall Amplification product in the United States for decades, with this distribution arrangement ending in 2010.[5] Tsutomo Katoh died of cancer on March 15, 2011.[6]

MAXI KORG 800DV (1974)

900PS (1975)

PE-1000 (1976)

MS-20 (1978)

VC-10 (1978)

Korg
Korg
Λ, Polysix, and Trident

Products[edit] Main article: List of Korg
Korg
products See also[edit]

Category: Korg
Korg
synthesizers Electronic tuner

References[edit]

^ http://www.musicarius.com/blog/le-guide-dachat/les-claviers/lhistoire-de-korg ^ a b c Julian Colbeck, Keyfax Omnibus Edition, MixBooks, 1996, p. 52. ISBN 978-0-918371-08-9 ^ File:MiniKORG700S (1974).jpg ^ Dave Hunter, "50 Years of Vox" , Vintage Guitar, June 2010 ^ Gordon Reid, "40 Years of Korg
Korg
Gear" , Sound On Sound, Oct 2002 ^ " Korg
Korg
Mourns the Passing of Chairman Tsutomu Katoh", Keyboard Magazine, March 15, 2011

External links[edit]

" Korg
Korg
Sound Make Up Museum" (in Japanese). Korg.  Korg
Korg
home page   (US / UK / Australia / Japan) Korg
Korg
Middle East home page Korg
Korg
Arrangers Home Page Korg
Korg
Page at Synthmuseum.com Korg
Korg
Kornucopia - Korg
Korg
analogue synthesizer information, manuals and resources information on Korg's analogue vintage instruments Korg
Korg
museum korgaseries.org - A decade old online resource hosting photos, product info, effects, mailing list and manuals for Korg's A1, A2 and A3 effects processors. Audio interview with Mitch Colby - EVP / CMO of Korg
Korg
USA[permanent dead link] Korg
Korg
- Review NAMM Oral History Interview Tsutomu Katoh discusses his favorite of his many musical products, the tuner. October 16, 2006.

v t e

Korg

Synthesizers

PS-3300 MS-10 MS-20 Mono/Poly Polysix Poly-61 Poly-800 DW-6000 DW-8000 DSS-1 DS-8 Wavestation Prophecy Z1 MS2000 microKORG RADIAS Minilogue Monologue

Workstations

Korg
Korg
M1 01/W X3 i3 Trinity N364/264 Triton KARMA OASYS M3 Kronos/X/2

Other

VC-10 CX-3 OASYS PCI Kaoss Pad Electribe PadKontrol Kaossilator DS-10

v t e

Electronics
Electronics
industry in Japan

Companies

Current

Alaxala Networks Alinco Alps

Alpine

Anritsu AOR Audio-Technica Brother Canon Casio Chino Corporation Citizen Watch Cosina D&M Holdings

Denon Marantz

Daikin Dainippon Screen Denso DNP Eiki Eizo Elecom Elpida ESP Guitars FANUC Fostex Fuji Electric Fujifilm

Fuji Xerox

Fujitsu

Fujitsu
Fujitsu
Ten

Funai Furuno Futaba Hamamatsu Photonics Hirose Electric Hitachi

Clarion Hitachi
Hitachi
Maxell

Hoya Ibanez Ibiden Icom Ikegami Tsushinki I-O Data Iwatsu Japan Display JEOL JRC JR Propo JVC
JVC
Kenwood

JVC Kenwood

Kawai Keyence Kiramek Konica
Konica
Minolta KO PROPO Korg Kyocera Luxman Mabuchi Motor Mamiya Maspro Melco Minebea Mitsubishi Electric Mitsumi Electric Murata Manufacturing Mutoh Nakamichi NEC NEC
NEC
Casio
Casio
Mobile Communications Nichia Nichicon Nidec

Nidec
Nidec
Copal Corporation

Nikon Nintendo Nippon Chemi-Con Nitto Denko Oki Olympus Omron Onkyo

Integra Home Theater

Orion Electric Panasonic Pioneer Pixela Plextor Renesas Electronics Ricoh

Pentax

Riso Kagaku Rohm Roland Rubycon Sansui Sanwa Electronic Sega
Sega
Sammy

Sega

Seiko
Seiko
Group

Pulsar Seiko Seiko
Seiko
Epson Seiko
Seiko
Instruments

Sharp Shimadzu Sigma Sony SNK Playmore Star Micronics Stax Sumitomo Electric Taiyo Yuden Tamron TDK TEAC Tiger Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron Topcon Toshiba Uniden Wacom Yaesu Yamaha Yaskawa Zojirushi Zoom Zuken

Defunct

Aiwa Akai Bronica Chinon Contax Konica Minolta National Norita Okaya Optical Sanyo

Other

Electronic Industries Association of Japan INCJ Japan Electronic Industries Development Association Japan Electronics
Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association Yagi–Uda antenna

Category

v t e

5. Electrophones (electronic musical instruments) (list)

51. Action

Tracker action

52. Amplification

Bass guitar Electric guitar Electric piano Pickup Instrument amplifier

Bass amplifier Guitar amplifier Speaker enclosure Larsen effect
Larsen effect
("feedback")

53. Oscillation (radioelectric)

Buchla Moog Ondes Martenot Synthesizer

Modular

Telharmonium Theremin Trautonium

Electronics
Electronics
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