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Eindhoven
Eindhoven
(Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛi̯ntɦoːvə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel
Dommel
and Gender streams.[8] The Gender was dammed short of the city centre in the 1950s and the Dommel
Dommel
still runs through the city. The city has a population of 223,220 in January 2015,[9] making it the fifth-largest municipality of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and the largest in the province of North Brabant. Neighbouring cities and towns include Son en Breugel, Nuenen, Geldrop-Mierlo, Heeze-Leende, Waalre, Veldhoven, Eersel, Oirschot
Oirschot
and Best. The agglomeration has a population of 337,487. The metropolitan area consists of 419,045 inhabitants. The city region has a population of 753,426. Also, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is located in the Brabantse Stedenrij, a combined metropolitan area with about 2 million inhabitants.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 13th–15th centuries 2.2 16th–18th centuries 2.3 19th century 2.4 20th century

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Districts 4.3 Religion 4.4 Crime 4.5 Languages

5 Economy

5.1 Knowledge economy
Knowledge economy
initiatives 5.2 EIT Co-location

6 Education

6.1 Primary education 6.2 Secondary education 6.3 Higher and adult education

7 Politics

7.1 Municipal council 7.2 Municipal executive

7.2.1 Aldermen 7.2.2 Mayor

8 Culture
Culture
and recreation

8.1 Cultural institutions

8.1.1 Museums 8.1.2 Open-air art

8.1.2.1 Light art

8.1.3 Music and theatre

8.2 Recreation 8.3 Parks 8.4 Sport 8.5 Strijp-S

9 Media 10 Transport 11 Medical care 12 Notable residents 13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns – sister cities

14 See also 15 References 16 Bibliography 17 External links

Name[edit] The name Eindhoven
Eindhoven
derives from the contraction of the regional words eind (meaning "last" or "end") and hove (or hoeve, a section of some 14 hectares of land). Toponymically, eind occurs commonly as a prefix and postfix in local place- and streetnames. A "hove" comprised a parcel of land which a local lord might lease to private persons (such as farmers). Given that a string of such parcels existed around Woensel, the name Eindhoven
Eindhoven
may have originated with the meaning "last hoves on the land of Woensel". History[edit] See also: Timeline of Eindhoven 13th–15th centuries[edit] The written history of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
started in 1232, when Duke Hendrik I of Brabant granted city rights to Eindhoven, then a small town right on the confluence of the Dommel
Dommel
and Gender streams. At the time of granting of its charter, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
had approximately 170 houses enclosed by a rampart. Just outside the city walls stood a small castle. The city was also granted the right to organize a weekly market and the farmers in nearby villages were obliged to come to Eindhoven
Eindhoven
to sell their produce. Another factor in its establishment was its location on the trade route from Holland to Liège. Around 1388, the city's fortifications were strengthened further. And between 1413 and 1420, a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was plundered and burned by troops from Guelders. 16th–18th centuries[edit] The reconstruction of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was finished in 1502, with a stronger rampart and a new castle. However, in 1543 it fell again, its defense works having been neglected due to poverty. A big fire in 1554 destroyed 75% of the houses but by 1560 these had been rebuilt with the help of William I of Orange. During the Dutch Revolt, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
changed hands between the Dutch and the Spanish several times during which it was burned down by renegade Spanish soldiers, until finally in 1583 it was captured once more by Spanish troops and its city walls were demolished. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
did not become part of the Netherlands
Netherlands
until 1629. During the French occupation, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
suffered again with many of its houses destroyed by the invading forces. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
remained a minor city after that until the start of the industrial revolution. 19th century[edit] The industrial revolution of the 19th century provided a major growth impulse. Canals, roads and railroads were constructed. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was connected to the major Zuid-Willemsvaart
Zuid-Willemsvaart
canal through the Eindhovens Kanaal branch in 1843 and was connected by rail to Tilburg, 's-Hertogenbosch, Venlo
Venlo
and Belgium
Belgium
between 1866 and 1870. Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textile and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in 1891. Industrialization brought population growth to Eindhoven. At the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
in 1815, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
had 2,310 inhabitants. 20th century[edit] By 1920, the population was 47,946; by 1925 it was 63,870 and in 1935 that had ballooned to 103,030.[10] The explosive growth of industry in the region and the subsequent housing needs of workers called for radical changes in administration, as the City of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was still confined to its medieval moat city limits. In 1920, the five neighbouring municipalities of Woensel (to the north), Tongelre (northeast and east), Stratum (southeast), Gestel en Blaarthem (southwest) and Strijp
Strijp
(west), which already bore the brunt of the housing needs and related problems, were incorporated into the new Groot- Eindhoven
Eindhoven
("Greater Eindhoven") municipality. The prefix "Groot-" was later dropped. After the incorporation of 1920, the five former municipalities became districts of the Municipality
Municipality
of Eindhoven, with Eindhoven-Centrum (the City proper) forming the sixth. Since then, an additional seventh district has been formed by dividing the largest district, that of Woensel, into Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord. The early 20th century saw additions in technical industry with the advent of car and truck manufacturing company Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek (DAF) and the subsequent shift towards electronics and engineering, with the traditional tobacco and textile industries waning and finally disappearing in the 1970s.

People of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
(during World War II) watching Allied forces entering the city following its liberation from Axis forces on 19 September 1944.

Eindhoven, view to a street: 18 Septemberplein-Vestdijk-Stationsplein

A first air raid in World War II
World War II
was flown by the RAF on 6 December 1942 targeting the Philips
Philips
factory downtown. 148 civilians died, even though the attack was carried out on a Sunday by low-flying Mosquito bombers.[11][12] Large-scale air raids, including the preliminary bombing during Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden
to aid the US 101st Airborne Division paratroopers in securing the bridges in and around the town on 18 September 1944, destroyed large parts of the city. The reconstruction that followed left very little historical remains and the post-war reconstruction period saw drastic renovation plans in highrise style, some of which were implemented. At the time, there was little regard for historical heritage; in the 1960s, a new city hall was built and its neo-gothic predecessor (1867) demolished to make way for a planned arterial road that never materialised. The 1970s, 1980s and 1990s saw large-scale housing developments in the districts of Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord, making Eindhoven
Eindhoven
the fifth-largest city in the Netherlands. At the start of the 21st century, a whole new housing development called Meerhoven was constructed at the site of the old airport of Welschap, west of Eindhoven. The airport itself, now called Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport, had moved earlier to a new location, paving the way for much needed new houses. Meerhoven is part of the Strijp
Strijp
district and partially lies on lands annexed from the municipality of Veldhoven. Geography[edit] See also: Subdivision of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
into districts, quarters and neighborhoods The villages and city that make up modern Eindhoven
Eindhoven
were originally built on sandy elevations between the Dommel, Gender and Tongelreep streams. Beginning in the 19th century, the basins of the streams themselves have also been used as housing grounds, resulting in occasional floodings in the city centre. Partly to reduce flooding, the bed of the Gender stream, which flowed directly through the city centre, was dammed off and filled up after the War, and the course of the Dommel
Dommel
was regulated. New ecological and socio-historical insights have led to parts of the Dommel's course being restored to their original states, and plans to have the Gender flow through the centre once again.[13] The large-scale housing developments of the 20th century saw residential areas being built on former agricultural lands and woods, former heaths that had been turned into cultivable lands in the 19th century. The city is currently divided into seven districts:

Centrum Woensel-Noord Woensel-Zuid Tongelre Stratum Gestel Strijp

Climate[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has an oceanic climate with slightly warmer summers and colder winters than the coastal parts of the Netherlands. Its all-time record is 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) set on 20 August 2009 and −21.7 °C (−7.1 °F) set on 13 January 1968, while winter lows have dipped below −15 °C (5 °F) during extreme cold snaps. Although frosts are frequent in winter, there is no lasting snow cover in a normal winter due to the mild daytime temperatures.

Climate data for Eindhoven, Netherlands
Netherlands
for 1981– (Source: KNMI)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.3 (61.3) 18.9 (66) 24.6 (76.3) 29.1 (84.4) 33.4 (92.1) 35.0 (95) 36.4 (97.5) 36.6 (97.9) 33.1 (91.6) 27.0 (80.6) 20.6 (69.1) 16.4 (61.5) 36.6 (97.9)

Average high °C (°F) 5.7 (42.3) 6.6 (43.9) 10.5 (50.9) 14.5 (58.1) 18.6 (65.5) 21.1 (70) 23.4 (74.1) 23.1 (73.6) 19.5 (67.1) 14.9 (58.8) 9.6 (49.3) 6.1 (43) 14.5 (58.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0 (37.4) 3.3 (37.9) 6.3 (43.3) 9.5 (49.1) 13.5 (56.3) 16.0 (60.8) 18.2 (64.8) 17.7 (63.9) 14.6 (58.3) 10.8 (51.4) 6.6 (43.9) 3.6 (38.5) 10.3 (50.5)

Average low °C (°F) 0.0 (32) −0.1 (31.8) 2.2 (36) 4.1 (39.4) 7.8 (46) 10.5 (50.9) 12.8 (55) 12.2 (54) 9.8 (49.6) 6.7 (44.1) 3.3 (37.9) 0.8 (33.4) 5.8 (42.4)

Record low °C (°F) −21.7 (−7.1) −21.6 (−6.9) −14.7 (5.5) −5.9 (21.4) −2.6 (27.3) 0.3 (32.5) 2.9 (37.2) 3.6 (38.5) −0.4 (31.3) −6.4 (20.5) −9.6 (14.7) −17.4 (0.7) −21.7 (−7.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 63.6 (2.504) 56.9 (2.24) 58.2 (2.291) 44.5 (1.752) 54.6 (2.15) 62.5 (2.461) 77.2 (3.039) 71.2 (2.803) 62.6 (2.465) 62.6 (2.465) 78.8 (3.102) 70.4 (2.772) 750.0 (29.528)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16 14 16 13 13 14 14 13 14 15 17 17 176

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 cm) 6 6 4 1 0 – – – – 0 2 5 24

Average relative humidity (%) 87 84 80 74 73 75 75 77 83 85 89 90 81

Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 84.0 120.8 170.2 202.5 191.5 204.8 188.8 141.7 115.9 65.1 48.1 1,603.6

[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

The (now monumental) former building of the Boerenleenbank in the Raiffeisenstraat (in the Centrum).

Population[edit] As of 2013[update], the population of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
consisted of 218,433 persons (according to the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
city council, the city will reach the maximum population of 230,000 inhabitants around the year 2025). Of these, 29.5% or some 63,873 people are of foreign descent.[14] People are classified as being of foreign descent when they were born outside of the Netherlands, or when at least one of their parents was born outside of the Netherlands. Large minority groups include:[15]

Non-Western, at least in part: 38,303 (17.5%)

Turks (10,337) (4.7%) Moroccans (5,907) (2.6%) Surinamese (3,771) (1.7%) Antilleans/Arubans (2,704) (1.2%) Indian (2,088) (0.7%) Chinese (3,452) Others (14,420) (6.6%)

Western, at least in part: 28,578 (11.1%)

Indos (6,248) (2.9%) Germans
Germans
(5,115) (2.4%) Belgians
Belgians
(2,651) (1.2%) British (1,410) (0.6%) Spaniards
Spaniards
(1,226) (0.5%)

Eastern European
Eastern European
origin, at least in part: 4,341 (2%)

Polish (2,956) (1.2%) Former Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
(1,386) Former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(1,534)

The municipal agglomeration of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
(an administrative construct which includes only some of the surrounding towns and villages) has 327,245 inhabitants as of 1 January 2010. The spoken language is a combination of Kempenlands (a Dutch dialect spoken in a large area east and south east of the city, including Arendonk and Lommel in Belgium) and North Meierijs (between the south of Den Bosch
Den Bosch
and into Eindhoven). Both dialects belong to the East Brabantian dialect
Brabantian dialect
group), which is very similar to colloquial Dutch).[16] Districts[edit] Of all Eindhoven
Eindhoven
districts, the historical centre is by far the smallest in size and population, numbering only 5,419 in 2006. Woensel-Noord is the largest, having been the city's main area of expansion for several decades. Population figures for all districts, as of 1 January 2008, ranked by size:[17]

Woensel-Noord (65,429) Woensel-Zuid (35,789) Stratum (31,778) Gestel (26,590) Strijp
Strijp
(25,402) Tongelre
Tongelre
(19,680) Centrum (5,757)

Religion[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is located in the southeast of the province of North Brabant. This area is historically Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
and the population of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was similarly mostly Catholic for a very long time until the late 1970s. However, the internationalizing influence of the university, Philips
Philips
and other companies have created a more mixed population over the last few decades. The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
agglomeration had the following religious makeup in 2015:[18]

Roman Catholic: 36.9% No religious denomination: 45% Muslim: 8% Dutch Reformed: 2.5% other Protestant: 2.4% Hindu: 0.8% Buddhist: 0.5% Other: 3.9

The spiritual needs of the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
population are tended by a large number of churches,[19] two mosques and one synagogue. Crime[edit] In research by the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad
Algemeen Dagblad
based on the police's statistical data on crime rates, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was found to have the highest crime rate in the Netherlands
Netherlands
for 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2010. In 2011, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has slipped down the list to number six.[20] In 2009, in the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
agglomeration, the following numbers of crimes were recorded:[21]

Category Number

Total 61,539

Monetary (including burglary, theft) 37,266

Destruction and public disorder 9,861

Violent crime 5,568

Other crimes (criminal code) 562

Traffic
Traffic
crimes 6,665

Drug related 1,094

(Fire)arms related 343

Environmental 19

Other crimes (other laws) 161

Languages[edit]

Standard Dutch[22] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
does not have its own, uniform dialect. Varieties of the Brabantian dialect
Brabantian dialect
used to be spoken in the former villages of Gestel, Woensel and Stratum, but are now almost extinct. The closest city to Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in which Brabantian is spoken is Helmond.[22]

Economy[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has grown from a little town in 1232 to one of the biggest cities in the Netherlands
Netherlands
with around 212,000 inhabitants in 2009. Much of its growth is due to Philips, DAF Trucks
DAF Trucks
and Brabantia. After the resurrection of the Netherlands
Netherlands
in 1815 and the end of the Belgian Revolution, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was a small village of some 1250 people in an economically backward and mostly agricultural area. Cheap land, cheap labor and the existence of pre-industrial homesourcing (huisnijverheid in Dutch) made Eindhoven
Eindhoven
an attractive area for the developing industries which were being stimulated by the government of King William I. During the 19th century, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
grew into an industrial town with factories for textile weaving, cigar manufacturing, match making and hat making. Most of these industries disappeared again after World War II, though.

Philips
Philips
Light Tower in 2000.

In 1891, brothers Gerard and Anton Philips
Philips
founded the small light bulb factory that would grow into one of the largest electronics firms in the world. Philips' presence is probably the largest single contributing factor to the major growth of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in the 20th century. It attracted and spun off many hi-tech companies, making Eindhoven
Eindhoven
a major technology and industrial hub. In 2005, a full third of the total amount of money spent on research in the Netherlands
Netherlands
was spent in or around Eindhoven. A quarter of the jobs in the region are in technology and ICT, with companies such as FEI Company
FEI Company
(once Philips
Philips
Electron Optics), NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(formerly Philips Semiconductors), ASML, ALTEN, Simac, Neways Electronics
Electronics
and the aforementioned Philips
Philips
and DAF. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has long been a centre of cooperation between research institutes and industry. This tradition started with Philips
Philips
(the NatLab was a physical expression of this) and has since expanded to large cooperative networks. The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology hosts an incubator for technology startups and the NatLab has developed into the High Tech Campus Eindhoven. Also, TNO has opened a branch on the university campus. This tradition has also fostered inter-industry cooperation in the region; one example of this is the announcement in September 2010 of a new research lab for high-grade packaging materials, a cooperation of IPS Packaging and Thales Cryognetics.[23] This cooperative tradition has also developed into a different direction than the traditional technology research done at the university. Starting in 2002, the university, the Catharina hospital, Philips
Philips
Medical and the University of Maastricht
University of Maastricht
joined forces and started joint research into biomedical science, technology and engineering. Within Eindhoven, this research has been concentrated in a new university faculty (BioMedical Technology
Technology
or BMT). This development has also made Eindhoven
Eindhoven
a biomedical technology hub within the country and its (European) region.

The Evoluon
Evoluon
conference center.

Prime examples of industrial heritage in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
are the renovated Witte Dame ("White Lady") complex, a former Philips
Philips
lamp factory; and the Admirant building (informally known as Bruine Heer or "Brown Gentleman" in reference to the Witte Dame across the street), the former Philips
Philips
main offices. The Witte Dame currently houses the municipal library, the Design Academy and a selection of shops. The Admirant has been renovated into an office building for small companies. Across the street from the Witte Dame and next to the Admirant is Philips' first light bulb factory (nicknamed Roze Baby, or "Pink Baby", in reference to its pink colour and much smaller size when compared to the "White Lady" and "Brown Gentleman"). The small building now houses the "Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst" (centre artificial light in art)[24] and the " Philips
Philips
Incandescent Lamp Factory of 1891" museum.[25] Knowledge economy
Knowledge economy
initiatives[edit] Due to its high-tech environment, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is part of several initiatives to develop, foster and increase a knowledge economy. Chief among these are:

Brainport Top Technology
Technology
Region:[26] A cooperative initiave of local government, industry and the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology
Technology
to develop the local knowledge economy of the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
region. Brainport Development:[27] An extension of the Top Technology
Technology
Region, Brainport Development serves commercial exploitation and advertising of the region. SRE:[28] The Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven
Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven
is a cooperative agreement among the municipalities in the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
metropolitan area. Although SRE is far more than just an economic agreement, it includes economic cooperation. The Eindhoven-Leuven- Aachen
Aachen
triangle:[29] An extensive cooperation agreement between the universities and surrounding regions of Eindhoven, Leuven
Leuven
(Belgium) and Aachen
Aachen
(Germany). Within the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
region (particularly around Helmond), several parties are working together to set up an automotive testing facility of European scale, for testing and European certification of vehicles. This cooperation involves the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology, TNO Automotive and the different automotive companies in and around Helmond.

As a result of these efforts, the Intelligent Community Forum
Intelligent Community Forum
named the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
metro region one of the top-21 intelligent communities in 2008 and one of the top-7 intelligent communities in 2009 and 2010.[30][31] Finally, in 2011, the ICF named Eindhoven
Eindhoven
the Intelligent Community of the Year.[32] EIT Co-location[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is one of the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation
Innovation
and Technology
Technology
(EIT).[33] It hosts two Knowledge and Innovation
Innovation
Communities (KICs): Innoenergy (Sustainable Energy) and EIT ICT Labs (Information and Communication Technology). The co-locations are on the High Tech Campus Eindhoven. Education[edit] Eindhoven, being a city with a 200,000+ population, is served by a large number of schools both at primary and secondary education levels. In addition, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is a higher-education hub within the southern Netherlands, with several institutes of higher education that serve students from the extended region of North Brabant, Zeeland, Limburg and parts of the surrounding provinces. Primary education[edit] Primary education is provided to the children aged 4 to 12 in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
through a large number of primary schools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel

Schools

SALTO school De Hobbitstee SKPO school De Kameleon SKPO school De Springplank SALTO school De Trinoom SKPO school De Troubadour SALTO school Hanevoet SKPO school Karel de Grote The Regional international school SKPO school 't Startblok

SKPO school Beppino Sarto SALTO school De Hasselbraam SALTO school De Klimboom VSEZ school De Regenboog SKPO school De Talisman SKPO school De Wilakkers SALTO school De Zevensprong SALTO school basisschool Floralaan

SALTO school De Bergen SKPO school De Schakel SALTO school De Startbaan SALTO school Drents Dorp SKPO school 't Slingertouw SKPO school Theresia SKPO school Trudo

SKPO school De Boog SALTO school De Driesprong SALTO school Nutsschool Reigerlaan SKPO school BoschAkker SALTO school 't Karregat

SKPO school Atalanta SALTO school Cornelis Jetses SKPO school De Bijenkorf SKPO school De Boschuil SALTO school De Driestam SKPO school De Handreiking SALTO school De Klapwiek SKPO school De Korenaar SALTO school De Ontmoeting SALTO school De Opbouw SKPO school De Schelp SALTO school De Tempel SALTO school De Vuurvlinder SEOO school Evangelische Basisschool Online SKPO school Fellenoord SKPO school Gunterslaer SKPO school Klimwijs SALTO school Louis Buelens SKPO school Onder de Wieken SKPO school Rapenland SKPO school St. Antonius Abt SKPO school 't Palet Islamic school Tarieq Ibnoe Ziyad SKPO school Tweelingen VSB school Vrije School Brabant SKPO school Wethouder
Wethouder
van Eupen

Special
Special
needs primary education:

SALTO school Jan Nieuwenhuizen SKPO school De Reis van Brandaan SKPO school Petraschool SALTO school De Vijfkamp

Secondary education[edit] Secondary education is provided to the children aged 12 to 18 in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
through several highschools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel

Schools

Christiaan Huygens College Aloysius/De Roosten Van Maerlant Lyceum Heliconopleidingen "Groenschool"

SG Augustinianum De Burgh Sint-Joris College

Sint Lucas Eindhoven Montessori College ROC Eindhoven

Lorentz Casimir Lyceum

Frits Philips
Philips
Lyceum Eckartcollege Novalis College De Rooi Pannen Stedelijk College Eindhoven International Secondary School Eindhoven

Special
Special
needs secondary education:

Sondervickcollege, Locatie de Stolberg De Korenaer Mgr. Bekkers De Beemden Mytylschool Antoon Schellens College Praktijkschool Eindhoven VSO Ekkersbeek Instituut 'St. Marie'

Higher and adult education[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
hosts four different public institutions for higher and adult education, as well as a number of private institutions offering courses and trainings. The public institutions hosted in Eindhoven are:

The Design
Design
Academy. The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology. The Fontys University of Applied Sciences
Fontys University of Applied Sciences
( Eindhoven
Eindhoven
branch). Sint Lucas Eindhoven Summa College

The Open University also has a study center in Eindhoven. Among the private institutions is the Centrum voor Kunsten Eindhoven, which offers art-related courses to adults (including a DJ-education). Politics[edit] Municipal council[edit] The municipal council is the legislative council at the municipal level in Eindhoven; its existence is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands. The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
city council consists of 45 elected representatives from the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
municipality. These are elected during municipal elections from candidates running in Eindhoven. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
politics consists of local branches of the national political parties and purely local parties with strictly local interests. The city council reflects this mix in its makeup. The last three municipal elections were held on 7 March 2006, 3 March 2010 and 19 March 2014. The division of the 45 seats in the Eindhoven city council after these elections is shown below:[34]

Party Percentage in 2006 Seats in 2006 Percentage in 2010 Seats in 2010 Percentage in 2014 Seats in 2014

PvdA 26.99% 14 20.56% 10 15.9% 8

CDA 14.60% 7 11.50% 6 8.0% 4

SP 12.87% 6 8.70% 4 14.6% 7

VVD 11.78% 6 15.65% 8 13.5% 6

GreenLeft 7.07% 3 8.88% 4 7.6% 4

Livable Eindhoven 8.88% 4 3.22% 1 4.0% 2

Senior Appeal Eindhoven 4.88% 2 6.23% 3 9.7% 5

D66 3.33% 1 12.19% 6 14.7% 7

City Party 2.44% 1 1.40% 0 - -

Pim Fortuyn List 2.27% 1 4.57% 2 3.7% 1

ChristianUnion 2.22% 1 1.81% 0 2.0% 1

Students List Eindhoven 1.69% 0 - - - -

Future Party (PvdT) 1.05% 0 0.8% 0 0.6% 0

New Right 0.98% 0 - - - -

Liberal Eindhoven 0.90% 0 - - - -

Trots op Nederland/Lijst Rita Verdonk - - 2.84% 1 - -

Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Now - - 1.16% 0 - -

J.C.W.M. Vlemmix List - - 0.80% 0 - -

Human and Spirit Party - - 0.49% 0 - -

Blanco lijst, 1e kand. M. Leenders - - - - 1.5% 0

Together Eindhoven - - - - 1.1% 0

The Greens - - - - 0.1% 0

Unity Party - - - - 0.7% 0

Disappointed Citizens - - - - 1.5% 0

OPA Eindhoven - - - - 0.7% 0

Election results (percentages) 2010

Municipal executive[edit] Aldermen[edit] The executive council in Dutch municipalities is called the College of the Mayor and Aldermen (Dutch: College van Burgemeester
Burgemeester
en Wethouders or College van B&W for short). The mayor is appointed by the monarch, but the council of aldermen is composed as a result of the formation of a local coalition government. This coalition is formed in such a way as to be able to rely on a majority of the votes in the city council. In May 2014, a coalition was formed between PvdA, D66, SP and GroenLinks. Together they have 26 seats in the city council. The council of aldermen consists of the following people:[35]

Mary-Ann Schreurs (D66): innovation and design, sustainability and culture Lenie Scholten (GreenLeft): healthcare and WIJeindhoven Staf Depla (PvdA): economy, work and income and vocational education Bianca van Kaathoven (SP): Active city, diversity and permits Marco van Dorst (D66): Spatial planning
Spatial planning
and treasury Yasin Torunoglu (PvdA): Living, boroughs, space and citizen participation Jannie Visscher (SP): Youth, education, traffic and transport

Mayor[edit] The mayors of the Netherlands
Netherlands
are not elected but appointed by the crown. Nevertheless, there has been a movement over the last few years to give the municipalities more say in who will be their mayor, which has resulted in consultative referenda being held in the larger cities to "suggest" a candidate for the post. This was also tried in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
and as a result the current mayor is Rob van Gijzel
Rob van Gijzel
(PvdA). On 23 January 2008, a referendum to elect a mayor was held in Eindhoven. This referendum, the second of its kind in the Netherlands, was attended by 24.6% of the inhabitants. This was less than the required 30% needed to make a referendum binding. Nevertheless, the city council would choose the winner of the referendum as the preferred candidate. The main reason for the low attendance was that the candidates, Leen Verbeek
Leen Verbeek
and Rob van Gijzel, were from the same party. Rob van Gijzel
Rob van Gijzel
won the referendum with 61.8% of the votes and was appointed the city's new mayor. The mayor is the chairman of the Council of B&W. He also has responsibility for a number of specific posts (like the aldermen). In the current council, mayor Van Gijzel holds responsibility for the following posts:[35]

Communication

If unavailable, the mayor is temporarily replaced by one of the aldermen. Culture
Culture
and recreation[edit] Culturally and recreationally, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was formed by two forces:

Being a university city, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has a large student population. The students from the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology
Technology
and a number of undergraduate schools give Eindhoven
Eindhoven
a young population, whose recreational needs are catered to by several different festivals, clubs and such. For a long time Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was the main location of Philips. The Philips
Philips
company undertook a lot of effort in the "cultural formation" of its workforce and has given the city both cultural institutions (such as the former POC and the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips) and sporting institutions (notably PSV).

Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is also known as the City of Light, due to the Company Philips
Philips
originating there and because of the several projects involving lighting up buildings of the city. During Carnival, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is rechristened Lampegat (Hamlet of Lamps, although for the ironic purposes of carnival the translation Hole in the ground with lamps is closer to the mark); this refers again to the important role of Philips
Philips
in the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
community. Cultural institutions[edit] There are several cultural institutions in and around the city. Museums[edit]

There are two museums dedicated to the major topics of the city's industrial heritage: the DAF Museum has a collection of DAF cars and the Philips
Philips
Gloeilampenfabriekje anno 1891 (across the street from the Kempenland) documents the early lightbulb industry. The former district court house now houses the Designhuis, a public podium and interaction area for modern design and innovation. The Eindhoven Museum
Eindhoven Museum
is an archaeological open-air museum which focuses on the region's Iron Age
Iron Age
and Middle Ages. It merged in 2011 with Museum Kempenland
Kempenland
which was a regional museum, which documents the history of the Kempenland
Kempenland
region in objects, documents, paint and educational activities. Museum Kempenland's old location, the Steentjeskerk, is closed. The Inkijkmuseum (the Look-In museum; housed in an old linen factory in the Dommelstraat) is a small but special museum: it offers ever-changing exhibits, which are to be viewed through the building's windows. The Van Abbemuseum
Van Abbemuseum
has a collection of modern and contemporary art, including works by Picasso, Kandinsky, Mondriaan and Chagall. De Ontdekfabriek (Discovery Factory) children's museum at Strijp-S

Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was home to the Evoluon
Evoluon
science museum, sponsored by Philips. The Evoluon
Evoluon
building has evolved into a conference centre. Open-air art[edit] The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
public space contains many forms of artistic expression (a book published by the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
tourist board records 550 as of 2001 and more have been added since), with high "concentrations" of them in the parks. The Stadswandelpark for instance, contains over 30 works of modern art. There are also several other works of art on permanent display throughout the city, such as Flying Pins (by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, who considered the location on the southern stretch of the John F. Kennedylaan to be like a bowling alley) and Swing (a construct on the Karel de Grotelaan, which morphs into different geometric shapes as you move around it). There are also a number of statues of famous city inhabitants, such as Jan van Hooff (by Auke Hettema, 1992) and Frits Philips
Philips
(by Kees Verkade) on the Market Square. There is a statue of Anton Philips
Philips
in front of the central railway station.

Piazza Centre as seen from Demer

Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is also, to some degree, open to forms of impromptu and alternative art. For example, the Berenkuil is a freezone for graffiti artists in the city. Light art[edit] Strijp-S
Strijp-S
is a place for experimentiation with LED lighting, which keeps the historic connection with Philips' past.[36] Some light art includes the project Fakkel by Har Hollands. In the underground passage to NatLab artist Daan Roosegaarde
Daan Roosegaarde
installed his project Crystal. Strijp-S
Strijp-S
is a regular location for the light festival GLOW.[37][38] Music and theatre[edit]

The Effenaar
Effenaar
music venue.

The Effenaar
Effenaar
is a popular music venue and cultural center in Eindhoven, and is located at the Dommelstraat.[39] In 1992, the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips
Philips
was opened as a stage for classical and popular music in Eindhoven, reviewed by critics as a concert hall with acoustics that rival the best halls in Europe. Before that, Philips
Philips
sponsored the POC. Parktheater Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is Eindhoven's stage for opera, cabaret, ballet etc. Opened in 1964, it has received over 250,000 visitors every year. With its 1,000 m2 it has one of the largest stages in the Netherlands. With a major renovation ending in 2007, the new Parktheater will receive an estimated 300,000 visitors a year. Eindhoven's Plaza Futura is now a cinema featuring cultural movies, lectures and special cultural events. Especially for students, Studium Generale Eindhoven
Eindhoven
organizes "socially, culturally and intellectually formative events".[40] From within the student body, two Tunas provide entertainment from time to time at university and city events: Tuna Ciudad de Luz (Tuna of the City of Light) and the ladies tuna La Tuniña.[41][42] The general music and theatre scene in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
(in the broadest sense) is supported by a foundation called PopEi.[43] The purpose of this foundation is to support artistic groups with facilities, especially rehearsal stages and areas (housed in the old Philips location of Strijp-S) but also storage facilities. PopEi also provides a working environment for groups (through cafeteria facilities in Strijp-S, so groups can have real working days) and provides some logistical support for organizing events. Recreation[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has a lively recreational scene. For going out, there are numerous bars on the Market square, Stratumseind (Stratum's End) which is the largest pub-street in the Netherlands, Dommelstraat, Wilhelmina square and throughout the rest of the city. In addition to the more culturally oriented Plaza Futura, there are three cinemas in the centre of town ("Servicebioscoop Zien", "Vue" and Pathé
Pathé
Eindhoven, which offers THX sound, IMAX screens and 3D movie viewing). Eindhoven
Eindhoven
also hosts a large number of cultural and entertainment-oriented festivals. The biggest festivals in Eindhoven are:

ABlive, popfestival (September)[44] Carnaval, (February) Koningsdag, national day (27 April) Muziek op de Dommel, classical music festival (June)[45] EDIT, festival (June) Fiesta del Sol, street- and music acts (June) UCI ProTour Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Team Time Trial, international cycling tour (June) Virus Festival, alternative music festival (last edition in 2007, inactive at the moment)[46] Park Hilaria, fun fair (August) Folkwoods, folk festival (August) Reggae Sundance, reggae festival (August) Lichtjesroute, 15-mile-tour of light ornaments, commemorating the liberation of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
(from 18 September) Marathon
Marathon
Eindhoven, (October) Dutch Design
Design
Week, international school festival (October) GLOW Festival Eindhoven TROMP international music competition & Festival, international classical music competition & festival (15–23 November 2008: String Quartet, Nov 2010: Percussion) STRP Festival, art & technology festival (23–25 November 2007)[47]

Parks[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
contains several parks and a lot of open, green space. Of the five largest cities in the Netherlands, it has the highest percentage of green area (encompassing about ⅓ of all public space). It is also the greenest of the five largest cities in North Brabant. The green area per house is about 100 square metres (1,100 square feet).[48] Some of the major parks in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
are the Stadswandelpark, Genneper Parken, the Philips
Philips
van Lenneppark, Philips
Philips
de Jongh Wandelpark and the Henri Dunantpark. There is also a green area surrounding the Karpendonkse Plas (a water area). The combination of park area, water and general atmosphere got the Ooievaarsnest neighborhood elected the "Best large-city neighborhood of the Netherlands" by the NRC Handelsblad in 1997.[49] Sport[edit]

Philips
Philips
Stadion.

The premier sporting club of the city is PSV Eindhoven, the professional football club playing in the Eredivisie. Their home base is the Philips
Philips
Stadion. PSV won the 1988 European Cup as well as 23 Dutch championships. FC Eindhoven
FC Eindhoven
is another football club based in Eindhoven, currently playing in the Eerste Divisie. HC Oranje-Rood is the biggest field hockey club in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
and in fact one of the biggest clubs in the Netherlands. It is a combination of former clubs Oranje Zwart and EMHC. Oranje Zwart's men's team was the reigning Dutch champion for the past 3 years (14/15/16).[50] They also won the EHL in 2015.[51] Eindhoven Kemphanen is the major ice hockey club in the city. They play in Ijssportcentrum Eindhoven
Eindhoven
and compete in the North Sea Cup. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
High Techs are the minor league affiliate of the Eindhoven Kemphanen and play in the Eerste Divisie. Swimming pool complex De Tongelreep houses various pools for recreation, training and sports research supported by the Eindhoven University of Technology
Technology
and several top sporting institutions. Its " Pieter van den Hoogenband
Pieter van den Hoogenband
Swimming Stadium" hosted the 2008 European Championships Swimming, Diving and Synchronised Swimming, the 2010 IPC Swimming World Championships, the 2010 European Short Course Swimming Championships, the 2012 European Championships Waterpolo, Diving and Synchronised Swimming, the 2013 FINA Swimming World Cup, the 2014 IPC European Swimming Championships and the 2017 FINA Swimming World Cup. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
houses Europe's largest indoor skateboard park Area 51 (skatepark) and is home of a lively skateboard culture. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has two boxing clubs, The Golden Gloves and Muscle Fit. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
hosted the 1999 World Table Tennis Championships. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has a baseball club called PSV, which plays at the stadium which co-hosted the 2005 IBAF Baseball
Baseball
World Cup. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has an Australian Rules Football team, the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Eagles, due to play in the inaugural Dutch Australian Football Association competition in 2010. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has an American Football team, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Raptors (nl), which plays at the 1st division in the Dutch American Football League Strijp-S
Strijp-S
is a magnet for urban sports like skateboarding, BMX
BMX
and bouldering as well as bootcamp classes.

Strijp-S[edit] Main article: Strijp-S The old Philips
Philips
factory complex has been transformed into a multi-purpose cultural and residential complex called Strijp-S. This includes conference and event space, space for concerts and events, art of lighting, space for sports such as BMX, bouldering, and more, a walking promenade, etc. Media[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
features several print media. The local newspaper, called the Eindhovens Dagblad, is a daily newspaper with over 110,000 subscribers in the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven
Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven
region.[52] It has a national and international section, as well as a section dedicated to regional news; the editorial department is located in Eindhoven. In addition to the newspaper, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is served by a number of weekly door-to-door publications. Chief among these is Groot Eindhoven (which carries publications of the city council, as well as other articles and advertisements). Other than that there are de Trompetter, dé Weekendkrant and the ZondagsNieuws. The first two are delivered midweek, the last two are weekend publications. There are several regional and municipal radio stations. The local radio station is Studio040, whereas Omroep Brabant and RoyaalFM provide regional radio. Local television is provided by Studio040. Omroep Brabant broadcasts regionally from its television studio in Son. Internet, television and telephone connectivity is available via cable television, optic fiber and ADSL. Transport[edit]

Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport

The Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport
Airport
is the closest airport, located approximately 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the town centre. The airport serves as a military air base and a civilian commercial airport. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport is the second busiest in the Netherlands
Netherlands
(after Schiphol). Ryanair serves London Stansted airport, Dublin, Kiev, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Bordeaux, Marseille, Glasgow, Madrid, Valencia, Stockholm, Kaunas, Malta, Sofia
Sofia
and Barcelona. Wizz air
Wizz air
serves Belgrade, Brno, Bucharest-Baneasa, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Gdańsk, Katowice, Prague, Riga, Sofia, Timișoara, Vilnius, Wrocław. In the summer season, Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is served with 2 weekly flights operated by Iceland Express. Transavia
Transavia
services Alicante, Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Gran Canaria, Innsbruck, Málaga, Majorca, Munich, Prague, Rhodes and Salzburg, although not all destinations during the whole year. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport
Airport
served more than 4.6 million Passengers in 2015. Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is a rail transport hub. The main station has connections in the directions of:

Tilburg
Tilburg
Breda
Breda
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Delft
Delft
– The Hague[53] 's-Hertogenbosch
's-Hertogenbosch
Utrecht
Utrecht
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
– Alkmaar/Enkhuizen[54] 's-Hertogenbosch
's-Hertogenbosch
Utrecht
Utrecht
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Zuid – Schiphol Airport[54] Helmond
Helmond
– Venlo-(international connections into Germany)[53] Weert
Weert
Roermond
Roermond
Sittard
Sittard
– Maastricht/Heerlen[55]

Eindhoven's central railway station is served by both intercity and local services while the smaller station, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Strijp-S
Strijp-S
is only served by local trains. Towards 's-Hertogenbosch, Utrecht
Utrecht
and Amsterdam
Amsterdam
trains run every ten minutes, on every day of the week. Up until World War II, a train service connected Amsterdam
Amsterdam
to Liège via Eindhoven
Eindhoven
and Valkenswaard, but the service was discontinued and the line broken up. Recently, talks have resumed to have a service to Neerpelt, Belgium
Belgium
via Weert. The A2/E25 motorway from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
to Luxembourg
Luxembourg
passes Eindhoven
Eindhoven
to the west and south of the city. The A2 connects to the highway A58 to Tilburg
Tilburg
and Breda
Breda
just north of the city. Just south of Eindhoven, the A2 connects to the A67 / E34 between Antwerp
Antwerp
and Duisburg. In 2006, the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven
Eindhoven
to Nijmegen
Nijmegen
and Zwolle. The public transport of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
consists of more than 20 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring cities like Veldhoven, Geldrop and Nuenen. Seven of these buslines (400 - 407) are marketed as high quality public transport and run with 43 electric articulated busses. Two specially built separated busways (HOV1 & HOV2) are used by lines 401 to 406. Line 401 to the airport runs almost completely on separated busways. Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines. Like all large Dutch cities, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has an extensive network of bicycle paths. Since 2012, the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
bicycle path network has incorporated the Hovenring. Medical care[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
has two hospitals in three locations: the Catharina Hospital and the Máxima Medisch Centrum, which has a branch in Woensel-Zuid (the old Diaconessenhuis) and one in Veldhoven
Veldhoven
(the old Sint Joseph Hospital). These three have an extensive cooperation and have divided specialties among each other. Emergency medicine, for example, is concentrated in the MMC Veldhoven
Veldhoven
branch and the Catharina Hospital, the MMC Eindhoven
Eindhoven
branch has no emergency department. Cardiac procedures are done in the Catharina. Catharina is also an academic and research hospital and participates in a shared research program with Philips
Philips
Medical, the Eindhoven University of Technology
Technology
and the Maastricht
Maastricht
University into biomedical science, technology and engineering. Notable residents[edit]

Statue of Frits Philips
Philips
in Eindhoven

Peter Aerts
Peter Aerts
(born 1970), kickboxer Christijan Albers
Christijan Albers
(born 1979), Formula One racing driver Imke Bartels
Imke Bartels
(born 1977), equestrian Tineke Bartels
Tineke Bartels
(born 1951), equestrian Kees Bol
Kees Bol
(1916–2009), painter and art educator Jan de Bont
Jan de Bont
(born 1943), film director Arthur Borren (born 1949), field hockey player Jan Borren (born 1947), field hockey player and coach Phillip Cocu
Phillip Cocu
(born 1970), football player Hugo Brandt Corstius
Hugo Brandt Corstius
(born 1935), writer Rene Daniels (born 1950), painter Patrick van Deurzen (born 1964), composer Cor Dillen
Cor Dillen
(1920–2009), businessman and Director of Philips
Philips
in South America Sander van Doorn
Sander van Doorn
(born 1979), Techno/Trance music DJ and producer Lonneke Engel (born 1981), fashion model Paul Haarhuis (born 1966), tennis player Jan van Hooff (1755–1816), statesman Nicole van den Hurk (1980–95), homicide victim Peter Koelewijn
Peter Koelewijn
(born 1940), musician and record producer François van Kruijsdijk
François van Kruijsdijk
(born 1952), medley swimmer Lenny Kuhr
Lenny Kuhr
(born 1950), singer-songwriter Ton de Leeuw, (born 1941), organizational theorist Patrick Lodewijks
Patrick Lodewijks
(born 1967), football goalkeeper Theo Maassen
Theo Maassen
(born 1966), comedian and actor Frits Philips
Philips
(1905–2005), businessman, son of Anton Philips Gerard Philips
Philips
(1858–1942) and Anton Philips
Philips
(1874–1951), founders of the Philips
Philips
brand name Rob Reckers (born 1981), (field) hockey player Bas Rutten
Bas Rutten
(born 1965), MMA sportsman, color commentator, actor Rik Smits
Rik Smits
(born 1966), basketball player Piet Souer (born 1945), record producer Margje Teeuwen (born 1974), field hockey midfielder Rick VandenHurk
Rick VandenHurk
(born 1985), baseball player Tisha Volleman (born 1999), artistic gymnast Cor Vriend
Cor Vriend
(born 1949), long-distance runner, currently manager for long-distance runner Remmert Wielinga (born 1978), professional road bicycle racer Robert de Wit (born 1962), decathlete and bobsledder Klaas-Erik Zwering (born 1981), swimmer

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Netherlands Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is twinned with:

Minsk, Belarus
Belarus
(since 1994)[56] Nanjing, China Białystok, Poland[57]

Chinandega, Nicaragua Emfuleni, South Africa Gedaref, Sudan

Bayeux, France[58] Iași, Romania
Romania
(since 2011) Gumi, South Korea Tainan, Taiwan

See also[edit]

List of cities in the Netherlands
Netherlands
by province#North Brabant Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport Eindhoven
Eindhoven
University of Technology PSV Eindhoven FC Eindhoven Jewish Eindhoven BrabantStad Brabantse Stedenrij Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven Brainport

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Eindhoven External links[edit] Media related to Eindhoven
Eindhoven
at Wikimedia Commons Eindhoven
Eindhoven
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Official website

Places adjacent to Eindhoven

Oirschot Best, Son en Breugel

Eersel

Eindhoven

Nuenen
Nuenen
c.a. Geldrop-Mierlo

Veldhoven Waalre Heeze-Leende

v t e

Municipalities of North Brabant

Aalburg Alphen-Chaam Asten Baarle-Nassau Bergeijk Bergen op Zoom Bernheze Best Bladel Boekel Boxmeer Boxtel Breda Cranendonck Cuijk Deurne Dongen Drimmelen Eersel Eindhoven Etten-Leur Geertruidenberg Geldrop-Mierlo Gemert-Bakel Gilze en Rijen Goirle Grave Haaren Halderberge Heeze-Leende Helmond 's-Hertogenbosch Heusden Hilvarenbeek Laarbeek Landerd Loon op Zand Meierijstad Mill en Sint Hubert Moerdijk Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten Oirschot Oisterwijk Oosterhout Oss Reusel-De Mierden Roosendaal Rucphen Sint Anthonis Sint-Michielsgestel Someren Son en Breugel Steenbergen Tilburg Uden Valkenswaard Veldhoven Vught Waalre Waalwijk Werkendam Woensdrecht Woudrichem Zundert

See also Netherlands Provinces Municipalities

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155923341 LCCN: n79023006 GN