Hoàng Kế Viêm (1820–1909) was a general of the Nguyễn Dynasty.[1] His real name was Hoàng Tá Viêm. Born in Quảng Ninh District, he passed the royal exam with the grade of cu nhan ("recommended") in 1843. His wife was princess Huong La, the daughter of King Minh Mạng.


1 Military career 2 Attitude to can vuong 3 References 4 Sources 5 External links

Military career[edit] Hoàng Kế Viêm played a leading role in the Nguyễn Dynasty's wars against the French in the second half of the nineteenth century, but with little success. In March 1883 he attempted to overwhelm the weak French garrison of Hanoi but was defeated in the Battle of Gia Cuc. In June 1883, in the wake of Liu Yongfu's victory at the Battle of Cầu Giấy (Paper Bridge), he besieged the small French garrison of Nam Định, but his army was defeated on 27 July when the French commandant supérieur Pierre de Badens made a simultaneous frontal and flanking attack on his entrenchments, capturing his entire siege train and forcing the Vietnamese to raise the siege.[2] In December 1883 he took part in the Sơn Tây Campaign, where his forces shared in Liu Yongfu's defeat. In April 1884 he was driven from Hưng Hóa and Đồng Văn by the French and forced to retreat to Phú Ngô not far from the southern Tonkinese town of Ninh Bình. Trapped and besieged by General Louis Briere de l'Isle in Phú Ngô in April 1884, he was released in consequence of the conclusion of the Tientsin Accord between France and China on 11 May 1884 and the Treaty of Huế between France and Vietnam on 6 June 1884.[3] During the Sino-French War (August 1884 to April 1885) his forces operated in concert with the Chinese Yunnan Army around Hưng Hóa, but to little effect.[citation needed] Attitude to can vuong[edit] Despite his anti-French credentials, Hoàng Kế Viêm did not support the Cần Vương insurgency against the French in the summer of 1885. Instead of supporting the Hàm Nghi as legitimate king, he gave his allegiance to Đồng Khánh, enthroned by the French in September 1885 and considered by many Vietnamese as a puppet king.[citation needed] References[edit]

^ Hy V. Luong Tradition, Revolution, and Market Economy in a North Vietnamese Village, 1925– 2006 2010 Page 296 "Hoàng-Kế-Viêm, the former governor general of Hưng-Hoá, Sơn-Tây, and Tuyên-Quang, was appointed troop commander (Kiều-Hữu-Hỷ et al. 1961:10). However, he played little role in the anticolonial movement from this point onward." ^ Huard, pp. 91–92 ^ Huard, pp. 286–90


Huard, L., La guerre du Tonkin (Paris, 1887) Thomazi, Auguste, La conquête de l'Indochine (Paris, 1934)

External links[edit]

Hoàng Kế Viêm, Vietnam Library of Science.

v t e

Vietnamese independence movement


Bombardment of Tourane Siege of Saigon Capture of the Citadel of Saigon Conquest of Cochinchina Ba Dinh uprising / Cần Vương Pacification of Tonkin Hanoi Poison Plot World War I 1916 Cochinchina uprising Thái Nguyên uprising Bazin assassination Yên Bái mutiny Nghệ-Tĩnh Soviets World War II 1940 Cochinchina uprising Japanese coup d'état in French Indochina August Revolution Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam First Indochina War Battle of Dien Bien Phu Geneva Conference


Cần Vương Đông Du Duy Tân hội Empire of Vietnam Nguyễn dynasty Tonkin Free School Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth League Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng Viet Minh Communist Party of Vietnam


Cường Để Đinh Công Tráng Ho Chi Minh Huỳnh Thúc Kháng Lương Văn Can Ngô Đức Kế Nguyễn An Ninh Nguyễn Quang Bích Nguyễn Quyền Nguyễn Thái Học Nguyễn Thần Hiến Nguyễn Thành Nguyễn Thiện Thuật Nguyễn Thượng Hiền Nguyễn Trung Trực Nguyen Xuan On Phạm Bành Phan Bội Châu Phan Chu Trinh Phan Đình Phùng Phan Thanh Giản Phan Xích Long Tạ Thu Thâu Tôn Thất Thuyết Trần Cao Vân Trương Định Vũ Hồng Khanh


Tự Đức Hàm Nghi Thành Thái Duy Tân Bảo Đại

French rulers

Albert Sarraut Jean Decoux French Indochina



Hoàng Cao Khải Tr