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Great Shelford
Great Shelford
is a village located approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) to the south of Cambridge, in the county of Cambridgeshire, in eastern England. In 1850 Great Shelford
Great Shelford
parish contained 1,900 acres (7.7 km2)[citation needed] intersected by the river Cam. The population in 1841 was 803 people.[citation needed] By 2001, this had grown to 3,949 and by the Census 2011 to 4,233.[1] The suburb was deemed Britain's twenty-second richest suburb by The Daily Telegraph in 2011.[2] Great Shelford
Great Shelford
is twinned with Verneuil-en-Halatte, in the Oise département of France. Trips to Verneuil-en-Halatte
Verneuil-en-Halatte
are run by the Shelford Twinning association. President of the United States Barack Obama traced his ancestry to the village in 2009, bringing the village into the national media.[3][4]

Contents

1 Services and culture 2 Church 3 Manors and families 4 Sport and activities 5 Notable residents 6 Events 7 Education 8 References 9 External links

Services and culture[edit]

Village sign

Great Shelford
Great Shelford
has a range of shops and services, including two public houses, two restaurants, a library, several estate agents, a barber, two banks, a building society, a chemist, a dentist, a solicitor, an accountant, a shoe shop, a delicatessen, a bakery and a garden centre. There is a monthly Farmers' Market. The villages of Great and Little Shelford are served by Shelford railway station
Shelford railway station
on the line from Cambridge
Cambridge
to London Liverpool Street. The old Great Shelford
Great Shelford
library was demolished and replaced by a new building which incorporates affordable housing by Bedfordshire Pilgrims Housing Association.[5] A large country house in the village was used for a concert named 'The Tea Set' in October 1965, which featured performances from Pink Floyd, Jokers Wild and Paul Simon. The same house was also used as the location for the cover art of Pink Floyd's album Ummagumma.[6] The Shelford Delicatessen features in a 2008 list by The Independent of The 50 Best Delicatessens in Britain.[7] Church[edit]

The parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin
Saint Mary the Virgin
has changed little since Thomas Patesle rebuilt it in 1307;[citation needed] he can be seen in brass in his Vicar's robes on the chancel floor. The tower was rebuilt with the original materials after its collapse in 1798[citation needed]. The church porch is two-storeyed with a splendid pelican in its fine vaulted roof, the doorway having an old niche with a Madonna. The spacious interior has tall arcades with mediaeval clerestories over them and heads between the arches, and eight fine oak angels look down from the hammerbeams of the roof. There is a 15th-century screen with tracery in the north aisle enclosing an altar in memory of a soldier killed on the Indian frontier; above the altar is a painting of two saints and a Roman soldier by the cross. The chancel stalls are carved with wild roses, the sedilia with grapes and acorns, and the reredos has a gleaming white sculpture of the Crucifixion
Crucifixion
with saints and angels under rich canopies. There are a few fragments of old glass, fragments of Norman carving set in a wall, and above the chancel arch a mediaeval painting of Doom, fading away. Manors and families[edit] Several great estates shared the two Shelfords, notably that of the de Freville family, whose manor house survives (and was resold in 2005) at Little Shelford, and who were there as early as 1300[citation needed]. But all appear to have generally had absentee landlords who sold copyhold lands and generally let others on long renewable leases. Farming survived at Great Shelford
Great Shelford
well into the 20th century. Several Yeoman families of note, the Deans, Howling, and Tunwell families, farmed here for centuries[citation needed]. One example is Richard Tunwell (1645–1713) who acquired land at Great Shelford, his first acquisition being a mere 1-acre (4,000 m2) of pasture, a copse and a close which was copyhold land belonging to the Bury manor. When Freville's Manor was purchased [as superior proprietor] by William Freeman in 1701, the lands in Great Shelford
Great Shelford
belonging to the Manor were described as 142 acres (0.57 km2) of arable, 10 acres (40,000 m2) and a half a rood of meadow, 8.5 acres (34,000 m2) of pasture, a sheepwalk or liberty of foldage and fold vourse for six store ewes, all by then in the occupation of Richard Tunwell. The Manor also had 0.5-acre (2,000 m2) of meadow in Little Shelford
Little Shelford
which again was occupied by Richard Tunwell. A rent roll of the Manor of Granhams dated 1708 shows that Tunwell and his sons held copyhold land from that Manor as well. From 1678 onwards, Richard Tunwell served as a Juror on the Bury Baron Court. By 1705, as a landed proprietor, he had qualified as a parliamentary voter and the Poll Book for the election held in that year shows that he voted for Sir Richard Cullen and John Bromley. The Killingworth family also owned land at Shelford, as when Richard Killingworth of Great Bradley
Great Bradley
in Suffolk, gentleman, made his Will on 12 September 1586, he left the following legacies to the poor – of Fulbourne £10; Balsham (where his son John held the manor) £10; GREAT SHELFORD £5; LITTLE SHELFORD £5; and Cambridge
Cambridge
£20. Sport and activities[edit] Shelford's Rugby Union
Rugby Union
team, Shelford RFC, competes in the R.F.U.'s National League 2 South, and plays its home fixtures at its ground on Cambridge
Cambridge
Road, in the North of the village. Great Shelford
Great Shelford
Cricket Club plays in the Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
& Huntingdon Premier League Division 2. In 2017 the club boasts 3 Senior sides and 4 Junior teams. The first team finished a club record 3rd in the league, winning 8 games consecutively to conclude the 2017 season. The cricket clubsshares a ground with Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
League football club, Great Shelford F.C., however the Cricket
Cricket
Club will play all home team first eleven fixtures at Cokenach CC for the 2018 season. Shelfords and Stapleford have a very active Scout Group with a Beaver Colony, a Cub Pack and a Scout Troop. GirlGuiding has a Guide group, Brownies and Rainbows. All these groups meet in the Scout & Guide HQ within the village.[8] Notable residents[edit] Great Shelford
Great Shelford
was home to children's author Philippa Pearce, who renamed it "Great Barley" (with the neighbouring village of Little Shelford becoming "Little Barley", and Cambridge
Cambridge
itself becoming "Castleford" and losing its university) in her books, most notably Minnow on the Say (1955). In this and other books the River Cam, which flows through the village, became the River Say. The writer was brought up in Great Shelford
Great Shelford
and after some years in London lived there again from 1973 to her death in 2006. Sir Peter Hall, the theatrical director, lived in the station house as a child and the author Tom Sharpe
Tom Sharpe
had a house in the village. Events[edit] The "Shelford Festival and Feast" takes place every year in the 2nd week of July. The origins of the Shelford Feast date back to medieval times[9]. The Feast continued until the Second World War, the last one being held in 1938 until revived in 1994. Since 1994 The Shelford Feast has been held every year and by 2016 had donated £274,000 to local good causes. Education[edit] Shelford is home to Great & Little Shelford
Little Shelford
CofE (A) Primary School[10]. It currently has around 200 pupils and obtained a "Good" Ofsted
Ofsted
rating[11]. The headteacher is Mrs. Alison Evans[12]. References[edit]

^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 July 2016.  ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/luxuryhomes/8410974/Britains-richest-villages.html ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/barackobama/4933233/Barack-Obama-can-trace-history-back-to-Cambridgeshire-village.html ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/cambridgeshire/content/articles/2009/04/01/obama_shelford_feature.shtml ^ Display of future plans for library, Great Shelford
Great Shelford
Library ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=qnnl3FnO-B4C&pg=PA29&dq=Ummagumma+cover+art&lr=&cd=15&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Ummagumma%20cover%20art&f=false ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/food-and-drink/features/the-50-best-delicatessens-888761.html ^ http://shelfordsandstaplefordscouts.org.uk/ ^ Wilkins, Jamie. "Shelford Feast History".  ^ Evans, Alison. "Great and Little Shelford
Little Shelford
Primary School".  ^ " Ofsted
Ofsted
Report".  ^ Evans, Alison. "Headteacher". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. 

History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cambridgeshire, published by Robert Gardner, Peterborough, 1851. Bullwinkle, Alan (February 1984). "The Tunwells of Fulbourn and Great Shelford". Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Family History Society Journal. Cambridge. 4 (5): 123–125.  Mee, Arthur, The King's England, New revised edition, London, 1965, p. 140.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Shelford.

Village Website "The Shelford Feast" www.littleshelford.info 2001 Census Shelford RFC Shelford & Stapleford Scouts A guide to the Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
village Neighbourhood Plan Great She