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The English Party (Greek: Αγγλικό Κóμμα), presenting itself as the Constitutional Party (Greek: συνταγματικό Κόμμα, SK),[1] was one of the three informal early Greek parties that dominated the political history of the First Hellenic Republic and the first years of the Kingdom Of Greece
Greece
during the early 19th century, the other two being the Russian Party and the French Party. History and party development[edit] The creation and evolution of these Parties was the effect of the interest that the three Great Powers
Great Powers
(the United Kingdom, France and Russia) displayed for Greek affairs. As a result, they counted on the hope that Greeks had, that by supporting them those countries would also help the Greek Kingdom to fulfill its expectations for economic progress and territorial expansion. The establishment of the English Party should probably be considered the action that some leaders of the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
took in June 1825, urged by Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos
Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos
and Georgios Kountouriotis, to compose a letter, whereby Greece
Greece
applied for protection to the United Kingdom. The party lacked support in mainland Greece
Greece
but was very powerful among the Phanariotes
Phanariotes
and the wealthy shipowners of the Aegean Islands. During John Capodistria's period it lost much of its influence due to the establishment of the other parties, but regained most of it after the arrival of King Otto, since the political sympathies of the principal Regent, Josef Ludwig von Armansperg, lay with Britain. Its unquestioned leader was Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos, and the party quickly started to decline in influence after his death in 1865. References[edit]

^ a b c Koliopoulos, John S.; Veremis, Thanos M. (2010). Modern Greece: A History since 1821. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 35.  ^ Clogg, Richard (1987). Parties and Elections in Greece: The Search for Legitimacy. C. Hurst & Co. p. 1. 

Clogg, Richard; A Short History of Modern Greece; Cambridge University Press, 1979; ISBN 0-521-32837-3 John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968

v t e

Reign of Otto (1832–1862)

Notable People

Bavarians: Josef Ludwig von Armansperg Ignaz von Rudhart Georg Ludwig von Maurer Karl von Abel Carl Wilhelm von Heideck

Greeks: Dimitrios Kallergis Constantine Kanaris Theodoros Kolokotronis Ioannis Kolettis Yiannis Makriyiannis Andreas Metaxas Anastasios Polyzoidis Spyridon Trikoupis Theoklitos Farmakidis

Architects: Eduard Schaubert Stamatios Kleanthis Panagis Kalkos Theophil Hansen Christian Hansen (architect) Friedrich von Gärtner Leo von Klenze

Early Greek Parties

Russian Party French Party English Party

Events

London Conference of 1832 3 September 1843 Revolution Greek Constitution of 1844 Crimean War Epirus Revolt of 1854 23 October 1862 Revolution

Influence

Greek legal system Greek academic art of the 19th century

Structures

National Gardens of Athens Old Royal Palace National Observatory of Athens Syntagma Square Old Parliament House, Athens

Institutions

Bavarian Auxiliary Corps Church of Greece Hellenic Gendarmerie National Bank of Greece Greek Archaeological Service Court of Cassation Council of State Court of Audit Athens
Athens
School of Fine Arts Archaeological Society of Athens Greek Evange