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Efate
Efate
is an island in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
which is part of the Shefa Province in Vanuatu. It is also known as Île Vate.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Politics 4 Small Islands off Efate 5 Survivor 6 Tourism 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] It is the most populous (approx. 66,000)[1] island in Vanuatu. Efate's land area of 899.5 square kilometres (347.3 sq mi) makes it Vanuatu's third largest island. Most inhabitants of Efate
Efate
live in Port Vila, the national capital. Its highest mountain is Mount McDonald with a height of 647 metres (2,123 ft). History[edit] Captain James Cook
James Cook
named it Sandwich Island
Island
"in honour of my noble patron, the Earl of Sandwich" on his 1774 voyage on HMS Resolution.[2] During World War II, Efate
Efate
served an important role as a United States military base.[3] On March 13, 2015, Port Vila, the island's largest human settlement and the capital of Vanuatu, bore extensive damage from Cyclone Pam.[4] Politics[edit] Efate
Efate
became an independent commune in 1889 when residents declared the region as Franceville. However, by 1890 the commune was broken up. Efate
Efate
is governed by both the Port Vila
Port Vila
Municipality and the Shefa Provincial Council, whose governance is the town limits of Port Vila only, and rural Efate
Efate
and the outer Efate
Efate
Islands, respectively. Small Islands off Efate[edit]

Eratoka Island
Island
(3 km (2 mi) west)

North and west of Efate
Efate
are small islands called Eratoka (Hat) Island, Lelepa, Nguna, Pele and Emao. Eratoka Island
Island
is a small island that, when seen from a distance looks like a floppy hat. This is where the famous Chief Roi Mata, along with his 20 wives, were buried.[5] Nguna, Pele and Emao are stratovolcanoes, which may form the rim of a volcanic caldera to their north.[6] Survivor[edit] Efate
Efate
was used as the location for 3 seasons the reality game show, Survivor. The island was used for season 9 of the American edition of Survivor
Survivor
(titled Survivor: Vanuatu
Vanuatu
- Islands of Fire), season 2 of Australian Survivor
Survivor
(titled Australian Celebrity Survivor: Vanuatu) and season 6 of the French edition (titled Koh-Lanta: Vanuatu). Much of the Survivor: Vanuatu
Vanuatu
and Australian Celebrity Survivor
Survivor
was filmed approximately 30 minutes from Port Vila
Port Vila
near Mangililu and Gideon’s Landing, the latter of which is now a commonly visited tourist attraction. Tourism[edit]

Eratap (beach), a small outer island of Efate.

The capital of Port Vila
Port Vila
is the hub of tourism in Vanuatu
Vanuatu
receiving approximately 60 000 tourists annually by air transport, cruise ships and the yachting community. Due to the British and French influence both cuisines are readily available in the capital. Budget dining include the scattered Chinese eateries across Vila and the Mummas Market downtown. Outside of Port Vila
Port Vila
a more rustic destination awaits, with most people living a traditional lifestyle: cooking island food or 'aelan kakae', tending their gardens daily as subsistence agriculture is the dominant economy in Vanuatu, and swimming at the beach. Port Vila
Port Vila
services the domestic carrier Air Vanuatu
Vanuatu
which goes to the outer islands of Vanuatu. Popular destinations such as Tanna and Santo can be reached daily from Port Vila, while more remote locations can be reached on a less regular basis. The island is served by Bauerfield International Airport. Efate
Efate
offers a range of tourism attractions and activities including Mele Cascades, Eton Beach, Tanalilui Road Markets, Round Island
Island
Tour, Buggy Fun Rental, Diving and Sunset Cruises. References[edit]

^ 2009 Census Summary release final Archived December 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. - Government of Vanuatu ^ "JULY - SEPTEMBER 1774". Captain Cook Society. Retrieved 14 December 2016.  ^ Fighter Squadron at Guadalcanal, Max Brand, Naval Institute Press, 1996, ISBN 1-55750-088-6 ^ Andrew Freedman (March 13, 2015). "Monstrous Category 5 cyclone makes direct hit on tiny Vanuatu". Mashable. Retrieved April 4, 2015.  ^ J. Maarten Troost, Getting Stoned with Savages, Broadway Books, 2006 (ISBN 0-7679-2199-2). ^ "North Vate". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Éfaté Island.

Languages of Efate
Efate
- Bibliography of the island's indigenous languages South Efate language entry. Work on Efate
Efate
is available through Paradisec's open access collections, including collections from Arther Capell and Nick Thieburger.

v t e

Islands of Vanuatu
Vanuatu
by province

Provinces of Vanuatu

Malampa Penama Sanma Shefa Tafea Torba

Islands and islets

Malampa

Akhamb Ambrym Arseo Atchin Avock Khoti Lopevi Malakula Maskelyne Islands Norsup Paama Rano Sakao Tomman Uri Uripiv Vao Wala

Penama

Aoba Maewo Pentecost

Sanma

Aese Aore Araki Bokissa Espiritu Santo Malo Malokilikili Mavea Ratua Sakao Tangoa Tutuba Urelapa

Shefa

Buninga Efate Emae Emao Epi Eratoka Ifira Iririki Kuwae Laika Lamen Lelepa Makura Mataso Mele Monument (Étarik) Moso Nguna Pele Tongariki Tongoa

Tafea

Aneityum Aniwa Erromango Futuna Tanna

Torba

Gaua Hiw Kwakéa Linua Lo Merelava Merig Metoma Mota Mota Lava Ngwel Ra Ravenga Rowa Islands Tegua Toga Ureparapara Vanua La