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Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American hip hop recording artist and DJ. He is considered to be one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, scratching and mixing. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
in 2007, becoming the first hip hop act to be honored.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Innovations 3 Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and the Furious Five

3.1 1970s 3.2 1980s 3.3 2000s

4 Awards 5 Discography

5.1 Albums 5.2 Singles

6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Joseph Saddler's family emigrated to the United States
United States
from Barbados, in the Caribbean. He grew up in the Bronx in New York City
New York City
where he attended Samuel Gompers High School, a public vocational school. There, he learned how to repair electronic equipment.[2] Saddler's parents played an important role in his interest in music. His parents came from Barbados
Barbados
and his father was a big fan of Caribbean
Caribbean
and black American records. As a child, Saddler was fascinated by his father's record collection. In an interview, he reflected: "My father was a very heavy record collector. He still thinks that he has the stronger collection. I used to open his closets and just watch all the records he had. I used to get into trouble for touching his records, but I'd go right back and bother them."[3] Saddler's early interest in DJing came from this fascination with his father's record collection as well as his mother's desire for him to educate himself in electronics.[4] After high school, he became involved in the earliest New York DJ scene, attending parties set up by early luminaries. He is also a nephew to the late Sandy Saddler, a former featherweight boxing champion. Innovations[edit] Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
carefully studied the styles and techniques of earlier DJs, particularly Pete Jones, Kool Herc, and Grandmaster Flowers.[5] As a teenager, he began experimenting with DJ gear in his bedroom, eventually developing and mastering three innovations that are still considered standard DJing
DJing
techniques today.

Backspin technique (or, quick-mix theory): Early New York party DJs came to understand that short drum breaks were popular with party audiences. Aiming to isolate these breaks and extend them for longer durations, Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
learned that by using duplicate copies of the same record, he could play the break on one record while searching for the same fragment of music on the other (using his headphones). When the break finished on one turntable, he used his mixer to switch quickly to the other turntable, where the same beat was cued up and ready to play. Using the backspin technique (also referred to as beat juggling), the same short phrase of music could be looped indefinitely. Punch phrasing (or, clock theory): This technique involved isolating very short segments of music, typically horn hits, and rhythmically punching them over the sustained beat using the mixer. Scratching: Although the invention of record scratching as a form of adding to the musical entertainment is generally credited to Grand Wizzard Theodore, Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
perfected the technique and brought it to new audiences. Scratching, along with punch phrasing, exhibited a unique performative aspect of party DJing: instead of passively spinning records, he manipulated them to create new music.[6]

Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and the Furious Five[edit] Main article: Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and the Furious Five 1970s[edit] Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
played parties and collaborated with rappers such as Kurtis Blow
Kurtis Blow
and Lovebug Starski. In the mid 1970s, he formed his own group. The original lineup consisted of Cowboy (Keith Wiggins), Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) and The Kidd Creole (AKA Kidd Creole/Nathaniel Glover), and the ensemble went by the name " Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
& the 3 MCs". Cowboy created the term hip hop.[7][8] He created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U.S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.[7][8][9] Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance.[7][8][10] Mel was the first rapper to call himself "MC" (Master of Ceremony). Two other rappers briefly joined, but they were replaced more permanently by Rahiem (Guy Todd Williams, previously in the Funky Four) and Scorpio (Eddie Morris, a.k.a. Mr. Ness) to make Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Quickly gaining recognition for their skillful raps, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
pioneered MCing and freestyle battles. Some of the staple phrases in MCing have their origins in the early shows and recordings of the group. In 1978, the new group began performing regularly at Disco Fever in the Bronx, one of the first times a hip-hop group was given a weekly gig at a well-known venue.[11] Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
were signed to Bobby Robinson's Enjoy Records and in 1979 released their first single, "Superrappin'". The following year they signed to Sugar Hill Records and began touring and releasing numerous singles. The seminal "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
on the Wheels of Steel", released in 1981, is a 7-minute solo showcase of Grandmaster Flash's virtuosic turntable skills, combining elements of Blondie's "Rapture," Michael Viner's Incredible Bongo Band's "Apache," Queen's "Another One Bites the Dust," Chic's "Good Times," and the group's own "Freedom." It is also the first documented appearance of record scratching on a record. That year, the group opened for The Clash
The Clash
and were poorly received by an audience unaccustomed to the new style.[12] 1980s[edit] The group's most significant hit was the electro rap song "The Message" (1982), which was produced by in-house Sugar Hill producer Clifton "Jiggs" Chase and featured session musician, Duke Bootee. Unlike earlier rap tunes, "The Message" featured a grim narrative about inner city violence, drugs, and poverty. In 2002, its first year of archival, it was one of 50 recordings chosen by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry, the first hip hop recording ever to receive this honor. Critics praised the song's social awareness, calling the chorus "a slow chant seething with desperation and fury."[13] Other than Melle Mel, however, no members of the group actually appear in the song. Rahiem lip-synced Duke Bootee's vocal in the music video. The same year, Grandmaster Flash appeared in the movie "Wild Style" and sued Sugar Hill over the non-payment of royalties. Tensions mounted as "The Message" gained in popularity, eventually leading to a rupture between Melle Mel
Melle Mel
and Grandmaster Flash. Soon the group disintegrated entirely. Grandmaster Flash, The Kidd Creole, and Rahiem left Sugar Hill, signed with Elektra Records, and continued on as simply "Grandmaster Flash", while Melle Mel
Melle Mel
and the others continued on as "Grandmaster Melle Mel
Melle Mel
& the Furious Five". Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
was also interviewed in the 1986 cult documentary Big Fun In The Big Town.[14] Although frequently credited on the records, Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
doesn't actually appear on "The Message," "Freedom," or many of the other Furious Five songs.[6] Although Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
provided the central element of the group's sound when performing live (in addition to giving the group its name), there was little room for his turntablism in early singles driven by the grooves of live session musicians. Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and The Furious Five reformed in 1987 for a charity concert, and in 1988 they released a new album. The group reunited again in 1994, although Cowboy died in 1989. 2000s[edit] In 2008 he released a memoir, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats.[15] in which he talks about the origins of his fascination with scratching records and creating new beats. From a young age, Flash talks about how he would sneak into his father's record room to watch the record player spin, and then get punished for touching the records. even with things not associated with music, flash found inspiration in. The spokes of his bicycle gave way to an interest in how record players create music by just turning the disc with grooves in it. Flash continued to grow in experimentation by taking apart any kind of technology he could to figure out how it worked. His early work shows how the innovative ways in which his artistic abilities developed into what is considered the first evolution of hip hop culture.[16] He hosted a weekly show on Sirius Satellite Radio
Sirius Satellite Radio
(Friday Night Fire with Grandmaster Flash) and was presented with the BET "I Am Hip Hop Icon" award in 2006.[17] Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
were the first hip-hop/rap group inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame on March 12, 2007 by Jay-Z.[18] In 2008, he remixed the single "Into the Galaxy" by the Australian group, Midnight Juggernauts.[19] It has been said that "his pioneering mixing skills transformed the turntable into a true 'instrument', and his ability to get a crowd moving has made his DJ sets legendary." [20] Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
appears in the video game DJ Hero
DJ Hero
as a playable character along with original mixes created for the game.[21] In December 2011, Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
was reported to be at work on his 12th album.[22] Aired in 2016, the Netflix
Netflix
original series The Get Down features a version of Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
that is played by Mamoudou Athie. The series takes place in 1977 New York City
New York City
and follows the genesis of the DJing, B-boying, and hip-hop cultures of the city. After the premiere of The Get Down, Netflix
Netflix
premiered Hip-Hop Evolution, a music documentary discussing the history of hip hop in which Grandmaster Flash talks about the evolution of his art. Awards[edit] Grammys

2011 Hall of Fame for Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
& The Furious Five single “The Message.”

Urban Music Awards

2009, Lifetime Achievement Award

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

2007, Inductee

BET Hip Hop Awards

2006, I Am Hip Hop Icon Award

Discography[edit] See also: Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
discography Albums[edit]

Album information

The Message

Released: 1982 Last RIAA certification: Platinum Singles: "The Message", "It's Nasty"

Greatest Messages

Released: 1984 Last RIAA certification: Singles:

They Said It Couldn't Be Done

Released: April 26, 1985 Chart Positions: #35 Top R&B/Hip Hop Last RIAA certification: Gold Singles: "Girls Love The Way He Spins", "Sign Of The Times", "Alternate Groove", "Larry's Dance Theme"

The Source

Released: 1986 Chart positions: #145 US, #27 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, Last RIAA certification: Gold Singles: "Style (Peter Gunn Theme)", "Behind Closed Doors"

Ba-Dop-Boom-Bang

Released: 1987 Chart positions: #197 US, #43 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums Last RIAA certification: Gold Singles: "U Know What Time It Is", "All Wrapped Up"

On the Strength

Released: 1988 Chart positions: #189 US Last RIAA certification: Gold Singles: "Gold", "Magic Carpet Ride"

Salsoul Jam 2000

Released: 1997 Chart positions: Did Not Chart Last RIAA certification: Singles: "Spring Rain"

Flash Is Back

Released: 1998 Chart Positions: Did Not Chart Last RIAA certification: Singles:

The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash

Released: January 29, 2002 Chart positions: Did Not Chart Last RIAA certification: Singles:

Essential Mix: Classic Edition

Released: May 7, 2002 Chart positions: Did Not Chart Last RIAA certification: Singles:

The Bridge - Concept of a Culture

Released: February 24, 2009 Chart positions: U.S. Sales: 2,607 Last RIAA certification: Singles: Swagger feat. Red Cafe, Snoop Dogg & Lynn Carter Singles: Shine All Day feat. Q-Tip, Jumz
Jumz
& Kel Spencer

Singles[edit]

1979 – Superappin' (Enjoy 6001) Side A – Superappin'; Side B – Superappin' Theme 1980 – Freedom (Sugar Hill SH-549) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental 1981 – The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
on the Wheels of Steel (Sugar Hill SH-557) 1981 – Scorpio (Sugar Hill SH 118) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental 1982 – Flash To The Beat (Sugar Hill SH 574) 1984 – Jesse (Sugar Hill SH 133) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental 1984 – We Don't Work For Free (Sugar Hill SH 136) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental 1988 – Gold (edit) (Elektra EKR 70) 1996 – If U Wanna Party (feat. Carl Murray) (JAM 1002-8)[23][24]

References[edit]

^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 2007 Inductees". Retrieved 2017-09-03.  ^ Tricia Rose, Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. (He is currently in canada teaching young people how to dj) (Hanover: Wesleyan University Press, 1994), 35. ^ Grandmaster Flash, quoted in Steven Harvey, "Spin Art," in New York Rocker (January 1982). ^ Murray Forman and Mark Anthony Neal, That's the Joint!: The Hip-Hop Studies Reader (New York: Routledge, 2004). ^ Emmett Price, Hip Hop Culture (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2006), 25. ^ a b Zachary Wallmark, "Grandmaster Flash," in Musicians and Composers of the 20th Century (Pasadena: Salem Press, 2008), 531–533. ^ a b c "Origins of Hip Hop with Busy Bee Starski".  ^ a b c "Keith Cowboy – The Real Mc Coy". Web.archive.org. 2006-03-17. Archived from the original on 2006-03-17. Retrieved 2010-01-12.  ^ "Afrika Bambaataa talks about the roots of Hip Hop".  ^ JET, (April, 2007), 36–37. ^ "Fever Records". Fever Records. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ Jeff Chang, Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation (New York: Picador, 2005), 155. ^ Vince Aletti, "Furious," Village Voice (July 20, 1982), 64. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2323202 ^ Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and David Ritz, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats (New York: Doubleday, 2008). ^ Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and David Ritz, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats (New York: Doubleday, 2008).  ^ "BET Awards Honor Grandmaster Flash". Softpedia. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ " Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and the Furious Five: inducted in 2007". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ Comment Added. "Grandmaster Flash's Midnight Juggernauts
Midnight Juggernauts
remix on". Inthemix.com.au. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ [1] Archived February 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Christopher R. R. Weingarten (2009-07-01). "Inside DJ Hero: Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
on Game's Big Names, Ideas". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ Dec 1st 2011 5:50PM by Latifah Muhammad Comments (2011-12-01). "Grammy Nominations 2012: Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
Felt 'Cool'". The Boombox. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ " Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
– If U Wanna Party at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2012-05-15.  ^ Andrzej Buda Encyklopedia hip-hopu (Wydawnictwo Niezależne, 2005): 77 ISBN 978-83-915272-4-5

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v t e

Grandmaster Flash

Studio albums

They Said It Couldn't Be Done The Source Ba-Dop-Boom-Bang Flash Is Back The Bridge (Concept of a Culture)

Compilation albums

Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
& the Furious Five Greatest Messages Message from Beat Street The Greatest Mixes Adventures on the Wheels of Steel Salsoul Jam 2000 Essential Cuts Essential Mix: Classic Edition Essential Cuts Grandmaster Flash, Melle Mel
Melle Mel
and the Furious Five: The Definitive Groove Collection The Essential Grandmaster Flash

with the Furious Five

The Message On the Strength

Songs

"The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
on the Wheels of Steel" "The Message" "Magic Carpet Ride" (with Steppenwolf)

Related articles

Discography Melle Mel Sugar Hill Records Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
and the Furious Five

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 74037680 LCCN: n93091590 ISNI: 0000 0003 6845 2815 GND: 13511067X SUDOC: 124208991 BNF: cb138946593 (data) MusicBrainz: 7db590cd-d7e6-4b36-b4e7-e8209426b02d SNAC: w6d66jfb

^ Leland, John (2016-08-26). " Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash
Beats Back Time". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "Grandmaster Flash". Biography. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "50 Greatest Hip-Hop Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-