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Gironde
Gironde
(French pronunciation: ​[ʒiʁɔ̃d]; in Occitan Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Nouvelle-Aquitaine
region of southwest France. It is named for the Gironde
Gironde
estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux
Bordeaux
wine region is in the Gironde.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Politics 4 Tourism 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Gironde
Gironde
is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution
French Revolution
on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne
Guyenne
and Gascony. From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists. Geography[edit] Gironde
Gironde
is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Nouvelle-Aquitaine
and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne
Dordogne
and Charente-Maritime
Charente-Maritime
and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde
Gironde
is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana. Gironde
Gironde
is well known for the Côte d'Argent
Côte d'Argent
beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau
Lacanau
each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Jacques-Yves Cousteau
who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. The Great Dune of Pyla
The Great Dune of Pyla
in Arcachon
Arcachon
Bay near Bordeaux
Bordeaux
is the tallest sand dune in Europe.[1] Politics[edit] The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Party seats

• Socialist Party 45

The Republicans 12

• French Communist Party 3

Miscellaneous Right 1

MoDem 1

Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Tourism[edit]

Bordeaux

Bordeaux
Bordeaux
wine

The Great Dune of Pyla

Arcachon
Arcachon
Bay

Bourg-sur-Gironde

Château de la Brède, birthplace of Montesquieu

The Gironde estuary
Gironde estuary
seen from the citadel of Blaye

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Gironde
Gironde
department Communes of the Gironde
Gironde
department Arrondissements of the Gironde
Gironde
department Bordeaux
Bordeaux
wine regions

References[edit]

^ C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro
Le Figaro
Magazine. (in French)

External links[edit]

(in French) General Council website (in French) Prefecture website (in English) Gironde
Gironde
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) Tourism Office website

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Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137207145 LCCN: n80109290 GND: 4021086-8 SUDOC: 030061792 BNF: