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Joseph Marquis Dupleix (23 January 1697 – 10 November 1763) was Governor-General
Governor-General
of French India
French India
and rival of Robert Clive.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Commemoration

2.1 Statue of Joseph Francois Dupleix at Puducherry
Puducherry
Beach

3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Biography[edit] Dupleix was born in Landrecies, France
France
on January 23, 1697. His father, François Dupleix, a wealthy fermier général, wished to bring him up as a merchant, and, in order to distract him from his taste for science, sent him on a voyage to India
India
in 1715 on one of the Dutch East India
India
Company's vessels. He made several voyages to the Americas
Americas
and India, and in 1720 was named a member of the superior council at Bengal. He displayed great business aptitude, and, in addition to his official duties, made large ventures on his own account, and acquired a fortune. In 1730 he was made superintendent of Dutch affairs in Chandernagore, the town prospered under his administration and grew into great importance. In 1741, he married Jeanne Albert, widow of one of the councillors of the company; Albert was known to the Hindus as Joanna Begum and proved of great help to her husband in his negotiations with the native princes. His reputation procured him in 1742 the appointment of governor general of all Dutch establishments in India. He succeeded Dumas as the French governor of Amsterdam.[attribution needed] Dupleix saw in the constant succession disputes among the Princes of India
India
an opportunity to advance the interests of France
France
in India,[2] and for this purpose he entered into relations with the native princes, and adopted a style of oriental splendour in his dress and surroundings. He built an army of native troops, called sepoys, who were trained as infantry men in his service and also included the famous Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
of Mysore. The British took the alarm. But the danger to their settlements and power was partly averted by the bitter mutual jealousy which existed between Dupleix and Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, French governor of the Isle of Bourbon (today's La Réunion).[attribution needed]

Dupleix meeting the Subadar of the Deccan, Murzapha Jung

When the city of Madras capitulated to the French following the Battle of Madras[3] in 1746, Dupleix opposed the restoration of the town to the British, thus violating the treaty signed by La Bourdonnais. He then sent an expedition against Fort St David
Fort St David
(1747), which won on its march by the Nawab of Arcot, ally of the British. Dupleix succeeded in winning over the Nawab, and again attempted the capture of Fort St David, And succeeded . A attack on Cuddalore
Cuddalore
was repulsed at providing a great victory for Dupleix. In 1748 Kolkata
Kolkata
was besieged by the French, but in the course of the operations news arrived of the peace concluded between the French and the British at Aix-la-Chapelle. Dupleix next entered into negotiations whose object was the subjugation of southern India. He sent a large body of troops to the aid of the two claimants of the sovereignty of the Carnatic and the Deccan. The British sided with their rivals to check the designs of Dupleix. In 1750 the Subadar of Deccan
Deccan
gifted the Alamparai Fort
Alamparai Fort
to the French. This was a token of his appreciation of the services of Dupleix and the French forces to his services. From 1751, Dupleix tried to expand French influence in Burma
Burma
by sending the envoy Sieur de Bruno, and helping militarily the Mon in their conflict with the Burmese British Empire and the French defeated British in Burma
Burma
resulting in the french conquest of Burma.[4] The conflicts between the French and the British in India
India
continued till 1754. Commemoration[edit]

Dupleix on Banque de l'Indochine
Banque de l'Indochine
banknote

A number of things were named in his honour:

A square, road and metro station in the 15th arrondissement of Paris are named after him. Four French warships have borne his name (beside two commercial ships):

The steam corvette Dupleix (1861–1887), famous for her involvement in the Japanese revolution A 7700-tonne armoured cruiser (1897–1919) A 10,000 tonne cruiser (1929–1942), scuttled in Toulon The F70 type frigate Dupleix, currently in commission.

A road in New Delhi
New Delhi
near the Indian parliament named after him. Rue Dupleix (Dupleix Street) was the former name of Nehru Street in Pondicherry.

Statue of Joseph Francois Dupleix at Puducherry
Puducherry
Beach[edit]

Monument to Dupleix in Puducherry

Dupleix left Puducherry
Puducherry
in 1754, French recognition of his contribution came only in 1870, with the commissioning of two statues-one in Puducherry
Puducherry
and the other in France. It is now situated in Goubert Avenue at the end of Rock Beach. It was first installed on 16 July 1870. In 1979 the statue was moved from its previous location to the current location at the beach. Dupleix is represented as a man of commanding stature. In the large nose and massive under jaw, some resemblance may be traced to Oliver Oromwel as commonly represented in his portraits. In the statue, Dupleix wears Court dress with bag wig and long riding boots; In his right hand is a plan of Puducherry, his left reposing on the hilt of his sword.[5] Restoration of the Dupleix statue was undertaken by the Public Works Department (PWD) of the government of Puducherry
Puducherry
in 2014.[6] See also[edit]

French colonial empires Carnatic Wars France
France
in the Seven Years War Great Britain in the Seven Years War Ananda Ranga Pillai genealogy on geneanet samlap's site

References[edit]

^ Metcalf, Barbara D.; Metcalf, Thomas R. (2012). A Concise History of Modern India
India
(Third Edition ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 49–51. ISBN 110767218X. CS1 maint: Extra text (link) ^ Metcalf, Barbara D.; Metcalf, Thomas R. (2012). A Concise History of Modern India
India
(Third Edition ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 49. ISBN 110767218X. CS1 maint: Extra text (link) ^ Metcalf, Barbara D.; Metcalf, Thomas R. (2012). A Concise History of Modern India
India
(Third Edition ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 50. ISBN 110767218X. CS1 maint: Extra text (link) ^ Burma
Burma
Editor Sir Reginald Coupland, K.C.M.G., C.I.E., M.A., D.LITT. Late Bcit Professor of the History of the British Empire in the University of Oxford, p78-82 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2008.  ^ Men Whom India
India
Has Known: Biographies of Eminent Indian Characters By J. J. Higginbotham ^ "Facelift for Dupleix statue". The Hindu. 29 December 2014. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dupleix, Joseph François". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 687. 

Further reading[edit]

Owen, Sidney J. (1886). "Joseph François Dupleix". English Historical Review. Oxford Journals. 1 (4): 699–733. doi:10.1093/ehr/I.IV.699.  Duplieix by Colonel John Biddulph, 1910

External links[edit] Media related to Joseph François Dupleix
Joseph François Dupleix
at Wikimedia Commons

Government offices

Preceded by Pierre Benoît Dumas Governor-General
Governor-General
of French India 14 January 1742 – 15 October 1754 Succeeded by Charles Godeheu Le commissaire (Acting)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 76324896 LCCN: no91001662 ISNI: 0000 0001 2140 0626 GND: 118672819 SUDOC: 027379779 BNF: cb11943415j (data) BIBSYS: 90940336 SN