In heraldry, gules (/ˈɡjuːlz/) is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours." In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation. In Polish heraldry, gules is the most common tincture of the field. Through the sixteenth century, nearly half of all noble coats of arms in Poland
had a field gules with one or more argent charges on them. The original coat of arms of the d' Albret
family was plain gules. Sometimes, the different tinctures are said to be connected with special meanings or virtues, and represent certain elements and precious stones. Even if this is an idea mostly disregarded by serious heraldists throughout the centuries,[1] it may be of anecdotal interest to see what they are, since people often ask for this information. Many sources give different meanings, but the gules tincture is often said to represent the following:

of jewels, the ruby; of heavenly bodies, Mars.


1 Etymology 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The term "gules" derives from the Old French
Old French
word goules, literally meaning "throats" (related to the English gullet; modern French gueules), but also used to refer to a fur neckpiece, usually made of red fur.[2] For many decades, heraldic authors have believed that the term may have arisen from the Persian word گل (gol, "rose") (coming to Europe via Muslim Spain
Muslim Spain
or brought back by returning Crusaders), but according to Brault[3] there is no evidence to support this derivation. Gallery[edit]

The escutcheon in the coat of arms of Amsterdam has a field gules.

Arms of Nicolas de Claye (France)

Arms of Corfou

Arms of Hattenhofen

Arms of the town of Aduna, Spain.

See also[edit]

Look up gules in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Polish heraldry Cinnabar Murrey Sinople


^ Woodcock, Thomas; Robinson, John Martin (1988). The Oxford Guide to Heraldry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 53. ISBN 0-19-211658-4.  ^ Harper, Douglas. "gules". Online Etymology Dictionary.  ^ Brault, Gerard J. (1997). Early Blazon: Heraldic Terminology in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, (2nd ed.). Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-711-4.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gules.

v t e

Heraldic tinctures

Rule of tincture Tricking
system Hatching system


Argent Or


Azure Gules Purpure Sable Vert


Ermine Vair


Murrey Sanguine Tenné





Bleu celeste Carnation Cendrée Orange Rose

1 Rarely used – mostly only in some regional traditions or as relatively modern innovations – and considered unheraldic by some.