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Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
("truly fat and blind"[1]) is an order of mammals suggested by molecular methods of phylogenetic reconstruction, and includes the laurasiatherian members of the now-invalid polyphyletic order Lipotyphla, but not the afrotherian members (tenrecs and golden moles, now in their own order Afrosoricida). Lipotyphla in turn had been derived by removing a number of groups from Insectivora, the previously used wastebasket taxon. Thus, Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
comprises the hedgehogs and gymnures (family Erinaceidae, formerly also the order Erinaceomorpha), solenodons (family Solenodontidae), the desmans, moles, and shrew-like moles (family Talpidae) and true shrews (family Soricidae). True shrews, talpids and solenodons were formerly grouped in the clade Soricomorpha; however, Soricomorpha
Soricomorpha
has been found to be paraphyletic, since erinaceids are the sister group of shrews.[2][3][4] Classification[edit]

Order Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
(= 'Lipotyphla' − Afrosoricida
Afrosoricida
= 'Erinaceomorpha' + 'Soricomorpha')

Family Erinaceidae

Subfamily Erinaceinae: hedgehogs Subfamily Hylomyinae: gymnures or moonrats

Family Soricidae

Subfamily Crocidurinae: white-toothed shrews Subfamily Soricinae: red-toothed shrews Subfamily Myosoricinae: African white-toothed shrews

Family Talpidae

Subfamily Desmaninae: desmans Subfamily Talpinae: moles Subfamily Uropsilinae: shrew-like moles

Family Solenodontidae: solenodons † Family Nesophontidae: extinct West Indian shrews † Family Amphilemuridae

Family-level cladogram of extant eulipotyphlan relationships, following Roca et al. and Brace et al.:[3][5]

   Eulipotyphla   

†Nesophontidae

Solenodontidae
Solenodontidae

Talpidae
Talpidae

Soricidae
Soricidae

Erinaceidae
Erinaceidae

References[edit]

^ Hassan, Mo (2009-10-11). "British Wildlife: N". The Disillusioned Taxonomist blog. Retrieved 2015-11-26.  ^ Douady, C. J.; Chatelier, P. I.; Madsen, O.; de Jong, W. W.; Catzeflis, F.; Springer, M. S.; Stanhope, M. J. (October 2002). "Molecular phylogenetic evidence confirming the Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
concept and in support of hedgehogs as the sister group to shrews". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 25 (1): 200–209. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00232-4.  ^ a b Roca, A. L.; Bar-Gal, G. K.; Eizirik, E.; Helgen, K. M.; Maria, R.; Springer, M. S.; O'Brien, S. J.; Murphy, W. J. (2004-06-10). "Mesozoic origin for West Indian insectivores". Nature. 429 (6992): 649–651. Bibcode:2004Natur.429..649R. doi:10.1038/nature02597. PMID 15190349.  ^ Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P.; Cardillo, M.; Jones, K. E.; MacPhee, R. D. E.; Beck, R. M. D.; Grenyer, R.; Price, S. A.; Vos, R. A.; Gittleman, J. L.; Purvis, A. (2007-03-29). "The delayed rise of present-day mammals". Nature. 446 (7135): 507–512. doi:10.1038/nature05634. PMID 17392779.  ^ Brace, Selina; Thomas, Jessica A.; Dalén, Love; Burger, Joachim; MacPhee, Ross D.E.; Barnes, Ian & Turvey, Samuel T. (13 September 2016). "Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family". Molecular Biology and Evolution (Epub ahead of print). 33: 3095–3103. doi:10.1093/molbev/msw186. PMID 27624716. 

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q16635184 ADW: Eulipotyphla

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