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The economy of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is diversified, focused on services, medicine, higher education, tourism, banking, corporate headquarters and high technology. Once the center of the American steel industry, and still known as "The Steel
Steel
City", today the city of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has no steel mills within its limits, though Pittsburgh-based companies such as US Steel, Ampco Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and Allegheny Technologies
Allegheny Technologies
own several working mills in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was chosen for the 2009 G-20 summit as its transformation is an example of a 21st-century economy. On September 8, 2009, President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
stated, " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
stands as a bold example of how to create new jobs and industries while transitioning to a 21st century economy."[1] On the list of best cities for job growth in 2009, created by Tara Weiss, a writer for Forbes magazine, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
secured its spot because of its strength in the health care and education industries with healthy foundations in technology or robotics and banking industries.[2] The 2009 list of all cities places Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
as the 169th-best city for job growth.[3] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has also ranked in the top five most livable cities in four of the seven multi-year rankings of Places Rated Almanac (1983, 1985, 1989, and 2007).[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early foundation 1.2 Nineteenth century 1.3 Emergence of "Big Steel" 1.4 Twentieth century 1.5 Transition into the present economy

2 Present situation

2.1 National non-profits

3 Twenty-first-century progression

3.1 Technology
Technology
industry 3.2 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Summit 3.3 Economic development plan

4 Economic upward mobility 5 2013 news 6 2014 news 7 References 8 Sources 9 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Pittsburgh Early foundation[edit]

Early look at Pittsburgh

During the mid-18th century, the economy of the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
region was focused on agriculture and trade. After the American Revolutionary War, the government placed a tax on whiskey in order to pay off national debt. In 1794, the Whiskey Rebellion
Whiskey Rebellion
occurred in Pittsburgh and was the first challenge to the government.“The fledgling Federal government had decided to levy its first tax against whiskey, but the farmers argued they didn't have cash to pay taxes on bartered goods, and marched in protest. Washington had to send troops to squelch the protest and enforce the tax laws.”[5] During the 18th century, large coal deposits were discovered throughout Pittsburgh. Mount Washington, originally called "Coal Hill", the “most valuable deposit of bituminous coal in the entire United States, was discovered there in 1760”.[6] Along with the natural resources of the area, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was located at the intersection of the Monongahela, Ohio, and Allegheny Rivers, that is, along the major trade routes of the United States, thus making Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
"one of the world's leading industrial powerhouses". “The first and largest industry emerging in the 1800s was boat building—both flatboats to transport waves of pioneers and goods downriver, and keelboats, which a strong crew could propel upstream as well.” [5] The second biggest industry in the region was glass production. The first glass factory was built in 1795 by James O'Hara and Isaac Craig.[5] Nineteenth century[edit] Pittsburgh’s wealthiest industrialists during the 19th century all lived in a single neighborhood known as East Liberty. The major list of industrialists includes H. J. Heinz, George Westinghouse, Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Mellon, Andrew Mellon, Henry Clay Frick
Henry Clay Frick
and Philander Knox. All of these men shared similar ideas in the system of capitalism and utilized their skills to net the world’s highest income per capita during the 19th century in this single neighborhood.[7] Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
was also known as a philanthropist to the region. “In 1889 he wrote "The Gospel of Wealth", in which he asserted that all personal wealth beyond that required to supply the needs of one's family should be regarded as a trust fund to be administered for the benefit of the community”.[8] Subsequently, the Carnegie Library, which is free to the public, opened in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
in 1890 and is still open presently.[9] Overall, Carnegie donated over $350 million for the establishment of organizations that benefit the public.[8] Wealthy industrialists founded the Duquesne Club
Duquesne Club
in 1873 and the Greater Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Chamber of Commerce in 1874. The Pittsburgh Stock Exchange was also formed in 1864 as the "Oil Exchange" before becoming the " Coal
Coal
Exchange" in 1870 and then back to the "Oil Exchange" in 1878 until opening for all general stocks by 1894. The stock exchange closed its Fourth Avenue "financial district" doors in August 1974 after computerization had consolidated trades in New York, Chicago and other global centers but not before a 1966 response from the New York Stock Exchange board of possibly relocating their trading floor to the city's facilities.[10] Railroad networks reached the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area in the mid-19th century. The Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad
Pennsylvania Railroad
opened in 1851, which allowed passengers to travel through Allegheny and New Brighton while the Pennsylvania Railroad
Pennsylvania Railroad
established " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
service" as close as Turtle Creek from their Philadelphia hub that same year. A year later, in 1852, the Pennsylvania Railroad
Pennsylvania Railroad
was completed to Downtown Pittsburgh. In 1856, the Allegheny Valley Railroad
Allegheny Valley Railroad
was built.[9][11] Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
was one of the first to capitalize on the railways; in 1865 he founded the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Locomotive and Car Works which would be an industry leader from the city until 1919. In 1892, the economy of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
faced the Homestead Strike
Homestead Strike
between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel
Steel
Workers and the Carnegie Steel
Steel
Company. After the workers' previous wage contract expired in 1892, and a new negotiation was not reached, a violent conflict ensued leaving several dead and wounded. Ultimately, The Carnegie Steel company won and had avoided union formation in Pittsburgh.[12] Emergence of "Big Steel"[edit] After Carnegie Steel
Steel
was reorganized as U.S. Steel
U.S. Steel
in 1901, it and J&L Steel
Steel
dominated the local economy. Several secondary players contributed to the capacity of the metro area such as Cyclops Steel
Cyclops Steel
in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania
Bridgeville, Pennsylvania
from 1908 until 1987, Mesta Machinery
Mesta Machinery
in West Homestead, Pennsylvania
West Homestead, Pennsylvania
from 1898 until 1983, Dravo Corporation at Neville Island, Pennsylvania
Neville Island, Pennsylvania
until 1984,[13] National Steel Corporation until 1992, Wean United as an independent until 1993 (still maintaining US headquarters in the city), Harbison Walker Refactories as an independent until 1967 (while still maintaining US headquarters in the city) and the still operational Allegheny Technologies and Ampco Pittsburgh. Bethlehem Steel, Republic Steel
Republic Steel
and LTV Steel
LTV Steel
also had large local operations. Other major mills of the area included:

McKeesport Tube Works 1872–1987[14][15] Edgar Thomson Steel Works
Edgar Thomson Steel Works
1873–present Hays Army Ammunition Plant 1942-June 1971 Clairton Steel
Steel
Works April 21, 1903[16]-1984[17] Duquesne Steel
Steel
Works 1886 – October 1, 1984, employed as many as 9,000 persons in the 1940s.[18][19] Homestead Steel Works
Homestead Steel Works
1881-May 24, 1986[20][21] Carrie Furnace
Carrie Furnace
1884–1982 Saxonburg Mill -1987[15] Verona Mill April 4, 1905- (two 20-gross-ton Symthe acid open hearth furnaces) (14,400 tons annually) Mon Valley Works – Irvin Plant 1938–present Midland Cyclops Steel
Cyclops Steel
Plant until October 15, 1982[22] McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania
McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania
Wheel and Axel plant (Lockhart Iron and Steel
Steel
and Pressed Steel
Steel
Car Corp.) Pressed Steel
Steel
had as many as 12,000 employees.[23] Donora US Steel
US Steel
Wire mill -1966 4,500 employees[24][25][26] Monessen American Chain & Cable -1972 1,000 employees.[24] East Monongahela Liggett Spring & Axle -1978 350 employees.[24] McKeesport Ft. Pitt Steel
Steel
Casting -1978 325 employees.[24] Hazelwood J&L Steel
Steel
-1981 1,000 employees.[24] Glassport Bucyrus-Erie -1981 430 employees.[24] West Homestead Mesta Machinery
Mesta Machinery
-1981 300 employees.[24] West Mifflin Continental Can -1982 265 employees.[24] Alcoa's New Kensington works 1893-March 1971 at its peak employed 3,300 workers on 75 acres under 1 million square feet of manufacturing space.[27] Alcoa's Logan Ferry Powder Works 1918–? Alcoa's Coal
Coal
Mine (north of New Kensington) 1918–1923[27]

Carnegie's Union Railroad was founded in 1894 and is still in operation serving area steel mills. Twentieth century[edit]

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Steel
Steel
mill in Homestead circa 1907

In the early 20th century the economy of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was primarily driven by the steel industry and the city had reached a population 321,616.[28] Throughout this period, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
would see a spike in population and a slow decline at the end of the century. At one point Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was the eighth-largest city in America.[citation needed] In 1901, The Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel
Steel
and Tin Workers organized a general strike against the U.S. Steel
U.S. Steel
Corporation subsidiaries, the first strike since 1892.[29] A 1903 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Press front page highlighted the city's being a focus point for three different railroads.[30] In 1911 the city was being referred to as the "Stogie capital of the nation" with several high quality cigar manufacturers located in the region.[31] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
produced around one third of the national output of steel by the 1920s. During this period Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was home to the world's largest tube and pipe mill, structural steel plant, rail mill, wire manufacturing plant, bridge and construction fabricating plant.[32] "Boat building and metal industries were later the economic base of the region. When coke from coal began to replace charcoal from wood in iron and steel making Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
grew up as the heart of the industry. A plentiful supply of bituminous coal underlies the Pittsburgh area."[33] Around forty percent of the nation's coal was obtained from within 100 miles of Pittsburgh.[32] Due to the reforms of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, steel unions gained success in Pittsburgh. The Wagner Act
Wagner Act
of 1935 gave employees rights to self-organize in labor unions and made it unlawful for employers to prevent or interfere with such unions.[34] By the 1950s industrial leaders worked with regional government leaders to foster and retain more local industry; organizations such as the RIDC
RIDC
were formed to further this goal.[35][36] However, in the early to mid-1980s the steel industry collapsed, leaving half of the nation's steelworkers unemployed.[37] "The number of steel workers in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area dropped from 90,000 in 1980 to 44,000 in just four years".[38] Motor Coils manufacturing company of suburban Forest Hills and Braddock has been a leading supplier to American railroads since 1957.[39] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was a major center for advertising and public relations firms in the 20th century such as Ketchum and Burson-Marsteller.[40] Retail chains such as G. C. Murphy, Thrift Drug, Thorofare, Fisher's Big Wheel and Giant Eagle
Giant Eagle
were founded in the early part of the 20th century with Phar-Mor dominating local retail from the 1980s to the 2000s. Thorofare ceased operations in 1982 and Thrift Drug
Thrift Drug
was bought out by Eckerd in 1996. Local stores of Loblaws
Loblaws
closed in 1958, Kroger in 1966 (although it retains stores in nearby West Virginia counties) and A&P in 1972.[41] IGA closed its area stores in the early 2000s.[42] Transition into the present economy[edit] Within the transitional years between 1970 and 1990, the Pittsburgh SMSA saw shifts in its main employers, which were the manufacturing sector. In 1970, one out of every three jobs was in the manufacturing sector. By 1980 this had slipped to one in four. In 1980, the average production worker in manufacturing was making $360.89 weekly, which was almost $70 more than the state and national average. During this period the largest group of occupational employment was blue collar. This group in 1980 accounted for almost 68 percent of the jobs market. In the 1980s, a decline in the manufacturing industry was expected. The accepted trend was that Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
would follow towards “industrial robots”. Since 1955 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has seen a steady decline in manufacturing employment. In 1955 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
had a population of 41.8 percent in the manufactory business. In 1980 that number had slipped to almost 25.3 percent.[43] Allegheny County is the center for health care and higher education employment. Higher education
Higher education
and health care were the biggest creators of high-wage[clarification needed] jobs in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
region between 1999 and 2005. Education accounts for almost 80% of high-wage jobs in Allegheny County. The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area has seen growth in other sectors as well. Professional services, finance and wholesale trade were among the growing sectors. However, much of this growth was outside the borders of Allegheny County. This was detrimental to the county of Allegheny; however, the growth in the outer nine counties helped to stabilize the loss of employment. With big events happening in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
throughout the late 2000s, the tourism industry has flourished. The industry has created over 11,000 new jobs in the area, some 6,000 of them within Allegheny County.[44] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has long been a major finance and banking center.[45] Present situation[edit] Since 2009 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has hosted the annual DUG East Conference.[46][47]

"Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
metropolitan area, March 1999-2009"[48]

The following is a list of the top ten private employers in Pittsburgh.[49]

Rank Employer Number of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
employees Product(s)

1 University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center 40,600 Health care

2 University of Pittsburgh 12,600 Higher education

3 PNC Financial Services 9,200 Financial services

4 Allegheny Health Network 8,900 Health care

5 Giant Eagle 8,000 Supermarkets

6 Bank of New York Mellon 7,610 Financial services

7 Highmark 5,270 Health insurance

8 U.S. Steel 4,700 Steel
Steel
manufacturing

9 Carnegie Mellon University 4,600 Higher education

10 Verizon Communications 3,750 Telecommunications

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has seen fewer effects of the recent economic recession than many other American cities. The city's transition from heavy dependence on the manufacturing industries to an economy based on health services, education, and innovative technologies kept Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
from the worst of the recession. The housing industry never saw the over-inflation rates other regions were dealing with as housing prices rose two percent in the last quarter of 2008, while other cities in the nation saw a much higher decline percentage.[50] In the period between 2006 and 2011, the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
MSA experienced over 10% appreciation in housing prices—the highest appreciation out of the largest 25 MSAs in the United States. 22 of the top 25 MSAs saw a depreciation of housing values during the same period.[51] National non-profits[edit] Several national or global non-profits call Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
home including:

Learning Disabilities Association of America (since 1963)[52] Institute for Research, Education and Training in Addictions[53] National Center for Juvenile Justice (since 1973)[54] Colcom Foundation
Colcom Foundation
(since 1996) Laurel Foundation (since 1951) Heinz Endowments Printing Industries of America
Printing Industries of America
(since 2003)

Twenty-first-century progression[edit] The shifting economy of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has seen changes since the 1990s; these are primarily in banking, health care and technology. However, In December 2004, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was forced into an Act 47 because the finances in the city were down. In January 2003 Pittsburgh's unemployment rate reached 6.8%, but has seen a major decline in, as in April 2005 the rates were near only 4.8%.[55] Since one in every five jobs in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
lies within the health care service, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was able to hold steady during the recent economic downturn.[56][57] During this, the city also began to see growth in other occupations such as the business service and construction. The business service sectors in 2008 saw an increase of over 3,000 jobs. During the downturn, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
still developed many parts of the city creating over 1,000 construction jobs in the region.[58] Technology
Technology
industry[edit] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has established itself as a technology hub with such companies as Google, Apple, Amazon, Intel, Uber, Facebook
Facebook
and RAND establishing campuses in the city. The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Technology
Technology
Center, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Supercomputing Center and Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
LAN Coalition also develop major innovations.[citation needed] Companies such as Petrosoft, Modcloth, Guru.com, Songwhale and others have global headquarters in the city. 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Summit[edit] Main article: 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
summit Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was chosen to hold the 2009 G-20 summit for multiple reasons. Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
utilizes its past by building on previous successes in manufacturing, business services, and green energy. " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
manufacturers employ almost 100,000 workers and the region is the second-largest market in the United States for metals industry employment."[59] Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is also home to some of the world's largest business and financial services, which supply the greatest amount to the regional economic output. In the past, innovation in energy has been advanced through commercialization of oil, coal, and natural gas. More focus and attention is being given to the innovation in sustainability and efficiency while protecting the environment as Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has more than 30 LEED certified
LEED certified
buildings.[59] Economic development plan[edit] The State of Pennsylvania requires every county to develop a land use and growth management plan. Allegheny Places is the plan for Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and Allegheny County. It was adopted in November 2008 and is a “unique blueprint for a sustainable future envisioned by the citizens of the County”.[60] The plan has a steering committee with over 100 members, an advisory committee with over 400 members, and a sounding board. The plan advocates a future in which:

Equitable access to the opportunities and benefits of economic development to all residents is provided Former brownfields are transformed and developed Transit-oriented development efforts reduce road congestion and connect the major economic areas – Oakland, Downtown, and the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
International Airport The promotion of greenways will link the community with parks, trails, riverfronts, etc. Affordable[clarification needed] and high-quality[clarification needed] housing exists for all A diversified economy provides stable, well-paying jobs[61]

The economic development plan includes enterprise zones, research and technology developments, development of research parks, such as the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Applied Research Center, partnerships with economic development organizations, and venture capital initiatives. An Urban Enterprise Zone is a location within the inner city free from import duties, taxes, and some government regulations.[62] Studies of enterprise zones have shown increased job growth and investment. In the majority of studies, there is an apparent relationship between the creation of enterprise zones and increased economic activity in the zones. The zones also show economic activity not typical of the surrounding metropolitan area.[63] However, success is often questionable and subject to local conditions.[64] Allegheny County has 26 enterprise zones, in which 17 are in the City of Pittsburgh.[61] The research and technology sector is growing due to the local universities, medical centers, the technology cluster, and the provision of financial capital to fund its development. These attributes provide the specific infrastructure required of sought-after industries.[61] Therefore, this could attract business to the region and sustain or expand existing firms, which should result in a net increase in total jobs. However, this type of development is still fairly new, which means it is difficult to draw any noteworthy conclusions about its potential. Also, the presence of universities provides the context for university-industry technology transfers, which is the effective movement of technology to industry via students trained in detailed programs to meet the detailed wants of the industry.[65] Economic upward mobility[edit] According to a 2014 report published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is the second-best American city for intergenerational economic mobility;[66] in other words, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is the second best city to achieve the American Dream.[67] 2013 news[edit] As of early 2013 the largest property managers in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area included CBRE Group,[68] Oxford Development,[69] RIDC[70] and Jones Lang Lasalle.[71] On August 13, 2013, the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette reported that the H. J. Heinz Company would lay off 350 office employees who work in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area. After the layoff, the company will still have approximately 800 employees in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area.[72] 2014 news[edit] Work is underway for an innovation roadmap for the city.[73] References[edit]

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Pittsburgh
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Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government
United States Government
document "Occupational Employment and Wages in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, May 2007".

External links[edit]

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Culture Dialect Media Neighborhoods Notable people Skyscrapers

Government

Airport Conventions City Hall Courthouse Mayor Council Events InterGov Police D.A. Sheriff Fire Libraries Transit Education Port Regional

Economy

Allegheny Conference Duquesne Club Chamber of Commerce Economic Club HYP Club Stock Exchange

Fortune 500
Fortune 500
headquarters

U.S. Steel PNC Financial Services PPG Industries Kraft Heinz Mylan WESCO International Consol Energy Dick's Sporting Goods Allegheny Technologies

Forbes largest private companies headquarters

84 Lumber Giant Eagle

Other corporation headquarters

American Bridge American Eagle Outfitters Ampco Pittsburgh ANSYS Armstrong Communications Atlas America Black Box Bruster's Ice Cream Calgon Carbon Compunetix Dollar Bank DQE
DQE
Energy Eat'n Park EDMC EQT
EQT
Energy Federated Investors GNC Guru.com Highmark H. Laughlin China iGate Iron City Brewing Company Kennametal Koppers MARC USA Millcraft Industries Mine Safety Appliances Niche.com Oxford Development Pitt Ohio Express PTC Alliance Renda Broadcasting rue21 University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center Vocelli Pizza Wabtec

Companies with split headquarters

Alcoa ModCloth NOVA Chemicals

Subsidiary company headquarters

Allegheny Energy Bayer Corporation FedEx Ground GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
USA LANXESS Respironics Vivisimo Westinghouse Electric Company

Outside companies with strong Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
relations

BNY Mellon (formerly Mellon Financial) Dreyfus Corporation Eaton Corporation Spreadshirt Macy's

Historic

Fisher's Big Wheel Clark Bar Dravo Fisher Scientific Integra Bank Mesta Machinery G. C. Murphy Gulf Oil J&L Steel Ketchum Rockwell Sunbeam Westinghouse

List of corporations in Pittsburgh

Sports

Dapper Dan Grand Prix Great Race Head of the Ohio Lore Marathon Mylan
Mylan
Classic Regatta WPHL

Baseball

Pirates Wild Things Panthers Dukes

Chronicle-Telegraph Cup Allegheny Burghers Champions Crawfords Filipinos Grays Hardhats Keystones Stogies Rebels

Basketball

Yellow Jackets Panthers (m) Panthers (w) Dukes (m) Dukes (w) Colonials (m) Colonials (w)

Roundball Classic Condors Ironmen Loendi Monticello Phantoms Pipers Piranhas Pirates Rens Xplosion

Football

Steelers Panthers Steeler Nation heritage Colts Force Passion Renegades

1898 All-Stars Allegheny Americans A's Duquesne Gladiators Homestead Lyceum Maulers Power Odds Olympics Quakers JP Stars Early Pro Football Circuit

Hockey

Penguins Colonials (m) Colonials (w) Three Rivers Classic

A's Bankers Cougars Duquesne Ft. Pitt Hornets Keystones Lyceum Panthers Phantoms Pirates Pirates (WPHL) Pros Shamrocks Victorias Winter Garden Yellow Jackets

Soccer

Riverhounds SC

Beadling Cannons Hurricanes Phantoms Spirit

Other

Sledgehammers Bulls Harlequins PCC Triangles Wallabies Studio Wrestling Dirty Dozen

Venues

PPG Paints Arena Heinz Field PNC Park 84 Lumber
84 Lumber
Arena Fitzgerald Field House Highmark
Highmark
Stadium Palumbo Center Petersen Events Center Petersen Sports Complex Rooney Field Sewall Center Trees Hall

Central Park Civic Arena Duquesne Gardens Exposition Park Forbes Field Josh Gibson Field Greenlee Field Motor Square Garden Pitt Stadium Recreation Park Schenley Gardens Three Rivers Winter Garden

Parks

Allegheny Arsenal Allegheny Commons Allegheny Riverfront ArtGardens Buhl Community Chatham University
Chatham University
Arboretum Frank Curto Frick Emerald View Highland Market Square Mellon Mellon Green Mellon Square North Shore Riverfront Phillips Point of View Point State PPG Place Riverview Roberto Clemente Memorial Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Garden Schenley Schenley Plaza South Shore Riverfront South Side Three Rivers West End Overlook Westinghouse

Transportation

Inclines Steps

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Port Authority of Allegheny County

Light rail (List of stations)

     Blue Line – Library      Blue Line – South Hills Village      Red Line – Castle Shannon      Red Line – South Hills Village

Inclines (Historical list)

Duquesne Incline Monongahela Incline

Buses and busways (List of routes)

     Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway      South Busway      West Busway

Former lines

47 Drake Brown Line PATrain Skybus

Other

North Shore Connector Port Authority 4000 Series PCC Wabash Tunnel

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Public transportation in Greater Pittsburgh

Bus services

Port Authority of Allegheny County

list of bus routes

Beaver Butler Fayette IndiGO Mid Mon Valley Mountain Line New Castle Town & Country University of Pittsburgh Washington Westmoreland

Bus rapid transit

MLK Jr. East Busway South Busway West Busway

Light rail

Red Line Blue Line

Library South Hills Village

Inclines

Duquesne Monongahela

Amtrak

Capitol Limited Pennsylvanian

Airports

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
International Arnold Palmer Allegheny County Beaver Butler Eddie Dew Greensburg Jeannette Herron Jefferson Jimmy Stewart Joe Hardy Lakehill Monroeville New Castle Rock Rostraver Washington Wheeling Zelienople

Discontinued

Broadway Limited Brown Line List of streetcar routes in Pittsburgh Parkway Limited PATrain Skybus

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Tunnels and bridges in Pittsburgh

Tunnels

Armstrong Tunnel Cork Run Tunnel Corliss Tunnel Fort Pitt Tunnel J&L Tunnel Liberty Tunnel Mount Washington Transit Tunnel North Shore Connector
North Shore Connector
tunnel Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and Castle Shannon Tunnel Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
& Steubenville Extension Railroad Tunnel Schenley Tunnel Squirrel Hill Tunnel Wabash Tunnel

Bridges

30th Street Bridge 31st Street Bridge 33rd Street Railroad Bridge 40th Street Bridge Bloomfield Bridge Birmingham Bridge David McCullough Bridge Fort Duquesne Bridge Fort Pitt Bridge Fort Wayne Railroad Bridge Glenwood Bridge Glenwood B&O Railroad Bridge Highland Park Bridge Homestead Grays
Homestead Grays
Bridge Hot Metal Bridge Liberty Bridge McKees Rocks Bridge Panhandle Bridge Panther Hollow Bridge Schenley Bridge Senator Robert D. Fleming Bridge Smithfield Street Bridge South Tenth Street Bridge Three Sisters

Roberto Clemente Bridge Andy Warhol Bridge Rachel Carson Bridge

Veterans Bridge West End Bridge

Attractions

Aviary Baywood Cathedral of Learning Chinatown Conservatory Dippy Immaculate Heart Duquesne Incline Heinz Chapel Little Italy Mellon Institute Mon Incline Observatory Pamela's Penn Station Point of View sculpture Primanti's Science Center Steps USS Requin Zoo Kennywood Luna Park Westinghouse Sign

Landmarks

National (City) National (County) State City PHLF Cultural

Museums

Art Arts Arts Festival Bible Fort Pitt and Blockhouse Clayton Clemente Children's Frick Glass Center History Jazz Jewish Mattress Factory Dental Miller Miss Pittsburgh Nationality Rooms National Map Natural History Soldiers and Sailors Warhol Wilson WSG

Venues

Heinz Hall Benedum Byham Harris Kelly-Strayhorn New Hazlett O'Reilly Foster Playhouse Trib Hunt Stage AE Syria Mosque Nixon Theater

Festivals

Anthrocon Arts Blues Comicon Fashion Film Folk Handmade New Works Tekko Whiskey
Whiskey
& Fine Spirits Wine

Shopping and entertainment

Casino Gateway Clipper Fleet Station Square Strip Downtown Oakland South Side

Macy's Market Square Southside Works Waterworks Mount Washington East Liberty Squirrel Hill Shadyside Walnut Street

Opera Ballet Symphony Brass Classical Theatre Dance Ensemble Caravan Theatre Folk Light Opera Opera Theater Jewish Theatre Public Theater Playwrights Musical Theater Stage Right Youth Ballet Youth Symphony Bricolage NNOC

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Shopping malls
Shopping malls
in Pittsburgh

Enclosed

Beaver Valley Mall The Block Northway Century III Mall The Galleria of Mt. Lebanon The Mall at Robinson Monroeville Mall Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Mills Ross Park Mall South Hills Village Station Square Uniontown Mall Warner Centre Washington Crown Center Westmoreland Mall

Lifestyle / Outdoor

Bakery Square Edgewood Towne Centre Ellsworth Avenue McCandless Crossing Northern Lights Robinson Town Centre Settlers Ridge SouthSide Works Walnut Street The Waterfront Waterworks Mall

Outlet

Grove City Premium Outlets Tanger Outlets Pittsburgh

Defunct

Allegheny Center Mall East Hills Shopping Center (Eastgate Commerce Center) Eastland Mall Greengate Mall Parkway Center Mall Village Square Mall Washington Mall

Colleges and universities

Pitt Carnegie Mellon Duquesne Robert Morris Chatham Point Park Carlow Art Institute Byzantine Catholic Seminary Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Theological Seminary Saint Paul Seminary CCAC

Culture of Pittsburgh

Cookie table Jewish history Iron City Brewing Company Jagoff Joe Magarac Mister Rogers' Neighborhood Mr. Yuk Parking chairs Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
left Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
toilet Robot Hall of Fame Steeler Nation

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