The Korean Peninsula
is a peninsula in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 1,100 km (680 mi) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
(East Sea) to the east, and the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
to the west, the Korea
Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.


1 Name 2 History 3 Comparison of the two countries on the Korean Peninsula 4 Flora and fauna 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Name[edit] The peninsula's names in Korean, Chinese and Japanese all have the same origin, that being Joseon, the old name of Korea
under the Joseon Dynasty and Gojoseon
even longer before that. In North Korea's standard language, the peninsula is called Chosŏn Pando (Hangul: 조선반도; Hanja: 朝鮮半島; RR: Joseon Bando), while in China, it is called Cháoxiǎn Bàndǎo (朝鲜半岛/朝鮮半島). In Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
(the two special administrative regions of China), they follow the South Korean naming (Chinese: 韓半島; Cantonese Yale: Hòhn bundóu). In Japan, it is either Chōsenhantō (Kanji: 朝鮮半島 / Hiragana: ちょうせんはんとう) or Kanhantō (Kanji: 韓半島 / Hiragana: かんはんとう). Meanwhile, in South Korea, it is called Hanbando (Hangul: 한반도; Hanja: 韓半島), referring to the Samhan
(since the Joseon
Dynasty, Samhan
was also used as an idiomatic meaning of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.) They both use "Korea" as part of their official English names, which is a name that comes from the Goryeo
(or Koryŏ, in North Korea) dynasty (고려/高麗). History[edit] Main article: History of Korea Until the end of World War II, Korea
was a single political entity whose territory roughly coincided with the Korean Peninsula. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Imperial Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea
north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea
was divided into two regions, with separate governments. Both claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950. Since the Armistice Agreement ended the Korean War
Korean War
in 1953, the northern section of the peninsula has been governed by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, while the southern portion has been governed by the Republic of Korea.[2] The northern boundaries for the Korean Peninsula
are commonly (and tacitly) taken to coincide with today's political borders between North Korea
North Korea
and its northern neighbors, China
(1,416 km (880 mi) along the provinces of Jilin
and Liaoning) and Russia (19 km (12 mi)). These borders are formed naturally by the rivers Amnok
and Duman. Taking this definition, the Korean Peninsula (including its islands) has an area of 220,847 km2 (85,270 sq mi). Comparison of the two countries on the Korean Peninsula[edit]

Indicator North Korea South Korea

Capital Pyongyang Seoul

Official languages Korean

Official scripts Chosŏn'gŭl Hangul

Government Juche
single-party state Representative democracy

Formal declaration 9 September 1948 15 August 1948

Area 120,540 km2 100,210 km2

Population (2014/2013 est.) 24,851,627 50,219,669

GDP total (2011/2014 est.) $40 billion $1.755 trillion

GDP/capita (2011/2014 est.) $1,800 $34,777

Currency North Korean won
North Korean won
(sign: ₩, ISO: KPW) South Korean won
South Korean won
(₩, KRW)

Calling code +850 +82

Internet TLD .kp .kr

Drives on the right

Active military personnel 1,106,000 639,000

Military expenditure (2010/2012) $10 billion $30 billion

Flora and fauna[edit] See also: List of Orthoptera of Korea See also[edit]

portal Asia
portal Geography portal

Korea Geography of Korea

Geography of North Korea Geography of South Korea

List of Korea-related topics


^ "Asie • Fiche continent •".  ^ Devine, Robert A.; Breen, T.H.; Frederickson, George M.; Williams, R. Hal; Gross, Adriela J.; Brands, H.W. (2007). America Past and Present. II: Since 1865 (8th ed.). Pearson Longman. pp. 819–21. ISBN 0-321-44661-5. 

Further reading[edit]

KOIS ( Korea
Overseas Information Service) (2003). Handbook of Korea (11th ed.). Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 1-56591-212-8. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Korean Peninsula.

Location of the Korean Peninsula
— The official Korean Tourism guide website

v t e


South Korea North Korea



Timeline Monarchs Military



Wiman Joseon / Jin

Proto–Three Kingdoms

Buyeo / Okjeo / Dongye / Samhan / Chinese Commanderies

Three Kingdoms

Goguryeo / Baekje / Silla / Gaya

North–South States Period

Unified Silla / Balhae

Later Three Kingdoms

Taebong / Later Baekje / Silla

Goryeo Joseon Korean Empire Japanese rule

Provisional Government

Division of Korea

USAMGIK / SCA / Korean War

South Korea / North Korea



Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Islands Korean Peninsula Lakes Mountains Provinces Regions Special

South Korea North Korea


North Korea

Administrative divisions Cities

South Korea

Administrative divisions Cities Environment


North Korea

Constitution Foreign relations Government

President Premier

Human rights Juche Military National Defence Commission Nuclear program Politics

Elections Political parties Workers' Party of Korea

Supreme People's Assembly

South Korea

Constitution Foreign relations Government

President Prime Minister

Human rights Military National Assembly Politics

Elections Presidential elections Legislative elections Political parties


North Korea

Agriculture Automotive industry Energy Famine Informal economy Mining Special
economic zone Telecommunications Tourism Transportation Won (currency)

South Korea

Car industry Chaebol Energy Financial services Fishing "Miracle on the Han River" Real estate Telecommunications Tourism Trade unions Transportation Won (currency) 1997 financial crisis




Koreatown Language

Hangul Hanja

Names North Korea South Korea




Cinema Cuisine Martial arts Mythology Philosophy Religion Ssireum
(wrestling) Swords Tea ceremony


Architecture Calligraphy Drama Literature Music Painting Pottery

North Korea

Arirang Festival Education Juche Propaganda Religion Smoking Sports

South Korea

Education K-pop Korean Wave Marriage Religion Sexuality Smoking Sports

v t e

Territorial disputes in East, South, and Southeast Asia

Land Islands and waters

Bhutanese enclaves
Bhutanese enclaves
( ) Bolshoy Ussuriysky/Heixiazi Island1 ( ) Kashmir2 ( ) Khao Phra Wihan1 ( ) Kalapani Korean Peninsula
( )

Mainland China
( ) North Borneo (Sabah)1 ( ) Sixty-Four Villages East of the River1 ( ) South Tibet / Arunachal Pradesh ( ) Mongolia1 ( ) Jiangxinpo / Northern Kachin1 ( )

Kuril ( ) Liancourt Rocks ( ) Noktundo1 ( ) Paracels ( ) Senkaku ( ) Scarborough Shoal ( )

Sir Creek1 ( ) Spratlys2 ( ) Taiwan
Area ( ) Bạch Long Vĩ island1 ( ) Pedra Branca, Middle Rocks and South Ledge ( )

1: Inactive dispute 2: Divided among multiple claimants

Coordinates: 37°30′N 127°00′E / 37.500°N 127.000°E