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Senate

Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III

House of Representatives

Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez

Districts Party-list representation

Local legislatures

ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly Provinces Cities Municipalities Barangays

Executive

President of the Philippines

Rodrigo Duterte

Vice President of the Philippines

Leni Robredo

Cabinet Executive departments Local government

Judiciary

Supreme Court

Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno

Court of Appeals Court of Tax Appeals Sandiganbayan Ombudsman Regional Trial Courts Barangay
Barangay
justice

Constitutional commissions

Civil Service Commission Commission on Elections Commission on Audit Commission on Human Rights

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Recent elections

General: 2007 2010 2013 2016

Political parties

Lakas Liberal Nacionalista NPC NUP PDP–Laban UNA

Administrative divisions

Capital Regions Provinces Cities Municipalities Barangays Poblacions Sitios Puroks

Related topics

Foreign relations Human rights Taxation

Other countries Atlas

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The Government
Government
of the Philippines
Philippines
(Filipino: Pamahalaan ng Pilipinas) is the national government of the Philippines. It is governed as unitary state under a presidential representative and democratic and a constitutional republic where the President function as both the head of state and the head of government of the country within a pluriform multi-party system. The government has three interdependent branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The powers of the branches are vested by the Constitution of the Philippines
Philippines
in the following: Legislative power is vested in the two-chamber Congress of the Philippines—the Senate is the upper chamber and the House of Representatives is the lower chamber.[1] Executive power is exercised by the government under the leadership of the President. Judicial power is vested in the courts with the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Philippines
as the highest judicial body.

Contents

1 Legislative Power 2 Executive Power 3 Judicial Power 4 Constitutional Commissions 5 Office of the Ombudsman 6 Local government 7 See also 8 References

Legislative Power[edit] The legislative power is vested in the Congress of the Philippines which consists of the Senate of the Philippines
Philippines
Senate and House of Representatives. The upper house is located in Pasay City, while the lower house is located in Quezon City. Both are in Metro Manila. The district and sectoral representatives are elected for a term of three years. They can be re-elected but they may not run for a fourth consecutive term. Senators are elected to a term of six years. They can be re-elected but may not run for a third consecutive term. The House of Representatives may opt to pass for a vacancy of a legislative seat, which leads to a special election. The winner of the special election will serve the unfinished term of the previous district representative, and will be considered as one elective term. The same rule also applies in the Senate, however it only applies if the seat was vacated before a regular legislative election. The current President of the Senate is Aquilino Pimentel III, while the current Speaker of the House of Representatives is Pantaleon Alvarez. Legislative Power: National Government

Senate House of Representatives

Local Government

Sangguniang Panlalawigan Regional Legislative Assembly Sangguniang Panlungsod Sangguniang Bayan Sangguniang Barangay

Executive Power[edit] The executive power is vested in the President of the Philippines. The President is elected by popular vote. The principal workplace of the President is the Malacañang Palace
Malacañang Palace
in San Miguel, Manila. The executive branch is currently headed by President Rodrigo Duterte. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, The second highest official is elected separately from the President by popular vote. The Vice President is first in line to succession if the President resigns, is impeached or dies. The Vice President is usually, though not always, a member of the president's cabinet. If there is a vacancy in the position of vice-president, the President will appoint any member of Congress (usually a party member) as the new Vice President. The appointment must then be validated by a three-fourths vote of the Congress.[2] Executive leadership: National government

President Vice-President Cabinet Secretaries

Local government

Provincial/Regional Governor Provincial/Regional Vice-Governor City/Municipal Mayor City/Municipal Vice-Mayor Barangay
Barangay
Captain/ Barangay
Barangay
Upuan

Judicial Power[edit] The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court of the Philippines and lower courts established by law. The Supreme Court, which has a Chief Justice as its head and 14 Associate Justices, occupies the highest tier of the judiciary. The justices serve until the age of 70. The justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council of the Philippines.[3] The sitting Chief Justice is Maria Lourdes Sereno, the 24th to serve in that position... Other court types of courts, of varying jurisdiction around the archipelago, are the: Lower Collegiate Courts:

Court of Appeals Court of Tax Appeals Sandiganbayan

Regular Courts:

Regional Trial Courts Municipal Circuit Trial Courts

Muslim Courts

Sharia District Courts Sharia Circuit Courts yessy

Constitutional Commissions[edit] Article 9 of the Constitution of the Philippines
Philippines
establishes three constitutional commissions: the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit. Office of the Ombudsman[edit] See also: Corruption in the Philippines The government and all three of its branches are independently monitored by the office of the Ombudsman (Filipino: Tanodbayan). The Ombudsman is given the mandate to investigate and prosecute any government official allegedly guilty of crimes, especially Graft and Corruption. The Ombudsman is assisted by six deputies: the Overall Deputy, the Deputy for Luzon, the Deputy for Visayas, the Deputy for Mindanao, the Deputy for the Armed Forces, and the Special
Special
Prosecutor. Local government[edit] Main article: Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Local government hierarchy. The dashed lines emanating from the president means that the President only exercises general supervision on local government.

The Philippines
Philippines
has four main classes of elected administrative divisions, often lumped together as local government units (LGUs). They are, from the highest to the lowest division:

Autonomous regions Provinces (lalawigan, probinsiya, kapuoran) and independent cities (lungsod, siyudad/ciudad, dakbayan, dakbanwa, lakanbalen) Municipalities (bayan, balen, bungto, banwa) and component cities (lungsod, siyudad/ciudad, dakbayan, dakbanwa, lakanbalen) Barangays (also known as barrio)

Beyond these, the national government groups provinces and independent cities into regions, e.g. Metro Manila
Manila
or Region VI. The President has the prerogative to create, abolish and determine the composition of regions, which is done so most often in consultation with the local government units affected, with the exception of autonomous regions, where the residents of the local government units have to ratify in a plebiscite their inclusion in such a setup. See also[edit]

Congress of the Philippines

Senate of the Philippines House of Representatives of the Philippines

President of the Philippines

Executive departments of the Philippines Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Supreme Court of the Philippines

References[edit]

^ Exec. Order No. 1987-292 Book
Book
II Chapter 1 Section 1 (25 July 1987; in English) President of the Philippines. Retrieved on 21 November 2015. ^ Philippine Government ^ Redden, R.K. 1984. Modern Legal System Cyclopedia - Asia Chapter 7(b) "The legal system of the Philippines" W.B. Hein, Buffalo NY

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