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Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory (Urdu: وفاقی دارالحکومت‬‎, or ICT) is one of the two federal territories of Pakistan. The territory is bounded by Punjab on the south, west and east and by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
in the north. The territory includes Islamabad, the federal capital of Pakistan, which covers 906 km2 (349.8 mi2) out of the total of 1165.5 km2 (450 mi2). The territory is represented in the National Assembly constituencies NA-48 and NA-49.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Administration

2.1 Zones 2.2 Sectors 2.3 Union Councils

3 Climate 4 Cityscape

4.1 Civic administration

5 Demographics 6 Islamabad- Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
metropolitan area 7 Economy 8 Transport 9 Education 10 Sports 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

The five zones of Islamabad

In 1960, land was transferred from Rawalpindi District
Rawalpindi District
of Punjab province to establish Pakistan's new capital. According to the 1960 master plan, the Capital Territory included Rawalpindi, and was to be composed of the following parts:[5]

Rawalpindi, 259 square kilometres (100 sq mi) Islamabad, 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi) Margalla Hills, 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi) Islamabad
Islamabad
rural, 446.20 square kilometres (172.28 sq mi)

However, Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
was eventually excluded from the Islamabad
Islamabad
master plan in the 1980s.[5] Administration[edit] Zones[edit] Islamabad
Islamabad
is subdivided into five zones:

Zone I: Designated for urban development and federal government institutions Zone II: Designated for urban development Zone III: Designated for rural development Zone IV: Designated for rural development Zone V: Designated for rural development

Sectors[edit] Main article: Sectors of Islamabad Union Councils[edit]

Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory comprises Islamabad
Islamabad
city and surrounding rural areas. The rural area consists of 23 Union Councils, comprising some 133 villages, and city area has 27 Union Councils. The table below lists the 50 Union Councils, each Union Council is named after the main town.[6]

Union Councils of Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

UC No. Chief Town Villages within Jurisdiction

01 Said Pur Said Pur, Gokina, Talhar

02 Noorpur Shahan Noorpur Shahan, Ratta Hutar

03 Mal Pur Mal Pur, Romali, Nariyas, Phadu, Shahdrah Khurd, Shahdrah Kalan, Mandala, Jang Begial, Subban Syedan, Mangial, Quaid-e-Azam University

04 Kot Hathial (North) Kot Hathial

05 Kot Hathial (South) Kot Hathial

06 Phulgran Phulgran, Shah Pur, Sikrila, Dohala Syedan, Bobri Petha, Chattar, Karlot, Hotran (Be-Charagh), Kathar, Chunari

07 Pind Begwal Pind Begwal, Athal, Maira Begwal, Mangal, Rakh Maira A, Rakh Maira B, Siali, Jandala, Jand Gran, Granthian

08 Tumair Tumair, Kijnah, Simbli, Dakhain, Rakh Tumair A, Rakh Tumair B, Rakh Tumair C, Rakh Tumair D

09 Charah Charah, Herno Thanda Pani Nilor

10 Kipa Kirpa, Dhaliala, Peja, Darwala, Khatril

11 Mughal Mughal, Chak Kamdar, Nara Syeddan, Jabbi Gakhran, Sandu Syeddan, Kangota Gujran, Hon Dhamial, Chukaal, Har-Do-Gahr, Chitroh

12 Rawat Rawat, Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra Amir, Sood Gangal, Muri Khumbal, Sheikhpur

13 Humak
Humak
(Swan Camp) Humak, DHA-PH-2, Ghora Syeddan, Rajwal-Ghora Syeddan, Rajwal, Dhoke Awan-Fatima Town, Dhoke Mithoo, Kotha Kalan, Kotha Kalan (Mohra Nigial), Bamla Kanyat

14 Sihala Sihala, Gagri, Kangota, Aari Syedan, Jandala

15 Loi Bheri Loi Bheri, Pakistan
Pakistan
Town/Korng Town, Police Foundation, PWD-A/Block, PWD-B/Block, PWD-C/Block, PWD-D/Block, CBR Housing Society, Swan Garden, Jinnah Garden, Naval Anchorage

16 Pahg Panwa Pahg Panwal, Choocha, Pahg, Panwal, Boora Bangial, Bhookar, Sher Dhamial, Pind Daia

17 Koral Koral, Gangal, Ghora Sardar, Suhdar, Tarlai Khurd, Khadrapur, Kartal Bhakral, Grandian, Ghouri town all phases

18 Khana Dak Khana Dak

19 Tarlai Kalan Tarlai Kalan, Chhappar Mir Khanal

20 Ali Pur Ali Pur, Farash, Punjgran, Tamma, Taramri

21 Sohan Dehati Sohan Dehati, Khana Kak, Shakrial, Shakrial (Sharki)

22 Chak Shahzad Chak Shahzad, Chak Bihra Shigh, Jaba Teli, Sohana, Pandori, Chhatta Bakhtawar, Bohan, Dhoke Sharaf, Mujuhan

23 Kuri Kuri, Malot, Rakh Bani Gala, Rihara, Mohra Jujan

24 Rawal Town

25 F-6

26 G-6/1

27 G-6/2, 3 & 4

28 F-7, 8, 9 & Jinnah Park

29 F-10-& F- 11

30 G-7/3 & G-7/4

31 G-7/1 & 2

32 G-8/3 & 4

33 G-8/1 & 2

34 G-9/1, 3 & 4

35 G-9/2

36 G-10/3 & 4

37 G-10/1 & 2

38 G-11/1, 2, 3 & 4

39 Maira Sumbal Jaffar

40 I-8

41 I-9

42 I-10/1 & I-10/ 4

43 I- 10/2, 3 I-10/4-& H-10

44 Bokra

45 Jhangi Saydan

46 Badhana Kalan

47 Tarnol

48 Sarai Kharbooza

49 Shah Allah Ditta

50 Golra Sharif

Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of Islamabad

Islamabad's deciduous trees colours in Autumn

The climate of Islamabad
Islamabad
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa), with five seasons: Winter (November–February), Spring (March and April), Summer (May and June), Rainy Monsoon (July and August) and Autumn
Autumn
(September and October). The hottest month is June, where average highs routinely exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). Wettest month is July, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the possibility of cloudburst and flooding. Coolest month is January. Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs: Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam. Last one is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Islamabad. 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills
Margalla Hills
National Park. Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad
Islamabad
Highway, covering an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha).[7] Highest monthly rainfall of 743.3 millimetres (29.26 in) was recorded during July 1995.[8] Winters generally feature dense fog in the mornings and sunny afternoons. In the city, temperatures stay mild, with snowfall over the higher elevations points on nearby hill stations, notably Murree and Nathia Gali. The temperatures range from 13 °C (55 °F) in January to 38 °C (100 °F) in June. The highest recorded temperature was 46.6 °C (115.9 °F) on 23 June 2005 while the lowest temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on 17 January 1967.[9][10] The city has "recorded" snowfall. On 23 July 2001, Islamabad
Islamabad
received a record breaking 620 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years and the highest rainfall in 24 hours as well.[11][12]

Climate data for Islamabad
Islamabad
(1961–1990)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 30.1 (86.2) 30.0 (86) 34.4 (93.9) 40.6 (105.1) 45.6 (114.1) 46.6 (115.9) 45.0 (113) 42.0 (107.6) 38.1 (100.6) 37.8 (100) 32.2 (90) 28.3 (82.9) 46.6 (115.9)

Average high °C (°F) 17.7 (63.9) 19.1 (66.4) 23.9 (75) 30.1 (86.2) 35.3 (95.5) 38.7 (101.7) 35.0 (95) 33.4 (92.1) 33.5 (92.3) 30.9 (87.6) 25.4 (77.7) 19.7 (67.5) 28.6 (83.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1 (50.2) 12.1 (53.8) 16.9 (62.4) 22.6 (72.7) 27.5 (81.5) 31.2 (88.2) 29.7 (85.5) 28.5 (83.3) 27.0 (80.6) 22.4 (72.3) 16.5 (61.7) 11.6 (52.9) 21.3 (70.3)

Average low °C (°F) 2.6 (36.7) 5.1 (41.2) 9.9 (49.8) 15.0 (59) 19.7 (67.5) 23.7 (74.7) 24.3 (75.7) 23.5 (74.3) 20.6 (69.1) 13.9 (57) 7.5 (45.5) 3.4 (38.1) 14.1 (57.4)

Record low °C (°F) −6.1 (21) −2.2 (28) −0.3 (31.5) 5.1 (41.2) 10.5 (50.9) 15.0 (59) 17.8 (64) 17.0 (62.6) 13.3 (55.9) 5.7 (42.3) −0.6 (30.9) −4.1 (24.6) −6.1 (21)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.1 (2.209) 73.5 (2.894) 89.8 (3.535) 61.8 (2.433) 39.2 (1.543) 62.2 (2.449) 267.0 (10.512) 309.9 (12.201) 98.2 (3.866) 29.3 (1.154) 17.8 (0.701) 37.3 (1.469) 1,142.1 (44.966)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.7 187.1 202.3 252.4 311.9 300.1 264.4 250.7 262.2 275.5 247.9 195.6 2,945.8

Source #1: NOAA (normals)[13]

Source #2: PMD (extremes)[14]

Cityscape[edit] Civic administration[edit] See also: ICT Administration and Capital Development Authority The main administrative authority of the city is Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory (ICT) Administration with some help from Capital Development Authority (CDA), which oversees the planning, development, construction, and administration of the city. Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory is divided into eight zones: Administrative Zone, Commercial District, Educational Sector, Industrial Sector, Diplomatic Enclave, Residential Areas, Rural Areas and Green Area.a.☃☃ Islamabad
Islamabad
city is divided into five major zones: Zone I, Zone II, Zone III, Zone IV, and Zone V. Out of these, Zone IV is the largest in area All sectors of ghouri town (1, 2, 3, VIP, 5, 4-A, 4-B, 4-C, 5-A, 5-B and sector 7), located in this zone. Zone I consists mainly of all the developed residential sectors while Zone II consists of the under-developed residential sectors. Each residential sector is identified by a letter of the alphabet and a number, and covers an area of approximately 2 km× 2 km (mi☃☃km (☃☃☃☃mi☃☃× ☃☃☃☃mi). The sectors are lettered from A to I, and each sector is divided into four numbered sub-sectors.[15] Series A, B, and C are still underdeveloped. The D series has seven sectors (D-11 to D-17),[16] of which only sector D-12 is completely developed. This series is located at the foot of Margalla Hills.[17] The E Sectors are named from E-7 to E-17.[16] Many foreigners and diplomatic personnel are housed in these sectors.[17] In the revised Master Plan of the city, CDA has decided to develop a park on the pattern of Fatima Jinnah Park
Fatima Jinnah Park
in sector E-14. Sectors E-8 and E-9 contain the campuses of Bahria University, Air University, and the National Defence University.[18][19][20] The F and G series contains the most developed sectors. F series contains sectors F-5 to F-17; some sectors are still under-developed.[16] F-5 is an important sector for the software industry in Islamabad, as the two software technology parks are located here. The entire F-9 sector is covered with Fatima Jinnah Park. The Centaurus complex will be one of the major landmarks of the F-8 sector.[17] G sectors are numbered G-5 through G-17.[16] Some important places include the Jinnah Convention Center and Serena Hotel in G-5, the Red Mosque in G-6, and the Pakistan
Pakistan
Institute of Medical Sciences, the largest medical complex in the capital, located in G-8.[17] The H sectors are numbered H-8 through H-17.[16] The H sectors are mostly dedicated to educational and health institutions. National University of Sciences and Technology covers a major portion of sector H-12.[17] The I sectors are numbered from I-8 to I-18. With the exception of I-8, which is a well-developed residential area, these sectors are primarily part of the industrial zone. Currently two sub-sectors of I-9 and one sub-sector of I-10 are used as industrial areas. CDA is planning to set up Islamabad
Islamabad
Railway Station in Sector I-18 and Industrial City in sector I-17.[17] Zone III consists primarily of the Margalla Hills
Margalla Hills
and Margalla Hills
Margalla Hills
National Park. Rawal Lake
Rawal Lake
is in this zone. Zone IV and V consist of Islamabad
Islamabad
Park, and rural areas of the city. The Soan River
Soan River
flows into the city through Zone V.[16] Demographics[edit] Further information: Tribes and clans of the Pothohar Plateau

First languages of Islamabad (according to the 1998 Census)[21]

Punjabi

71.6%

Urdu

10.1%

Pashto

9.5%

Saraiki

1.1%

Sindhi

0.6%

Balochi

0.1%

Others

7%

While urban Islamabad
Islamabad
is home to people from all over Pakistan
Pakistan
as well as expatriates, in the rural areas a number of Pothohari speaking tribal communities can still be recognized.[22] Islamabad- Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
metropolitan area[edit] See also: List of places in Islamabad When the master plan for Islamabad
Islamabad
was drawn up in 1960, Islamabad
Islamabad
and Rawalpindi, along with the adjoining areas, was to be integrated to form a large metropolitan area called Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area. The area would consist of the developing Islamabad, the old colonial cantonment city of Rawalpindi, and Margalla Hills National Park, including surrounding rural areas.[23][24] However, Islamabad
Islamabad
city is part of the Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory, while Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
is part of Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
District, which is part of province of Punjab .[25] Initially, it was proposed that the three areas would be connected by four major highways: Murree
Murree
Highway, Islamabad
Islamabad
Highway, Soan Highway, and Capital Highway. However, to date only two highways have been constructed: Kashmir Highway (the former Murree
Murree
Highway) and Islamabad Highway.[24] Plans of constructing Margalla Avenue are also underway.[26] Islamabad
Islamabad
is the hub all the governmental activities while Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
is the centre of all industrial, commercial, and military activities. The two cities are considered sister cities and are highly interdependent.[23]

Chaghi Monument

Pakistan
Pakistan
Secretariat

Star and Crescent Monument near the start of Shakarparian

Faisal Mosque

Daman-e-Koh
Daman-e-Koh
Park

Sunset over the Lake View Park

view of Blue Area, the commercial hub of the city.

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Islamabad

Islamabad
Islamabad
Stock Exchange

Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited

Islamabad
Islamabad
is a net contributor to the Pakistani economy, as whilst having only 0.8% of the country's population, it contributes 1% to the country's GDP.[27] Islamabad
Islamabad
Stock Exchange, founded in 1989, is Pakistan's third largest stock exchange after Karachi Stock Exchange and Lahore
Lahore
Stock Exchange.[28] The exchange has 118 members with 104 corporate bodies and 18 individual members. The average daily turnover of the stock exchange is over 1 million shares.[29] As of 2012, Islamabad
Islamabad
LTU (Large Tax Unit) was responsible for Rs 371 billion in tax revenue, which amounts to 20% of all the revenue collected by Federal Board of Revenue.[30] Islamabad
Islamabad
has seen an expansion in information and communications technology with the addition two Software Technology Parks, which house numerous national and foreign technological and information technology companies. The tech parks are located in Evacuee Trust Complex and Awami Markaz. Awami Markaz houses 36 IT companies while Evacuee Trust house 29 companies.[31] Call centres for foreign companies have been targeted as another significant area of growth, with the government making efforts to reduce taxes by as much as 10% to encourage foreign investments in the information technology sector. Most of Pakistan's state-owned companies like PIA, PTV, PTCL, OGDCL, and Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd.
Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd.
are based in Islamabad. Headquarters of all major telecommunication operators such as PTCL, Mobilink, Telenor, Ufone, and China Mobile are located in Islamabad. Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Islamabad

Airports: Islamabad
Islamabad
is connected to major destinations around the world through Benazir Bhutto International Airport, previously known as Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport.[32] The airport is the third largest in Pakistan
Pakistan
and is located outside Islamabad, in Chaklala, Rawalpindi.[33] In fiscal year 2004–2005, over 2.88 million passengers used Benazir Bhutto International Airport
Benazir Bhutto International Airport
and 23,436 aircraft movements were registered.[34] Islamabad
Islamabad
Gandhara International Airport is under construction at Fateh Jang
Fateh Jang
to cope with the increasing number of passengers. When completed, the airport will be the largest in Pakistan. The airport will be built at a cost of $400 million and is expected to be complete and operational by 2017. This will be the first green field airport in Pakistan
Pakistan
with an area of 3,600-acre (15 km2).[35]

The Rawalpindi- Islamabad
Islamabad
Metrobus is a 24 km (14.9 mi) bus rapid transit system that serves the twin cities of Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
and Islamabad
Islamabad
in Pakistan. It uses dedicated bus lanes for all of its route covering 24 bus stations. Islamabad
Islamabad
is well connected with other parts of the country through car rental services such as Alvi Transport Network and Pakistan
Pakistan
Car Rentals. All major cities and towns are accessible through regular trains and bus services running mostly from the neighbouring city of Rawalpindi. Lahore
Lahore
and Peshawar
Peshawar
are linked to Islamabad
Islamabad
through a network of motorways, which has significantly reduced travelling times between these cities. M-2 Motorway is 367 km (228 mi) long and connect Islamabad
Islamabad
and Lahore.[36] M-1 Motorway connects Islamabad
Islamabad
with Peshawar
Peshawar
and is 155 km (96 mi) long.[36] Islamabad
Islamabad
is linked to Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
through the Faizabad Interchange, which has a daily traffic volume of about 48,000 vehicles.[37] Education[edit] Islamabad
Islamabad
has the highest literacy rate of Pakistan
Pakistan
at 95%.[38] and also has some of Pakistan's major universities, including Quaid-i-Azam University, the International Islamic University, and the National University of Sciences and Technology and Pakistan
Pakistan
Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences Private School Network Islamabad
Islamabad
is working for private educational institutions. The president of PSN is Dr. Muhammad Afzal Babur from Bhara Kahu. PSN is divided into eight zones in Islamabad. In Tarlai Zone Chaudhary Faisal Ali from Faisal Academy Tarlai Kalan
Tarlai Kalan
is Zonal General Sectary of PSN. Quaid-e-Azam University
Quaid-e-Azam University
has several faculties. The institute is located in a semi-hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margalla Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1,705 acres (6.90 km2). The nucleus of the campus has been designed as an axial spine with a library as its center. Other universities include the following:[39]

Bahria University Air University Quaid-e-Azam University Allama Iqbal Open University
Allama Iqbal Open University
(AIOU) Alkauthar Islamic University COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
(CIIT) Federal Urdu University
Federal Urdu University
of Arts, Science & Technology (FUUAST) National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) National Defense University, Islamabad(NDU) National University of Modern Languages
National University of Modern Languages
(NUML) Institute of Space Technology International Islamic University Islamabad Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan
Pakistan
(ICMAP) Pakistan
Pakistan
Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) Pakistan
Pakistan
Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS) Shifa College of Medicine Foundation University Islamabad
Islamabad
(FUI) National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences(FAST-NUCES) Riphah International University Mohammad Ali Jinnah University University of Lahore Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering Preston University Islamabad
Islamabad
Campus Iqra University
Iqra University
Islamabad
Islamabad
Campus Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (ZABIST) Hamdard University
Hamdard University
Islamabad
Islamabad
Campus

Sports[edit] Islamabad
Islamabad
United became the first ever team to win Pakistan
Pakistan
Super League in 2016.[40] And Now The Federal Team Is Participating In The Pakistan
Pakistan
Cup The Team Is Under Captinacy of Misbah-ul-Haq
Misbah-ul-Haq
Former Captain Of Pakistan, The Islambad United Was Also Under Misbah. See also[edit]

Geography portal Asia portal South Asia portal Pakistan
Pakistan
portal Punjab, Pakistan
Pakistan
portal Islamabad
Islamabad
portal

Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory (ICT) Administration Developments in Islamabad Capital Territory Police Faisal Mosque Islamabad
Islamabad
Electric Supply Company Model Town Humak

References[edit]

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Pakistan
News". thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 24 February 2016.  ^ District Profile: Central Punjab - Islamabad ^ a b Vinayak Bharne, ed. (2013). The Emerging Asian City: Concomitant Urbanities and Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-415-52597-8.  ^ Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory Administration. Ictadministration.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ "Urban growth monitoring along Islamabad
Islamabad
Highway". GIS Development.  ^ "Climate Records: Islamabad". Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2012.  ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012.  ^ "Average Conditions, Islamabad, Pakistan". Retrieved 25 September 2009.  ^ "Severe Storms on dated 23rd July 2001 Islamabad, Pakistan" (PDF). Abdul Hameed, Director Pakistan
Pakistan
Meteorological Department.  ^ "Weather Log – July 21–31, 2001". National Climatic Data Center. 6 August 2001.  ^ " Islamabad
Islamabad
Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2012.  ^ "Extremes of Islamabad". Pakistan
Pakistan
Meteorological Department. Retrieved February 1, 2015.  ^ Matthew S. Hull (5 June 2012). Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan
Pakistan
(1st ed.). University of California Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0520272156. Retrieved 4 July 2012.  ^ a b c d e f Cite error: The named reference map was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b c d e f "The Idea of Islamabad". TheIslamabad.com.  ^ Bahria University. "Official website". Archived from the original on 1 March 2010.  ^ Air University. "Official website".  ^ National Defence University. "Official website".  ^ "Percentage Distribution of Households by Language Usually Spoken and Region/Province, 1998 Census" (PDF). Pakistan
Pakistan
Statistical Year Book 2008. Federal Bureau of Statistics – Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2 February 2016.  ^ A Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District
Rawalpindi District
Part A 1907 ^ a b Dulyapak Preecharushh (6 April 2011). "Myanmar's New Capital City of Naypyidaw". In Stanley D. Brunn. Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects (1st ed.). Springer. p. 1041. ISBN 978-9048199198. Retrieved 4 July 2012.  ^ a b "Planning of Islamabad
Islamabad
and Rawalpindi" (PDF).  first2= missing last2= in Authors list (help) ^ Sheikh, Iqbal M.; Van S. Williams; S. Qamer Raza; Kanwar S.A. Khan. "Environmental Geology of the Islamabad- Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
Area, Northern Pakistan" (PDF). Regional Studies of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.  ^ "Margalla Avenue to benefit commuters of KPK, traffic on Kashmir Highway". OnePakistan. Retrieved 7 October 2013.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
Economics and extremism". Dawn. 5 January 2010. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
Stock Exchanges".  ^ ISE-Official website. "About ISE". Archived from the original on 17 June 2011.  ^ "Rs 371bn revenue target: FBR hails LTU Islamabad's performance". Business Recorder. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.  ^ Pakistan
Pakistan
Software Export Board. "Islamabad". Archived from the original on 5 May 2010.  ^ Geo News. "PM names Islamabad
Islamabad
Airport as Benazir Bhutto International Airport". Archived from the original on 15 July 2015.  ^ United Impex. "International Air Ports in Pakistan".  ^ A-Z World Airports. "Islamabad – Benazir Bhutto International Airport (ISB/OPRN)".  ^ CPG Corporation. "New Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport's Passenger Terminal Building". Archived from the original on 21 November 2007.  ^ a b National Highway Authority Pakistan. "Motorway's of Pakistan".  ^ NESPAK. "Faizabad Interchange". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-28.  ^ HEC recognized Universities Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Hec.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ "ARY Digital Network President Salman Iqbal congratulates Islamabad United over winning PSL". arynews.tv. Retrieved 24 February 2016. 

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Developments in Islamabad Blue Area State Bank of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto International Airport Karakoram Highway Grand Trunk Road Constitution Avenue Faizabad Interchange Islamabad
Islamabad
Chamber of Commerce & Industry Islamabad
Islamabad
Highway Islamabad
Islamabad
railway station Golra Sharif
Golra Sharif
Junction railway station Islamabad
Islamabad
Stock Exchange Seventh Avenue Ninth Avenue Territorial Highways of Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

Demographics and culture

List of people from Islamabad Punjabis Muhajirs Pashtuns Aiwan-e-Sadr Parliament of Pakistan Supreme Court of Pakistan Faisal Mosque Fatima Jinnah Park Islamabad
Islamabad
Zoo Golra Sharif Daman-e-Koh Pakistan
Pakistan
Museum of Natural History Lok Virsa Museum

Education

Educational institutions Air University Al-Huda Institute Allama Iqbal Open University Bahria University Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Federal Urdu University Hamdard University International Islamic University Mohammad Ali Jinnah University National Defence University Foundation University, Islamabad National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences National University of Modern Languages National University of Sciences and Technology Institute of Space Technology Iqra University Quaid-i-Azam University Shifa College of Medicine Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology

Sports

Islamabad
Islamabad
Leopards Islamabad
Islamabad
United

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Neighbourhoods of Islamabad

Administrations: Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

Cities

Golra Sharif Islamabad
Islamabad
(capital) Nilore

Towns & councils

Arazi Masnali Ali Pur Baggonal Mohra Baghwala Mohra Bann Na Mohra Banniwala Mohra Barli Na Canoiwala Mohra Chak Mirza Chak Shahzad Changa Chhanni Darial Dhakkiwala Mohra Dhangdev Saiyidan Dharyala Sagna Dhok Allahdad Khan Dhok Madad Khan Dhok Mochian Dhok Tapialian Duman Dungi Gaurean Na Mohra Gekkhar Suna Ghabutra Gujaran Na Mohra Hajian Ki Dhok Jhanga Bangial Jhangi Hamid Jhangi Sayedan Karam Singh Khablain Na Mohra Khojian Ka Mohra Kilawala Mohra Koral Kortana Luni Mawaran Maira Sumbal Jaffar Matua Banglara Mian Haji Sahib Mochianwala Mohra Model Town Humak Mohra Ghamiaran Mohra Nabi Shah Mohra Nagrial Mohra Ni Luni Mohra Saiyidan Na Jo Na Mohra Nagail Sohal Nawa Shah Noorpur Shahan, Islamabad Padhana Gujar Pakka Di Saral Pind Begwal Phadia An Na Mohra Phulgran Porana Bhagpur Rwat Saidpur Shah Allah Ditta Shai Mehr Ali Sihala Sohala Na Mohra Sohan Sohawa Mirza Talu Na Mohra Tar Khanan Na Mohra Tarlai Kalan Tumair Umnaka

Localities

Alipur Farash Bani Gala Barki Badhal Chak Shahzad Defence Hadwala Gujaran Hoon Dhamial Jagiot Kuri Malakpur Azizal Mehrabadi Maira Begwal

Website: Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

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Provinces and territories of Pakistan

Provinces

Balochistan Gilgit-Baltistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Punjab Sindh

Territories

Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Autonomous regions

Azad Jammu & Kashmir

See also: Former administrative units