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Eureka County is a county in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,987,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Nevada. Its county seat is Eureka.[2] Eureka County is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Adjacent counties 2.2 National protected area 2.3 Major highways

3 Demographics

3.1 2000 census 3.2 2010 census

4 Communities

4.1 Census-designated places 4.2 Other unincorporated places

5 Politics 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Eureka County was established in 1873 and formed from Lander County after silver was discovered more than 100 miles (160 km) east of Austin. The new mining camp's residents complained Austin was too far to go for county business and a new county was created. It was named for the ancient Greek term, Eureka, meaning, "I have found it."[3] This term was used earlier in California
California
and other locations. Eureka has always been the county seat. Geography[edit]

HVAC transmission towers crossing Crescent Valley east of State Route 306

According to the U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, the county has an area of 4,180 square miles (10,800 km2), of which 4,176 square miles (10,820 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4] The county's highest point is the 10,631 ft (3240 m) summit of Diamond Peak in the Diamond Mountains
Diamond Mountains
along the border with White Pine County.[5] Adjacent counties[edit]

Elko County - northeast White Pine County - east Nye County - south Lander County - west

National protected area[edit]

Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
(part)

Major highways[edit]

Interstate 80 U.S. Route 50 State Route 278 State Route 306 State Route 766 State Route 781

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1880 7,086

1890 3,275

−53.8%

1900 1,954

−40.3%

1910 1,830

−6.3%

1920 1,350

−26.2%

1930 1,333

−1.3%

1940 1,361

2.1%

1950 896

−34.2%

1960 767

−14.4%

1970 948

23.6%

1980 1,198

26.4%

1990 1,547

29.1%

2000 1,651

6.7%

2010 1,987

20.4%

Est. 2016 1,917 [6] −3.5%

U.S. Decennial Census[7] 1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9] 1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit] As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,651 people, 666 households, and 440 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.39 people per square mile (0.15/km²). There were 1,025 housing units at an average density of 0.25 per square mile (0.09/km²). There were 666 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 5.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 5.20% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.20 males. The county's median household income was $41,417, and the median family income was $49,438. Males had a median income of $45,167 versus $25,000 for females. The county's per capita income was $18,629. 12.60% of the population and 8.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the people living in poverty, 11.70% are under the age of 18 and 16.40% are 65 or older. 2010 census[edit] As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census, there were 1,987 people, 836 households, and 495 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 0.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.19/km2). There were 1,076 housing units at an average density of 0.3 per square mile (0.12/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% white, 2.4% American Indian, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 5.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.0% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 43.3% were American, 14.8% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 7.3% were English, and 6.9% were Italian.[14] Of the 836 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families, and 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 42.4 years.[12] The median income for a household in the county was $61,400 and the median income for a family was $75,179. Males had a median income of $54,625 versus $42,321 for females. The per capita income for the county was $30,306. About 9.9% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.[15] Communities[edit] There are no incorporated places in Eureka County. Census-designated places[edit]

Crescent Valley Eureka (county seat)

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Beowawe Harney Palisade Primeaux

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 84.7% 723 8.7% 74 6.7% 57

2012 82.1% 663 13.2% 107 4.7% 38

2008 75.7% 564 19.3% 144 5.0% 37

2004 77.4% 571 19.5% 144 3.1% 23

2000 75.5% 632 17.9% 150 6.6% 55

1996 59.9% 412 23.0% 158 17.2% 118

1992 47.8% 330 18.7% 129 33.5% 231

1988 71.0% 413 26.0% 151 3.1% 18

1984 76.0% 439 21.5% 124 2.6% 15

1980 76.2% 430 18.3% 103 5.5% 31

1976 58.2% 272 34.9% 163 6.9% 32

1972 72.8% 371 27.3% 139

1968 56.5% 277 30.4% 149 13.1% 64

1964 46.0% 243 54.0% 285

1960 51.7% 239 48.3% 223

1956 64.3% 330 35.7% 183

1952 70.7% 379 29.3% 157

1948 51.7% 312 46.1% 278 2.2% 13

1944 59.4% 317 40.6% 217

1940 44.6% 284 55.4% 353

1936 31.3% 180 68.8% 396

1932 26.1% 136 73.9% 385

1928 49.0% 251 51.0% 261

1924 50.0% 209 22.5% 94 27.5% 115

1920 63.8% 313 32.0% 157 4.3% 21

1916 46.0% 239 50.6% 263 3.5% 18

1912 16.5% 70 49.3% 209 34.2% 145

1908 46.6% 224 45.3% 218 8.1% 39

1904 62.5% 235 28.5% 107 9.0% 34

See also[edit]

National Register of Historic Places listings in Eureka County, Nevada

References[edit]

^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2013.  ^ "County Explorer". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122. Retrieved 2016-01-01.  ^ "2010 Census
Census
Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Diamond Peak, Nevada". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved October 6, 2014.  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Historical Census
Census
Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ " Census
Census
2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.  ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.  ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.  ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.  ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Official website Eureka Branch Library

Places adjacent to Eureka County, Nevada

Elko County Elko County

Lander County

Eureka County, Nevada

White Pine County

Nye County

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Eureka County, Nevada, United States

County seat: Eureka

Unincorporated towns

Crescent Valley Eureka

Other unincorporated communities

Beowawe Harney Palisade Primeaux

Ghost towns

Buckhorn Deep Wells Goldville Hot Springs Ruby Hill Vanderbilt

v t e

 State of Nevada

Carson City (capital)

Topics

Delegations Government History

Nevada
Nevada
Territory World War II

People Transportation Tourist attractions

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Elections Politics

Regions

Black Rock Desert Eagle Valley Great Basin Lake Mead Lake Tahoe Las Vegas Valley Mojave Desert Pahranagat Valley Sierra Nevada Trout Creek Mountains Truckee Meadows

Metro areas

Las Vegas–Paradise Reno–Sparks Carson City

Counties

Churchill Clark Douglas Elko Esmeralda Eureka Humboldt Lander Lincoln Lyon Mineral Nye Pershing Storey Washoe White Pine

Cities and communities

Alamo Amargosa Valley Austin Baker Battle Mountain Beatty Boulder City Caliente Carlin Carson City Elko Ely Enterprise Eureka Fallon Fernley Gardnerville Ranchos Gerlach Goldfield Hawthorne Henderson Incline Village Las Vegas Laughlin Lovelock Mesquite Minden North Las Vegas Panaca Pahrump Paradise Pioche Primm Rachel Reno Spanish Springs Sparks Spring Creek Spring Valley Stateline Summerlin South Sun Valley Sunrise Manor Tonopah Virginia City West Wendover Winnemucca Whitney Winchester Yerington

Former counties

Bullfrog Ormsby Roop

Coordinates: 39°59′N 116°16′W / 39.98°N 116.27°W / 39