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Environment and Climate
Climate
Change Canada
Canada
(or simply its former name, Environment Canada, or EC) (French: Environnement et Changement climatique Canada), legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act (R.S., 1985, c. E-10 ), is the department of the Government of Canada
Government of Canada
with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and renewable resources. The powers, duties and functions of the Minister of the Environment extend to and include matters relating to: "preserve and enhance the quality of the natural environment, including water, air, soil, flora and fauna; conserve Canada's renewable resources; conserve and protect Canada's water resources; forecast daily weather conditions and warnings, and provide detailed meteorological information to all of Canada; enforce rules relating to boundary waters; and coordinate environmental policies and programs for the federal government."[1] Its ministerial headquarters is located in les Terrasses de la Chaudière, Gatineau, Quebec.[2][3] Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act[4] (CEPA 1999) (R.S., 1999, c. 33), Environment Canada
Canada
became the lead federal department to ensure the cleanup of hazardous waste and oil spills for which the government is responsible, and to provide technical assistance to other jurisdictions and the private sector as required. The department is also responsible for international environmental issues (e.g., Canada-USA air issues). CEPA was the central piece of Canada's environmental legislation but was replaced when budget implementation bill (C-38) entered into effect in June 2012.[5][needs update] Under the Constitution of Canada, responsibility for environmental management in Canada
Canada
is a shared responsibility between the federal government and provincial/territorial governments. For example, provincial governments have primary authority for resource management including permitting industrial waste discharges (e.g., to the air). The federal government is responsible for the management of toxic substances in the country (e.g., benzene). Environment Canada
Canada
provides stewardship of the Environmental Choice Program, which provides consumers with an eco-labelling for products manufactured within Canada
Canada
or services that meet international label standards of (GEN) Global Ecolabelling Network. Environment Canada
Canada
continues (2005–present) to undergo a structural transformation to centralize authority and decision-making, and to standardize policy implementation.

Contents

1 Hierarchy 2 Division 3 Enforcement

3.1 Enforcement of: Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations (EIHWHRMR)

4 2012 Budget Bill C-38, the "Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act" 5 Minister of the Environment and the Kyoto Accord 6 Related legislation

6.1 Bill C-38 6.2 Canada
Canada
National Parks Act 6.3 Canada
Canada
Water Act 6.4 Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act 6.5 Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (1992, c. 37) 6.6 Canadian Environmental Protection Act
Canadian Environmental Protection Act
(1999) 6.7 Department of the Environment Act (Canada)Department of the Environment Act 6.8 Environment Week Act, Canadian 6.9 Fisheries Act (pollution prevention into fish bearing waters) (R.S., 1985, c. F-14) 6.10 International Boundary Waters Treaty Act (R.S., 1985, c. I-17) 6.11 International River Improvements Act 6.12 Lac Seul Conservation Act 6.13 Lake of the Woods Control Board Act 6.14 Manganese-Based Fuel Additives Act 6.15 Migratory Birds Convention Act 6.16 National Wildlife Week Act 6.17 Resources and Technical Surveys Act (R.S., 1985, c. R-7) 6.18 Species at Risk Act (2002) 6.19 Weather Modification Information Act 6.20 Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Inter-provincial Trade Act

7 Aerospace Fleet 8 See also 9 Citations 10 References 11 External links

Hierarchy[edit]

Minister

Deputy Minister

Associate Deputy Minister

Assistant Deputy Minister

Associate Assistant Deputy Minister

Director General

Director

Managers

Staff

Division[edit]

Ice Reconnaissance de Havilland Canada
Canada
Dash 7 at Carp Airport

Environment Canada
Canada
is divided into several geographic regions:

National Capital Atlantic and Quebec
Quebec
Region (Atlantic Canada, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador and Quebec) Ontario West and North (Yukon, Nunavut, NWT, BC, and Prairies)

The department has several organizations which carry out specific tasks:

Enforcement Branch

Environmental Enforcement Wildlife Enforcement

Environmental Protection Branch

Canadian Wildlife Service[6] Chemical Sectors Energy and Transportation Environmental Protection Operations Legislative and Regulatory Affairs Strategic Priorities

Meteorological Service of Canada (for weather forecasting; climate, air quality and water monitoring)[7]

Weather and environmental monitoring[8] ( Climate
Climate
Monitoring, Water Survey of Canada) Weather and Environmental Operations (Regional Weather Operations) Weather and Environmental Prediction and Services[9] (Defence Weather Services,[10] Marine and Ice Services [( Canadian Ice Service )], National Weather Predictions, Weatheradio Canada, a national system of emergency weather broadcast transmitters) Canadian Hurricane Centre[11]

Science and Technology Branch

Atmospheric and Climate
Climate
Science[12] Water Science and Technology Directorate (including the National Water Research Institute) National Pollutant Release Inventory[13] Wildlife and Landscape Science[14] Air Quality Mobile Source Emissions Measurement and Research[15]

The Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency is an arms-length agency that reports to the Minister of Environment[16] Parks Canada, which manages the Canadian National Parks system, was removed from Environment Canada
Canada
and became an agency reporting to the Minister of Heritage in 1998. In 2003, responsibility for Parks Canada was returned to the Minister of the Environment.[17] Enforcement[edit]

Environment Canada
Canada
Enforcement Branch is responsible for ensuring compliance with several federal statues. The Governor-in-Council appoints enforcement officers and pursuant to section 217(3) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, enforcement officers have all the powers of peace officers. There are two designations of enforcement officers: Environmental Enforcement and Wildlife Enforcement. The former administers the Canadian Environmental Protection Act
Canadian Environmental Protection Act
and pollution provisions of the Fisheries Act and corresponding regulations. The latter enforces Migratory Birds Convention Act, Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act, Species at Risk Act and The Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act.[18] All officers wear dark green uniform with black ties and a badge (appear on the right). Environmental Enforcement Officers only carry baton and OC spray whereas Wildlife Enforcement Officers are also equipped with firearm.[19] The Minister may also appoint members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, fishery officers, parks officers, customs officers and conservation officers of provincial and territorial governments as enforcement officers and to allow them to exercise the powers and privilege of Environment Canada
Canada
officers. On March 4, 2009, a bill to increase the enforcement capabilities of Environment Canada
Canada
was introduced into the House of Commons. The Environmental Enforcement Bill would increase the fines for individuals and corporations for serious offenses, give enforcement officers new powers to investigate cases and grants courts new sentencing authorities that ensure penalties reflect the seriousness of the pollution and wildlife offences.[20] More information: EC Enforcement Branch Enforcement of: Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations (EIHWHRMR)[edit] The Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations (EIHWHRMR) operates with a few basic premises, one of which being that electronic waste is either "intact" or "not intact". The various annexes define hazardous waste in Canada, and also deem any waste that is "...considered or defined as hazardous under the legislation of the country receiving it and is prohibited by that country from being imported or conveyed in transit" to be covered under Canadian regulation and therefore subject to prior informed consent procedures.[21][22] The loophole in the regulations that allows tons of e-waste to be exported from Canada
Canada
is the use of the definition of "intact" vs "functional". A non-functioning electronic device that is intact can be exported under the current legislation. What can't be exported without prior informed consent is a non-functioning but no longer intact electronic device (if the component pieces are deemed hazardous). The principal problem being, the non-functioning but intact electronic device is at high risk of being disassembled in some far away e-waste dumping ground. The Canadian government's use of a unique interpretation of the Basel Convention obligations "intact" and "not intact" opens the door to uncontrolled e-waste exports as long as the device is intact. See Canadian fact sheet and associated links.[23] Since Canada
Canada
ratified the Basel Convention on August 28, 1992, and as of August 2011, Environment Canada's Enforcement Branch has initiated 176 investigations for violations under EIHWHRMR, some of which are still in progress. There have been 19 prosecutions undertaken for non-compliance with the provisions of the EIHWHRMR some of which are still before the courts. Electronic waste by country 2012 Budget Bill C-38, the "Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act"[edit] Bill C-38, (June 2012), replaced the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA 1992, 1999) with the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012. The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, Species at Risk Act, The National Energy Board Act, the Canadian Oil and Gas Operations Act, the Nuclear Safety and Control Act, the Fisheries Act (for example, closing the Experimental Lakes Area) all underwent major changes under Bill-38. By placing the emphasis on jobs, growth and prosperity significant changes have been made to the federal environmental assessment regime (EA) and environmental regulatory framework. [24] [25] Minister of the Environment and the Kyoto Accord[edit] In December 2011, Ministry of the Environment (Canada) Peter Kent announced Canada's withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol one day after negotiators from nearly 200 countries meeting in Durban, South Africa at the 2011 United Nations Climate
Climate
Change Conference (November 28 - December 11), completed a marathon of climate talks to establish a new treaty to limit carbon emissions.[1] The Durban talks were leading to a new binding treaty with targets for all countries to take effect in 2020. Environment minister Peter Kent
Peter Kent
argued that, "The Kyoto protocol does not cover the world's largest two emitters, the United States and China, and therefore cannot work." In 2010 Canada, Japan and Russia said they would not accept new Kyoto commitments. Canada
Canada
is the only country to repudiate the Kyoto Accord. Kent argued that since Canada could not meet targets, it needed to avoid the $14 billion in penalties for not achieving its goals.[26] This decision drew widespread international response.[27] States for which the emissions are not covered by the Kyoto Protocol (the US and China) have the largest emissions, being responsible for 41% of the Kyoto Protocol. China’s emissions increased by over 200% from 1990 to 2009.[28] Related legislation[edit] See also: List of environmental laws by country § Canada Environment Canada
Canada
administers and assists in the administration of nearly c. 24 acts through regulations and through "voluntary and regulated agreements with individuals or multiple parties in Canada and elsewhere to define mutual commitments, roles and responsibilities and actions on specific environmental issues."[29] Bill C-38[edit] Bill C-38 (2012)[30] Canada
Canada
National Parks Act[edit] Canada
Canada
National Parks Act Canada
Canada
Water Act[edit] "Recognizing the need for better environmental management, the federal government passed the Canada
Canada
Water Act in 1970 and created the Department of the Environment in 1971, entrusting the Inland Waters Directorate with providing national leadership for freshwater management. Under the Constitution Act (1867), the provinces are "owners" of the water resources and have wide responsibilities in their day-to-day management. The federal government has certain specific responsibilities relating to water, such as fisheries and navigation, as well as exercising certain overall responsibilities such as the conduct of external affairs."[31] The Canada
Canada
Water Act (proclaimed on September 30, 1970) provides the framework for cooperation with provinces and territories in the conservation, development, and utilization of Canada's water resources. The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, completes the framework for the protection and of water resources. Environment Canada
Canada
is the federal department (Ministry) in charge of conserving and protecting Canada's water resources. The Water Act (2000), a federal legislation, "supports and promotes the conservation and management of water, including the wise allocation and use of water.".[32] The provinces are responsible for administering the Water Act (2000). In Alberta for example, Alberta Environment and Water is responsible for administering the Water Act (2000) and the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (2000). Provinces environmental ministries primarily lead Water for Life (2003) programs. Provinces also implement and oversee "regulation of municipal drinking water, wastewater, and storm drainage systems."[32] Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act[edit] Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. W-9) Amended in June 2012 by Bill C-38[33] 'allows for the creation, management and protection of wildlife areas' to preserve habitats, particularly for at risk species and requires permits for specified activities in designated wildlife areas.[34] Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (1992, c. 37)[edit] The Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (2000) "supports and promotes the protection, enhancement, and wise use of the environment. The Act's individual regulations cover a wide range of activities, from beverage container recycling and pesticide sales, potable water, to wastewater and storm drainage."[32] Canadian Environmental Protection Act
Canadian Environmental Protection Act
(1999)[edit] Department of the Environment Act (Canada)Department of the Environment Act[edit] Environment Week Act, Canadian[edit] Fisheries Act (pollution prevention into fish bearing waters) (R.S., 1985, c. F-14)[edit] Federal legislation such as the Fisheries Act (1985) have relevance for water management in the provinces.[32] International Boundary Waters Treaty Act (R.S., 1985, c. I-17)[edit] International River Improvements Act[edit] Lac Seul Conservation Act[edit] Lake of the Woods Control Board Act[edit] Manganese-Based Fuel Additives Act[edit] Migratory Birds Convention Act[edit] Federal legislation such as the Migratory Birds Convention Act (2000) also have relevance for water management in the provinces.[32] National Wildlife Week Act[edit] Resources and Technical Surveys Act (R.S., 1985, c. R-7)[edit] Species at Risk Act (2002)[edit] Weather Modification Information Act[edit] Weather Modification Information Act Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Inter-provincial Trade Act[edit] Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Inter-provincial Trade Act Aerospace Fleet[edit] Until 2010 Environment Canada
Canada
operated several different aircraft for their environmental studies. Although Environment Canada
Canada
does not have a current fleet of aircraft it contracts other branches of the government to provide airborne research facilities. Former Fleet:

Convair 580
Convair 580
C-GRSC Douglas C-47 Dassault Falcon 20 Mystere C-GRSD

See also[edit]

Canada
Canada
portal Environment portal

Environment of Canada Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics Alberta Hail Project North American Game Warden Museum Ernie Cooper New Brunswick Environmental and Heritage Acts

Citations[edit]

^ a b Environment Canada
Canada
2013. ^ "Inquiry Centre." Environment Canada. Retrieved on February 4, 2011. "Inquiry Centre 351 St. Joseph Blvd. 8th Floor, Place Vincent Massey Gatineau, Quebec
Quebec
K1A 0H3" Address in French: "Informathèque 351, boul. St-Joseph 8e étage, Place Vincent Massey Gatineau
Gatineau
(Québec) K1A 0H3." ^ "Contact Us." Environment Canada. Retrieved on February 4, 2011. "Address: Environment Canada
Canada
Inquiry Centre 351 St. Joseph Boulevard Place Vincent Massey, 8th Floor Gatineau, Quebec." Address in French: "Environnement Canada
Canada
Informathèque 351, boulevard St-Joseph Place Vincent-Massey, 8e étage Gatineau
Gatineau
(Québec)." ^ "Environment Canada
Canada
- Acts & Regulations - The Act". Ec.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-22.  ^ [1] "Federal Government Releases Draft Legislation to Reform Federal Regulatory System." ^ Canadian Wildlife Service & 2002-2010. ^ ''Msc''. Msc-smc.ec.gc.ca (April 30, 2012). ^ Monitoring Archived May 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ ''Predition''. Msc-smc.ec.gc.ca. ^ Aviation & Ice Services Archived May 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Environment Canada
Canada
- Weather and Meteorology - Home. Ec.gc.ca (March 1, 2012). ^ Climate
Climate
Science Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ ''Npri''. Ec.gc.ca (February 22, 2012). ^ Environment Canada
Canada
- Science and Technology - Wildlife Research & Landscape Science Environment Canada. Ec.gc.ca (March 22, 2012). ^ Environment Canada
Canada
- Air - Air Science and Research Mobile Source Emissions Measurement and Research ^ (''Ceaa''). Ceaa-acee.gc.ca (May 9, 2012). ^ ''Parks Canada''. Pc.gc.ca (April 13, 2012). ^ Environment Canada
Canada
- Acts, Regulations and Agreements - Enforcement - Acts and Regulations. Ec.gc.ca (June 30, 2011). ^ Canada's newest environment officers set to help turn the country green. .canada.com (July 24, 2007). ^ New Enforcement Legislation Cracks Down on Environmental Offenders. Ec.gc.ca. Archived April 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations. Laws-lois.justice.gc.ca (May 2, 2012). ^ Environment Canada
Canada
- Pollution and Waste - Basel Convention. Ec.gc.ca. ^ [2] Archived October 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Shawn Denstedt Q.C.; Sander Duncanson (Apr 27, 2012). "Federal Government Releases Draft Legislation to Reform Federal Regulatory System". Osler. Retrieved June 18, 2012.  ^ Alan Harvie; Richard King; Jean Piette; J.M. Madeleine Donahue (June 7, 2012). "Canada: Canadian Government Proposes Significant Changes To The Environmental Assessment And Regulatory Framework". Retrieved June 18, 2012.  ^ " Canada
Canada
pulls out of Kyoto protocol". The Guardian. UK. December 13, 2011.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/yourcommunity/2011/12/canadas-kyoto-withdrawal-draws-international-response.html ^ The Economist (December 15, 2011). "O Canada". Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "Environment Canada
Canada
- Acts, regulations and agreements". Ec.gc.ca. 2013-08-28. Retrieved 2014-01-22.  ^ "LEGISinfo - House Government Bill C-38 (41-1)". Parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-22.  ^ "Federal Policy and Legislation". Environment Canada. July 22, 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.  ^ a b c d e waterpolicy.ca nd. ^ " Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act". Laws-lois.justice.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-22.  ^ "Environment Canada
Canada
- Enforcement - Canada
Canada
Wildlife Act". Ec.gc.ca. 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 

References[edit]

" Canadian Wildlife Service homepage", Canadian Wildlife Service, 2002–2010, Archived from the original on February 9, 2010, retrieved 26 December 2013 CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) "Canadian Wildlife Service homepage", Canadian Wildlife Service, 2002–2010, archived from the original on February 9, 2010, retrieved 26 December 2013  "About Environment Canada", Environment Canada, 17 November 2013, retrieved 26 December 2013  "Water Policy", waterpolicy.ca, n.d., archived from the original on March 4, 2016, retrieved 26 December 2013 

External links[edit]

Environment and Climate
Climate
Change Canada Environment and Climate
Climate
Change Canada's channel on YouTube Meteorological Service of Canada Parks Canada Select programs and services of Environment Canada Related acts and regulations National Pollutant Release Inventory Meteorological Service of Canada Water Survey of Canada Canadian Lightning Detection Network Press releases issued by Environment Canada
Canada
for Ontario
Ontario
- entire archive Consolidated Acts and Regulations of Canada Environment Canada
Canada
on top500.org Plain language environmental regulations in Canada
Canada
- with updates and other info

v t e

Departments of the Government of Canada

Principal departments

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canadian Heritage Employment and Social Development Environment and Climate
Climate
Change Finance Fisheries and Oceans Global Affairs Health Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Indigenous and Northern Affairs Innovation, Science and Economic Development Justice National Defence Natural Resources Privy Council Office Public Safety Public Services and Procurement Transport Veterans Affairs

Major agencies

Canada
Canada
Border Services Agency Canada
Canada
Mortgage and Housing Corporation Canada
Canada
Pension Plan Canada
Canada
Revenue Agency Canadian Armed Forces Canadian Coast Guard Canadian Food Inspection Agency Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission Canadian Space Agency Geological Survey of Canada National Research Council of Canada Parks Canada Public Health Agency of Canada Public Prosecution Service of Canada Royal Canadian Mounted Police Service Canada Statistics Canada

Historic/defunct major departments

Canadian International Development Agency Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment Passport Canada Solicitor General of Canada

v t e

Law enforcement agencies in Canada

Federal

Canada
Canada
Border Services Agency Canadian Forces Military Police Canadian Forces National Investigation Service Canada
Canada
Revenue Agency Competition Bureau Correctional Service of Canada Environment and Climate
Climate
Change Canada
Canada
Enforcement Branch Fisheries and Oceans Canada Parliamentary Protective Service Parks Canada
Parks Canada
Wardens Royal Canadian Mounted Police Transport Canada

Provincial

Provincial police

Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Police Royal Newfoundland Constabulary Sûreté du Québec

Other law enforcement

Alberta Law Enforcement Response Teams Alberta Sheriffs Branch British Columbia
British Columbia
Sheriff Service British Columbia
British Columbia
Commercial Vehicle Safety and Enforcement British Columbia
British Columbia
Conservation Officer Service Combined Forces Special
Special
Enforcement Unit – British Columbia Unité permanente anticorruption

Regional and municipal

Abbotsford Police Department Barrie Police Service Belleville Police Brockville Police Service Calgary Police Service Camrose Police Service Central Saanich Police Service Cobourg Police Service Charlottetown Police Department Delta Police Department Durham Regional Police Service Edmonton Police Service Fredericton Police Greater Sudbury Police Service Guelph Police Service Halifax Regional Police Halton Regional Police Service Hamilton Police Service Kativik Regional Police Force Kennebecasis Regional Police Force Kingston Police Lacombe Police Service Lethbridge Police Service London Police Service Medicine Hat Police Service Nelson Police Department New Westminster Police Department Niagara Regional Police Service North Bay Police Service Ottawa Police Service Peel Regional Police Port Moody Police Department Régie intermunicipale de police de la Rivière-du-Nord Regina Police Service Saanich Police Department Saskatoon Police Service Service de police de la Ville de Laval Service de police de l’agglomération de Longueuil Service de police de la Ville de Montréal Service de police de la Ville de Québec Saugeen Shores Police Service Shelburne Police Service South Simcoe Police Service Summerside Police Department Taber Police Service Thunder Bay Police Service Toronto Police Service Vancouver Police Department Victoria Police Department Waterloo Regional Police Service West Grey Police West Vancouver Police Department Windsor Police Service Winnipeg Police Service York Regional Police

Specialized

Anishinabek Police Service Calgary Transit Public Safety and Enforcement Section Canadian Pacific Police Service Canadian National Police GO Transit Special
Special
Constables Integrated National Security Enforcement Teams Integrated Security Unit Niagara Parks Police Service Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service Ottawa By-law Services McMaster University Security Service Metro Vancouver Transit Police Transit Enforcement Unit Treaty Three Police Service University of Alberta Protective Services University of Toronto Campus Community Police Service YRT/Viva Special
Special
Constable Services Stl’atl’imx Tribal Police Service

Police Oversight

Alberta Serious Incident Response Team Independent Investigations Office
Independent Investigations Office
(BC) Independent Investigation Unit
Independent Investigation Unit
(MB) Serious Incident Response Team
Serious Incident Response Team
(NS) Special Investigations Unit
Special Investigations Unit
and Office of the Independent Police Review Director (ON)

Defunct

Alberta Provincial Police British Columbia
British Columbia
Provincial Police Dominion Police Manitoba Provincial Police New Brunswick Highway Patrol New Brunswick Provincial Police Newfoundland Ranger Force North-West Mounted Police Nova Scotia Police Organized Crime Agency of British Columbia Prince Edward Island Provincial Police Saskatchewan Provincial Police

Manpower

Aircraft Protective Officers Auxiliary constables Bylaw enforcement officers Firearms officers Peace officers Special
Special
constables

Boards and Commissions

Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Military Police Complaints Commission Toronto Police Services Board Police board

Lists

Indigenous police in Canada List of law enforcement agencies in British Columbia List of law enforcement agencies in Canada List of police firearms in Canada Provincial correctional services in Canada

Museums

Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Police Museum RCMP Heritage Centre Rotary Museum of Police and Corrections Vancouver Police Museum Winnipeg P